General information

Plant nutrition: effective fertilizers, methods of their introduction, expert advice


Vitamin shell for seeds - not only protection and nutrition. It will increase their size, which makes sowing easier.

The disinfected seeds are moistened in a mullein solution (1 part mullein per 10 parts water). Strain the solution through a sieve. Nutrient mixture for the shell is prepared from 300 g of humus, 100 g of finely powdered dry mullein and 600 g of sifted peat, ventilated, low-lying and non-acidic. Add 15 g of superphosphate to 1 kg of the mixture.

The mixture is added gradually to a jar with wet seeds and shaken until the particles create a shell of the desired size around the seeds: for carrots and parsley - 2.5-3 mm, for onions and beets - 4-5 mm.

If seeds are stored for storage, dry them well at a temperature of 30-35 ° C for 2-3 hours. Before sowing, they need to sprinkle lightly and stand under a dense damp cloth for three days.

How do fertilizers and fertilizers affect shelf life?

You must agree that the ultimate goal of all our labors in the country is the fruit not in the branch, but in our storehouse. Therefore, the far-sighted summer resident, who dreams of counting the harvest in the fall, begins to take care of the keeping quality of the fruits since spring.

It has been proven that mineral fertilizers very much (frankly speaking - by half) reduce the shelf life. This is in addition to the fact that the fruits are obtained by almost 10% smaller than those to which such fertilizers have not been applied.

What fertilizer - it is clear: urgently needed rotted manure and ripe compost. It is not lazy, slowly add raw materials to the compost heap to enjoy fresh vegetables in the store for longer! At the same time, fresh manure, slurry bring much less benefit.

By the way, fresh peat is also not the most useful fertilizer. It also reduces shelf life and resistance to sorting.

Is there a link between the planting dates and the application of fertilizers?

“You’ll sit down for a while — you will be in bed longer!” - so you can sentence, planting vegetables on time. If the roots are sown later, they will be stored poorly. It is possible to support such “late children” by fertilizing with compost, but not simple, but watered with the infusion of nettle, yarrow, shepherd's purse.

It is not worth refusing completely mineral fertilizers, just apply them only under those plants which are planted in time and healthy. They can also "offer" and not quite ready compost.

What is the dose of fertilizer for spraying?

Plants absorb nutrients not only by the roots, but also by leaves and stems. Spraying is done in the evening, not exceeding the indicated doses. Consider that in the spring doses should be even smaller, because the leaves are still tender and young.

Doses are indicated on a bucket of water:

  • Copper sulfate (copper) - 1-2 g,
  • Boric acid (boron) - 3-5 g
  • Ammonium nitrate (nitrogen) - 15-20 g,
  • Urea (nitrogen) - 40-50 g,
  • Borax, manganese sulphate - 5-10 g,
  • Superphosphate (phosphorus) - 300 g,
  • Potassium sulfate - 100 g,
  • Potassium chloride - 50 g,
  • Magnesium sulfate - 200 g,
  • Zinc sulphate - 2-4 g,
  • Ammonium molybdate (molybdenum) - 1-3 g

How to feed the flowers?

In mid-July, feed phloxes using an infusion of mullein (1:10) or chicken manure (1:20), diluting 10 grams of ammonium nitrate, 20 grams of superphosphate and 15 grams of potassium sulfate to a bucket of water. Bucket infusion spend on a square meter of soil.

Gladiolus feed twice in July with a break of 2 weeks, using a mixture of 15 mg / m 2 of potassium sulfate and 25 mg / m 2 of superphosphate in both liquid and dry form.

For fertilizing astilb, delphinium, bellflower, cornfield and rudbeckia (as well as other rhizomatous perennials), prepare a mixture - full mineral fertilizer (g / m 2): ammonium nitrate - 15, potassium - 15, superphosphate - 20. Feed this mixture during the budding period or at the beginning of flowering, watering in dry weather and scattering dry when it rains.

What fertilizers and when to apply

The main nutrients for any plant organism are nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. Additional - trace elements.

Functions of the main fertilizers:

  • nitrogen - gives the opportunity to develop the aboveground part - shoots and leaves. With a lack of nitrogen, there is a change in the color of the foliage, wilting and drying. Nitrogen plants consume throughout the growing season,
  • potassium - affects the formation of buds and flowers, plant nutrition with potash fertilizers promotes the development of roots. Lack of potassium causes the foliage to fall off and makes the plant defenseless against fungal diseases,
  • Phosphorus - regulates nitrogen intake by the plant, affects the root system. Harmful as a lack of phosphorus, and its excess. In both cases, the balance in the nutrition and breathing of greenery is disturbed.

Video: Recipes simple and inexpensive dressings

To prepare 15 liters of organic fertilizer for indoor plants and flowers, we need:

  • yeast - 10 grams,
  • sugar sand - 3 tablespoons,
  • warm water - 10 liters.

So, solid products diluted in ten liters of warm water, leave for three hours to infuse, and already in the ready basis to pour another five liters of water.

According to the same scheme, we can prepare fertilizer for garden flowers. This dressing has a very positive effect on the growing season of plants such as rose and gladiolus, lush peonies and bright chrysanthemums, and my favorite original irises. Yeast will help perennial flowers to well endure the winter, and the bulbous will add strength to the annual flowering.

Tips and tricks for using yeast as fertilizer

There are several basic rules for the use of technology to fertilize plants with yeast, their compliance will help you achieve the desired result in the form of healthy plants and good yields, and this is the cherished goal of gardeners and farmers. I suggest you read the list of recommendations.

Before producing the plant with yeast, it is very important to make sure that the soil is warm - “warmed up” and necessarily moist, since the yeast fungus develops in a warm environment, it is the temperature that will help create favorable conditions for fertilizing the plants.

It is very important not to overdo it with the amount! Use yeast fertilizer only when necessary - during spring work when sowing seedlings and planting them in open ground, in summer - to feed plants and when they need to be treated.

It is strictly not recommended to use yeast fertilizers when growing crops such as onions, garlic and potatoes. Yeast is bad for the formation and development of their tubers - the fruits will become unpleasant taste and will become unnecessary "friability", so to speak.

It is important to know that fertilizing plants and their fertilizer should be complex, which means that it is worth adding additional substances to the yeast mass, for example, mineral supplements. So we can fully stimulate the healthy growth and development of seedlings and adult plants.