The leaves of chlorophytum are narrow and oblong, hanging down to the floor. Due to the property of leaflets to hang, chlorophytum is grown as an ampelous plant. Chlorophytum blooms with small whitish star-shaped flowers, connected in the inflorescence of a loose panicle.
Panicles are placed on hanging long shoots (up to one meter). The diameter of the overgrown bush can reach 50 cm. The height of the bush does not exceed half a meter. The plant does not require specific growing conditions.
Chlorophytum has not one popular name, the most common - spider, green lily, bridal veil, viviparous coronet, flying Dutchman.
Reproduction of epiphytic plants carry out rosettes, which are formed at the tips of the arcuate shoots after flowering. Sockets formed on the shoots of adult plants, have aerial roots. The root system of chlorophytum is thickened, akin to tubers.
Homeland room chlorophytum is not precisely defined. Some scientists are inclined to believe that this is the tropics and subtropics of South America, Australia. Others believe that the flower was introduced to Europe from South Africa. In the wild, the flower grows on tree branches, attaching itself to the bark by the root system, and is a valuable bio-component in the forest's grass cover.
The life span of the plant is about ten years. Scientists have determined that chlorophytum has about 250 varieties, the most famous among gardeners are listed below.
Chlorophytum crested (tuft)
One of the most popular among amateur flower growers is Chlorophytum crested. The plant has a lush rosette of leaves. Leaves elongated, xiphoid, green color. Along the center of the sheet is a strip of white or beige. Flowers of small size, similar to the stars, white color. On the tips of the arrows, where the flowers are located, after their flowering babies form. Since more than one shoot immediately blooms, a lot of babies form, they hang down and form a tuft. Striped chlorophytum can be propagated with the help of children-rosettes, when several small roots appear on them.Grades of chlorophytum beam: "Maculatum" - yellow stripes in the middle of the leaf, "Curty Locks" - striped leaves, twisted into a wide spiral, "Variegatum" - the edge of the leaf is covered with milk stripes.
Cape ChlorophytumCape Chlorophytum has the following description. The bush is large in size, the flower is up to 80 cm tall. The roots of the Chlorophytum are Cape tuberiform. Xiphoid leaflets, wide (about three centimeters wide), long (up to half a meter), monophonic. Blossoms of small flowers of milk color, located in paniculate inflorescences. Peduncles short, placed in the leaf axils. Since the children-rosettes at the ends of the arrows do not form, they separate the Kapit chlorophytum separating parts of the bush.
Chlorophytum winged (orange)Chlorophytum winged - It is a bush not more than 40 cm high, having long, broad leaves of oval shape of a ruby color, attached to the bush with the help of orange-pink petioles. The leaves at the base are narrower than at the top. Short arrows covered with ripe seeds resemble corncobs. In addition to the names winged and orange, Chlorophytum has another one - the Orchid Star. In order not to fade the flower, florists offer to cut the arrows when they appear.
Chlorophytum curly (Bonnie)
Bonnie Chlorophytum can be confused with crested. A distinctive feature of this type is the ability of leaflets not to hang down, but rather, as it were, to twist around pots. For this feature, the people called the plant chlorophytum curly. Along the center of the leaf is a white stripe. This band, unlike other species, does not change its color if the conditions for flower growth are unfavorable. Arrows with flowers grow no more than 50 cm. Children form on the tips of flowering shoots.
Chlorophytum Laxum - A rare plant in the homes of avid flower growers. The leaves are thin, narrow, green in color with white stripes on the sides, forming a basal rosette. Small white flowers form a spikelet. The flowering of this type of chlorophytum is frequent. Since the flower does not form babies, multiply it, dividing the bush.
Some useful information on chlorophytum
Chlorophytum is a flower for "lazy", as it does not require any special care, it is characterized by rapid growth.
Many saw it in children's and medical institutions, in schools, where it is often used for planting greenery.
Despite its apparent simplicity, the plant “threw” several puzzles to scientists.
- There is no accurately confirmed data on the homeland of chlorophytum. Some believe that it was brought to the European continent from Australia, others hold the opinion that the flower is from South America.
- Disputes arose over the chlorophytum family. If previously it was classified as lily, then at present a number of specialists have included the plant in the asparagus family, in other reference books it is in the Agave family.
So what we see is not so simple, as it seems at first glance, our chlorophytum.
It is a perennial, with narrow and long drooping leaves. Chlorophytum is grown as an ampelous plant, the bush reaches a height of about half a meter, it looks great in wall pots.
Many are interested in whether or not chlorophytum blooms. Yes, he “throws out” long shoots, on which flowers are gathered in panicles and very similar to asterisks.
After the plant has faded, small rosettes form on the shoots, which can be rooted.
By the way, not everyone knows the correct and scientific name of the flower, and therefore the people "walk" their own names: a flying Dutchman, a spider, a green lily.
In nature, there are more than two hundred species of this perennial, but only a few are grown in home gardening. They differ in size and color of leaves, and sometimes it is even difficult to imagine that these are all plants of one kind. Due to this diversity, it is possible to create very interesting and picturesque compositions only from chlorophytums alone, selecting its different types and varieties.
What you need to know about growing chlorophytum
Chlorophytum has earned the fame of an unpretentious plant, and for this it is valued by many growers. But even such an undemanding flower needs proper care.
The rules are very simple, but if you follow them, then your pets will delight you all year round with beautiful leaves.
Chlorofituma perfectly adapt to the conditions of the premises, but do not like drafts, direct sunlight, sudden changes in temperature.
In the period from spring to autumn, the temperature will be comfortable + 20-23 ° C, in winter from 18 ° C.
IMPORTANT! Chlorophyta can withstand temperatures up to 8 ° C, but it is still not worthwhile to subject a plant to such tests.
If you choose a place in the apartment, then the best option for all varieties of chlorophytum is the windows facing west and east. You can grow them on the northern window-sills, but then it is important to regulate the lighting and temperature.
The plant does not tolerate direct sunlight, so if you choose a southern hot window for it, do not forget to shade and be sure to water it regularly.
Chlorophytum reacts to the excess and to the lack of light, first of all, by the loss of decoration and leaf fading.
Watering is best through the pan. This will avoid over-wetting the soil and water entering the middle of the outlet. If, however, when watering on top of a drop of water still hit the outlet, it is advisable to remove them, soaked with a cloth or napkin.
Chlorophyta love spraying, so in the summer you can do water treatments several times a week.
In winter and early spring, you can do without spraying. But if the plant is located near heating systems, it is recommended to humidify the air. In this case, chlorophytum will feel comfortable and will not change the striped color of the leaves.
Peculiarity: Chlorophytes (especially crested, kapsky) have fragile leaves. Therefore, when you care or transplant should be very careful with them.
We really hope that information about the types of chlorophytum, as well as some of the features of care will be useful to you.
Botanical features and plant homeland
Currently, more than 200 types of chlorophytum are known. Under natural conditions, the flower grows in warm climates. His homeland is considered to be South Africa. Now the plant is widespread in the tropical zones of the Earth.
Chlorophytum is a herbaceous ornamental perennial with a short stem and a tuberous root system. Rosette leaves, oval or lanceolate. The flowers are white, medium-sized. In room floriculture chlorophytum is used as an ampelous plant, in single and group plantings.
Types and varieties
Several varieties of chlorophytum are widely spread in indoor floriculture. Species and varieties of plants differ not only in shape and structure, but also the basic color of the leaves.
Among the most popular forms of chlorophytum cultivated in the conditions of home floriculture are several varieties with excellent decorative effect.
Most varieties and varieties form simple flowers of white color, and after ottsvetaniya formed air rosettes, suitable for further reproduction of room culture.
Winged Chlorophytum and Laxum
Winged differs from its fellow appearance. Wide grooved leaves of dark green tint, tapering in the upper and lower parts, come out from the central part of the small socket. Small stalks are colored pinkish or orange. Shoots with blooming rosettes short. If you want to keep bright shades of foliage, the flower stalks should be removed. You can leave a few of them to get seeds. An ornamental plant attracts attention with the contrast of dark green leaves and petioles of pink-orange shades. Among the winged chlorophytum there are many original and interesting varieties. For example, "green orange" attracts with a bright contrast of orange petioles and green leaves.
Orange Chlorophytum characterized by broad leaves of dark color in combination with bright stalks. Given the sensitivity of foliage to chemicals, you only need to cultivate the earth, making sure that chemicals do not fall on the leaf blades.
In order for the “orange” chlorophytum not to lose color, it is necessary to select diffused lighting for it.
Laxum - This is a fairly rare plant with narrow leaves, forming a dense bunch. The edge of the leaf blade is edged with a thin white stripe. Chlorophytum laxum does not reproduce by shoots, but it often pleases with the formation of inconspicuous white flowers.
Rather simple care at home allows you to grow many varieties of chlorophytum without any problems. Moderate temperature, sufficient watering and diffused sunlight are the ideal conditions that chlorophytum requires. It will be able to withstand variable temperature conditions, dry days, direct sunlight, and a small amount or excess of minerals. However, it is better to avoid such extreme conditions, as they will definitely affect the appearance of the plant. In the spring you can feed the flower complex fertilizer. It is recommended to replant each year in early spring in spacious containers that allow the roots of the plant to grow.
Reviews and recommendations florist
Especially popular now is the novelty of the flower market - chlorophytum orhidastrum Green Orange. The Ocean variety, which is a compact, bright bush with yellow-green leaves, is no less in demand. Chlorophytum of the Crested Ocean, as well as varieties Variegata and Lemon, will be a real decoration of any floral collection. Chlorophytum is characterized by rapid growth and is considered one of the most unpretentious indoor plants. However, in summer the flower requires abundant watering. According to the reviews of experienced flower growers, windows directed east or west are optimal for growing indoor chlorophytum.
Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum) got its name from two Latin words - "cloros", which means green, and "phyton" - a plant. And no more features, just a green plant. Maybe this is his secret. Although it is not only pure green, and with white, tangerine stripes, but the main thing is green, fast-growing lush green.
Its native habitat is the tropics, subtropics of Africa, Asia and America. It grows on volcanic and sedimentary soils in the floodplains of rivers, along streams and reservoirs. He loves moisture, but, due to the special structure of the roots, can withstand drought. The root is branched, fleshy with many thickenings, where the plant accumulates moisture, as it were, forms reserves for a rainy day. Due to the strongly developing root system with favorable humidity, chlorophytum is used in its homeland to strengthen slopes, slopes, that is, to combat soil erosion, gullying and landslides.
- The leaves Chlorophytum has a long, free-hanging, saturated green color, there are varieties with white, orange longitudinal stripes. Leaves collected in the rosette. In the wild, there are specimens up to 1 m in diameter. In the conditions of an apartment the plant can reach 50 cm in diameter.
- The flowering period falls on May-June. Chlorophytum throws out a long peduncle, on which several small white florets appear. Decorative interest, these flowers do not have. Later on the peduncles appears small "baby" with aerial roots. A strong plant with good humidity can be all "hung" with children.
To which family to include chlorophytum, scientists have not yet decided. In the early version, this plant was attributed to the family "Lily", later, according to the Royal Botanical Gardens in Kew - this is the family "Asparagus", some include chlorophytum to the family "Agave".
In its native expanses, chlorophytum is very common due to the rapid growth and reproduction by “whiskers”. There is an African tribe that uses the plant as a talisman for mother and child. Aborigines also consider it healing for pregnant women.
Swedish botanist Karl Thunberg first described chlorophytum (after an expedition to Africa at the end of the 18th century) as a representative of perennial evergreen herbs.
Home care for chlorophytum
Chlorophytum green crested care at home photo
In this article, from the very beginning, the emphasis was placed on the fact that chlorophytum is a very unpretentious and hardy plant. He will live on any soil, in the sun and in the shade, with abundant watering and with interruptions in watering. However, this section is devoted to the conditions in which this tropical assimilator is comfortable, how he will be able to reveal the maximum of his decorative qualities.
- Paying attention to the natural habitat of chlorophytum, we note that the temperature regime of growth is quite wide: from +15 to +27 degrees.
- Can make a short decrease to +10 degrees.
- It feels great without direct sunlight or under a short sun.
- In the summer, it responds well to “walks” - you can set flowerpots on loggias and balconies.
- Does not tolerate an absolute lack of natural light.
It should be noted that the "striped" copies are more sensitive to lighting: in its absence, the stripes become less pronounced.
As for irrigation, remember that chlorophytum settles in the floodplains of the rivers, which means it prefers moist soil. It is recommended to water the plants twice a week in the summer and once in the winter. As usual, for indoor plants, use separated water. Do not water in the center of the bush, but moisten the soil from the edge of the pot.
- The advantage of this plant is the very thickening in the roots, where water accumulates, so that chlorophytum can withstand a break in watering for up to 10 days. Yes, it will fade, “ears” will lower, but will survive.
- Abundant watering provokes the growth of the root system, so that the roots will stick out of the pot.
- Of course, the plant should not be poured - it can lead to the development of root rot.
- There are no special complaints about the humidity of the air; in case of strong heat, if desired, spray the bush with an airbrush.
How to care for chlorophytum at home Chlorophytum winged or orange
Chlorophytum is a pet, so keep it neat by removing dried or yellowed leaves. Remember that the "kids" on the layouts pull the sap of the mother plant, so you should remove them immediately if you do not plan to multiply the chlorophytum.
- Any neutral soil is suitable for chlorophytum: a universal substrate, or a substrate for begonias, palm trees, roses.
- You can cook the soil mix yourself. To do this, take two parts of leaf and sod land, and one part of humus and sand. Do not be amiss to add a little coal.
- На дне вазона обязательным является дренаж – керамзит, вермикулит, глиняные черепки.
- На этапе роста молодого растения можно подкармливать его минеральными или органическими удобрениями, а взрослые растения – раз в год, весной.
Хлорофитум оранжевый потребует немного больше заботы. Для поддержания яркости его черешков и листьев надо регулярно удалять боковые отростки, спрятать от прямого солнца (это критический параметр).Weekly supplementation with complex fertilizers in low doses is also required. Once a month, add iron to the irrigation water (Ferrovit, iron chelate). During the flowering period, also remove the flowers, because they will weaken the plant, and this is a minus to decorativeness.
Vegetative reproduction and transplantation of indoor chlorophytum Seed reproduction
Reproduction of chlorophytum by dividing the bush photo
One of the points of care for chlorophytum is its transplant. The fact that the plant needs a transplant, you will be shown these signs:
- the roots sprouted from the hole in the bottom of the pot,
- no new shoots and flowering
- the growth of the plant stopped, it seemed to stop.
Then pick up the pot for a quarter more and transplant the plant in early spring. Experienced growers recommend doing this annually. Since the transplant rules are identical with the rules of vegetative propagation, we will describe them later.
Chlorophytum can be propagated in the following ways:
- "Children" - small leaf rosettes at the end of the peduncle,
- lateral layers,
- division of the bush.
Different types of chlorophytum suggest one or more methods of reproduction.
Reproduction of chlorophytum with rosettes
Houseplant chlorophytum breeding rosettes photo
Crested and curly chlorophytum throws out a mustache, so it is easiest to propagate them with leaf rosettes.
- From the mother plant you need to separate the "baby" and put it rooted in the water or sand and peat mixture.
- The roots are formed fairly quickly and when they reach a length of 3 cm, the young plant can be planted in a permanent place.
- Let's be honest that you can skip this stage by dropping a leaf rosette right into the ground, just a florist is calmer when the plant still has a root.
Of course, this method is not suitable for Cape and winged chlorophytum due to the absence of "whiskers".
Another way - the division of the bush
How to transplant chlorophytum at home and divide the bush
Such a procedure is performed not only for reproduction, but also for the rejuvenation of chlorophytum. Be sure to hold it every three to four years.
- You must first moisten the pot with chlorophytum, remove the plant from the pot after a couple of hours, cut it into pieces with a sharp knife, leaving roots and shoots on each divide.
- Remove damaged, dried and rotted roots, trying not to shake out the whole earthen room.
- Place the planting material in pots with the finished soil mixture and drainage at the bottom, sprinkle the roots gently and pour in plenty.
- As a rule, chlorophytum transports easily. This method is suitable for all room chlorophytum.
The winged Chlorophytum does not produce “whiskers”, but it forms side layers, which can also serve as planting material.
The most troublesome way - seed multiplication
It is more suitable for professional breeders. However, if you want to - dare.
- Seed germination is quite low - about thirty percent, so pre-soak the gauze with the seeds for a day in the water, however, the water must be changed every 4 hours.
- Then spread the seeds on the surface of the mixture of peat and sand and moisten the soil with a spray gun.
- Cover the seed container with film or glass and place in a warm place.
- Every day, the film or glass must be cleaned, removing condensate, and airing the seedlings.
- The germination will take 30-40 days.
- After the appearance of 2-3 true leaves - you can repotted to a permanent place.
- Last week before transplanting, open the greenhouse completely so that the seedlings are accustomed to the ambient temperature and humidity.
- Seedlings or young "kids" are better placed at once in a few pieces in a pot, then the pot will look more magnificent.
Diseases and pests, symptoms of improper care
Why leaves dry at chlorophytum What to do
Chlorophytum is surprisingly resistant to various diseases, the most common is root rot that occurs when the plant overflows. About this plant necessarily signal to you. And the rest of the errors in the care immediately affect the chlorophytum.
Consider the main symptoms:
- Leaves drooped, wilted, although the soil is wet. Definitely - overflow and little light. Urgently transplant, at the same time remove rotten roots, sprinkle the cut areas with coal, change the place to a more lighted one, reduce the frequency of watering,
- Brown stripes appeared in the middle of the sheet. The reason is again in the root rot and overflow, there may still be too big a pot for this plant. The treatment methods are the same, only replant the bush in a smaller capacity,
- Chlorophytum dry leaf tips, then there may be two reasons - either too dry air, or overflow, and maybe stagnation of water in the pan. It should moisten the air around the plant, pay attention to the pan, the frequency of watering. Put a container with water near the plant - this will increase the humidity of the air. Also, the reason may be an excess of sodium in the soil, you should simply transplant the flower into a light nutrient soil.
- Leaf dries from the stem - The reason for the rare watering in the hot season and very dry air. Removing it is easy - add watering and spraying the plant,
- The appearance of brown spots on the leaves indicates sunburn. Only one way out - remove from the sun, well, or create an additional shadow,
- Striped chlorophytes suddenly began to fade, lose their coloring brightness - This is a lack of nutrients and light. It's time to feed the plant, and can already transplant, change the place,
- Gorgeous, green foliage breaks easily, so move from place to place carefully, without causing mechanical damage. Also such damages can make pets - then not to avoid the broken leaves. Unfortunately, they can not be restored.
If we talk about pests - insects, then rare guests can be aphid, nematode, mealybug or thrips. It will be necessary to apply insecticides, but in no case do not exceed the recommended concentration, and if the colonies of pests are small, then try to do with folk methods.
Crested chlorophytum or Chlorophytum comosum comosum
Chlorophytum crested Chlorophytum comosum variegata photo
The most popular variety of chlorophytum, in the original has long lanceolate leaves of bright green color. On the long (80-100 cm) arrow, 5-7 nondescript bright flowers bloom, and later a baby appears.
Some of the more decorative, striped varieties of Chlorophytum Crested are popular now:
- "Variegatum" - chlorophytum, in which the leaves along the edges are outlined with light stripes,
- "Vittatum" - this type of white narrow strip occupies the central part of the sheet,
- "Mboyeti" - a plant with dark green sheets. The leaf is wider and has a wavy edge - an interesting shape,
- "Atlantic - this chlorophytum has thin curly leaves,
- “Ocean - sharp, less long leaves, bordered with white stripes. The bush looks neat,
- "Maculatum" - makes a variety of colors, as the stripes on the sheet are yellow,
- “Curty Locks” is a variety with wide white-green striped leaves that fold into a loose helix.
Chlorophytum Curly Bonnie
Chlorophytum curly Bonnie Chlorophytum comosum ‘Bonnie’ photo
It is very similar to chlorophytum crested, but its leaves do not hang down. Short leaves are twisted into a spiral, which gives the bush a naughty look. In the middle of the sheet is a strip of cream color. The whole bush looks compact.
Chlorophytum winged, it is orange or Orchinostar
Chlorophytum orange home care Chlorophytum amaniense photo
Not at all like their fellows. A very beautiful plant reaches a height of 40 cm. Dark green leaves on elongated orange petioles are alternately placed in a rosette. Throws a short peduncle that resembles a corn cob.
In home gardening there are such varieties:
- "GreenOrange" - a wide leaf has a pronounced tangerine band and is placed on a bright petiole in tone of the band,
- “FireFlash” - is very similar to the previous grade, only on the sheet there are only reflections of the orange stem.
1. Air Purification
Chlorophytum is one of the most effective green air purifiers. It absorbs carbon monoxide, acetone, formaldehyde, nicotine and many other harmful substances. One of those flowers that just need to be grown in the kitchen, so that we breathe less carbon monoxide gas from the stove, in the rooms where we smoke, to minimize nicotine, almost everywhere where we use furniture made of chipboard that can release formaldehyde.
2. Air humidification
This criterion is important not only to people with lung diseases, but also to everyone who cares about youthful skin. Chlorophytum accumulates and, of course, evaporates moisture, thereby increasing the humidity in urban desiccated apartments.
There is a statistics that one adult chlorophytum is able to destroy all pathogenic microflora on two square meters (very approximately), and also humidify the air (because you water it).
3. For fans of Feng Shui
According to legends, chlorophytum brings peace and harmony to the house, because its second name is “Family Happiness”. Near the flower reigns calm, disputes subside, conflicts. He successfully copes not only with air purification, but also with aura purification, eliminates distortions on the personal front, brings harmony into the life of a busy person.
4. For cat lovers
These owners of houses and apartments often eat the leaves of chlorophytum, as this helps to clear the stomach. It is not toxic, but it is better to buy green germinated grass at the pet store.
As you can see, chlorophytum is a green corner of your house, also a filter and a humidifier. A joy to the eyes, health benefits.
Chlorophytum came to us from South Africa and South America. There are more than two hundred varieties of this plant. In nature, it settles on the branches of trees, is fixed on the bark and is the most important component of forest cover.
This is a perennial herb up to half a meter. It has practically no stalk, and basal leaves grow almost from the ground. The rhizome is white thin cord-shaped shoots that are firmly rooted in the ground due to elongated tubers. Moisture accumulates in these tubers, which saves the flower during a drought.
Chlorophytum was first described in 1794. It was brought to Europe by the end of the nineteenth century, and it instantly spread everywhere. In nature, it thrives in warm tropical regions and is scattered around the world. This is precisely the reason for so many different species. The leaves of the chlorophytum are linear, smooth, bright green or variegated. The average length is from 15 to 60 cm. The wiry core well shows through in the middle.
Leaves can be short or sedentary. Flowers appear in the summer. At home, chlorophytum can bloom several times a year. Buds are grouped into nodes. When they fade, babies develop on the stems. An outlet is formed on the spot, from which air roots sprout. As soon as they touch the ground, they take root almost instantly. There are fruits: dry oblong boxes with three sections for seeds.
Properties are still not fully understood. But chlorophytum uniquely well moisturizes overdried air, brings freshness to the room and creates a comfortable microclimate. Known and its antiseptic effect. It effectively destroys dangerous bacteria around it.
Phytoncides eliminate dangerous fumes: tobacco smoke, carbon monoxide, formaldehydes. The atmosphere in the room becomes much healthier. In addition, the flower is completely safe for pets. Cats can even eat it instead of a special herb for cleaning the body.
Finally, it looks good and bright, fills the room with colors and blends harmoniously into the interior.
Types of chlorophytum
List all types of chlorophytum is almost impossible. They can not even be accurately calculated, because different sources provide different data. On average, the category includes more than 200 species of plants, but only some of them are decorative. They are bred in houses and apartments. These include:
Chlorophytum crested. Bright green with a symmetrical rosette and narrow long leaves. The outlet diameter is up to 50 cm. High flowering arrows sprout from it. Visually, the adult bush resembles a fountain. There are several subspecies: vittatum - with a white stripe along the leaf, Laxum - with variegated leaves with whitish edging, variegata - with silver edging around the perimeter of the bright leaf and the ocean - with a spiral arrangement of leaves.
Chlorophytum Kapa. It has long, up to 60 cm, bright leaves up to 3 cm wide. Sockets are very dense. Another feature is the short flowering stalks. Such a plant propagates more often by dividing, and not by the typical for chlorophytum method of forming daughter rosettes. This species is larger than others and can reach 80 cm in height.
Chlorophytum winged or orange. This is a low plant with relatively wide oval leaves. The stalks are short and fleshy. The color is dark, and the petiole and veinlet are orange. The inflorescence resembles a corn cob and forms on a short peduncle. It most resembles a tropical fellow. The most beautiful varieties - Fire Flash and Green Orange.
Chlorophytum Bonnie. This is a small curly chlorophytum with spiral leaves. On the center of the plate is a wide white stripe.
Transplantation and reproduction
Chlorophytum reproduces very easily. For this, practically nothing is needed. Of course, you can independently grow a flower from seeds, or you can use simple vegetative methods. Options are as follows:
Seeds. Keep in mind that they have a rather low germination rate, only 25–40%. You can buy them in a special store or collect them yourself, but in the latter case, you will first have to become puzzled by artificial pollination of a flower. Planted chlorophytum better in early spring. Leave the seeds for a day in the wet tissue. After that, the seeds are buried in the ground by about 7 mm. Spray the surface with water and cover with foil. Leave an improvised greenhouse warm and in the sun. Temperature - up to 25C. Sunlight - diffused. Ventilate daily and spray crops regularly. The flower does not grow evenly after about 5 weeks. To remove the film you need to gradually, at first - briefly, to accustom the weak seedlings to the open air. When several true strong leaves appear, the seedling can be transferred to a separate pot.
Rooting sockets. Babies that form on peduncles are small rosettes with aerial roots. It is enough to bury them a little in the soil, and nature will make its own. Children are separated from the escape when they are already rooted. The second option is to cut off the outlet and briefly put it in a container with a small amount of water. When the root is formed, it can be transplanted into the soil.
Division. Large adult plants can be separated during transplantation. It is better to do this in spring and with flowers that are older than 4 years. Carefully cut the rhizome with a sharp blade. For disinfection and protection, sprinkle with charcoal. Immediately plant the plants in separate pots. Even small parts with a small root usually succeed. This is one of the main properties of chlorophytum.
Pest and disease control
If properly care for chlorophytum, he is not afraid of disease and parasites. If the humidity is too high, fungus can develop. The roots are rotting, spots appear on the leaves, powdery mildew is visible. In this case, replace the soil, process it with a fungicide and cut off all damaged areas. The flower is quickly restored, so it's not scary to him.
On the street, chlorophytum is exposed to the attack of parasites: worms, spider mites, scale insects. Therefore, the leaves should be regularly inspected and treated with insecticides and acaricides.
Chlorophytum - from what family is the flower?
There are many disputes as to which family the chlorophytum belongs to. In previous years, he was unconditionally attributed to the Lilyana family, but later differences arose among scholars. Some believed that the more suitable "community" for the plant - Asparagus. According to the American scientific project GRIN, the flower is better to include in the list of Agaves.
Botanical description of the culture
The word chlorophytum is composed of two roots - words of Greek origin: chloros - green, phyton - plant. There are several other folk names for the flower - the flying Dutchman, the bride’s veil, the spider, the green lily, the viviparous corolla.
A lot of controversy has also flared up over the historic homeland of this herbaceous perennial. According to some, the plant began its ancestry in Africa. Others believe that South America gave the world a beloved flower. Still others suggest that chlorophytum comes from Australia. In these countries, it reaches a large size - the height and diameter of the bush reaches 1 m. At home, its dimensions are much smaller - the bush rarely grows above 40 cm.
The “green plant” is appreciated, first of all, for thin, green or two-colored elongated leaves. The shape of the foliage resembles the daylily bushes, grows, falling down. The plant constantly produces cuttings, at the ends of which are mini-copies of the mother flower - bunched bushes with a small root system. They are used for further breeding. Blossoms in small florets, not differing in special decorative effect. The roots are dense, white, thicken as they grow. У некоторых разновидностей на корневой системе образуются уплотнения в виде клубней. О том, как выращивать декабрист, можно почитать здесь.
Цветок с хохолком
Chlorophytum comosum – научное название хохлатого хлорофитума. Его ланцетовидные листья растут, укрепляясь на коротком черешке. Их окраска зависит от сорта, но в классическом виде они однотонного, ярко-зеленого цвета, глянцевые, пониклые. Shrubs produce elongated stems in the form of an arc, freely descending. At the ends of the curved shoots formed kids with air roots. It is because of their ragged appearance that the flower has received the nickname of crested.
It blooms with small, star-shaped flowers of cream or white. Thanks to the breeders, this variety has acquired many forms and shades, since many varieties of beautiful plant varieties have been derived from the chlorophytum crested.
Chlorophytum crested varieties
Due to the incessant efforts of scientists, Chlorophytum Ocean, a member of the group of crested representatives of the species, saw the light. This hybrid appeared relatively recently, in 2002, but already managed to win the love of flower growers due to its visual appeal.
It differs from the original color of the leaves: on the green main background is a white border. The shape of the leaves is xiphoid, elongated, flat. A distinctive feature - he does not allow layering with children. It is also not possible to dilute it with seeds, since it belongs to the first generation hybrids. This variety is considered a rarity, so it costs an order of magnitude more expensive.
An interesting and rather extravagant variety - Chlorophytum Curly, also included in this species. It is often called chlorophytum Bonnie or Bonnie. What is its originality? First, its leaves are shortened and rolled into a kind of spiral. Such "curls" of leaves and gave the name of the variety. Secondly, the color of the foliage is fundamentally different from the usual coloring of the Chlorophytum comosum species: a bright white central stripe runs along the light green base color of the leaf. The flower lets small arrows, no longer than 50 cm, on which the children sit. White, inconspicuous flowers in the form of stars form on the same arcuate shoots.
Laxum - a rare species for florist collectors
Only chlorophytum Laxum can be found among the most enthusiastic flower growers, since this species has not yet become widespread.
Maybe this is due to the complexity of breeding, because Laxum does not allow cuttings with its daughter plants. You can multiply it by dividing the root system. Outwardly, it makes an aesthetic impression. Its green, long, pointed at the ends of the leaves are decorated with a white rim that runs along the edge of the sheet. Small, white flowers bloom on the stem, forming a spikelet.
Winged flower chlorophytum
Separately from all species, Chlorophytum Orange is located, which has received several more names. The flower is often referred to as Winged Chlorophytum, Orchinostar, Orange and Orchidastrum. Its Latin scientific name is Chlorophytum amaniese.
If some varieties and types are similar to each other so much that it is difficult to distinguish them from each other, then you can’t confuse Orhidastrum with any other flower. Unlike most varieties, its leaves are not thin and elongated, but wide, narrowed towards the base. They are rather large, their average length is 6-10 cm. They are not “weeping”, they do not descend, but grow up due to elongated stem-like petioles. The bush is upright, lush, growing from the central socket. Its dimensions are compact, height does not exceed 25-35 cm.
Foliage color occupies a special place in the description of this variety. The leaves themselves are saturated green with an emerald tinge, and the petioles are distinguished by a delicate pink-orange tone. In honor of such an unusual feature, Chlorophytum amaniese is often called orange.
Wide, bright, green leaves are attached to the equally expressive petioles of juicy orange color. Along each leaf is a strip of orange color.
Chlorophytum Care Rules
It cannot be said that home care for chlorophytum is particularly difficult. This plant is considered one of the most unpretentious indoor flowers. It does not require special approaches to the content and even can do without water for a long time due to the special structure of the roots. But still, it is worth adhering to the minimum of necessary rules that taking care of the chlorophytum flower at home gives positive results.
Watering home chlorophytum
By its nature, chlorophytum is a moisture-loving plant. All its varieties love watering and sprinkling. But overzealous with irrigation is not worth it, since immoderation can give a negative result in the form of rotting of the roots. The main rule is to water the plant if the topsoil is slightly dried. In summer, the flower requires water twice a week, and splashing - 1 time. In winter, the frequency of soil moisture is reduced to 1 time in 7 days, and the spraying of the leaves should be completely abandoned.
Many diseases of chlorophytum appear due to excessive soil moisture. For example, if chlorophytum is ill at home: leaves turn yellow at the ends, brown spots appear, leaves wilt - all this is the deplorable consequences of excess moisture. Therefore, watering should be moderate, and the pan - dry.
Soil and capacity for culture
It is best for the flower to take the soil light in composition and loose in structure. Soil can be purchased at the store, but after collecting all the necessary components, it is easy to make it yourself.
To do this, you will need turf, leaf soil, humus and river coarse sand. All components are taken in two parts, except for sand (it is added in one part). Then the assembled components are mixed and poured into a pot, on the bottom of which was pre-laid high-quality drainage. It is advisable to choose claydite for good soil drainage, since it has the property of first absorbing excess water with all the nutrients and then giving it to the plant. It is necessary to select a flower pot wide, holes should be punched in its bottom.
Top dressing of a plant of a chlorophytum
It is necessary to feed the plant during the whole spring-summer period when the bush is actively forming. Chlorophytes are fertilized twice a month, and with alternate use of mineral and organic nutrients. You can simplify the task and buy a ready-made, comprehensive feeding and, using the instructions, to support the power of the flower.
Transplant to another pot
Care of a room chlorophytum and without change will not manage. At a young age, the flower should be replanted every year, and adults, large plants - 1 time in 2 years. Signs that the shrub needs replanting - its root system no longer fits in the tank and roots begin to appear on the ground. Another signal is the cessation of growth, flowering and the absence of new shoots. The most optimal time to move to new pots is the end of winter - the beginning of spring (February-March).
Regular pruning of chlorophytum
Regular pruning of the bush is an indispensable part of caring for the plant. If you do not remove dried, yellowed leaves in time, and also do not cut off extra layers with rosettes of leaves, the flower will not only lose its decorative effect, it will not have enough strength to develop healthy and beautiful leaves. Maternal plant will spend all its energy on feeding many children. Therefore, antennae with daughter bushes should be thinned, cutting them off at the very base.
Reproduction of chlorophytum at home
The reproduction of chlorophytum at home does not cause difficulties, it is bred in three ways - children, division of rhizome and seeds. The first of these is the simplest. All that is needed is to cut off the socket with leaves and roots and root it in a mixture of sand and peat. You can simply put in a jar of water and wait until the roots grow to 3 cm. Then they are transplanted into pots with prepared soil. Children of the plant take root well if they are planted directly in the ground, without prior germination of the roots. This method of breeding the flower is suitable if care is taken for curly chlorophytum or crested.
Differs in the care of the orange chlorophytum at home in terms of reproduction from many other varieties. It will not be possible to separate him with the help of layouts, because he simply does not let them. The same applies to the Cape chlorophytum. It is better for them to choose another type of obtaining new plants - root division.
This method is also quite simple - during transplantation, the root is freed from the old earth and is divided by a knife into several segments. Each of them should contain well-developed roots and several healthy leaves. Then they are transplanted into a separate container, the soil is watered abundantly.
Seeds are diluted with chlorophytum extremely rarely. This is a laborious and laborious procedure, which gives a good result with breeders. In the case of hybrid varieties, to get a plant similar to the parent, will not succeed. They retain varietal quality only in the first generation. A lot of useful information in the article: How to transplant an orchid at home, so as not to harm it?