Appearance and behavior
The color of these chickens can be very diverse: white, yellow, red, red-brown. The back and chest are wide, the comb is red, leaf-like, the limbs are short. The behavior of the bird is calm, aggressiveness is absent. Roosters are not too loud, mostly silent, do not conflict with each other.
The mass of the rooster reaches 3 kg, hens - 2.7 kg. The meat has a high taste and, what is important for chicken meat producers, the carcasses of these chickens look very attractive. The weight gain of the bird happens quickly, although they are somewhat inferior in this respect to broilers.
The weight of an egg is 50-60 g, depending on the age of the bird, the color is light brown. Standard egg production is 180 eggs per year, but according to the breeders, this is not the limit, with a balanced diet, an indicator of 200 or more eggs per year is easily achieved. Chickens start to be born, on average, from 5-6 months of age.
Advantages and disadvantages
Of the advantages of the breed are the following:
- possibility of placement in rather cramped conditions, this bird can be kept in cages,
- calm, non-conflict behavior,
- good egg production
- high taste of meat with a quick weight gain.
But P-11 has some drawbacks, namely:
- representatives of the breed do not tolerate drafts and low temperatures,
- if epidemics occur, they spread very quickly among this bird,
- short limbs make an undesirable walking of birds after precipitation, since it can soak the lower part of the hen’s torso, which can lead to her illness.
Content and features of care of mini-hens of meat breeds
First of all, it is necessary to eliminate sources of drafts in the hen house, and also to warm it. Since these breeds are often kept in rather cramped conditions, the requirements for keeping the hen house clean are increasing - cleaning should be done regularly, preferably weekly.
In addition, it must be combined with disinfection, using, for example, iodine checkers. If free-range chickens are practiced, they should not be let out in wet weather - because of short limbs, they quickly become wet and covered with mud, which can lead to their illness.
If the bird is grown for meat, it is fed with feed for meat breeds. Hens are also fed with specialized feed. In any case, chalk is added to the feed (an egg shell will do), as well as fresh greens.
In winter, it is replaced by hay. In addition, in small quantities (no more than 5% of the total amount of feed) it is recommended to add fish or meat and bone meal to the feed. We should not forget about the regular change of water in the drinker. Feed can be replaced with cheaper feed, although this may adversely affect the productivity of chickens. In particular, they use boiled istolichny potatoes (with skin), in which they add greens and ground vegetables (beets, cabbage leaves, zucchini, cucumbers).
Another option (and the most popular) is grain, which is seasoned with chalk. Usually, grain, wheat, barley, oats and corn are mixed in equal proportions. It is preferable to alternate the first and second types of feed.
For chickens, cottage cheese or yogurt, as well as fresh chopped greens, are added to the feed. In addition, they mix the necessary mineral supplements (in quantities specified in the instructions). If there is no free range, then fine gravel is added to the feeders. Young animals are transferred to normal feeding at 21 weeks of age.
For breeding, you can use the eggs of your own chickens or purchase them on the side. But in the latter case, the eggs must be taken from trusted breeders or in large farms, otherwise you can buy low-quality material.
Both described breeds have almost lost the instinct of hatching eggs, therefore for this purpose they usually use chickens of other breeds, the best for this are Cochin China and Brama. However, incubators are used much more often for breeding.
Before laying eggs in the incubator they are examined, eggs with damages are rejected. If there is an ovoscope, you can examine the contents of the egg and discard specimens without an embryo or with a dead embryo. Selected eggs are cleaned with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then laid in the incubator. The process of incubation depends on the model of the incubator, as a rule, its detailed description is available in the instruction manual of the device. Hatching chicks are removed from the incubator after they dry out.
First, they are fed with chopped egg yolk and low-fat cottage cheese. On the second day, add millet, on the fourth - chopped greens. Initially, the temperature in the room where the chickens are located should be around +35 ° C, then it is gradually reduced to normal.
Breeding is usually done to optimize costs. When breeding your own chickens, do not use third-party roosters. According to the breeders, with such a mix, the quality of B-33 and P-11 is significantly reduced, and the immunity of the bird is weakened. Having considered the peculiarities of the mini-breeds P-11 and B-33, we can conclude about their great potential in terms of growing both in private farmsteads and in farms. These chickens do not require large premises, in general, are unpretentious (with the exception of some nuances), while they are distinguished by good egg production, and their meat has high taste qualities.
1. compact in placement
chickens p-11 do not burden. They were derived by Russian scientists for cellular content. This gives great advantages in grooming the bird.
In the winter, we left 3 chickens and 1 rooster as an experiment, we wanted to observe what kind of bird it is. 🙂 The rest were sold to private households. This four beautifully wintered in an old brooder with dimensions: 130 × 50 × 50.
So we wintered in a small brooder
2. early egg-laying
They installed a box of fruit under the nest. And our little hens were brought closer to 6 months. In the description of the breed we met information about early maturation. We got half a year. Perhaps this is our mistake in the selection of the diet. In the summer, we have a lot of work at the nursery and the attention of the ministry has not been received.
3. calm temper
In the cage where the “Rodiki” live is surprisingly quiet. The rooster is calm, not blatant, the hens are busy bustling busy all the time than that. But they get along with each other, they do not hurt each other at all. Absolutely not pugnacious. These chickens will not fit their hands, but they will not be afraid if they eat a tasty piece, they will definitely fit and will almost bite with a finger.
4. sound health
In winter, we pay special attention to feed. And it seems that we managed to find a good diet for them, since not one chicken fell to its feet and no other problems arose. And animal health is directly dependent on the abdomen. Hygiene + proper feeding = healthy bird. But like other animals. Our chickens carried the egg regularly, sometimes only reacting to a change in diet.
5. high egg production
Preparing to describe our experience of keeping mini chickens, we finally weighed them. The hen pulled out 1.1 kg with a little one and a cockerel kilo three hundred and a tail.
The hen was stolen, tied up and ruthlessly weighed :-)
Roosters are quite a bit more chickens.
Rooster is also in shock))
Rooster weighs not much more chicken
And such birds - crumbs carry an egg of 50 grams. This is just great. For example, the Moscow black chicken with a weight of 2.7 kg. carries an egg 60g. The biennials are the largest, but after all, mineworks of the first year and those 50 grams from pullets! The stated egg production is p-11 from 200 to 240 eggs per year. This is a VERY good indicator.
6. cost effective
At the same time, the mini egg hens of the little ones, they need 120 grams of feed per head per day. But the temptation is great than something else to feed, pamper. After all, such a big return from them is an egg. But it is not necessary to do this, the feeders are quickly filled and the chickens become indifferent to the feed and walk with barely filled goiter and the egg-laying is disturbed.
From our feeding depends not only health, but also the number of eggs laid. Good and the fact that this breed and chickens can be bred inside the herd. And we have already laid in the incubator egg from these good layers. We looked at the light, we see developing embryos. Gladly, we will meet a new generation. This year will certainly increase the herd. And of course, in the future we will plan to update the blood. There are plans to breed the B-33, also the egg line.
Since breeders are equally suited for breeders, both for growing on industrial poultry farms and on the scale of small households, breeds of this type are widely demanded. Subject to temperature control, stable heating and the absence of drafts, the survival of the offspring reaches a probability of 100%.
Contents Mini chicken breeds
The rules for growing this variety are not too different. When caring for crosses mini-meat areas. There is a certain gradation establishing the indices for these types of selections B-33 and P-11; one should strictly consider the fact that drafts are contraindicated to them.
For this reason, it is better to build chicken coops using thermal insulation technology or insulate the existing premises using available thermal-saving materials.
In the photo Mini meat breed of chickens B-33.
Absolutely true is the statement that a clean house for chickens helps protect pets from the infectious contagion and parasites that birds are subject to by nature. Strictly beware of allowing the neighborhood of healthy birds with a sick individual.
Signs of a sick bird:
- Loss of appetite,
- Drop feathers.
The spread of diseases in a flock is so specific that the untimely isolation of an individual from the “risk group” for quarantine leads to the risk of intense infection of all its neighbors. And it is already quite obvious that pet care involves visits to a veterinarian in order to determine the causes of current diseases and prevent epidemics.
Let's start with a description of the general cleaning in the hen house, which should be carried out in compliance with all rules and regulations. General cleaning is an annual procedure, simple in itself from all points of view: first of all, the cells are treated with boiling water so that it would be easier to clean them with a brush and soapy water.
A solution of Lysol of 2% concentration is also very popular, it is perfectly suited as a disinfection material. And the well-known, banal, but effective denatured alcohol, which can be used instead of Lysol.
It is categorically important to adhere to strict adherence to instructions and descriptions of drugs, since they belong to aggressive means of household chemicals!
Of the regular procedures for the maintenance of the house, special attention is paid to the arrangement of a special litter with good absorption or, more simply, absorption.
Such a litter requires periodic replacement in the range from three weeks to once a month, since it is this sanitary approach that optimally helps to maintain a healthy microclimate of the livestock, allowing you to maintain a beautiful and dense plumage in birds.
On a photo Pass meat breed of hens P-11.
Mini meat chickens of Deggorn breed B-33 and P-11 are white and fawn in egg production and weight are almost the same. As already specified, there are two main nominations in the definition of mini-meat crosses, these are P-11 and B-33. It will also be appropriate to mention the coefficients of their productivity, which are directly related to the quality of care conditions.
Average weights are typical, they are: for chickens - 2.7 kg, for males - 3 kg. From this very moment, the meat of this bird has been and is considered to be incredibly tender, it is exceptionally juicy and delicate in taste.
These gastronomic nuances are due to the fact that body fat is distributed evenly throughout the muscle tissue, without forming clusters and deposits. Such uniformity puts this chicken in line with the marble veal.
The advantage of "minikov", along with successful reproduction in small areas, can be noted, and a modest amount of feed consumption. Their diet, in general, differs little from the menu of ordinary layers, except that in the first weeks of life, the weight gain of young animals depends more on feeding with special mixtures with an emphasis on tradition for meat congeners.
Starting from the month, it is allowed to switch to grain mixtures, and for general immunity, premixes are applicable, such as: fish and bone meal, chalk. Chickens of this poultry are content with chopped greens, they like very much grated curds and yogurt.
In the photo Mini meat chickens of B-33 and P-11 breeds with cellular content.
If you walk an adult bird daily, then in its habitat, it is able to determine its own food, guided by their own needs. Standard feeding can generally consist only of waste crops, if regular walking will be accompanied by a "feast", where the menu contains insects and green grass.
The presence of gravel should be a must, it is a mineral supplement and contributes to the functioning of the body's self-cleaning, being a natural abrasive.
Nutrition is absolutely not a problematic issue when maintaining the P-11 and B-33. Mini-breeds in food are not picky, many feed them with mixed fodder for meat breeds with the addition of cereal mixture, grass, mineral additives (chalk, shell, meat and bone and fish meal). A miniature hen is enough 120-130 g of feed per day. Farmers are very fond of birds in this area, because the savings when feeding them is about 30% or 4-6 kg of feed in quantitative terms. This is especially important when it comes to growing chickens for a business where feed is the most significant item of expenditure.
Chickens of mini-destinations have become for many farmers a synonym for profitability. Due to significant savings in feed, space and energy, larger livestock can be grown at lower cost. They love the breed and for the fact that they multiply "in themselves", it is enough to start a quality livestock and not worry about it for about 2 years. We have already mentioned savings on feed, but savings on one dozen eggs are also considerable - 600-800 g. Thanks to this, many farmers have abandoned traditional chickens in favor of their reduced copies, as evidenced by their many positive reviews.