Low-growing varieties of tomatoes are in great demand among summer residents because they can be grown in small greenhouses. The best varieties of low-growing tomatoes for greenhouses are characterized by high yields, as well as excellent taste qualities of the fruit. There is a whole list of such varieties, each of which has its own individual features and characteristics.
These low-growing tomatoes are representatives of the young variety, which was registered in 2015. Tomato variety Big Mommy is characterized by the following features:
- the stem has a branched structure,
- in a greenhouse, this crop gives the first crop 85 days after planting,
- on the bush is a small amount of leaves,
- the fruits are quite large, their average weight is within 300 grams, so the bush must be tied up to the supporting structures,
- in some cases, the weight of the fruit can reach half a kilogram,
- massive rhizome is located on a large area, so that ripening fruits are provided with abundant nutrition,
- Another important feature of growing this low-growing tomato variety for greenhouses is pasynkovnoe: without this procedure, yields will be reduced by several times,
- leaves look very similar to potato,
- fruits are characterized by a round shape with a small tail at the bottom.
Tie up the bush to the supporting structures should be in advance, as the fruits grow rapidly and gain weight, which can lead to damage to the stems.
Many low-growing varieties have high yields, subject to cultivation in greenhouse structures. But some varieties require high-quality care.
The hybrid variety Ob domes is characterized by high yield only if its bush is formed in 3 stems. On condition of planting in the greenhouse construction, the bush can be up to 70 centimeters in length. In addition to these features Ob domes have other distinctive features:
- the shape of the fruit resembles a persimmon,
- belong to an early ripe grade: the first harvest can be collected 3 months later after disembarkation of seedling,
- ripe tomatoes have a red-pink color,
- fruits are very large, their average weight reaches 200 grams,
- 6-10 kilograms of crop can be harvested from 1 square meter of bushes planted into the greenhouse structure.
Ob domes require a garter to support structures, as well as pasynkovaniya.
Alaska tomato variety in greenhouse structures forms low bushes up to 60 centimeters high. It belongs to the early ripening varieties, since the first crop can be obtained already 90 days after planting. What are the main characteristics of these tomatoes?
- The average weight of ripened fruit is set at around 90 grams.
- They require pasynkovaniya.
- The bush requires garters, otherwise the stems can be damaged by the weight of the tomatoes.
- The trunk of a bush is characterized by medium ownership.
- Ripened tomatoes are painted in bright red color, have a rounded shape, flattened from two poles.
- From 1 square place you can get 9-11 pounds of crop.
Alaska is not a shade-tolerant plant, therefore for its active growth and fruiting it will require a large amount of light.
"Little Red Riding Hood"
German variety of tomato, also called "Rotkeppchen" (transcription of the original name).
Like many of the above varieties, "Little Red Riding Hood" is a super early variety. The willingness of the fruit comes within 95 days after the first shoots.
Bush. The plant is determinant, the maximum height is 0.7 m. The stems are very strong and thick, so they do not need a garter. The amount of green mass is average. The sheet plates are small in size, painted in dark green. Berry ripens on the hands of 4-5 pieces.
Tomatoes have a neat rounded shape with a slight ribbing, slightly flattened at the lower pole. Color - red with an orange shade. Average weight - 50 g. Berries have an excellent taste. The number of seeds in the cells is small.
It is necessary to take into account that the variety is bred for cultivation in temperate climates. You can plant both in greenhouses and in open ground, but the yield, in the second case, will be low. Fruits are suitable for long-term storage and can be transported over long distances.
The average yield in the greenhouse with the observance of agricultural technology - 2 kg per bush.
Tomatoes are not afraid of diseases and can be grown in unheated greenhouses.
The variety got its name because of the shape of fruits similar to plums.
Before us is a rather popular hybrid variety with determinant stem bushes. Differs in average foliage of aerial parts. Average height - 60 cm. Suitable for non-covered ground.
"Honey cream" refers to the early varieties, in the greenhouse fruits ripen on day 95 after germination.
Tomatoes, as mentioned above, have a plum shape and are not large in size, so the average fruit weight is 60 g. The color of ripe tomatoes is bright red, without clarification or any spots. Fruits have fleshy, not watery flesh. At the same time, the preservation of fruits at a high level, and a dense structure allows them to be transported over long distances without deformation.
Plants are unpretentious in care, but still require a garter and a hatching, otherwise the yield will decrease markedly.
The average yield per square meter is 5-6 kg.
"The Velvet season"
Sowing material for this variety is quite easy to find, so we just have to tell you about the “Velvet season”.
Bush. Erect determinant plant that grows up to 1 m in the greenhouse. In conditions of uncovered soil, the height is maintained at 60-70 cm. The bush is quite compact, so the maximum number of plants can be placed on one square. The leaves have a dark color. Faceliness is high.
Fruit. The weight can reach 300 g. They have a rounded shape, but at the lower pole the berry is flat. Color - bright red, without lightening. Fruits have a dense sugary flesh, so they are used fresh or for whole canning. The taste is bright, rich, there is a slight sourness.
Moldavian variety of tomatoes, which will allow you to get very early products.
Elevated part. The plant has a determinative shrub, which is distinguished by a good strong stem capable of supporting the weight of ripe fruits. The leafiness is average, leafy plates have a familiar shape and a dark green color. The plant is compact and very low, up to 60 cm, even indoors. In uncovered soil, a tomato can stop growing, being no more than 45 cm in height.
The main difference of the variety is an incredible precocity. Fruits in greenhouse conditions can be collected on day 83 after germination. None of the above described varieties and hybrids had such results, so you should take a closer look at “Riddle”.
The plant also withstands shading, is resistant to diseases and does not require the removal of stepsons.
Fruits are rounded, slightly convex edges can be seen near the fruit stem. The color is red. In greenhouse conditions, the weight of the fruit reaches 100 g, but in open ground it drops to 70 g. It is well stored, it also withstands transportation.
All fruits have the same size, therefore, product quality is rated quite high.
Productivity - 20 kg per square meter, provided that it has about 6 bushes.
Aurora, though not the earliest tomato on our list, still deserves the attention of gardeners who want to harvest the earliest possible harvest.
Bush. The plant has a determinant aboveground part, which grows in a greenhouse up to 70 cm. Aurora requires tying and formation into 2 stalks. Leaf low.
The hybrid is not much inferior to the "Riddle", its products can be obtained at 85-90 days after germination. At the same time, fruit ripening occurs in unison, which makes it possible to immediately receive a large number of products.
Berry: the usual round shape of tomatoes. A distinctive feature is a noticeable notch near the fruit stem. The average weight when ripening in the greenhouse is 130-140 g, in the open ground the fruits are a third lighter. Tomatoes are painted in monochromatic bright red color without stains. Fruits have a universal use, but look best in salads or in canned food, in whole form.
Productivity is very low. With one meter, when planting 6 plants, you can get only 13 kg of products. However, it should be noted that the "Aurora" does not require large expenditures on feeding and creating "resort" conditions.
To finish our article we will be the most "non-standard" variety, which is interesting, first of all, with its fruits.
Bush. Determinant standard aboveground part, about 80 cm high. Differs in small dimensions. The color of the plates is dark green. In the open ground grows as well as in the greenhouse.
The plant is considered to be medium-lasting, as it gives products only for 110 days.
The strength of the variety is the absence of cracking and brown spot.
The fruit has an elongated plum shape. In this case, the fruits can be both narrower and longer, and close to the heart-shaped variant. As they grow, tomatoes are drawn out and change color from light green to bright red. The average weight is 110 g. When cut, you can see 2-3 cameras. Pulp fetal, which makes it possible to transport products.
The yield is mediocre, the variety takes more taste than the number of fruits. From one square collect up to 8 kg of products with the best care.
Now you know which stunted tomatoes are best grown in the greenhouse, as well as met with the best new varieties that have been bred in the last decade. It is worth saying that many plants from our list are quite demanding as to watering and sunlight, as well as to fertilizing and fertility of soils. For this reason, this yield depends not only on the strengths of the variety, but also on the care of the plants.
The main advantages of tomatoes undersized varieties
Low-growing varieties of tomatoes develop in deterministic type. This means that the bushes begin to form flower brushes rather early and stop growing, forming from 2 to 6 brushes on each stem. This is the main reason for the shortcoming - the number of fruits that can be collected from each plant. Fortunately, this minus (almost, only) completely pays off a huge amount of positive qualities inherent in low-growing tomatoes.
First of allMost of these tomatoes have an early or middle early ripening. Their fruits, as a rule, are formed before the phytophthora begins to run amok on the plots. This helps to preserve the crop and reduce plant protection efforts. Of course, it’s not worth while to give up preventive measures, but in this sense it is much preferable to grow stunted bushes: it is easier to spray them with copper-containing drugs, and it is this treatment that is considered the best way to prevent the disease. Opting for low-growing early-ripe tomatoes, the gardener may not limit his choice of varieties resistant to phytophthora, and expand the list of varieties he is interested in.
Secondly, low-growing varieties of tomatoes are well suited for small summer cottages. They occupy very little space, leaving the summer resident the opportunity to grow more varieties of crops or increase the total yield due to a more dense planting of bushes on the beds.
Thirdly, compact bushes in most cases do not need a garter. In addition, many undersized varieties can be cultivated without a strawberry, which also significantly saves time and strength of the gardener.
Fourth, for gardeners who do not have the opportunity to build a full-fledged polycarbonate or glass greenhouse, the selection of low-growing tomatoes is a great alternative. These plants are fully developed in temporary film "tunnels" installed above the beds-boxes. The construction of shelters of this type does not require the presence of vast areas or large financial investments.
For the conditions of the Urals and Siberia, the beds-boxes are also recommended to be made “warm”, that is, to put a thick layer of overheating plant residues under the top layer of fertile soil. Decaying organic matter generates heat, creating an additional greenhouse effect in the film “tunnel”. This allows you to start placing seedlings of tomatoes in the garden long before the weather is established.
Some gardeners living in the Moscow region, in March, shed "warm" beds-boxes with boiling water to achieve complete thawing of the soil, sowing early green crops (such as dill or lettuce) for them under film shelters stunted tomatoes. As a result, the first harvest of tasty fruits is obtained in the beginning-middle of June.
Variety of undersized tomatoes
The selection of seed material of undersized tomatoes today is extremely wide. Summer residents are offered varieties that have different colors of fruits: “classic” red, pink, orange, yellow, black ...
There are varieties and hybrids with fruits of various shapes and sizes, from cultivar "cherry", with small "berries", to plants forming tomatoes weighing up to 300 g. The height of the bushes varies too:
- the most compact have a height of 25-30 cm
- there are forms reaching 90-100 cm.
The yield of plants is also unequal: it can be very modest, but the best varieties of low-growing tomatoes with proper care give up to 9-10 kg of fruit per square meter.
Particularly impressive is the variety of methods of cultivation of low-growing tomatoes. They are grown not only in protected and open ground. There are varieties that are perfectly suitable for cultivation on balconies and even in indoor conditions (in boxes or pots). Plants of this type are specially adapted to withstand the lack of light and the “constraint” of the roots in a small coma of earth. In room culture, tomatoes usually develop as perennials: with proper care (regular watering and dressing), seed-bearing and “rested” plants regain their lost green mass and begin to actively form flower buds.
The latest development of breeders allowed to bring undersized varieties of tomatoes ampelnoe type, suitable for cultivation in suspension tanks. They form compact shrubs that form long, hanging flower brushes or lateral shoots, on which a large number of small, but very beautiful and sweet fruits are fastened. Ampiel tomatoes combine the properties of vegetable and decorative crops. In addition, they almost do not suffer from late blight, as their stems and leaves almost do not come into contact with the soil.
“Traditional” varieties of stunted small-fruited tomatoes are also used to decorate garden plots: lovers plant them in flowerbeds, where bushes strewn with bright fruits perfectly harmonize with decorative onions, ground cover and cereals.
We present brief descriptions and photos of low-growing tomatoes, which deserve positive feedback from Russian farmers.
Low-growing varieties of tomatoes for open ground
Yielding, determinant, early ripe. Appointment - salad. The height of bushes is 90-100 cm. Fruits weighing up to 120 g, egg-shaped, with a ribbed surface, crimson color. The variety is valued for ripening, good taste and fruit transportability.
The variety is recommended for cultivation in open and protected ground in all regions of the country. Early ripe, determinant. Bushes up to 45 cm high. Fruits of universal appointment, cylindrical, weighing up to 85 g, red color.
Determinant, precocious, high-yielding. Plant height does not exceed 50 cm. Fruits are flat-round, red in color, weighing up to 65 g. Designed for fresh consumption.
Early ripe, determinant. Shrubs 28-30 cm tall. Fruits weighing 60-80 g, good taste, rounded, red, with very dense flesh. Perfect for home canning. The value of the variety: high yield, excellent indicators of fruit set in unfavorable conditions, early ripeness, resistance to moisture deficiency.
Determinant, early ripe. The height of the bushes to 60 cm. Fruits weighing 90-120 g, rounded, smooth, bright red. The taste is excellent. Appointment salad. The variety is characterized by endurance and resistance to a number of diseases of tomatoes.
"Rose of Wind"
Early ripe, determinant. Bushes 50 cm high. Fruits are large (up to 160 g), rounded, pink in color, excellent taste. Appointment salad. During the period of fruit ripening plants require a garter. The variety is valued for its high yield and drought tolerance.
Early ripe, determinant, with bushes no higher than 30 cm. Fruits are round, red, small (up to 25 g), sweet, tasty. Appointment salad.
Early ripe, determinant. Purpose - universal. Растения высотой 45 см. Плоды массой 25-55 г, красного цвета, удлиненно-овальной формы с «носиком» на верхушке. Вкус хороший. Productivity is consistently high. Сорт обладает средней устойчивостью к фитофторозу.
Низкорослые сорта томатов для теплиц
Determinant variety of medium early ripening. The height of the bushes does not exceed 100 cm. Fruits weighing up to 105 g, leveled, rounded, red. The taste is good. Purpose is universal.
Medium early, determinant. Shrubs no higher than 70 cm. The fruits are smooth, egg-shaped, red, weighing 160 g. The taste is good. Purpose is universal. The variety is valued for its high yield, resistance to a number of bacterial and viral diseases.
Early ripe determinant grade for fresh use and tselnoplodny conservation. Plants 70-80 cm high. Fruits leveled, weighing 80 g, red color, cubical, with a ridge surface. Tastes are good.
Plants are early ripe, determinant. Bushes up to 40 cm high. Fruits of universal purpose, excellent taste, flat-round, red, weighing up to 130 g. The variety is resistant to most diseases of tomatoes, including late blight. Plants plastic, well tolerate changes in temperature and humidity.
Determinant early ripe grade of universal appointment. Plants 80 cm high. Fruits are round, red, weighing up to 100 g, good taste, very convenient for home canning.
Early ripe, determinant, salad variety. Bushes 30-40 cm tall. Fruits weighing 60-65 g, rounded, red. The taste is excellent.
Determinant early ripe variety. The plants are 60-65 cm high. The fruits are red, smooth, egg-shaped, weighing up to 80 g. Tastes are good, the appointment is universal. Plants are valued for their resistance to a number of diseases of tomatoes and high yields.
Early ripe determinant variety of salad destination. Plant height 60 cm. Fruits are egg-shaped, weighing 90-100 g, red, tasty, juicy.
Balcony and room undersized tomatoes
The variety is mid-season, determinant. Plants up to 50 cm in height. The fruits are small, round, bright red in color, very sweet. With good care can reach a mass of 70-80 g, and the yield from the bush - 2 kg. The variety is resistant to low light, can be cultivated in perennial crops both on the balcony and indoors.
Early ripe determinant variety of salad destination. Forms lush compact bushes up to 30 cm in height. The fruits are rounded, red, smooth, weighing up to 27 g, excellent taste. The yield from the plant can reach 1 kg per season. The variety is suitable for cultivation on the balconies and in room culture.
Early ripe variety. Shrubs are determinant, up to 50 cm high. Fruits are elongated and rounded red, weighing up to 25 g, excellent taste. Perfectly suited for fresh consumption and decoration of dishes. Plants are sensitive to lack of light. When grown in room perennial culture in the winter time they need artificial highlighting.
The variety is very early, determinant. Plants up to 40 cm high. Fruits leveled, bright orange, rounded, weighing 40 g, tasty, sweet. Productivity is high. Appointment salad.
One of the most productive indoor varieties. Mid-season, determinant. Plants up to 35 cm high. Fruits are small (up to 20 g), flat-round, bright red in color, very tasty. Suitable for fresh consumption and canning. Adult bushes tolerate transplanting well. They can be grown in the summer on the beds or flower beds, and in the winter they can be planted in pots for further cultivation in room culture.
Low-growing tomatoes ampelny type
Early ripe determinant variety of salad destination. The height of the shrub does not exceed 30 cm. Plants form long, hanging flower brushes, on which 10-15 fruits ripen weighing 20-25 g each. The yield from the bush reaches 3 kg per season. Fruits are rounded, red. Tastes excellent.
Determinant hybrid, early ripe. The bulk of the fruit is formed on flexible, hanging side shoots up to 35-40 cm long. The fruits are round, red, weighing 25-35 g, very tasty. Productivity is high.
The variety is early ripe, determinant, with falling shoots up to 50 cm long. It can be cultivated both outdoors and indoors. Fruits are rounded, weighing 15-20 g, pink. Tastes are good, the appointment of salad. Productivity is very high: each plant can produce up to 300 ripe fruits.
High-yielding determinant variety of medium early ripening. It is characterized by abundant, stretched in time fruiting on falling side shoots up to 55 cm long. Fruits weighing 40-80 g, ovoid, red, juicy, tasty. Suitable for fresh consumption and canning. Plants are resistant to drought, well set fruit in difficult growing conditions.
Early ripe determinant hybrid. Sprawling shrubs, up to 50 cm high. Formed long clusters of 8-10 fruits weighing 15-20 g each. Fruits are cylindrical, dense, red in color with elastic, resistant to cracking of the pelt. The taste is good. Used for salads and whole canning. Appreciated for high yield and resistance to a number of diseases of tomatoes.
Recommendations experienced gardener to care for undersized tomatoes in the greenhouse, see the following video:
She graduated from MGRI them. Ordzhonikidze. The main specialty is a mining engineer-geophysicist, which means a person with an analytical mindset and diverse interests. I have my own house in the village (respectively, the experience of gardening, horticulture, mushroom growing, as well as fussing with pets and poultry). Freelancer, in terms of their responsibilities perfectionist and "bore". Amateur hand made, the creator of exclusive jewelry made of stones and beads. A passionate admirer of the printed word and a reverent observer of everything that lives and breathes.
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Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. In terms of properties and appearance, they are very similar, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic debris of the most diverse origin (food spoiled from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more accessible.
It is necessary to collect medicinal flowers and inflorescences at the very beginning of the flowering period, when the content of nutrients in them is as high as possible. The flowers are supposed to be torn by hands, tearing off the rough stalks. Dried collected flowers and herbs, scattering in a thin layer, in a cool room at natural temperature without access to direct sunlight.
In Australia, scientists have begun experiments on cloning several varieties of grapes grown in cold regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their extinction. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.
Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. It is prepared this way: manure is piled up in a pile or a pile, interbedded with sawdust, peat and garden soil. Burt covered with a film to stabilize the temperature and humidity (this is necessary to increase the activity of microorganisms). Fertilizer "ripens" within 2-5 years - depending on external conditions and the composition of the feedstock. The output is a loose homogeneous mass with a pleasant smell of fresh earth.
There is no natural protection for tomatoes from late blight. If the phytophtora attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) die, no matter what is said in the description of the varieties (“varieties resistant to late blight” are just a marketing ploy).
Oklahoma farmer Karl Burns developed an unusual variety of multi-colored corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each cob are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved by the long-term selection of the most colored ordinary varieties and their crossing.
From varietal tomatoes, you can get "your" seeds for sowing the next year (if you really liked the variety). And with hybrid it is useless to do it: the seeds will be obtained, but they will carry the hereditary material of the wrong plant from which it was taken, but of its many “ancestors”.
Convenient Android apps have been developed to help gardeners and gardeners. First of all, these are sowing campaigns (moon, flower, etc.) calendars, subject journals, collections of useful tips. With their help, you can choose a day that is favorable for planting each type of plant, determine the timing of their ripening and harvest in time.
“Frost-resistant” varieties of garden strawberries (more often simply “strawberries”) also need shelter, as well as ordinary varieties (especially in those regions where there are snowless winters or frosts alternating with thaws). All strawberries have superficial roots. This means that without cover they freeze out. The sellers' beliefs that strawberries are “frost-resistant”, “winter-hardy”, “endures frosts up to −35”, etc. - are deceit. Gardeners should keep in mind that no one has yet been able to change the root system of strawberries.
The benefits of stunted tomatoes
Bushes of undersized tomatoes are more compact, therefore they occupy less space in the greenhouse compared to other types and varieties of tomatoes. They develop to a certain point, after which they stop growing. This is due to the lack of needles for pinching of most varieties.
Growing tomatoes in the greenhouse
Also the advantage of these varieties of tomatoes lies in precocity. This can be explained by the fact that the small size of the plant takes less nutrients, which as a result go to ensure the growth of fruits. This allows you to plant tomatoes a little later than the usual varieties or use as a fallback when other planted varieties of tomatoes have not risen.
Low-growing tomatoes for the greenhouse
How to choose the right grade
Sales stalls are literally crammed with packages of different varieties of tomatoes, and often people buy those sachets of seeds, which contain delicious fruits. Such purchases do not always justify expectations, because, in fact, tomatoes may turn out to be completely different or the seed will be of poor quality. Also, novice gardeners can simply be mistaken with the choice of variety.
In most cases, the choice of tomatoes for the greenhouse is based on the personal sympathy of the buyer, but when you buy you need to take into account the taste of the fruit, resistance to various diseases and weather conditions, yield, and so on. In addition, you should decide on the purpose of growing tomatoes. If you do this for salads, then you will need some varieties, but for selling or preserving - completely different ones. Therefore, first we need to determine for ourselves the purpose of the future harvest of tomatoes.
When choosing a variety, it is necessary to take into account the taste of the fruit, resistance to various diseases and weather conditions, yield
We start the selection of varieties for greenhouses
We have become accustomed to the fact that in greenhouse conditions, tomatoes grow on a long trellis. But it concerns tall varieties. If there is no time for the distribution of brushes and the formation of a bush, then low-growing tomatoes will suit you, caring for them is notable for its simplicity. There are many such varieties, each of which is distinguished by its decorative or taste qualities, but we consider only the most common ones grown in the conditions of the domestic climate.
Table. The best varieties of low-growing tomatoes.
How to protect yourself from a failed purchase of seeds
After you select the appropriate variety of tomatoes for the greenhouse, you can go to the market or shop for seeds. How can you not be deceived and not buy a low-quality product? At the intuitive level, a person is familiar with these rules, but as soon as he glances at the beautiful pictures on the packages with tomatoes, the hand reaches into his pocket for money.
Seed purchases must be approached responsibly.
Try to always follow some rules:
- Avoid buying seed from random market vendors,
- buy products only from trusted manufacturers whose reputation is not tarnished,
- Consider the tips and recommendations of familiar gardeners,
- always read the information on the package (shelf life, ripening time, and so on).
On a note! Only in this way can you acquire quality material for planting tomatoes. With the choice of varieties and purchase completed, you can now proceed directly to the cultivation.
Growing tomato seedlings
If you compare tomato seedlings grown personally, and bought in a store or on the market, the home is certainly better. This is due to the fact that the seller, growing plants for sale, trying to speed up the growth process, often makes thick sowing of seeds. As a result, tomatoes grow slowly, and the harvest is modest. Therefore, most gardeners grow their own seedlings. For this it is necessary to create optimal conditions.
Soil mixture can be bought at a flower shop, and you can make your own. If you do not trust store products, then for the preparation of soil mixture you need to mix in the same amount of turf ground, humus and peat. Then add 1 tbsp. l wood ash, potassium sulfate and superphosphate. Mix all the ingredients thoroughly, place the soil in the oven for 15-20 minutes to destroy all bacteria.
The soil for tomato seedlings is extremely important as the root system develops in the ground and the whole plant is nourished.
Universal soil for vegetable crops
To accelerate the growth of seeds, they need to soak before sowing in a solution of potassium permanganate. To prepare the solution you need to pour 200 g of pure water 1 g of the substance. Soak the seeds should be 20-30 minutes, after which they should be washed with water. Before sowing, seed should be stored in a refrigerator at a temperature of + 2-4 ° C.
Tomato seed dressing - the best prevention of vertex rot
You can use a solution of hydrogen peroxide 3%. It is heated in a water bath to a temperature of + 38-40 degrees and poured seeds for 10 minutes.
Step 1. Hole all landing tanks, having made several drainage openings in the bottom of each of them. This can be done with a hot nail or a soldering iron.
Holes made in containers
Step 2. Fill the container with soil mixture of about 80-85% and lightly tamp the soil with your palm.
Containers are filled with soil mixture
Step 3. Make shallow holes in the ground with a pencil at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other. Then put one seed into each of them.
Step 4. Sprinkle the planted tomato seeds with a small layer of soil (about 1 cm) and lightly tamp it with your palm.
Crops sprinkled with soil
Step 5. Place the container in a plastic bag or just wrap a film to create a greenhouse effect. Place the seedbed container in a shaded area before germination.
Capacity with crops of tomatoes is located in a package
How to plant seedlings
Step 1. When the seedlings grow to the desired size (the root system will be well developed, and the plants will have 5-7 true leaves), you can start planting in the ground. To do this, prepare the wells, the diameter of each should be in the range from 15 to 20 cm. The distance between the holes is 40 cm.
Planting holes are prepared in the greenhouse.
Step 2. Add some water to the wells. If possible, the water can be diluted with a solution of Fitosporin-M (for 5 l of water, 2 tsp).
Water is poured into the wells with a solution of the drug.
Step 3. Carefully place the plant in the hole and cover it with earth. Dig the seedlings on the cotyledon leaves. This will strengthen the plant.
Planted tomatoes are poured over the ground
Step 4. Do the procedure with each plant, and 3 days after planting, pour them.
Greenhouse plant care
Planting alone will not be enough to get a good harvest. The right care is also important here, as soon as you plant tomato seedlings in the greenhouse. It is about top dressing, watering and protection from diseases.
Regular, and most importantly, timely feeding - is the key to a rich harvest. And it concerns all garden crops. After the formation of the first ovaries, you can begin feeding. For this, a solution of potassium monophosphate is used (dilute 1 tablespoon of the substance in 10 liters of water). Approximately in 10 days make the second top-dressing.
On a note! The foliar dressings have shown themselves well, which help to accelerate the growth of the plant, as well as increase its resistance to diseases. It is necessary to carry out foliar top dressings 4 times a month. You can use "Akvarin", potassium monophosphate or urea. The optimal time for fertilizer is evening.
Water the bushes every 5 days, but be careful: the increased soil moisture can lead to a decrease in sugar in the fruit. As a result, tomatoes will grow watery and sour to taste. They will also crack.
For those who do not know, gardeners call stepchildren side shoots that grow from the leaf axils of the plant. The butchers lead to a ramification of a bush of tomatoes, because of which there is a shadow that interferes with the full development. In addition, side shoots can spread various diseases.The procedure is simple - just remove the stepchildren, breaking them out. The best time for the pasynkovaniya - morning. The morning procedure allows the resulting wounds to dry faster.
The picture shows how to correctly stepchild tomatoes
Cut overgrown escape
Diseases and pests
The most common disease affecting tomatoes is blackleg. To combat it, it is necessary to cultivate the soil with "Trichodermine" before planting seedlings. Often gardeners are faced with such a disease as a phytophthora. To combat it, it is recommended to treat the soil with drugs such as “Barrier” or “Barrier”. You can also use a folk remedy - garlic solution. When using store preparations, follow the instructions when diluting the solution, otherwise you can destroy the plants.
How to deal with late blight
Tomato Bacterial Cancer
On a note! Of the pests most often the fruits of tomatoes are attacked by the whitefly, slugs, spider mites and wireworms. If you can handle the slugs with your bare hands, simply by collecting them in a bucket, then for other pests need heavy artillery. Suitable drugs such as "Confidor", "Thunder", "Karbofos" and others.
Voracious caterpillars give gardeners a lot of trouble, eating away the fleshy parts of the leaves of fruit trees and shrubs
Tomato pests - slugs (photo)
Wireworm - one of the most dangerous pests of tomatoes
Harvesting and storage
The process of collecting tomatoes also has its own nuances. For example, you need to collect them without the stalks, and the fruits themselves should be carefully laid out in special boxes. As soon as the tomatoes are painted in pink or red, then you can begin to harvest.
Proper storage of tomatoes
To store the fruits of tomatoes need to be wrapped in a sheet of soft paper and put in a box. Between each layer of tomatoes put a little hay or sawdust - this will protect the crop from damage during transportation. You can purchase special tomato seeds for long-term storage (about 3-5 months).