If there is already flowering cyclamen, then you can collect seeds from it. For this you need to pollinate it yourself. Using a stick, you need to transfer the pollen from one cyclamen to another flower. For greater certainty, this process can be done several times. The best time for pollination is morning.
To form heads with good seeds, the flower must be fertilized with potassium sulfate. When the seed box dries, it must be carefully picked. You should not wait for the moment when it will burst, because then you can lose the small seeds of cyclamen. The finished head is wrapped in a napkin. After a while, it dries into napkins and bursts. Then you only need to remove the dry parts of the inflorescence and collect the ready seeds.
Home seeds have one drawback - there is no guarantee that the grown cyclamen will be of the same color and size desired. Therefore, most prefer to purchase seeds, because they are varietal. If you buy a variety of seeds, then you will be able to independently grow several types of cyclamen.
Soil for cyclamen
The soil for cyclamen should be very light, almost airy. To do this, you can buy ready-made substrate or prepare it yourself. It will require:
In the pot where the seeds will be planted, you need to put drainage on the bottom. For this suitable foam or expanded clay.
Due to this, the root system will not rot, and excess moisture will flow freely.
There are several options for preparing seeds for planting. You can use all the methods at once to find the most effective and suitable one for you. And next time use a more productive option.
For the first method, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is needed. Or you can use Zircon, which is an excellent immunomodulator. In a glass of water divorced 2 drops of Zircon. In a solution with potassium permanganate or Zircon need to lower the seeds for 16 hours. Such processing will awaken even the oldest seed of cyclamen.
For the second method will be necessary detergent for dishes. In a glass of cold water you need to drop 3 drops of the product. Stir this solution and lower the planting material into it for a day.
After 24 hours, you need to change the solution to a new one and do this three times.
To do this, you need ordinary plastic cups. They need to make drainage holes with a hot nail. After falling asleep the prepared soil. Seeds of seeds individually put at a distance of 3 cm from each other. It is necessary to make a groove of 2 cm and lower the seed there. Or you can lay planting material on wet ground, and then sprinkle it over the prepared soil. After all, the cups are covered with a transparent bag.
Cyclamens are quite demanding, so you need to monitor the temperature indicators. It should not be higher or lower than 20 degrees. If the degrees rise, then the seeds will enter a dormant phase and will not sprout. At low temperatures - they rot. You also need to open the cups every day so that fresh air can circulate there. It will be enough for 10-15 minutes a day.
With proper care for sowing, cyclamen will germinate in a month and a half. In rare cases, seedlings appear within 2 - 6 months. In any case, no need to rush to throw the planted seeds, but it is worth the wait.
Especially this principle is applicable if the cyclamen variety of Apple or Kiss is planted.
Sprouts have a pink-purple color. They do not like the heat of the air, but the temperature between 5 and 15 degrees suits them best. If the seed coat is not removed from the leaflet, you can gently remove it with tweezers. In order for the peel to be soft, you must first sprinkle it with water and after half an hour it will easily come off. By the way, this phenomenon is due to dry soil, so you should always moisturize it.
In 3-4 months only 2-3 leaves will appear on the sprouts. This does not mean poor seedling care. In the first months, cyclamens actively grow the root system, therefore their external growth is almost imperceptible.
When there will be 2-3 leaves, then you can do transplanting seedlings. To do this, choose a larger pot, put enough drainage on the bottom and provide large openings for draining excess water. After that, the cup can be carefully cut and each cyclamen together with a lump of earth should be transplanted into a prepared container. Cover with earth.
After 6 months you need to feed the flower. There are many different ready-made preparations for ornamental flowering plants. They can be purchased at any flower shop. In the first six months, young cyclamen must be watered frequently and abundantly. Later for a mature flower will need moderate watering.
Features of cyclamen landing
The root system of the plant is significantly different from the roots of most of the representatives of indoor pets, which plays a major role not only during its planting, but also in the further care of the flower. Cyclamen is somewhat reminiscent of bulbous cultures: its root is a large, flattened corm bulb. Its diameter is on average about 15 cm, while the growth point is only one.
When planting an adult cyclamen tuber can not be buried in the ground completely: at least 1/3 of it must remain on the surface. An exception is the European species of plant, in which the roots grow not only in the lower part of the bulb, but also over its entire surface.
The soil for the flower must be chosen light and nutritious. The store sells ready-made substrates of the nominal for this plant. Also suitable for his soil mixture for Saintpaulia.
If desired, the soil suitable for cyclamen can be composed independently by mixing in equal parts:
There is one more nuance on which both the development and future flowering of the plant directly depends. Pot for cyclamen should choose a small volume (of course, given the size of the corm itself).
When choosing a flowerpot, it is necessary to focus on the fact that from the tuber to the walls of the planting tank should be no more than 3 cm. Only in such “close conditions” can the cyclamen bloom soon.
What does cyclamen love and what is it afraid of?
When planning to grow a plant, it is worth considering that it prefers:
- Fresh air,
- sufficiently high air humidity
- diffused lighting.
The most comfortable temperature for a flower is up to 20 degrees Celsius, but not lower than 10 degrees. In order for it to bloom in winter, even less is needed - up to 14 degrees Celsius. Frequent airing allows cyclamen to provide fresh air, especially during the heating season. It is possible to freshen a bush and with the help of regular spraying, in addition, they will raise the humidity and lower the temperature in the room.
During the airing of the room it is necessary to exclude the possibility of a draft - it is destructive for a flower.
Another important point in the care of cyclamen at home is irrigation. It is best of all to moisten the soil in the pot by the method of bottom irrigation, dropping the pot in a bowl of water. Keep it there until the substrate is completely saturated with moisture, and the top layer is not wet. Then remove the cyclamen and allow to drain excess water. The liquid from the pallet must be drained so that it does not stagnate.
Bottom watering of cyclamen will eliminate the possibility of moisture on the tops of the corm, as well as directly on the flowers and leaves. If you water the bush directly in the pot, there is a risk to fill in the growth point, and this usually ends with rotting of the tuber and, accordingly, loss of the whole plant.
Cyclamen can still be watered directly into the pan, not forgetting then to drain the excess water from it.
Regarding fertilization, cyclamen is one of those indoor plants that are better underfed than overfed. The flower responds well to complex preparations for flowering plants, especially in liquid form, but the working solution should be prepared by strictly adhering to the recommendations for its use, sometimes even reducing its concentration.
For the next 2-3 months, the purchased plant does not need additional dressing: usually the store soil contains a large amount of nutrients that the plant is “refilled” with, so that it blooms profusely and has a beautiful “commodity” appearance.
Moscow, Russia, site since 11/01/2017
One of the few, he pleases us with bloom in the winter. How to care for cyclamen at home, after purchase, after flowering, in a pot? I want it to bloom as long as possible and more magnificently, and in general, just bloom.
Yes, unfortunately, some do not always succeed in getting him to bloom, so they immediately write him into the category of moody and try to pour a pot with a flower to one of his relatives, so as not to waste water.
So at the beginning my acquaintance with cyclamen had such convictions. Well, he didn’t want to bloom at all, in the end I tortured him so much with my courting that he began to turn yellow and soon simply died. But I didn’t stop at my rules, and at the first opportunity I acquired another flower, having previously studied in detail all the information available on it. Than now and share.
- 1 Cyclamen at home
- 1.1 How to care for cyclamen after purchase
- 1.2 Care for cyclamen at home
- 1.3 Diseases and pests of cyclamen
- 1.4 How to Replant Cyclamen
- 1.5 Reproduction of cyclamens
- 1.5.1 Cylamen care, video
Cyclamen at home
Many people know the flower under other names, it is called the Alpine violet or dryabra. In nature, there are two types of cyclamen - European and Persian, so that's how we are in our apartments and grow varieties of the latter, more frost-resistant and adapted to domestic conditions.
Generally in the wild, cyclamens grow in Iran and in the east of the shores of the Mediterranean. They are sometimes met in the Caucasus and southern Crimea.
Bulbous plant with a round onion, round leaves with intricate divorces and fragrant, fragrant, delicate flowers. Colors from white to purple, including beautiful orange shades.
What he so fond of, its winter flowering. Closer to autumn, the flower begins to wake up, come to life, releases fresh leaves, it blooms all the winter (someone longer, someone shorter), and in the spring it begins to “fall asleep” and the whole summer has a rest period. Such a winter flower, by the way, it is very suitable for Christmas gifts, it's nice to get such a blooming miracle when it's cold outside.
How to care for cyclamen after purchase
I want to give advice to those who wish to make such a flower for the first time. Buy it at the very beginning of its flowering, it is the middle of autumn, October-November. So you will know for sure that the flower will start blooming, and you will recognize the color.
Cyclamen is planted so that somewhere in the third part of the bulb is visible, I also advise you to pay attention to its condition, it should be smooth, smooth, not dried out and shriveled. At the same time look at the condition of the leaves, so that they are not twisted or yellow. There should be a lot of buds, let them be not yet opened.
After you bring a new pet home, you need to quickly transplant it into another container and another soil. Usually the flowers in the store are sold in peat, and this cyclamen is not quite suitable.
For transplantation, you can take the usual garden soil, You can mix river sand with leaf earth or humus, one to two. If suddenly there is nothing like that at hand, then buy the usual soil for roses.
The pot should not be large, the maximum diameter is a couple of centimeters wider than the onion. This is very important, the flower begins to turn yellow and does not bloom in too much capacity.
First, you need to pour the soil prepared by you on the bottom, then carefully remove the plant completely with a clod of earth from the pot and plant it, slightly pressing it, sprinkle it on top with soil and compress it a little. The top of the bulb should be flush with the soil or slightly elevated. Immediately pour water on the edges of the container so that not a drop falls on the bulb or on the stems, otherwise they will rot.
Diseases and pests of cyclamen
Begin to turn yellow and rot leaves and tuber - it means not everything is in order in the first place with watering. Most likely the flower has an overabundance of moisture. Another reason may be too loose for a flower pot.
The leaves turn yellow and begin to fade if the flower is hot and the air is too dry. Look, maybe direct sunlight falls on it during the day? Too short flowering period suggests that the flower does not have enough power. Check if you feed regularly? If so, then the reason may again be at an elevated temperature. The flower is confused and thinks that spring has come and it's time to fade. Sometimes flowers do not appear above, but under the leaves, it means that you have too lowered the temperature, the plant is cold. This happens even in the case when the flower loses moisture. Have you suddenly found some strange points on the leaves, which gradually became light brown? So the plant is infected with thrips. Here you need to use any insecticide, only splashing is needed several times. If the flowers began to wither, and on the back you found a dusty raid, then the plant was attacked by a cyclamen mite. It also helps treatment with poison.
How to Replace Cyclamen
Transplanting is required when it is time to change the substrate in which the flower sits or when the bulb has grown so large that it completely fills the space of the pot. It is necessary to replant it in the summer when he sleeps.
Some plant a flower once a year, I do this hard work every two years, and the plant feels great.
For transplanting you need to pick a pot larger in diameter by 2 cm, not more. Fresh soil is compacted and the plant is transplanted as after purchase.
Peculiarities of cyclamens, variety
The most remarkable quality of hybrids is the possibility of year-round flowering. Separate cultivars can be planted in open ground, used as garden flowers. There are about 20 varieties of this plant, but for home cultivation the Persian, European, Neapolitan (Ivy) varieties are most often used.
The most common, popular representative is the Persian cyclamen. Flowers of this species can be of various shades: white, pink, dark red, lilac. The plant usually reaches 30 cm in height, has a large tuber with a diameter of 10-15 cm. The Persian variety can be grown both at home and in garden plots. If you want to plant it in your country house, then choose a place protected from the wind and direct sunlight, for example, near trees or shrubs.
Cyclamen Persian, photo:
The purple variety has a characteristic feature that distinguishes it from its counterparts - from the bottom, the leaf color has a purple hue. Also, in this species, the tuber does not protrude above the soil; upon closer inspection, it is covered with roots. The purple cyclamen retains its leaves all year round (there is no resting period). Flower color varies from white to all shades of red, leaves have notches on the edges. The plant gives color mainly in summer (June / beginning of October), its other name is European cyclamen. Flowers of this variety have a very pleasant aroma.
European cyclamen (purple):
Neapolitan Cyclamen (Ilemolate):
Among the varieties of cyclamen, you can even find those that grow on mossy tree trunks. In this case, the tree does not suffer, since the root system of the plant is not buried under the bark. In summer, wild cyclamen blooms and smells (the scent resembles lilies of the valley), and with the onset of autumn it “falls asleep”. The height of wild representatives does not exceed 10 cm, they multiply by seeds, and insects help them. Caucasian cyclamen grows wild, can be grown at home, propagated by seed, division of tubers. It can also be planted at the dacha.
Wild cyclamen, photo:
We decided to buy a cyclamen - what to look for in the store
It is difficult to resist the charm of cyclamen and not buy a blooming specimen! Even if it does not bloom, the cap of leaves with blue-gray spots looks very decorative.
The question arises: where and when is it better to acquire this plant? It should be noted that the most common type of cyclamen - Persian - begin to sell in late autumn.
I advise when choosing to pay attention to those plants that have more unblown buds - the more of these, the better. Naturally, your new flower should not have damaged leaves. They should be located low relative to the peduncles. On the tuber, too, do not pay attention. Properly located tuber should look out of the ground by half. This is important, because it will depend on how your cyclamen will develop.
When buying, pay attention to the soil. Обычно растения из цветочного магазина продаются в бедном торфяном субстрате, непригодном для нормального выращивания в течение длительного периода. Такие растения следует сразу же пересадить, но только после окончания периода цветения.
- аккуратно достаём растение из горшка, держа его близко к корню за листья,
- отряхиваем торф с корней цветка,
- check what condition they are in - if we see rotted - boldly cut them to healthy tissue,
- soak the roots in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes - this procedure will disinfect the root system of cyclamen,
- after disinfection, sprinkle the root section with powdered activated carbon,
- Before planting, pour a small layer of expanded clay onto the bottom of a clean pot,
- as a substrate suitable for any universal soil for indoor or flowering plants.
An experienced friend always tells me that cyclamen (cyclomenia) is an unpretentious flower, but you need to know some secrets.
- First, cyclamens do not like large containers. They prefer to corms rather closely than spacious. That is, the distance between the nodules and the walls of the pot should be no more than 2-3 cm.
- Secondly, cyclamen refers to plants that periodically "hibernate", that is, they need a period of rest, which lasts about three months. At this time, a pot with cyclamen asleep is placed in a cool place. This may be, for example, some kind of storage room, toilet room, even the lower shelf of the refrigerator is suitable if the temperature there does not rise above 11 ° C. In the dormant period, cyclamen is not watered, unless it is only when the soil in the pot is completely dry. One tablespoon of water per week will be more than enough.
- Thirdly, it is probably one of the few plants that does not like bright sunlight. Be sure to shade the pot with cyclamen, but rather keep it on the north window.
How to grow cyclamen at home, care for it
In order for this bright flower to please you with lush flowering, you must follow certain rules. The plant should feel comfortable: acceptable air temperature, lack of drafts, proper lighting, timely watering - all these requirements must be observed.
How to care for cyclamen at home:
- The ambient temperature should not be above + 12..15 ° C, if the column of mercury rises above + 20 ° C or drops below + 10 ° C - the plant will not like it. There should be no drafts where the flower pot will be located. The presence of a heating radiator (or battery) near the flowers is also highly undesirable.
- This flower requires diffused light, light shading, since direct sunlight on the leaves is fraught with burns. A bright light is needed for a plant only when it blooms; to excessive illumination, the flower reacts with the withering of leaves and the appearance of brown spots on them.
- How to water cyclamen? It is necessary to water this plant only through the pallet! Water can not be poured from above, it should not fall on the tuber, flowers, leaves and other parts. It is recommended to fill the tray or saucer on which the pot is standing with drainage claydite (thin layer).
- This plant prefers moist air. Here, again, you can use the expanded clay poured into the pan or small pebbles. Do not irrigate the flower with water from a spray bottle. With the onset of the rest period, it must be watered, but not as often as during active growth and flowering. If you notice that the leaves of the plant turn yellow, this can also be an indicator of excessive dryness of the air.
- Soil for the flower should consist of equal parts of rotted foliage (deciduous humus), peat, sod land, coarse sand, vermiculite and clay. You can also buy a ready-made substrate for cyclamen (an option for cacti is also suitable).
It is recommended to bring dressing only during the active growth of the plant, about 1 time in 14 days. The best choice of fertilizers is common mineral supplements for indoor plants.
Cyclamen - how to transplant
It is best to make a transplant in the summer. In late spring, the plant ceases to bloom, there comes a period of rest, at this time it is no longer watered, and the pot itself is laid on its side. Approximately by July, slowly, in small doses, they begin to water again; when the first leaves appear, you can begin transplanting the flower.
It has already been said that the characteristic of cyclamen is the minimum of potted earth! But it would not be superfluous to repeat that the tuber should be a little crowded, it should only be partially buried - about a third of the tuber should rise above the level of the soil in the pot. After the transplantation of cyclamen you should not plentifully fill the flower with water, the earth should be only slightly moistened. Only when the plant comes to life, will actively plant the leaves, adapts to a new place, can we proceed to normal watering, adding supplements.
How to grow cyclamen from seed
If buying a potted flower does not deceive you, you are interested in going through the whole process yourself, then try to get quality seeds. Of course, you can select planting material from the existing colors, but you have to pre-pollination process (using a brush or cotton swab). Pollination should be done repeatedly, from flower to flower, and the presence of different varieties is welcome. When the plant ottsvetet and seed pods mature, tear them without waiting for cracking. Wrap the boxes with a clean cloth or paper, when they are dry, they will open themselves - thus, the seeds will be saved.
For sowing seeds, you should choose a suitable soil. Substrates that are sold in flower shops, also fit. This soil often contains peat, leaf soil, vermiculite. If you want to make such a substrate yourself, then you only have to mix equal proportional parts of these components. Do not forget about the drainage (large balls of foam plastic or small crushed stone), there must be holes at the bottom of the tank.
The most commonly used two methods of sowing seeds:
- Seed material is pre-soaked with cold water (for two or three days), to which a couple of drops of dish detergent should be added every day. This water should be changed daily, its temperature should be quite low.
- The second option is more common for flower growers and gardeners - pretreatment (soaking) with a low-boron solution of potassium permanganate or Epin (2 drops per 200 ml of water). For seeds, 15 hours of such a “bath” are enough, after such a treatment, even the inveterate seed gets a “shake-up”, sprouting.
You can try these two methods at the same time, then choose the one that is more effective and convenient for you.
Further, in order to grow cyclamen from seeds, prepare a container with holes at the bottom, lay a drainage layer, sprinkle the soil on top. Make grooves on the soil, lay the seeds there, or moisten the soil, spread out the seed from above, sprinkle with 2-3 cm of soil on top. Please note that between seeds should be approximately 3 cm of free space.
Further care for crops - cover the containers with plastic film, put them in a cool place. As mentioned above, the air temperature should not exceed + 20 ° C.
Compliance with the temperature regime is extremely important for cyclamen, since with increasing degrees the transition to the rest period is triggered, and with decreasing sowing material it can simply rot.
Every day you should briefly lift the film - to air the seedlings, if you follow these simple rules you can see the seedlings approximately - it depends on the variety. After the appearance of pink sprouts the temperature should be reduced to + 8..15 ° C. From the moment of emergence, the growth of young stock seems to be slowing down, this is due to the fact that the plants actively grow roots. After about 4 months, you can start planting them in separate containers, by which time each seedling should grow 2 or 3 leaves.
Subsequent transplantation of cyclamen for permanent residence is carried out by transshipping together with a lump of earth. A pot with drainage holes, drainage material, appropriate soil - everything should be according to the rules. Young tubers need to be fully buried, adult representatives, as mentioned above, should rise above the ground by half or one third.
You can start feeding in 6 months, complex compositions for flowering indoor plants are best suited for this. Do not forget about the quality of regular watering of cyclamen.
Cyclamen faded - what to do next?
With the onset of the resting phase, the foliage of the plant fades and dries out. The remains of leaves and flowers should be cut or cut by hand, while ensuring that the tuber was not damaged. By this time, as mentioned above, watering should be kept to a minimum, but the soil near the tuber should not be too dry. If you have the opportunity to bring the flower to fresh air, do it. The plant should be in a cool, shaded place all the time, if you notice a pecking of new leaves, this will mean that the rest period has ended.
Beginning of the rest period, photo:
Sometimes a flower with a pot is added in a shady place on the site, transplantation is performed when the plant “wakes up” from hibernation. At the same time, the soil and the earth com are completely replaced, inspect the tuber, remove the tainted fragments, a month after transplantation they begin to introduce additional feeding during watering. You can buy ready-made earthen mixture for cyclamen.
Another option for preserving tubers is described above - laying the pot on its side, transplanting in July or August.
Why does not bloom cyclamen? You can sometimes see a similar question on the appropriate forums. The answer to it is proper care, following the rules when sowing seeds, transplanting, dividing tubers. It is very important to provide the plant with the required temperature and acceptable air humidity. Competent watering of cyclamen, timely fertilization - these are the basic needs of the plant, the key to its future lush flowering.
Separately, it is necessary to mention the diseases and pests that threaten the plant, can affect its flowering. Timely treatment with insecticides and supporting drugs is very important. Regularly inspect the flower from all sides, take action at the slightest suspicion of the presence of intruders or deterioration in appearance.
It is worth mentioning one interesting and healing features of this decorative flower - it is a medicinal plant, whose anti-inflammatory effect was familiar to Hippocratic. Today, it successfully treat sinusitis, make drops, ointments, tinctures. As with any other vegetable gifts of nature, cyclamen should be treated carefully, not too zealous with the doses and frequency of treatment.
Cyclamen root - it is a tuber, contains biologically active cyclamine (a substance of the saponid group), which provokes increased secretion of mucous membranes and thus helps the natural cleansing of the sinuses ("clogged") sinuses. To prepare medicinal home drops based on the root of the plant, you need to take a piece of a tuber, grate it on a small grater (or squeeze it out with a hand garlic press). The resulting pulp should be filtered through a layer of clean cloth, and the resulting juice diluted with boiled (or distilled) water 1: 4. Thus, you get a natural cure for sinusitis and rhinitis, bury it daily with 2 drops in each nostril for 7-10 days.
You can also chop 2 g of the root, pour 100 ml of boiling water over it, leave for about 1 hour, then dissolve one teaspoonful of this with a liter of boiled water, drip into your nose.
Root-based oil extract helps very well with a dried nasal mucosa. The squeezed tuber juice is mixed with the same amount of olive or sunflower oil, infused for about a day, and then dripped into the nose 3 drops for 7 days.
Taking into account all the information, now you will know how to care for cyclamen, how to grow flowers from seeds, how to transplant a plant and propagate it by dividing the roots.
Its flowers resemble bright summer butterflies, crouching on a thin stalk, but the most amazing and valuable is that we can enjoy this magnificence during winter blizzards and cold weather.
In order for cyclamen to bloom in winter, care at home should include high-quality summer rest. Root should not spend strength and nutrients on the growing of foliage. Despite the fact that this flower requires the same approach as most houseplants, it is considered capricious, but the result fully justifies the investment of time and effort.
- If the leaves of cyclamen are yellowed, but the flowers remain healthy, you need to control the temperature in the room. If it is above 18 degrees, you need to lower it. At low temperatures, it is necessary to check whether the soil has not dried out.
- The reason for the yellow leaves may be untimely watering of the plant.
- Gray rot appears at high humidity in a room with low temperature. To solve the problem will help frequent airing.
- Peduncles and leaves may begin to rot due to wet soil. Abundant and frequent watering can lead to the fact that the roots of cyclamen begin to rot.