When choosing fruit crops for planting on their summer cottage, each gardener tries to take into account all possible advantages and disadvantages of plants. The search for a variety that combines unpretentious care, resistance to disease, but at the same time regular and high-quality fruiting, require considerable effort. Among the diversity of black currants, the Pygmy variety has all these characteristics.
Pygmy - a variety of medium ripening. It was obtained in the South Ural Research Institute for Horticulture and Potato from the crossing of the Bredtorp and Seedling Dove varieties. The author is V. S. Ilyin. In 1999, the Pygmy was listed in the State Register of Breeding Achievements Approved for Use in the Volga-Vyatka, Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian, Far Eastern Regions.
Description of the black currant variety Pygmy
The black currant bush Pygmy is quite compact. The branches are weakly sprawling, medium-dense crown. Adult plant reaches a height of 1.5–2 m. Shoots at a young age have a pink-green shade. The leaves are bright green, large and wrinkled. The surface is shiny. The base of the sheet with a deep rounded or triangular groove. Solitary buds of medium size, brown, round-oval shape. The flowers are small, saucer-shaped, pale. Brushes of medium length (5-10 berries).
The berries are quite large, their weight varies from 2.5 to 7.5 g. The skin is black, thin, smooth and shiny. Unlike many varieties of black currant varieties Pygmy has a pronounced sweet taste and rich aroma. Calyx closed, the stem is long, thin, green.
The average weight of black currant berries varieties Pygmy - 6 g
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Before you opt for a particular variety, you should explore its features and advantages.
moderate resistance to kidney tick and septoria
powdery mildew and anthracnose resistance
sweet taste of fruit
For the successful growth of black currant seedlings Pygmy should choose the season when the root system is sufficiently active. When the soil temperature is below 3 degrees and above 25 degrees Celsius, the growth of roots slows down considerably, therefore planting is best done in April-May or in September-October. It is recommended to stay on the second version. Before spring, the loosened soil is thoroughly compacted, and the roots begin to grow actively.
Which seedlings to choose?
Preferred for planting will be annual seedlings about 30–40 cm tall, without leaves and any damage on the shoots. Roots must be strong, flexible and sufficiently moist. In case of drying or winding of the root system, it is necessary to place the seedling in a bucket with water 2-3 days before planting.
Important! The roots of a healthy seedling reach a length of 20 cm.
The distance between the bushes
Since the black currant Shrubs Pygmy can reach a height of 2 m, the distance between plantings should be between 1.5 and 2 meters. This will ensure sufficient penetration of fresh air (without strong winds) and sunlight into the bushes. However, it should be borne in mind that the soil should be moistened around the pristvolny circle, therefore currants should be protected from the scorching rays of the sun.
Black currant is a shrub that can self-pollinate, but when cross-pollinated from other varieties gives more ovaries with large berries. Therefore, it is best to plant this garden crop with a small group of two or three plants.
Stepwise landing process
In order for the sapling to take root well and grow in optimally comfortable conditions, it is necessary to take into account all the nuances of planting.
- The soil must be carefully dig, remove debris, weeds and roots of other plants.
- Dig a hole 60 cm in diameter and 40 cm deep. Separate the upper layer from the lower one.
- Mix the compost bucket with 200 g of superphosphate and 60 g of potassium sulfate.
- Pour the fertilizer into the pit and mix with the soil.
- Before planting the roots of the seedling dipped in clay mash.
- Plant currants should be vertical or tilted at 45 degrees. So she will bring more shoots next year.
- Fill the sapling with a layer of fertile soil, and the distance from the root collar to the surface of the earth should be 5–7 cm.
- Trim the branches of the plant, leaving 2–3 developed buds (about 7 cm) to provide better branching for the bush in the future.
- Form a hole around a sapling with a diameter of 40 cm.
- Pour water at the rate of 7–8 l per 1 bush.
- Compress with compost or sawdust with a layer of about 5–7 cm.
The soil in the hole formed around the bush should be kept loose in order to ensure sufficient moisture and air flow to the roots. The heavy clay soil needs more careful and deep study.
Since the roots of the plant are shallow and there is a possibility of their damage during deep loosening, the soil is mulched with humus layer of about 10 cm. This contributes to saturation of the plant with necessary vitamins and elements, as a result of which it will be possible to loosen the soil less often.
Despite drought tolerance, Pygmy black currant needs watering, especially during the formation of ovaries. Sprinkling is the best method of soil moistening. On 1 square. m need 30-50 liters of water. When dry summer weather bushes plentifully watered at the beginning of each month.
Autumn watering of bushes can be carried out immediately after fertilization.
Despite the fact that the Pygmy is an unpretentious variety, you should not neglect top dressing of the shrub. Nitrogen fertilizers have a greater effect on the yield. With a lack of nitrogen, the leaves become small, pale, the growth of shoots slows down.
Proper shrub feeding is the key to a rich harvest of tasty and healthy berries.
Terms of application
- half a bucket of humus or compost,
- 20 g of superphosphate,
- 20 g of potassium sulfate.
annually in the fall (September-October)
at the main digging
Liquid organic dressing
1 l of fermented chicken manure (1 bucket per 200 l of water) mixed with a bucket of water or liquid mullein prepared in the same way
annually in spring before flowering
pour into hole in the circle
20–30 g of ammonium nitrate per 1 sq. M. m
annually in the spring after flowering, with the formation of ovaries (starting from 3 years after planting)
when loosening the soil
- potassium 20–40 g,
- phosphorus 30-50
Important! Mineral fertilizers need to be applied to the soil every year with heavy soils, and with light fertile soils - once every 2–3 years.
For currant bushes that have entered fruiting season, the amount of fertilizer increases by 2 times. In the case of acidity per 1 square. m soil should be made 400-600 g of lime.
Pruning currant recommended annually. The best time for this event is late autumn (after leaf fall). In addition, in early spring (before bud break), all frozen tops and branches broken during the winter are pruned.
Important! Without pruning, the currant bush will not be able to bear fruit with full dedication, because the main part of the berries is tied up on last year's growths of 4–5-year-old branches.
- After pruning currants during planting, as a rule, the next year 6–7 shoots are formed, of which 3–4 strongest must be left. When removing weak branches, active growth of new ones begins.
- At the age of 3 years, 2-3 annual shoots and 5-6 two-year-olds should be left.
- By the fourth year of the bush's life, its crown should be formed from 3-4 branches from each year.
- In the process of further annual pruning, it is necessary to leave about 20 branches of all ages in order to avoid excessive thickening of the bush. It is necessary to get rid of damaged, dry and diseased branches, as well as branches that are more than 5–6 years old. Shoots that grow inside the bush, as well as sagging on the sides to the ground branches are cut to form the correct crown.
How to determine the best varieties of currants?
The benefits of currants have long been known, so many gardeners plant this plant in their plots. To determine which of the varieties is better, you can use a simple algorithm. The plant must have the following qualities:
- high yield
- resistance to various pests and diseases,
- fruits should be large and tasty.
Varieties resistant to diseases and pests
The most reliable varieties in terms of endurance are those that are well tolerated by frost and drought, as well as resistant to various pests and diseases inherent in currants.
In areas where there are early frosts, and in the summer season dry weather keeps, it is recommended to plant varieties that are able to withstand natural disasters. These include such types of currants, as:
Currants should be well adapted to the region where it is grown, then the yield of the plant will be high.
Shrubs can be affected by kidney mites or powdery mildew. To have a good harvest in your area, it is best to choose the following varieties for planting:
Particular attention should be paid to the Pygmy variety. Currant stands out among many other very sweet taste. Berries plants are large, despite the name. The plant is recommended to be planted in areas of the Far East, the Urals, Western and Eastern Siberia.
The currant variety Pygmy was bred at the Research Institute for Horticulture and Potato in Yuzhnouralsk by plant breeder Ilyin VS. He has established himself well, and therefore enjoys a certain demand among gardeners.
Description Pygmy variety
Considering the variety of currant Pygmy, the description should begin with the appearance of the plant:
- The bush is medium in size, can reach a height of about 1.5-2 m.
- New shoots of light green and pink-green hue, have an average thickness.
- The leaves are large, five-lobed, wrinkled. Possess a rich green color.
- Petioles long, medium thickness. Like young shoots, are painted in a light green or pink-green shade.
- Inflorescences in the form of tassels. Each of them can ripen up to 10 currant berries.
- The flowers have a pale pink or yellow-pink color.
- Berries are very large plants. Their weight can be 5-7 grams.
- Fruits are black, shiny. Have the correct rounded shape. The seed content in the berry is minimal. The skin of the fruit is very thin.
Currant Pygmy (photo above) is great for making compotes and jams. Often berries are harvested for the winter: dried or frozen. But the most beneficial substances are found in fresh fruits that did not respond to any processing.
Pygmy - currants, which does not apply to early varieties. The ripening period begins in the middle of the season and lasts for 2-3 weeks. Depending on the region where the shrub grows, the interval from flowering to the appearance of ripe berries can be 30-45 days.
Currant Pygmy, the description of which we are considering, bears fruit from late June to mid-July. With one bush you can collect a decent crop - from 3.5 to 5.5 kg. Fruits the plant once a year. The variety is self-fertile, so you can get stable, good harvests every year.
The main advantages of this currant are:
- resistance to frost and drought,
- good fertility
- sweet taste and size of berries,
- ability to resist anthracnose and powdery mildew.
Although the plant has a small drawback - currant has only a slight resistance to the pest of the bud mite and to the disease Septoria.
How to choose seedlings for planting?
When choosing a material for planting, you need to carefully consider the plant rhizome. It is best to buy two-year-old seedlings, since their root system is well developed and consists of several stiff processes, 15-20 cm long. It is also important that there are a large number of thin roots that resemble threads. It is also worth paying attention to their color.
A healthy rhizome has a yellow-brown tint. But if the dirty-brown color prevails, this indicates that the plant is frozen, diseased or overdried.
When buying planting material in a pot, you should still see the root system, for this, ask the seller to pull the seedling out of the container. If the soil is tightly braided with filaments, this indicates that the currant will start well and will be able to develop quickly.
If you want to plant a healthy plant, remember: there should be no spots on the leaves, buds and branches, as this may mean that the seedling is affected by fungus. There should also be no signs of wilting.
How to care for shrubs?
Pygmy is a currant that does not like windy and shaded areas, therefore, when choosing a place to plant it, you need to take these features into account. The ideal time to disembark is the beginning of autumn. The first thing to do is cultivate the soil. After digging, we remove all the roots of weeds and loosen the soil. Next, prepare the hole with a diameter of 60 cm and a depth of 40 cm.
To prepare fertile soil, you will need:
- superphosphate - 200 g,
- potassium sulphate - 60 g,
- 1 compost bucket
- 0.5 liters of ash wood.
In order for the plant to grow quickly, we make a small slope of the seedling when planting, not more than 45 degrees. After that, currants need to be watered and trimmed branches, leaving about 3 buds. The next stage is soil mulching under a sapling. For these purposes, suitable peat or sawdust.
To increase yields, experts recommend planting several varieties of currants in one area.
Watering the plant is very important, especially it is necessary when the ripening of the fruit begins. The site is filled with water at the rate of 30-50 liters per 1 m 2. You also need to make watering in the fall, when fertilizers are applied.
Plant nutrition is produced in the 3rd year after planting. In the spring, before flowering, currants fertilize liquid mullein. Ammonium nitrate (20-30 g) is applied when the plant has faded. In autumn, the soil under each bush is fertilized with a prepared compound, which includes:
Pygmy Grade Reviews
For their characteristics, high marks from experts received currant Pygmy. The plant reviews are positive, as the variety has established itself as one of the best and sturdiest. Large sweet berries contain a lot of useful substances, which also gives rise to positive statements of people who have chosen this plant. Currants can be grown in regions where there are early frosts, as this variety is resistant to frost.
Description of black currant Pygmy
Pygmy can be considered a great success of the South Ural Scientific Research Institute for Horticulture and Potato. In 1999, it was included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements and approved for use in the Volga-Vyatka, Ural, West Siberian, East Siberian and Far Eastern regions.
The variety is self-fertile, annually gives a bountiful harvest of up to 6 kg from an adult bush. It copes well with frosts up to 35 degrees. Plant height up to 2 meters, compact with bright green five-lobed leaves. Fruits better in the vicinity of the varieties of Bagheera, Yadrennaya, Treasure, Lucia. The harvest is annual, plentiful. With age, the berries do not grow shallow, and their weight is very solid, an average of 4–5 grams, but they also come up to 8.
Blossoming at a grade long. In the south, up to 45 days, in the middle lane to 25. Accordingly, the harvest is delayed for the same period. Berries begin to ripen in late June or early July. Ripening takes place in several waves. And that's great. Usually they rejoice at the harmonious harvest, but in the case of Pygmy, long-term fruiting is only by the way. It's all about the taste of berries. They are sweet. Just sweet, sour and children eat them like strawberries. Therefore, the opportunity to have such a wonderful fresh dessert on the table for a long time cannot be upsetting. Tasting grade 5.
Pygmy rarely suffers from most diseases of the currant. He does not suffer from powdery mildew, anthracnose and downy mildew, but is susceptible to septoria. Of the pests, the kidney mite is especially dangerous.
In black currant varieties Pygmy abundant fruiting
Pygmy can be distinguished from other varieties of currants by a pink shade of green twigs and bronze-colored buds.
September is considered the best time for planting currants. Before the cold, the seedlings root well, and in the spring with the first heat go to growth. You can plant them in the spring, preferably before blooming buds. Saplings, rooted in buckets, containers or in a wad of earth, wrapped in a film can be planted during the entire growing season.
Selection of seedlings
According to the accepted standards, a currant sapling with an open root system put up for sale should be shortened to 25–30 cm and not have leaves. The root is 10–15 cm, stem diameter is 0.8–1 cm in two-year-old saplings, 0.6–0.8 cm in annuals. The plant should look alive: with a shiny bark, with no visible damage, nodules, cracks, nodules, spots. Root flexible, not overdried without blisters, rot.
Saplings can be grown and themselves from cuttings and layering.
Healthy currant seedling ready for planting
Лучше всего смородина растёт и плодоносит на хорошо освещённых местах. Сорт Пигмей не особенно капризничает в отношении почвы, однако, слишком лёгкие песчаные, заболоченные и очень кислые участки не подойдут.
They dig up the earth, level, remove weeds, especially perennial ones, mark the rows. Pygmy bushes are quite high, so the distance between the bushes is 2 meters, and 2.5 meters between the rows. Currants are planted in pits measuring 40–45 cm in depth and 60 cm in diameter. Pits are prepared at least one month before disembarkation.
When digging a hole, the top layer of soil 20–25 cm is laid out in one direction and the bottom in another. To the fertile surface soil add 2 buckets of compost or rotted manure, 1 cup of superphosphate and potassium sulfate in the amount of 2 tablespoons. If the soil is acidic, you can add 0.5 liters of ash. Enriched soil is well mixed and poured back into the pit. The prepared pit is left before landing. Excess ground scatter on the site.
Pits for currant planting are prepared in 1-2 months
Before planting, prepare seedlings. A day or two before the scheduled planting date, the roots of the plants are placed in a solution of growth stimulant and root development. Suitable drugs Epin, Effecton, Kornevin, Heteroauxin, potassium humate. In the solution add a pink solution of potassium permanganate. A few hours before planting, “transplant” the planting material into the clay mash. This creamy mass of clay in half with the ground, well mixed with water and manure. When planting, you can use a hydrogel from 5 to 10 grams per bush. It is placed in a pit and filled with water.
Hydrogel is a special polymer that has the ability to absorb water. One gram of hydrogel can absorb 200–300 grams of water and, while in the soil, slowly give water to the plant. It “works” in the soil for 5 years, and then it disintegrates without leaving toxins.
Description and characteristics
"Pygmy" - middle-ripe variety, with berries of medium and large size and not too voluminous bush.
The black currant bushes “Pygmy” do not take up too much space in the garden, as the bush is not sprawling. It is not too thick with lateral branches, the height of an adult plant reaches 1.5-2 m. Young, not lignified branches of this variety have a pinkish color of shoots. The leaves of the "Pygmy" are powerful, large, strongly corrugated, bright green. The upper part of the sheet plate is shiny. The buds are located on the branches in staggered order relative to each other. Blossoms "Pygmy" imperceptible, pale inflorescences with tiny flowers. On the berry tassels of this variety is from 5 to 12 berries.
The berries of this variety are medium and large, located on a green long stalk. The mass of berries from 2.5 to 7.5 g. The color of the fruit is black, brilliant. Taste is sweet, juicy berry. The skin is dense, not prone to cracking. The berries have a pronounced currant flavor.
Disease and Pest Resistance
- This pest lives in the kidneys of currants, its presence causes swelling and further death of the kidneys.
- You can fight this pest with the help of the treatment of infected bushes in late February or early March.
- Processing needs to be carried out still on snow, but before blooming of kidneys.
- For treatment, you can use drugs such as "Nitrafen" (300 g of the drug per 10 liters of water) or colloidal sulfur (100 g per 10 liters of water).
- Before spraying, you need to manually tear off tick-borne kidneys, they can be easily distinguished from healthy buds in terms of volume - they are usually twice as large as healthy ones. If there are too many infected buds on a branch, then such a branch is separated from the bush with the help of a garden pruner and taken out of the garden area.
- A small pest settles on the leaves and young shoots, feeds on plant sap, which weakens and dries currants.
- It is necessary to start a preventive fight against aphids even before the buds are dissolved. To do this, carry out early spring processing of the berry with a solution of "Malathion" (30 g of the drug per 10 liters of water) or liquid potassium soap (30 g of soap per 1 l of water).
- In the process of vegetation, traps of yellow color are placed under the currant bushes, with a solution of soap and water poured into them. Not bad, they also recommended themselves as a repeller for aphids laid out on the ground under the bushes sheets of food or technical foil. Its brilliance scares the females of these insects.
- Strongly affected by aphids branches are cut and destroyed with the help of fire.
- This is a fungal disease, with it on a diseased plant young shoots, fruits and leaves are covered with white bloom.
- It is difficult to cure a diseased plant, therefore regular preventive treatments are needed.
- The first treatment is carried out in early March (before bud break) with the help of the drug Nitrafen. Diluting the drug with water, it is necessary to strictly follow the proportions indicated in the abstract.
- A week later (in mid-March), a secondary treatment is carried out with a soap-soda solution (40 g of soda + 40 g of laundry soap per 10 liters of water).
- Soap-soda sprays are repeated during the summer: immediately after flowering and twice more with an interval of 14 days.
- This is also a fungal disease: spores of fungus-pathogens, getting into a suitable environment, begin to actively develop and infect nearby branches, leaves and neighboring plants.
- Anthracnose appears as a placer of small dark brown specks, up to 1 mm in diameter, located on the leaves. Over time, the leaflet is swollen with tubercles in places where anthracnose spots appeared.
- Septoriosis causes currant to appear on the leaf blades of round or angular spots (up to 3 mm), the spots initially appear brown, a little later their middle area brightens, and a burgundy border appears on the edge of the spot.
- To combat these diseases can only be through prevention.
- In order to prevent the disease, in the middle of May (before flowering) the bushes are treated with a one percent solution of copper sulfate or Bordeaux mixture.
- In autumn, under fallen bushes, all the fallen leaves are collected and burned (or removed outside the site). This is done so that the fungus does not overwinter in plant debris.
- This is a viral disease: infected bushes change the color of flowers from pale white to pale lilac, the petals of round flowers become elongated and look like terry from a distance.
- On infected peduncles, almost half of the flowers fall off, never forming an ovary. In the process of growth, few of the ensuing berries take on an ugly shape and grow into small ones.
- To prevent currants from curbing in the early spring, the bushes are sprayed with a solution of water and the Nitrafen preparation (50 g of the substance per 5 l of water).
- An aqueous solution of colloidal sulfur (50 g of the substance per 5 l of water) is also suitable for the prevention of terry.
- Already diseased bushes are dug up with roots and removed outside the garden, after which it is desirable to burn them.
Garlic extract for processing currant bushes
How to cook:
- Garlic is divided into slices, peeled from the skin and ground in a meat grinder or in a blender to the state of a homogeneous slurry.
- A container having a volume of at least 3 liters is taken, and a tight-fitting lid.
- 2 liters of water are poured into the container and brought to a boil.
- Milled garlic is added to boiled water, mixed and removed from heat.
- A saucepan with a future garlic tincture tightly covered with a lid and left to insist for 14 days.
- After 2 weeks, a concentrated garlic tincture is ready for use.
- Matured garlic concentrate is diluted in 10 liters of water.
- For spraying currants take a half-liter jar of already diluted infusion and add water to the bucket (10 l).
- Garlic processing for currants can be carried out every two weeks - it is absolutely harmless to people and insects and protects berry bushes from diseases and pests.
Currant pests that hibernate under the bark and in the kidneys can be controlled with «boiling soul»:
- To do this, choose a time when there is still snow in the garden, but spring is not far off (middle or end of February, the first decade of March).
- To treat one bush boil 10 liters of water.
- The boiled water is poured into a garden metal watering can and quickly (until the water has cooled) pour boiling water over the currant branches.
- This is a very effective method, long proven and well-established among gardeners. If you hold this event on time, subsequent chemical and biological treatments from the kidney tick may not be necessary.
Video: spring processing of currants with boiling water
Drought resistance and frost resistance
This variety for almost two decades of testing in the gardens of Russia showed excellent frost resistance. The plant endures frost free down to -20 ° C. Currant "Pygmy" not bad tolerates long periods without watering, sometimes it is enough rain. Additional watering is usually required by the plant in dry years.
Ripening period and yield
"Pygmy" is mid-season variety, the first berry brushes begin to ripen by the end of the first decade of July. Fruiting usually lasts 30-35 days. This variety is fruitful: 3 to 5 kg of berries are harvested from one adult bush. "Pygmy" does not need growing near varieties of pollinators, as it is a self-fertile variety. It is this quality that is the key to high annual yield.
At low positive temperatures (from +13 to +15 ° C), the harvest can be store for a month. Transportability in currant “Pygmy” is not bad - dense, not bursting skin allows transporting berries in long distances in specialized trays.
How to choose seedlings when buying
Laying the berries, the gardener needs saplings of good varieties. The most reasonable way is not to buy seedlings on the market from random sellers, but to give preference specialized nurseries and well-established private breeders. Specialized farms will provide complete information about the characteristics of the plant, about how to care for it, as well as show photos of berries, bushes and leaves. It is necessary to buy seedlings in early spring (even before blooming of buds on currants) or in autumn: in October and early November. What to look for when buying blackcurrant saplings:
- Seedlings should be annuals, their height should be no higher than half a meter.
- The bark on the seedlings must be uniform and free from damage.
- Young bushes should not be blooming leaves.
- Special attention should be paid to the root system: the roots must be elastic, strong and not weather-beaten.
- When transporting over long distances, the root system of purchased seedlings is wrapped in a damp cloth. A polyethylene film is on top of the fabric, in the second layer, this will prevent the moisture from evaporating from the fabric, which means that the roots will remain wet until they arrive at the landing site.
- If, however, the roots on the sapling have dried up (regardless of the reasons), the gardener should lower the plant into the water and leave it in that position for two or three days. Drinking moisture, currant root system will restore the turgor and will be suitable for planting in open ground.
Choosing a place
For planting currant "Pygmy" is best suited not shaded, well shined during the day. Currant rows are preferably located from south to west, this location will provide the best coverage of plants during the day. The place where the berries will grow should be protected from the cold northern winds by a wall or fence. This will not allow returnable frosts to destroy the currant color, which means - the next harvest. The soil should not be swamped, so lowland is not very suitable for this, it is better to choose a flat area or located on the hill. Black currant also does not like close to the groundwater, as it is prone to decay of the root system. The soil should not be acidified.This berry loves slightly acidic soil. It is on such soils that the berries get the right amount of sugar.
Time and landing scheme
When and how to plant
- It must be remembered that currant is a cross-pollinated crop. Despite the fact that the variety "Pygmy" is self-fertile - it will be able to show the highest yields only by recapturing with currant bushes growing nearby. Therefore, it is advisable to plant the plant in group plantings (2-5 currant bushes).
- If the planting of berry bushes occurs in early spring (before bud break), the air temperature by this time should be from +5 to +10 ° C, the soil should be dried. Autumn berry laying is carried out throughout October and the first decade of November (weather permitting).
- After selecting the location of the future berry, the gardener conducts preliminary preparation before planting: digging planting pits 30–35 cm deep and 30 cm wide.
- Between the landing pits leave a distance of one and a half to two meters, as an adult currant bush occupies a certain amount in space, and this must be considered in advance.
- Fertilizers are placed on the bottom of the landing pit (half a bucket of humus, 200 g of superphosphate and 60 g of potassium sulphate), a shovel of top soil is filled up, all this is thoroughly mixed.
- Before planting, the roots of the seedling are lowered into a clay mash, and the branches of a young bush are cut with a secateur. 2-3 buds are left on each branch, everything else is cut off. This procedure is necessary in order for the young bush to be well branched in the future, but not thickened.
- A bucket of water is poured into the landing pit and the moisture is allowed to soak into the soil.
- Sapling set in the planting pit vertically or at an angle of 45 degrees and straighten the roots.
- The roots of young currants gently fall asleep previously removed from the pit soil. The top layer of soil is slightly tamped, while forming a small depression in the radical layer of the future bush. This is done in order to further currants easier to water and feed liquid fertilizers.
- Planted plant is watered in a soil recess at the trunk.
- Further, the near-stem circle is mulched with organic materials (sawdust, mowed grass, crushed leaves of non-fruit trees). Mulching will help retain moisture in the soil, which means that it will be possible to water the berry in two times less.
Basics of seasonal care
A gardener will be able to get stable annual yields of currants only under the condition of preventive and curative treatment of bushes against pests and diseases, competent spring pruning, additional feeding and watering.
Currant variety "Pygmy" is drought-resistant, but this does not negate its need for moisture. The plant is especially vulnerable to drought during flowering, it can cause shedding of flower stalks.
Currants require rare but abundant watering:
- In summer, the bushes are watered once or twice a month.
- Under each bush pours from 3 to 5 buckets of water (30-50 l).
- The stem of the shrub must necessarily be mulched, which will reduce the need for irrigation.
- In the fall (October), abundant water-charging irrigation is carried out. It is carried out after feeding under the bush.
Winter cold protection
To protect the berries from winter frosts, gardeners arrange temporary windproof structures (shields, wickers, fences), and also cover the ground in the root zone of the currant with a thick layer of mulch material that serves as a warm blanket for the roots.
Currant "Pygmy" has good frost resistance, but if you want a gardener, the bushes can be protected from freezing of individual branches with agrofibre (spunbond, nonwoven material). Any of these materials is suitable for wrapping the aboveground mass of a bush. This insulation for branches reliably protects the currants from freezing and, at the same time, allows moisture and air to pass through.
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages of the variety "Pygmy":
- frost resistance
- lack of care,
- drought resistance
- the possibility of tying berries in a single planting (self-fertility),
- disease resistance (powdery mildew, anthracnose),
- excellent yield,
- sweet and juicy berries.
- susceptibility to kidney mite,
- susceptibility to the disease septoria.
Gardeners reviews about the variety "Pygmy"
Having laid a young berry from the saplings of black currant of the variety “Pygmy”, the gardener will delight his family with large, fragrant berries for many years. Due to its unpretentiousness, currants of this variety will not require a long-term caretaker effort. Once planted, large-fruited currants will decorate the garden for more than ten years. Good harvest to you!
Where do we have Pygmy
Famous Berry Breeder, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor Vladimir Sergeevich Ilyin of Chelyabinsk Agrarian University
As is known, the pygmies do not live in our latitudes, but the works of scientists of the South Ural Scientific Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Industry have developed their own Pygmy in our homeland. At the end of the twentieth century, well-known breeder of berry crops, doctor of agricultural sciences, professor of Chelyabinsk Agrarian University Vladimir Sergeevich Ilyin worked on breeding this sort of black currant.
Он автор новых разновидностей таких культур, как крыжовник, красная, белая и чёрная смородины, а в соавторстве с супругой Ниной Алексеевной — шиповника, облепихи, жимолости. Всего на его счету более ста новых сортов ягодных кустарников.
Чёрная смородина Пигмей была получена скрещиванием родительских форм Сеянец голубки, выведенной НИИ садоводства Сибири, и сорта Бредторп, происходящего из Скандинавии.
In December 1993, the South Ural Scientific Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato, working in the Chelyabinsk settlement of the Shershni, filed an application to the State Commission for Testing and Protecting Breeding Achievements to allow new currants to be tested.
The verification of the created variety lasted for five years, and in 1999 the black currant Pygmy was included in the State Register. The regions where this culture is recommended by the State Committee for Cultivation are called East Siberian, Volga-Vyatsky, Ural, West Siberian, Far Eastern.
How did the domestic Pygmy
Here she is - Pygmy currant variety
Pygmy shrubs have an average height, usually it does not exceed 2 meters. The branches are not very sprawling.
The bush of currant of a grade the Pygmy is quite compact and up to 2 meters high
This currant is blooming with large, light-colored flowers, gathered in brushes of 5–10 pieces. The flowering period is long. The currant Pygmy does not need additional pollination.
Berries of black currant Pygmy ripen in the middle time, but not simultaneously, but in several stages. In the middle lane, as a rule, the formation of ovaries and ripening of berries occurs from the end of May and throughout June.
In the case of variety testing, the round berries of Pygmy showed an average weight of 2 grams, but in the practice of gardening they grow much larger — 4–5 grams each, and individual ones — 7.5–8. They are covered with a smooth thin skin almost completely black.
Some Pygmy varieties grow up to 8 grams in weight.
The sweet taste of Pygmy fruit, accompanied by a rich currant aroma, was awarded 5 points during the variety trial, the highest rating of professional tasters.
Harvest this currant gives annually. When testing the Pygmy variety, on average, it produced 10.8 tons of berries per hectare; it showed them high resistance to powdery mildew, poor susceptibility of its anthracnose, and average resistance of the variety to septoriosis.
The grade of currant Pygmy perfectly transfers winter cold to-35 ºС. It is also resistant to droughts, but in the heat without water the leaves begin to dry, a significant part of the crop can shred and crumble.
Pygmy versus similar varieties
Compare varieties of currants like Pygmy
In order to appreciate the Pygmy currant, let's compare it with similar for maturity and recommended growing regions of the Green Haze and Brown Far East varieties, cultivating in the State Register.
Comparison of Pygmy-like Currant Varieties - Table
From the data provided in the State Register, we can conclude that the black currant varieties Pygmy, Brown Far Eastern and Green Haze are in many respects similar in their characteristics. Their yield is difficult to compare, because it is given in different units. The main differences of varieties are in the nature of the ripening of the crop - in Pygmy and the Far Eastern brown it is stretched in time, in the Green Haze all the berries ripen at the same time. There is also a difference in the ability to withstand various negative factors - the Far Eastern brown is unstable to drought and powdery mildew, and the Green haze is not sufficiently resistant to the kidney tick.
Everything for the comfort of our Pygmy
In order for the black currant Pygmy to grow well on the plot, one must adhere to the general rules of planting and caring for shrubs of this species. It is important to note only a few features of agricultural cultivars.
The more attention you give to the plant, the more generous returns you will receive.
To the lack of moisture, the Pygmy reacts very sharply by decreasing the growth of shoots, decreasing the size of the berries and shedding andx Watering is related to the weather and is calculated so that the surface currant roots always have access to moisture. Watering the bushes is better with sprinkling to prevent the erosion of the upper layers of the soil.
From the fifth year of growth of this currant at the top-dressing area significantly differ depending on the soil on which the bush grows:
- fertilizers on loams and peat soils are fertilized in autumn in 2 years 1 time:
- for loams take about 130 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium sulfate, 15 kg of humus or manure per bush,
- 120 g of superphosphate, 20 g of potassium sulfate and 0.5 kg of lime per square meter are used for each bush for peat soils for each bush;
- on sandy and sandy soils, fertilizing is carried out in the spring, about 5 kg of organic fertilizers (compost, rotted manure), 40 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate are applied under each bush.
At the same time carry out parallel feeding currant Pygmy currant general rules for currants.
Reviews on grade of currant Pygmy
The variety is really great. For a decade of cultivation, he has not lost interest in him. Seedlings of this variety are very easy to distinguish from other varieties. Of my 80 varieties, only Pygmy has bronze buds in early spring. Prior to their blooming, the buds are as if sprinkled with bronze powder.
It is important for us that the sapling took root immediately after planting. We cut shortly into 3 buds, and 3 of them will grow from them. The direct dependence of the growth of the surface and underground parts was revealed. The twig grows - and the root grows. For a push in growth, it is necessary to make 2–3 fertilizing with organic matter with an interval of 2 weeks. This is a prerequisite for such varieties as: Selechenskaya, Ezotika, Venus, Mermaid, Pygmy, Lazyay, Dashkovskaya and others. Varieties created with the participation of the donor Bredthorpe. It turns out that black currant is really sweet. In the recent past, they tried to feed us with vitamin C for a whole year.
The pygmy is not inferior in size to Yadrenoy (at least in Karelia), and in taste and resistance, diseases and pests are a cut higher.
Growing a currant Pygmy is no more difficult than other varieties of this berry. The advantages of the variety - sweet taste, resistance to a number of diseases, winter hardiness and drought resistance - have made it one of the most beloved and common among our gardeners in different regions of the country.