Kale cabbage (grunkol, braunkol, keil, curly cabbage, kale) - this type of cabbage does not form a head, gives a harvest in the form of curly leaves of green, gray-green, dark red or purple color. It is often confused with lettuce leaves.
What does cabbage look like? Sheet rosette can be basal or formed in the form of a palm, up to 1 meter high. It would seem that such a spectacular plant has a place on a flower bed, but Kale cabbage has a set of useful elements for the human body. In care, it is unpretentious, can withstand a temperature drop to -18 ° C.
Kakusta kale as an ornamental and table culture
Often it is used simply to decorate flower beds and table dishes. And in vain, because the grunkol is the closest relative of the wild cabbage, it has retained a multitude of microelements and vitamins. According to the composition of biologically valuable substances, it is more valuable than other leafy vegetables.
It is better to eat cabbage kale as raw food: prepare salads or smoothies. Over time, the leaves grow coarser, they have bitterness: put them in the freezer for a while. You can also stew, cook soups.
Useful properties of cabbage leafy feces
The benefits of kale cabbage Kale cabbage photo
The plant is unique in the set of useful elements.
- The calcium content is higher than in milk, and it is absorbed 25% more efficiently. If you are intolerant of milk protein, cabbage Kale will become an indispensable source of calcium.
- She was awarded the title of "new beef," because 200 g of cabbage contains a daily dose of protein (a set of 18 amino acids, as in meat).
- High content of vitamin A improves vision
- Natural antioxidant - contains a large amount of vitamin C.
- It is useful for the prevention of cancer (contains Omega-3, sulforaphane, indole-3-carbinol).
- It takes pride of place in the vegetarian and dietary menu.
- It contains magnesium in large quantities, which is especially useful for people suffering from an excess of elemental calcium in the body.
- A large number contains a number of other useful trace elements (sodium, phosphorus, potassium), vitamins of the PP, K, B.
How to fertilize the soil
It is good if in the autumn organic fertilizers (3 kg of humus or compost per 1 m²) and mineral fertilizers (1 tablespoon a day of nitrogen production per the same unit of area) were applied for digging. You can do this in the spring for a couple of weeks before planting. If the soil is heavy clay, add additional buckets of rotted sawdust to the floor.
How to grow cabbage kale from seeds in open ground
Culture does not like transplants, it is cold-resistant, so the seeds are mostly sown immediately in open ground.
Start sowing when the soil warms to + 4-5 ° C (approximately mid-April).
- Make the holes with a depth of 1.5 cm, add a little humus, place 2-4 seeds, sprinkle with earth, compact a little, pour.
- Keep a distance of 45 cm between the holes.
- Crops cover with glass or film.
- After 4-5 days, remove the shelter.
- Thaw seedlings, leaving 1 strongest sprout in the hole.
Further care is regular watering and loosening the soil.
When to sow cabbage kale for seedlings?
Sow cabbage kale for seedlings spend in mid-late March.
- It is best to use cassette boxes or individual containers.
- The soil requires light, fertile.
- Fill containers for sowing with earth, spill with water, in each place 2-3 seeds, deepening 1 cm.
- Cover the crops with foil; keep the air temperature at 24 ° C.
- Remove the shelter when shoots appear, lower the air temperature to 16-18 ° C for a week.
How to care for seedlings
- Water regularly, moderately, but do not allow the overmoistening of the soil.
- Maintain bright lighting (use fluorescent lights).
- Feed a couple of times with complex mineral fertilizers. Fill the first dressing after 2 weeks of growth, the second - after another 2 weeks.
When and how to plant seedlings of kale kale into the ground
How to plant seedlings of kale kale in the ground photo
Growing seedlings takes 4-6 weeks. When sprouts reach a height of 8-10 cm and will have 4 developed leaves - they are ready for transplanting into open ground.
How to plant seedlings of kale in the ground photo
Transfer into the ground with an earthy ball. The root neck should be flush with the soil. Carefully pour.
Watering and loosening the soil
Cabbage Kale moisture-loving. Water as the topsoil dries. Water from the watering can leaves of the plant. Water should be warm.
After watering, loosen the soil between the rows, slightly spud the stems, regularly remove weeds.
To reduce the frequency of watering, get rid of the need to often loosen the soil and prevent the emergence of weeds, grumble the soil with a thick layer of rotted sawdust or straw.
The plant needs additional feedings, the main thing is not to overdo it: adding excess fertilizer is not useful, since excess nitrogen leads to the accumulation of nitrates in green products. The main thing - to adhere to the timing of application of fertilizing and to comply with the recommended concentration.
- Introduce the first top dressing 14 days after planting in open ground (urea solution: 1 tbsp. Per 10 liters of water).
- After 2-3 weeks, feed with a solution of mullein (1 to 10).
- Add the following feeding in 3-4 weeks (for 10 l of water 1 tbsp of nitrophoska).
Feed cabbage kale in the evening after watering (1 liter of the appropriate solution for each bush).
Diseases and pests of kale cabbage
Kale cabbage is exposed to fungal diseases: peronosporosis, powdery mildew, kila, gray and white rot. It is necessary to carry out the treatment of the fungicide, acting on the instructions. At the advanced stage it is better to destroy the infected shrub.
Succulent leaves attract various insect pests (cruciferous flea, aphid, cabbage moth, caterpillar moths and whiteflies). Treat with insecticide.
Depending on the cultivar, the harvest begins after 2-3 months of growth in open ground. Start cutting when the length of the leaves reaches 20-25 cm. Cut off the outer leaves first. You can cut the plant completely, leaving a stem 5 cm high - soon new leaves will appear. It is preferable to cut in the morning when the leaves are most saturated with juice.
Young leaves have the most pleasant taste. In the vegetable department of the refrigerator, they retain their freshness for about a week. If to freeze them, useful properties will not be lost, and taste will become sweeter.
Kale cabbage is divided into types:
- According to the structure of leaf plates: wavy, curly, fringed.
- For growth: tall (up to 1 m tall), medium tall (40-60 cm), undersized (up to 40 cm).
- According to the maturity of the crop: late-ripening, mid-ripening, early ripening.
Consider varieties suitable for cultivation in the middle band.
Cabbage leaf kale Reflex F1
Cabbage leaf kale reflex F1 Kale Reflex F1 photo
Plant height is 80-90 cm. Leaf plates are corrugated, green in color, have a pleasant taste. It tolerates cold, which allows you to harvest until late autumn.
Kale leafy kale curly
Cabbage leaf kale curly photo
Leafy plates of green color, strongly corrugated, taste sweetish.
Variety Premier - growing rapidly, resistant to cold.
Reed - reaches a height of 1.9 m. The tall stem resembles a cane. Apical rosette consists of corrugated green leaves.
When purchasing Kale cabbage seeds from a store, you should carefully study the information on their packages. Particular attention is paid to the appearance and size of the bushes. Depending on the variety, the height of Kale cabbage varies from 50 cm to 1.5 m.
To understand how many seeds need to be purchased, it is sufficient to correlate the volume of future bushes of the selected variety with the size of the area allocated for cabbage planting.
The appearance of the cabbage is determined by the shape and color of its leaves. Red and lilac contain a large number of phytonutrients and are considered more beneficial than green foliage varieties. Green Kale is the most cold-resistant and its individual varieties can withstand a temporary cooling down to -15 ° С. The shape of the leaves plays a role only if it is grown for decorative purposes; the curvature of the foliage does not affect the taste and nutritional properties.
Terms of ripening depending on the variety can vary from 40 to 80 days or more.
For sowing Kale cabbage seeds are prepared in advance. To do this, they are first soaked in hot water for 15-20 minutes, then cooled in cold, and then wrapped in a damp gauze and wait until they hallow. It usually takes no more than 3 days.
Kale does not tolerate the transplant very well, so it is not sown in the transfer boxes. To do this, take individual plastic, and ideally peat pots. The soil for sowing is from 1 part of peat, 1 part of humus and 4 parts of coarse sand. Before sowing seeds, soil should preferably be disinfected. To do this, it is calcined for 15-20 minutes in the oven at 200 ° C or pickled with a strong solution of potassium permanganate. Fill cups with prepared sterile primer and moisten it abundantly. Then, in each cup one germinated seed is placed to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, the glasses are covered with a film or placed in a greenhouse.
This method of planting eliminates picking and thinning of the seedlings and significantly reduces the risk of damage to the delicate root system of cabbage. In order to prevent the formation of mold on the soil surface, the crops are aired daily for several hours. When shoots appear, the film is removed, and the seedlings are gradually moved to the most lit place.
Care for cabbage seedlings
The abundance of light - the main condition for the content of seedlings of any cabbage, otherwise it will greatly stretch and die. In the conditions of lack of natural lighting, seedlings are artificially illuminated with fluorescent lamps so that the daylight time is not less than 12-14 hours.
Watering cabbage seedlings Kale should be moderate, but regular. Poor watering will inevitably lead to drying out of the seedlings, and excessive - with a high degree of probability will be the cause of infection of the seedling with the “black leg”.
The temperature of the air in the room in which it is contained may also lead to the spread of seedlings. Therefore, after the appearance of the first leaves, it is desirable to maintain a temperature range of 14–18 ° C during the day and 6–10 ° C at night.
10-14 days before planting in the ground cabbage seedlings begin to harden. To do this, it is carried out to the open air, at the beginning for 15-20 minutes, and then gradually increase its time on the street so that by the end of the second week the seedlings can safely stay in the fresh air the whole day.
Planting seedlings in open ground
In the open ground grown and strong seedlings planted in early May. A plot of land is chosen well lit, it is better that other species of cabbage, tomatoes, and radishes should not be grown on it before. Pumpkin and legumes are ideal precursors for Kale cabbage. Low acid soil is preferred.
They dig up the earth to the depth of the spade bayonet and loosen it well. The scheme of planting cabbage Kale 30h50. The depth of the holes should be sufficient to bury the seedlings on the first leaves, approximately 30-40 cm. As a fertilizer, add 1 cup of ash and 100 g of humus to each well. Seedlings are planted by the method of transshipment in order not to damage the delicate root system of the cabbage, then pour it abundantly with warm water and only then the wells are sprinkled with earth. The soil around the plants is slightly tamped.
Growth inhibition at the first time after transplanting is a normal reaction of the plant to stress.
Sowing in open ground
Kale cabbage is fairly hardy. In order for the seeds of this culture to ascend, the air temperature is sufficient to settle at around 5 ° C, however, there must be plenty of light.
Before sowing the seeds, the earth is dug up and fertilized with ashes, humus and a universal mineral dressing, for example, nitrophoska. The beds do a little raised. The plan of sowing seeds is the same as when planting seedlings - 30x50. In each well to a depth of 1.5-2 cm spread from 3 to 5 pre-germinated seeds so that they do not come into contact with each other and covered with earth. Then the bed is watered and covered with foil. In order for the film not to be blown off by a strong wind, it must be well fixed at the edges with the help of fixing pins or any available material.
Approximately in a week shoots appear and the film is removed. It is important not to miss this moment, since young plants left under the film can burn in the bright spring sun. At the same time, the seedlings are thinned, leaving one of the strongest specimens in each well. If two strong plants come up in one hole, some of them will still have to be removed - they will not be able to fully develop together, and they are unlikely to survive a transplant to another place.
Kale requires abundant regular watering, especially on hot days. In order for the root system of plants to receive the maximum amount of moisture, small grooves are formed around the bushes, which will not allow the water to spread along the bed during each irrigation. To keep the soil constantly in a slightly damp state, the soil can be mulched using compost or humus. This procedure will also help get rid of the need for frequent weeding.
In between the rows and directly around the bushes, the ground is gently loosened, since the culture is very demanding on the air permeability of the soil.
For the first time, plants are spud when they reach a height of 20 cm. In the same period, all weak and thin leaves are removed so that they do not interfere with the formation of new healthy ones.
Fertilizers should be applied no earlier than one month after transplanting or planting seeds in open ground. The solution should be weakly concentrated.
If the soil on which the cabbage is grown is fertile, it is not recommended to feed the plants more often 1 time in 6 weeks. If less nutritious soil was used for planting, fertilizing is carried out 1 time per month.
It is best to alternate between mineral and organic fertilizers. As organic materials, liquid compost is often used, and choosing mineral supplements, they prefer those whose composition is dominated by nitrogen and potassium.
Fertilizers are applied only to well-moistened soil, otherwise the equine system of cabbage will get a chemical burn and there will be more harm than good from top dressing.
Possible diseases and pests
Compliance with all agrotechnical standards and crop rotation can not always guarantee the protection of plants from diseases and pests.
The most common pests for cabbage Kale, as for any other representative of this family, is cabbage aphid. As a result of its attack, the leaves wither and shrivel, and in their folds and on the stems one can find massive clusters of larvae of this pest.
No less often cabbage Kale strikes and cruciferous flea. It can be identified by small ulcers on the leaves and gnawing on the stems of the plant. Especially dangerous is the flea for young cabbage, immature seedlings destroy the parasite in a matter of days.
Less commonly, this culture suffers from pests such as:
Fusarium wilt is especially common among the diseases - the leaves become flabby, quickly discolor and shrink. The main cause of fusarium is considered to be dry and hot weather.
Kila and black leg strike this type of cabbage as often as any other. In the case of the keel act without deliberation. The infected plants are destroyed, and quarantine is kept at the place of its cultivation - for 3-4 years they refuse to plant any cruciferous plants in this area.
Considering that cabbage leaves are eaten during the whole growing season, the use of insecticides and fungicides is contraindicated for it. In case of problems, it is better to use folk remedies - wood ash, chicken manure or a solution of vinegar. By rain, such means of protection are not resistant, so the treatment often has to be repeated several times.
Harvesting and storage
Kale cabbage leaves can be eaten almost immediately after their formation. The optimal age for harvesting is 60 days for cabbage grown on the seedling method and 80 days for seed grown.
Perederzhivat on the garden plants are not worth it. Overgrowing cabbage leaves lose their tenderness and get a bitter taste. When the plant reaches the size characteristic of its variety, it is cut, leaving a stump in the ground 5-7 cm high. If the weather permits, this stump will soon again acquire young fresh leaves.
In the fridge Kale stores no more than 2 weeks, and the only way to keep it for a long time is freezing. To do this, remove the stems from the leaves of cabbage, then the leaves are thoroughly washed, dried, packed in containers for storage in small batches of 200-300 g and cleaned in the freezer. In the freezer Kale cabbage can be stored up to six months.
- Прослушать статью (скоро)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. Когда сеять
- 3.2. Seedling care
- 3.3. Пикировка
- 4. Посадка
- 4.1. When to plant
- 4.2. Грунт
- 4.3. How to plant
- 5. Как вырастить
- 5.1. Care
- 5.2. Watering
- 5.3. Top dressing
- 5.4. Выращивание в Подмосковье
- 6. Вредители и болезни
- 6.1. Treatment
- 7. Сбор и хранение
- 8. Виды и сорта
- 9. Свойства: вред и польза
- 9.1. Beneficial features
- 9.2. Contraindications
Planting and care for feces (in short)
- Landing: Sowing seeds in open ground - in late April or early May. Sowing of seeds for seedlings - at the end of March or at the beginning of April, planting of seedlings into the ground - approximately in the middle of May or towards the end of the month.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: fertile, permeable, with a pH of 5.5-6.8.
- Watering: it is plentiful, and during the period of drought it is also frequent: the soil in the area should always be slightly damp.
- Top dressing: Every 6-8 weeks, organic (grass infusion or compost infusion) or mineral fertilizers should be applied to the soil. The first feeding is carried out when the leaves begin to grow.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: cabbage aphid, weevils, scoops, moths, moths, flies, cruciferous fleas, rapeseed sawflies and flowering beetles, bears, wireworms and slugs.
- Diseases: Kila, black leg, peronosporosis, Fusarium, ring spot, white and gray rot, slimy bacteriosis, rhizoctoniosis, and virus mosaic.
- Properties: The plant is a valuable dietary product.
Cabbage Kale - description
So Kale is a kale that does not make a head. Only large curly cabbage leaves of kale are bluish, red, green, and after cold and violet hues are eaten. The stem of the plant is too hard and not suitable for food. Before the Renaissance, cabbage kale was the most common cruciferous crop in Europe, but it was cultivated in the 4th century BC in ancient Greece, which is irrefutable evidence. Today in Holland a traditional steampot is prepared with cabbage kale, mixing it with mashed potatoes and serving it with sausages. In Japan, this variety is popular in the form of aodziru drink supplement, and in Turkey, from Kale-rich cabbage-rich cabbage, they cook soup.
When sow cabbage kale seedlings.
Kale cabbage does not tolerate transplantation, so it’s better to sow directly into open ground, but if you decide to use the seedling method, you need to sow seeds 5-6 weeks before planting seedlings into open ground - during the time period from late March to early April. Choose the most auspicious day of the lunar calendar for sowing cabbage and proceed.
A pick of cabbage kale.
Cabbage kale from seeds, like any other type of cabbage, does not tolerate a pick. It is planted in the open ground together with the earthy clod, trying not to damage the central root, but before planting the seedlings must undergo tempering procedures consisting in daily outdoor sessions, the duration of which should gradually increase until the seedlings become accustomed to the new habitat. When the seedlings turn 45 days, they will have 4 leaves each and they will reach a height of 8-10 cm, you can plant them on the bed.
Planting kale cabbage is carried out in deep holes located at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other with row spacing of 45-55 cm. To each well, throw 200 g of wood ash and 100 g of humus. Seedlings are immersed in the ground on the first couple of leaves, watered and covered with a hole of earth.
When to plant cabbage kale in the ground.
If you decide to sow kale cabbage right into open ground, then it should be done in the last decade of April or the first decade of May — the kale cabbage is cold resistant, and its seeds begin to germinate already at 4-5 ºC. Growing kale cabbage is best done on a sunny plot. Keep in mind that in one place the crop can grow for three years: if in the fall, cutting off cabbage, leave a couple of centimeters of stem above the surface, the next year you will get an early harvest of crispy cabbage. The best precursors for feces are solanaceous, legumes and pumpkin crops, and the worst are vegetable and cruciferous.
Soil for cabbage kale.
The soil for kale cabbage should be fertile - when grown in clay or sandy soil, you cannot achieve good yields, and the cabbage will have a mediocre taste. Very important for cabbage kale and an indicator such as the permeability of the soil, as the culture does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the roots. Hydrogen indicator of the soil should be in the range of 5.5-6.8 pH. If the indicator is below pH 5.5, add compost to the soil, and if it is above pH 6.8, dig up the area with granular sulfur. A bed for kale is cooked in the fall - cleared of weeds and dug up, and immediately before sowing seeds or planting seedlings, humus and complex mineral fertilizers are introduced into the soil.
How to plant cabbage kale.
Cabbage seeds are sown in wells located at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other with row spacing of 45-55 cm. When sowing, as when planting seedlings, 100 g of humus and 200 g of ash are thrown into each well, put three to five seeds , water them and cover them with soil. Then the bed is covered with plastic wrap, securing it along the edges so as not to blow the wind. The seedlings will begin to appear after 5-7 days, and the film can be removed, and upon inspection of the sprouts that have appeared, remove the weak ones so that they do not interfere with the development of stronger plants.
Care for kale cabbage.
How to grow cabbage kale? Care for cabbage kale in the open field is not much different from the care of any other variety of cabbage. Growing seedlings need watering, weeding, hilling, loosening the soil, fertilizing and protection from pests and diseases. When cabbage kale in the garden reaches a height of 20-25 cm, it is necessary to spud it, and if weak leaves start to appear on it, they should be removed immediately. To make it easier to care for cabbage, and so that it does not hit the root rot, grumble the area with compost or humus.
Watering cabbage kale.
In order for the water to not spread when watering, but to immediately get to the roots, make a circular furrow around each plant and pour water into it. In dry time, you will have to water the cabbage more often and more abundantly, and after each watering or rain you need to loosen the soil around the plants and between the rows. The soil in the garden all the time should be slightly wet, so be prepared for the fact that in hot summer you have to water the cabbage every day, but still allow the soil to dry between the waterings.
Top dressing cabbage kale.
Despite the pre-sowing application of fertilizer to the soil, cabbage kale in the open field needs organic supplements every 6-8 weeks. The first feeding will be needed when the leaves begin to actively grow. Herbal infusion is used to feed the plants, for which a quarter of the volume of the barrel is filled with water, then the barrel is filled with fresh greens - grass, including weeds - at the rate of 10 kg per 100 liters of water, after which 2-3 kg are added for every 100 liters of water dry chicken manure and cover the barrel with a net. When foam appears on the surface of the mass, the contents of the barrel begin to be stirred daily to stimulate fermentation. Depending on the weather and air temperature, grass fertilizer is infused from one to three weeks. As soon as the foam ceases to form, the infusion can be used for fertilizing, diluting it in half with water. Fertilization is carried out strictly under the root.
You can make fertilizer for kale cabbage from compost: 2 liter jars of sifted compost are poured with a bucket of water and insisted for 24 hours in the sun, after which the water is drained and used for root dressings.
Growing kale cabbage in the suburbs.
Readers ask us whether it is possible to grow cabbage kale in the midland. Why not? This variety of cabbage differs in cold resistance and resistance to rapid temperature changes, therefore, with the right selection of varieties, you can count on a decent crop in the Moscow region.
Pests and diseases of cabbage kale
As for diseases and pests, they are common to all cruciferous cultures. Among insects, cabbage aphids, weevils, moths, butterflies, moths, flies, cruciferous fleas, rape sawflies and tsnoyoed, as well as bears, wireworms and slugs, are dangerous to curly cabbage. And from diseases, one should beware of keels, black leg, peronosporosis, fusarium, ring spot, white and gray rot, mucous bacteriosis, rhizoctoniosis, and viral mosaic.
We have already described all these diseases and all these pests many times, so we will not repeat. We only recall that the cultivation of cabbage varieties and hybrids that are resistant to pests and diseases, the observance of agrotechnical culture, and conscientious care of plants reduces the risk of the destruction of cabbage by insects, fungi, bacteria and viruses to a minimum.
Processing cabbage kale.
Protect young plants from cruciferous flea and other pests by dusting their leaves and soil on a bed of wood ash, tobacco dust, or a mixture of these two powder preparations. However, the rain washes away the protective powder, and you have to carry out the procedure again.
After sunset, you can spray cabbage with seven-percent table vinegar diluted in a bucket of water, or a solution of 200 g of chicken manure in 10 liters of water, which must be drawn before drinking at least 24 hours.
An onion peel repels insects: a pound of husk is filled with 4 liters of hot water, infused for two days, filtered, a spoonful of tar shampoo is added to the liquid, and the cabbage is sprayed with this composition once every 3-4 days.
Of the chemical preparations used to protect against pest infestation, Bankol, Kemifos, Fury, Bitoxibacillin, Kinmiks, Shar Pei, Aliot and others are used, however, the use of chemical agents is recommended only when you have to save the crop and folk remedies no longer help.
As for the protection of cabbage from feces, in this issue, as well as in pest control, one should give preference to agrotechnical methods - observing crop rotation, growing disease-resistant crop varieties, seed dressing before sowing in a fungicide solution, timely removal of weeds from the plot sucking pests that are carriers of viral diseases, and the destruction of plant residues after harvest. These measures will protect cabbage kale from diseases more reliably than fungicides.
Collection and storage of kale cabbage
After sowing, kale cabbage in the ground ripens in 70-95 days, and the grown seedlings 55-75 days after planting on the bed. Cabbage leaves are cut off when the plant reaches a height of 20 cm. Do not over-ripen ripe leaves on the bush - they become bitter and tough. A strongly grown plant can be cut at a height of 5 cm from the ground, and then curly cabbage leaves will begin to form again on the remaining stem.
Cut leaves can be stored in the fridge for a week, but you can put them in the freezer and enjoy the taste of kale cabbage all winter - the taste of the leaves becomes brighter and sweeter from freezing.
Types and varieties of cabbage kale
Cabbage Kale has several varieties that differ in height. Plants up to 35-40 cm in height are considered low, medium growth up to 40-60 cm, and those that are capable of reaching a height of 60 to 90 cm are tall. Kale cabbage varieties differ in shape and texture of leaves - they can be flat with wavy edges , medium curly or with double edges. Varieties and varieties of kale cabbage are also divided into early, mid-ripening and mid-late. The best varieties of kale cabbage are:
- – Kale Green Cabbage - this is a winter-hardy cabbage of average maturity, reaching ripeness in 75 days from the moment of emergence of shoots, which withstands frosts down to -15 ºC and capable of producing again the next year. The plant reaches a height of 80 cm. The leaves of this feces are very curly. Used variety for cooking soups and salads,
- – Red Cabbage Kale - essentially the same green cabbage, only the leaves are red,
- – Curly kale cabbage - most often, this species has curly, soft, but crunchy, strongly wavy violet leaves at the edges with a sweetish aftertaste. Plants of this variety are very attractive, so they are often planted as decorative,
- – Blue dwarf - compact, easily grown and very beautiful plant, which is often mistaken for decorative. Despite its small stature, this variety has good productivity. The taste of the leaves of the Blue Dwarf perfectly with the taste of pork, legumes, pasta, garlic and mushrooms,
- – Black Tuscany - An unusual form, even for kale cabbage, makes plants of this variety very attractive. The color of the dense, lumpy leaves of Black Tuscany is dull green with a dull bluish bloom. In texture, they resemble the leaves of Savoy cabbage. They are collected from June to late autumn,
- – Scarlet - this mid-season winter-hardy fruitful variety has curly leaves, dark green with a violet shade, and after the first frost their coloring becomes brighter. Plant height from 80 to 120 cm
- – Redbor - two-year medium late cold-resistant hybrid variety with curly leaves of an intense burgundy shade. The height of a palm-like plant can reach one and a half meters. Use leaves of this variety for salads, soups, drying, pickling and decorating festive dishes,
- – Reflex - high-yielding, winter-hardy mid-season hybrid, distinguished by its decorative and excellent taste of gray-green, strongly corrugated leaves, which are considered to be a valuable component of diet and healthy nutrition.
Cabbage kale for the Moscow region.
Since almost all varieties of kale cabbage are cold resistant, it is not difficult to choose varieties for the middle band. It is possible to grow in the Moscow Region Red Calais, Green Calais, Curling Calais, Premier Calais, Little Mermaid, Dude, Mizun, Reed Cala or Dino Calais. If there are severe frosts in winter, just remember to cover the bed with a thick layer of mulch, and in the spring, when the snow melts, remove it.
Useful properties of cabbage kale.
Why is cabbage kale considered the most valuable variety? Because the density of nutrients it has no equal among the leafy vegetables. It includes:
- - minerals - potassium, calcium, copper, magnesium, phosphorus,
- - vitamins - C, A, E, K, PP, B1, B2, B6,
- - protein
- - cellulose,
- - Omega-3 fatty acids, which are rare in plant foods,
- - all essential amino acids - 18 interchangeable and 9 essential.
100 g of leaves of feces only 28 calories. By the amount of calcium cabbage cabbage surpasses milk, and 200 g of its leaves provide the daily rate of protein.
Kale cabbage is useful with calcium deficiency, high loads on vision, obesity, as well as to prevent the development of cancer cells and strengthen the body's immune system. Cabbage is also popular in vegetarian cuisine, since it replenishes the body with proteins and vitamins that are present in meat - no wonder this product is called “new beef”.
Cabbage kale - contraindications.
Caution in the use of kale cabbage should be observed for those who suffer from diseases of the stomach and intestines - gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, dysbiosis and chronic diarrhea, because feces can provoke exacerbation of pathologies. Another contraindication is diseases of the organs of the endocrine system, therefore, people with such diseases must be consulted with a physician before being introduced to the diet of kale cabbage.
What is a kale kale
Kale is just an amazing plant that amazes not only with its taste, but also with its decorative qualities. It will win your heart with beautiful curly leaves, which are very similar to lettuce leaves.
The peculiarity of this variety is the absence of a head of cabbage. Depending on the variety, leafy feces may be green or red, which in the autumn will acquire a purple color.
This is a very tasty curly cabbage, with which you can prepare the same dishes as from the usual. It will be to everyone's taste, both fresh and stewed.
There are 6 excellent sorts of kale that have their own advantages:
- Curly - different curly beautiful leaves that are very tasty and soft.
- Red - just fascinates with its color.
- Siberian - very resistant to frost and pests.
- Prime - also resistant to frost and growing rapidly.
- Dino - has high thin leaves.
- Trosthevy - sometimes reaches 2 meters.
The origin of curly cabbage
Kale remains one of the most mysterious, since nothing is known about her origin. One thing is clear, that she comes from the wild nature, and no one considers her country the birthplace of this beauty. For many years, this cabbage is famous in America and England, but in Russia it is just beginning to be in demand.
Since this variety germinates very quickly, it takes only 70 to 90 days to grow from seed, so it can be planted not only at home, but also in the garden, just under the film.
Sowing seeds is necessary in April. The temperature regime that is suitable for kale cabbage is not lower than 5 degrees Celsius. Already at the end of May, cabbage can be planted in its permanent place.
Experts recommend before planting seeds soak for a quarter of an hour in water with a temperature of 45 degrees and then for 5 minutes to dip them in cold water for 5 minutes. After that, the seeds are wrapped in wet gauze and left in a warm place for 3 days, after which small shoots appear, which serve as a signal to plant them in the ground.
Семена высаживают на расстоянии 6 см друг от друга в небольшие лунки, глубиной полтора см. Накрывают посевы плёнкой, которую приподнимают каждый день на 60 минут, чтобы проветрить грунт.
При пересадке на постоянное место обитания, капусту выкапывают вместе с земляным комом, поскольку она плохо переносит пикировку.
Пересаживать саженцы Кале необходимо вместе с земляным комом
For landing it is necessary to choose a place that is well illuminated by the sun. Kale is also planted on an elevation, because the water in the soil should not stagnate. Vegetable does not like this.
Cabbage is planted at a distance of 45 cm from each other, throwing 200 g of wood ash into the hole and half as much humus. As for the soil, it must be non-acidic, loose and contain a sufficient amount of humus.
The main requirements for care is watering and loosening the soil. During the summer, the soil must be loosened several times. This provides good access of oxygen to the roots of the plant. When it grows to 20 cm, it is necessary to weed it.
Kale loves moisture, because in the hot summer you may need to water it almost every day, but you should let the soil dry out between waterings.
In order for water to get into the roots faster and get well developed, it is necessary to make a small ditch around the cabbage and pour water into it.
Watering Cabbage Kale
You will achieve good results if you feed the cabbage every 6 weeks. The first is carried out when the leaves begin to actively grow.
An excellent fertilizer for this variety will be 2 liters of sifted compost, which is diluted with 1 bucket of water and insist on sunshine for 24 hours.
What is cabbage kale and how it is useful
Cabbage Kale - a type of species garden cabbage, possesses useful properties. More commonly known as grunkol or braunkol. The vegetable has no head, and the leaves have lace laces of green color.
Grunkol contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins A, C, K, PP, B6, B2, B1. 200 g of vegetable is the daily dose of protein. Braunkol is used for the prevention of eye diseases, for general immunity, for obesity and for weight loss.
Selection and preparation of space on the site
For grunkol need sunny place. It can be planted in the field of early planting of pumpkin, legumes and solanaceous crops. It is better not to plant the plant on sandy or clay soil, as this will spoil the taste and reduce the yield level.
Ground must be level pH up to 6.8. If the level is lower, then it is better to fertilize the soil with sour compost. If above - the land should be mixed with granulated sulfur.
For landing you need to make a raised bed.
As soon as you have finished planting kale cabbage, weeds will appear in a couple of weeks. It is necessary to remove not only the plant, but also their roots.
Weeding will help you in the difficult struggle with pest plants. This will slow the growth of weeds. Young plants can simply be pulled out, since it is easier to fight them than with adults.
There is also one trick. Plots that have not been cultivated can be covered with cardboard boxes. Weeds will not grow in the area.
Pest and disease protection
The main pests of the plant are cabbage fly, slugs, cabbage moth, aphid and whitegrass.
Cabbage Fly damages the roots of plants, especially early varieties. The most important thing to protect the vegetable from this parasite is to observe crop rotation.
The next pest is slug.
They appear in warm weather, especially if the vegetables are often watered. They feed on succulent foliage or cover them with mucus. It is necessary to struggle with them agrotechnically: to cultivate the soil (remove weeds), to fence vegetables with the help of grooves in which ground pepper or ash fall asleep. You can also try chemical drugs ("Thunderstorm" or "Meta"), but they should be used exclusively on the slug.
Cabbage scoop. The pest caterpillars gnaw more openings on the upper parts of the leaves. To prevent mass destruction, we recommend digging the soil.
Cabbage Aphid eats vegetable juice. They live on the underside of the leaves, which eventually become pale and deformed. You can get rid of them "Karbofos", "Seyfos" or "Pyrethrium". These drugs are effective, but they harm the plant itself. It is better to prepare a weak and warm solution of household soap and treat affected vegetables with it. Caterpillars whitefish or cabbage dishes feed on plant leaves, butterflies drink nectar. First of all you need to remove spring flowering weeds. Cabbage eggs laying must also be destroyed. You can also use biological agents, such as "Baksin" or "Dendrobatsillin."
Not once was it noticed that Braunkol is damaged black leg mucous bacteriosis and downy mildew.
Causative agent black legs is a fungus. It affects plants at the germ stage. For the prevention of black legs in the soil make colloidal sulfur and potassium permanganate.
The next ailment is mucous bacteriosis. The causative agent is the bacterium Pectobacterium carotovorum.
Wet rot spreads on the covering leaves. On them there are spots with an unpleasant smell. After some time, the rot spreads to the whole cabbage, and the plant dies.
To prevent disease, you need to use the drug "Binoram" before planting or spray the plants at the first symptoms of "sores".
Perinosporosis, or downy mildew damages any crop. At first, yellow oily spots of a round shape appear on the infected plant, which grow and coalesce. In a short period of time, a vegetable or fruit may die.
You can protect the plant from peronosporoza preventive methods - it is necessary to conduct annual thorough cleaning of the site and remove the affected plants. It is better to burn them after collection. Be sure to follow the crop rotation.
Harvesting and storage of the crop
Cabbage harvest can begin collect on day 95 after sowing, and 75 days after picking to a permanent place. Vegetable should reach 20 cm in height. Overripe cabbage leaves are hard and not very tasty. However, if you missed the moment of harvesting, you can fry and stew the leaves, and the fresher and younger ones are better sent to salads.
You can store them in the freezer, chopped. In the refrigerator, they lie for up to three days, as then the leaves begin to wilt.
Now that you know how to grow cabbage kale, you can safely buy seeds in order to provide yourself with a storehouse of vitamins for the winter. By following our instructions, you will get a good harvest.
Adding an article to a new collection
Modern summer residents grow the most diverse cabbage, both edible and decorative. But curly kale cabbage, not only nutritious, but also seemingly pleasant, is still little known in our latitudes. But in growing it is quite simple.
Before you buy cabbage seeds, you need to figure out how it is useful, what happens and how to grow it properly.
Storing cabbage cabbage
After ripening, the leaves should be cut and consumed within a week. This time they will be perfectly preserved in the refrigerator, but then they will begin to wither and lose their taste. If you want to save cabbage kale for the winter, then chop the greens and freeze it. From low temperatures, its taste will open up and become richer, so that you can enjoy your favorite salads all year round.
As you can see, kale cabbage is quite an interesting and very useful culture. So why not plant a few holes of a new vegetable in the coming season, at least for the sake of an experiment - what if you catch a fancy?