First of all, I would like to note that castor bean is a unique plant, since it is the only representative of the Cores from the Euphorbia family. This is a medicinal perennial, which is now quite often found in gardens. Ethiopia is considered its birthplace, but it is possible to meet this plant in almost all the tropics and subtropics of the globe. In Egypt, it was distributed before our era. In Russia castor oil is better known as paradise tree.
In our gardens castor is grown as an annual plant due to climatic conditions. These are quite tall plants that can reach ten meters. Large green leaves, consisting of five or seven blades, are alternately arranged on an erect branched stem, which often has a brown tint, but may also be red or bluish-green. Gardeners choose castor bean for growing from seeds because of its beautiful leaves. You can see flowers on this plant, but they do not represent decorative value. By the fall on the castor there are fruits that are enclosed in spherical prickly boxes. They appear after flowering and are located between the upper leaves. They also add special appeal to the plant.
Castor oil contains toxic substances. In the culture of growing stunted varieties, which will be discussed later.
Types and varieties
It has already been said that castor bean is the only one in its genus, however, breeders have done the necessary work and now gardeners can choose a variety according to their preferences.
- Zanzibar castor oil is a mid-year annual (only two meters). Its stem is covered with beautiful and large red-violet leaves. Growing Zanzibar castor from seed is popular because of its beautiful inflorescences, which is rare for this plant.
- Cambodian - perhaps the smallest variety, since the highest plant reached only one meter twenty centimeters. She has a rather original black trunk. It looks beautiful flowerbed, where Cambodian castor grows along with other varieties.
- Gibson castor oil when grown from seed reaches a height of one and a half meters. It differs from other varieties in that its leaves have a metallic sheen.
- Borbonskaya. Common view in our latitudes. Differs in high red trunk, large green and brilliant leaves.
More recently, breeders was bred another variety - Cossack. Despite the fact that it only appeared on the market, this castor has already gained popularity. This is not a troublesome process - cultivation of Casachka castor seeds from seeds. When to plant seeds in open ground or seedlings? Terms for all varieties are about the same: the beginning of April and mid-May, respectively. The variety has beautiful leaves that are located on a two-meter red-brown stalk. Blood-red flowers stand out. Boxes with seeds, too, have a bright red tint.
So, we have dealt with the varieties of the plant, now we should learn about the peculiarities of growing castor from seed: when to plant for seedlings and how. Remember that it multiplies only by seeds and in no other way. Before planting, planting material must undergo scarification.
Castor oil has one problem - poor germination (60-70%). But you can help a little seeds to improve their germination. To do this, they are lightly rubbed with sandpaper, and then left overnight in solution of any growth stimulant. Experienced gardeners prefer not to waste time on growing home-grown Impala bronze seeds at home and immediately sow them in open ground. Such disembarkation is carried out not earlier than in the middle of April, and better - in the beginning of May. However, if you are a novice gardener and do not yet know the characteristics of planting, it is better to grow seedlings, and then just plant them in the ground. To this end, planting material is sown in the tank in the second half of March or early April.
For disembarking you will need transparent plastic buckets, which are 1/2 filled with garden soil. In each bucket you can put only one seed and deepen it no more than three centimeters. If your seeds are scarified, the seedlings will appear very quickly: after about three or four days. There is a sticky peel on the seeds, which should be removed, because its presence in the soil can lead to the fact that the seeds simply start to rot. This is the technology of growing castor seeds for seedlings. As you can see, there is nothing difficult about it. The process is quite fast, especially if the gardener will adhere to all the recommendations of experts.
Some varieties recommend growing through the seedlings themselves producers, such as castor isle Red Island. Growing seedlings from seed is an important step. The stronger the seedlings are, the better they will acclimatize after disembarking in open ground. As soon as the seed germinates, the stem begins to actively grow up and after a few days the first true leaf appears on it. When this happens, the plant should be placed in a lighter but cooler room. The ideal temperature is fifteen degrees. When the seedlings begin to climb, it is necessary to gradually fill the pot with earth until it is full. If your seedlings grow too fast, they will have to be transplanted in a larger tank. Quite often, by the time of planting in open ground, saplings already reach a height of one meter.
Time to land
The time of sowing seeds for seedlings or directly into the ground depends on the climatic conditions and the selected variety. So, at home, growing from castor seeds Hot Heart and Red Island should be started in March, seeds are sown in open ground in late April - mid May. The earth should warm up to +12 ° С. Depth of seeding is 2-6 cm.
Growing castor Impala bronze from seeds without seedlings is possible, but irrelevant for northern latitudes. The variety is quite capricious. Seeds, to germinate, require heat and moisture, the first shoots appear after 10-20 days.
In general, castor oil is not included in the list of capricious garden plants and will develop normally in any place. However, if you want the plant to develop quickly and delight you with the beauty of its leaves, it is better to plant the seedlings on a sunny plot, where there will be loose and fertile soil. The best option is black soil.
How to plant
If it is already time to plant seedlings in open ground, then you should moisten it well in pots, and then, together with the earthen clod that remains on the roots, be transplanted into prepared holes. Top saplings sprinkled with garden soil and well compacted. After planting all the plants must be watered.
If you nevertheless decided to grow the castor in a seedless way, then the best time for sowing, as already mentioned above, comes when the soil warms to +12 ° С. Make shallow holes, put two to three seeds in them, because seed germination is not one hundred percent. When planting, be sure to protect your hands, always wear rubber gloves. This is necessary in order to avoid castor castor seeds poisoning, which contain a rather dangerous substance. Lethal dose for a child - six seeds, so you need to store these seeds away from small children.
Growing conditions in the garden
A paradise tree develops very quickly and does not require any special care. The only important point is watering. It must be carried out once every five days. Under each bush poured at least ten liters of water. After watering around young plants, it is desirable to remove all existing weeds, but older specimens do not react to such a neighborhood and practically do not need weeding.
To create all the conditions for the normal growth of castor, it is possible to add nitrogen fertilizers to the soil before flowering. This is where all the paradise tree care activities end. As you can see, growing such a plant will delight you not only with the beauty of the flowerbed, but also with ease of care.
Insects rarely bother paradise tree, but it happens. So, you can find the following pests on castor oil:
- Caterpillars of different species.
All of them are dangerous for germination in case of sowing seeds immediately in open ground. This is another significant argument in favor of growing the castor from seed at home. Meadow bugs are dangerous for inflorescences, but they rarely attack.
If there are caterpillars, then you must fight them, because they can completely destroy your paradise trees. If they are few, just collect the insects by hand and destroy. However, if the caterpillars are already too much, then you should prepare a special infusion for spraying. To make it, you need to collect a third of a bucket of crushed bitter wormwood and fill it with water to the brim. Infused grass for three days. After this, the infusion must be filtered, and it will be ready to process castor bean.
There are also ways to prevent the appearance of caterpillars. To this end, between the paradise-trees planted beds with parsley, onions, garlic, coriander and dill. The smell of these plants will certainly scare away unexpected guests.
It is much easier to fight wireworm and backwire before they appear on the beds. Therefore, before planting seedlings, it is advisable to water the wells with a not too strong solution of potassium permanganate.
The castor core is prone to diseases of the fungal nature: powdery mildew, late blight, pink and gray rot and others. But the only way to combat any of these diseases is to treat the plants with Bordeaux mixture. In its absence, you can use another drug with a similar composition, which can be purchased in a special store.
If you want to collect your own seeds, and not buy them every season, then in advance, even during the flowering period, choose the most beautiful castor bean specimens and tick them off so you don’t lose sight of. Bolls can be cut off with the arrival of September. Seeds need to be dried. For this, they are laid out in a room with good ventilation. In this position, the seed boxes remain for quite a long time. You can not extract the seeds from them until the end of November or December.
If the box is dry, it will open quite easily from simple pressure. In one box usually contains 2-3 large seeds. They look a bit like beans. During the collection of seeds, as well as when planting, you need to wear gloves so that your hands are protected from poisonous spines. Seeds can be stored for four years. For storage, choose a place where they can not get a small children and animals.
Castor Bean Properties
Although castor is a poisonous plant, it can bring greater benefits to humans. All thanks to the essential oils that it contains. It was for them that paradise-tree began to grow on an industrial scale. Who would have thought, but it is based on the oil, which is contained in the castor's oil, now they produce castor oil. It is used exclusively for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, it is very effective for constipation and colitis, and external use is also allowed. Oil can lubricate various wounds, burns, warts, ulcers that appear on the surface of the skin. You can cure castor oil from castor bean hemorrhoids, varicose veins, some gynecological diseases, as well as various eye inflammations. Such medicine can be purchased at any pharmacy in capsules or glass containers. It can be stored in the refrigerator for several years, the only condition - dark dishes and a tight lid.
You can rub a warm castor a little in the chest with diseases such as bronchitis and colds. It is also widely used in cosmetology, and in different areas of it: they treat the scalp and hair diseases, use it in the fight against wrinkles and pigment spots on the face.
But there are castor bean and contraindications. It is strictly forbidden to use any means with the addition of castor oil during pregnancy and lactation, as well as if any chronic disease has worsened. Consult your doctor about individual intolerance to this component. It is not recommended to give drugs on the basis of castor oil or pure product to children who have not yet reached the age of twelve years.
General description of the plant and its species
The castor is a perennial plant that came to us from East and North Africa. The name "castor oil" comes from the Latin word "ricinus", which means "tick". The name of the plant was obtained because its seeds resemble mites in appearance. Many gardeners professionals know about other castor bean names. To date, the most popular are: “Turkish hemp”, “castorca” and “paradise-tree”.
This kind of palm tree appeared long ago. Many historians believe that the seeds of this plant were found in the sarcophagi of the Egyptian pharaohs. Perhaps all also because of the shape of the seeds, which recalls the Egyptian scarab beetles. Castor bean has a rather exotic appearance. It has a straight stem, which can reach a height of two meters, leaves depending on the variety may have different shades. The most popular is considered to be dark purple or green. Their shape resembles maple leaves.
This flower grows very quickly and its seeds are quite a valuable product, because of them you can get castor oil. But this does not mean that you need to make castor oil at home now. Everyone knows that castor oil is a poisonous plant. The seeds themselves undergo specialized treatment and only in this way can toxic substances be removed from them. If you get castor oil at home and use it, then you or your loved ones will be fatal.
At the moment, this plant is most often used as a decor. Castor bean blooms at the end of summer, and more precisely, in August. Some varieties with proper care in height can reach 10 meters. At the moment, there are several of the most popular types of castor bean.
Bourbon castor core
It is one of the highest varieties of this plant, which can reach a height of three meters. He has a very strong, dense, tree trunk, red. As with the common variety, Bourbon castor has large leaves with a shiny surface.
Features of sowing seeds for seedlings and in open ground
Best of all, castor oil will grow in those places where there is a nutritious, friable soil that is sufficiently cultivated and moist. The ideal option for this plant is black soil with excellent drainage, and a plot with a huge amount of solar heat and light.
It is important to remember that castor oil can grow badly if it is planted on a completely open area where a strong wind is blowing and there are drafts. From this they feel very bad and can quickly die.
As for the seeds, they can be found in a specialty store. They are not currently uncommon. It is recommended to sow seedlings:
- seedlings - in March or April,
- in open ground - in May.
It is very easy to get seedlings on your own at home, you do not need to be a summer resident with many years of experience.
There is no need to plant castor seeds in one common container, and then plant seedlings in different containers. Initially, you must plant the seeds in separate pots. This is done because it is a fast-growing plant and the seedlings will be quite large.
But before they are planted, it is necessary to soak the seeds in warm water for a day. This will help to achieve better results in planting and sprouts will be strong. Do not forget that the water must be periodically changed to fresh. In order for the roots and soil to be well bonded, seedlings should be immersed in the ground to a depth of 2 to 6 centimeters.
Further care for them is very simple. It is necessary to cover the pots with a piece of matter, and transfer the containers themselves to a more lighted area of the room, most often it is a window sill. To the great surprise of many, watering the soil is not worth it, either before planting or after it. Need to wait for the emergence of the first shoots.
Transplantation on open ground is planned for that period of time when the nights became much warmer and the spring frosts are long gone. В раннем возрасте клещевина очень хрупкое растение и пересадка может пагубно на нее повлиять. Поэтому высаживать рассаду стоит только вместе с комом почвы из горшка. Такая пересадка уменьшит риск повреждения корней клещевины, и она лучше и быстрее укореняется на новом месте.
Но многие решают не заморачиваться с рассадой и сразу сажают семена в открытый грунт. This method is now very popular, but with it you need to wait for the moment when the outside temperature stabilizes and will not lower below +12 degrees.
In this way you also need to prepare castor seeds in advance. Its oily film is quite dense and you need to help the germ to break up. Therefore, you need to gently rub each seed with sandpaper. So you make it easier for him and the first boring can appear in 3-3.5 weeks. Depending on the variety, the depth of the hole can be from 2 to 10 centimeters and from 1-3 seeds can be put there.
Planting and care in the open field is quite simple procedures. In the first you have already seen for yourself, now the turn has moved to the second point. The castor is almost not in need of care, as it is considered the most unpretentious plant. For this plant, the most important is only good watering. Since it develops well, and most importantly quickly and does it throughout the season, it must be provided with regular moisture.
Of course, with such abundant moisture the castor beetle will need weeding. After all, without it, young plants can not be protected from weeds. If you want, you can plant and feed. It responds well to any fertilizing, but is best to nitrogen, especially if you do this before the formation of inflorescences in the castor.
Make sure that next year you also have this palm tree growing in your country house. And for this you need to know when to collect castor bean seeds. In late August and early September, this plant reaches the peak of its magnificence, and on the first peduncles the boxes have already formed. They begin to dry out and so they need to collect to get the seeds. Then the boxes need to lay out on the surface and dry well.
If the autumn frosts came earlier, and you did not have time to collect the required number of seeds, then it does not matter. You can shear pruning most mature flower stalks. The seeds that are inside are ready for further use.
When all the work in the garden is completed and the time becomes more, you can remove the seeds from the boxes. By the time they dry up very well and can be easily obtained. Put on gloves and knead the boxes and pull out 2-3 seed. Gloves are needed in order to protect their hands from the thorns, which are covered with seeds.
In no case can this rather simple work be done in the presence of children. Since they can take in the mouth these seemingly harmless seeds. But they contain poison, and this can lead to disastrous consequences.
Growing castor beans
How to grow a beautiful castor
In our country, castor oil is grown during the spring and autumn season, because it does not tolerate even the slightest cold. This heat-loving annual plant is quite unpretentious and simple in agricultural technology.
- He loves the sun. You need to grow in open sunlight areas, otherwise the varietal color of the leaves do not get.
- It does not tolerate not only frosts, but even the usual cooling if it lasts more than a few days. Therefore, sowing in open ground is better late than early. And it is better to prefer a seedling method of growing.
- Of the soil prefers nutrient chernozem. The soil should be cultivated, increased friability, not heavy.
- Humidity constantly needs increased. When drought leaves wither, lose their decorativeness.
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Due to the fact that the threat of cold can ruin the plant, to make vegetation safe, it will grow bean seedlings.
The plant propagates only with seeds that are in spherical seed boxes covered with sharp thorns, in several pieces.
During ripening, these boxes crack, and castor beans seeds pour out of them.
It is time to sow the seeds in March, but you can wish it all April and even May. Optimally - the middle of spring. The seeds sown at this time give amicable healthy shoots, rapidly gaining growth, do not outgrow and do not stretch. Seedlings during the season have time to develop into a full-fledged powerful plant with all varietal characteristics. On a plant that has fully matured by the end of the growing season, seeds suitable for subsequent sowing are formed.
Castor bean seeds germinate for a long time. Germination is also not one hundred percent - out of ten hatching, at best, 2/3. Seeds need to be planted for sowing. All methods are suitable - soaking, germination. But the most important preparatory moment, without which the castor-bean seeds will be difficult to sprout - scarification.
For scarification, the seed must be rubbed with sandpaper to reduce toughness. This will break the shell and give the germ more likely to be born. After scarification, be sure to soak the seed. First for a day in pure warm water, and then for the night - in a growth stimulator. You can use any stimulant. In this case, heteroauxin is the most effective.
It is only necessary to sow the castor oil one by one into separate plastic containers, rather voluminous and deep. More than half the containers are filled with earth. Seeds fall into the fossa depth of two centimeters. Fall asleep. Crops are sent to a warm place. They can be covered with a film, but you can not cover.
The first castlings of the castor
The seeds germinate after full processing quickly - sprouts appear within 5-7 days. It is difficult for them to shed the oily shell. So that it does not cause the formation of rot in the pot, the shell is removed manually, being careful not to damage the sprout.
Cotyledon leaves also form quickly. It is important at this time to maintain humidity and heat at + 20 ° C ... + 22 ° C.
But as soon as the first true leaf is planned on the seedlings, it should be moved to cool - about + 16 ° С.
Important! Light is bright and long-term need for seedlings at all stages, starting with spitting shoots.
A castor grows quite intensively and it may happen that the nutritional area of the pot will not be enough for it. At first, you can simply fill the pot to the top of the nutrient soil. Then transplant the plant into a larger container.
Intensive growth of castor bean seedlings
Planting castor in the garden
Planting before summer does not make sense - any cold will destroy a seemingly powerful and large plant. When June begins, seedlings, pre-tempered, can be sent to the garden.
Before planting, it is necessary to water the plants in pots well several times so that the whole lump of earth is soaked. It is difficult to believe in this, but the castor beet plant is afraid - the roots are damaged easily and then they recover very badly and for a long time.
Wet soil with the roots must be removed from the pot, not falling apart a coma, and moved to the prepared garden hole.
Planting sprout into the soil
Sowing in the ground
If there is no desire to grow seedlings at home, and you want to have exotic on the site, you can sow the seeds in the ground. But this is done not earlier than May, closer to the middle. Since the seedlings and young seedlings will not withstand even short and weak return frosts. For sowing in unprotected soil, the same methods of seed preparation are used as for growing seedlings.
Soils are made in the soil. 2-3 seeds are sown in each well. If all three or two grow, weak seedlings can be removed afterwards.
Sowing seeds into the ground
Crops must be covered with film at least at the first stage at night.
Castor Oil Care
An adult plant is so unpretentious that it practically doesn’t need care. Occasionally loosen the soil at the roots and weed weeds. And if you grind it with bark or pebbles to preserve moisture, you don’t need to loosen and weed.
The only condition is regular watering. This should be monitored so as not to destroy the plant. The whole season, and especially in the hot season, castor bean is poured abundantly, with plenty of water, at least twice a week. One plant consumes up to 10 liters of water.
The castor is not offended if it will not feed anything other than water. But nitrogen-containing supplements, which allow the leaves to acquire the maximum size and high decorative effect, are grateful. Nitrogen is especially needed by the plant during the formation of inflorescences so that the seeds ripen.
Castor pot is unpretentious and requires only watering
Important! Castor bean is poisonous. And not only the seeds in which the poison is contained enough to use 5-6 led to poisoning with a fatal outcome in a child. For adults, the dose is three times more.
But not only the seeds are deadly to use. The castor is poisonous and the stem. Despite the fact that oilcake plants are used as fertilizer, it is also used to control pests living in the soil.
Beautiful but poisonous plant castor oil
From castor oil get valuable castor oil and apply it as a component in the Vishnevsky ointment, but only with appropriate treatment, which can be carried out only at the enterprise.
For many years, castor oil was not claimed as a decorative element of landscape design. Today, the plant is increasingly used for gardens in the Oriental and African style. She can decorate the walls, plant along the fence or use in soliternyh plantings.
Castorpans - garden decoration
How to grow such an exotic flower?
The castor bean is propagated by seeds, which in their appearance resemble an eastern tick. Cultivation of the plant, subject to the rules of planting and proper care, does not cause much difficulty. In this case, it is worth starting with choosing a place for planting a flower.
Best of all castor oil grows on loose fertile soilwhich is normally moisturized. Ideally, a plot of chernozem will be suitable, on which the sun's rays constantly fall.
I would like to emphasize that the important point in the casting of the castor is the choice of a suitable place for planting, as the plant does not like drafts and sudden gusts of wind. And as soon as the place for planting is chosen, you can immediately begin planting seeds that are not uncommon and are sold in any flower shop or are harvested independently from the flowers previously growing on the site. In this case, it is best to plant seeds during the following periods:
- March and April are suitable for seedlings,
- in open ground from mid-May.
Most often, experienced growers planted castor oil seedlings, citing the fact that the already grown shoots can be planted directly into the ground as soon as the frosts pass and the plant has time to fully develop during the season.
Growing castor bean seedlings in apartment or house conditions
The castor bean seeds for seedlings are planted in separate containers in mid-March and early April, as the plant is fast-growing and the seedlings are large.
To speed up seed germination and get strong, full-fledged seedlings, you need seed soak in water heated to 30 ° about 24 hours. At the same time, water should change as it cools. Sprouted seeds go deep into the soil to a depth of 6 cm - this will allow the root system to harden well, which will hold the fast-growing flower.
In the future, caring for the plant is reduced to the simplest actions: the soil with the castor castor plant is covered with a piece of cloth, and the container itself is erected on a well-lit window sill. Watering the soil or in the process of planting seeds or after it is not necessary until the first shoots appear. Casting the castor into the open soil is done after the stable warm weather is established at night, and spring frosts will take place (approximately in the end of May, the beginning of June).
Since young seedlings are very delicate, transplanting into open ground can adversely affect them in the future. Therefore, when transplanting its seedlings, they are planted in the soil, together with a clod of earth from the tank where the castor is grown. Thanks to this method, the risk of damage to the plant root system is significantly reduced.
Sowing preparation - site selection
When choosing a plot for planting a castor, it is necessary to remember that this is a southern thermophilic plant. Culture takes root well in sunny, protected from the winds areas. Otherwise, the flower will stretch out and break easily. flowering period will come too late, because of what the seeds do not have time to ripen.
Due to the fact that the plant develops very rapidly and reaches up to 3 m in one season, the soil must be loose and rich in nutrients.
Heavy clay or sandy soil, with an excess of moisture, for castor not suitable. To maintain a high plant growth rate, regular watering is very important, especially during the drought season. When there is a shortage of water, castor oil can not only slow down growth, but also shed leaves and flowers.
This plant is pretty sensitive to fertilizerwhich it is advisable to add to the soil before flowering. It is preferable to use organic fertilizer, although the use of mineral-based fertilizers has the right to exist. Weeding and loosening of the soil are necessary, only at the initial stage of the growing season, in the future powerful flower shoots themselves cope with weeds.
Sowing castor seed in open soil
Not less popular is the method of sowing castor seeds directly into open soil. This method is possible only after stabilization of the weather, when the daily temperature does not fall below 10 ° C.
At the first stage prepare the seed. This is due to the fact that the oily film, on castor bean seeds, has a rather dense structure and the sprout cannot always penetrate to the surface. Therefore, experienced growers, process the surface of castor bean seed, sandpaper. Thanks to this simple action, the first shoots will appear in 3-4 weeks. Seeds are buried in the soil from 3 to 7 cm, while up to 3 grains are planted in one well.
Exotic Flower Care
Both planting and care for an exotic, thermophilic plant, which is castor oil, is very important. Therefore, it is worth paying special attention to the quality of the content of the plant during its flowering period.
Although it is difficult to call the castor oil a whimsical or capricious plant, it will only bloom if the florist provides full good watering. In this case, special attention should be paid to the amount of watering during the period of the ovary of the flower stalks. Throughout the growing season of the plant, it is possible to irrigate with regularity 1 time every 5 days, in a volume of 10 liters, for one flower. Do not neglect and casting bean casting:
- before the beginning of the flowering period, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used for fertilizing,
- at the time of laying the brush flowers, apply water based on potassium and phosphorus.
The support is important for castor bean sprouts. Even in spite of the fact that such a flower is powerful with a developed root system, during intensive growth it lags behind the ground. For this reason, especially at a young age, supports are erected for plants.
The period of flowering and fruiting castor
Pollinating a plant occurs due to the wind, and flowers do not grow quite normally. Along the length of the vertical inflorescence there are groups of flowers - female on top of the stem and male on the bottom of the plant. The castor, the cultivation of which occurs seedlings, will turn out not only powerful, but also will bring a lot of seeds.
After the flowers have bloomed, thorn balls, which are the fruits of castor beans, come to replace them. At the same time inside each fruit, a sufficiently large number of seeds ripen. If the summer period is not too rainy and warm enough, then the plant will bloom before the onset of the first frost.
In case there are constant rains in summer, castor bean begin to rot and rely on the collection of their own seeds is not necessary. A castor, which blooms, has a very beautiful and unusual appearance. To obtain high-quality seed, leave some of the most powerful upper inflorescences, the rest is advisable to break.
How to collect castor bean seeds?
The ripening of the seed takes place in the seed boxes. The process begins as soon as the castor is bloomed. If summer is hot, then, as mentioned earlier, flowering occurs before the onset of autumn cold weather, therefore there will be a lot of seeds. In the case of a cold summer, the plant blooms less frequently and therefore it is not possible to miss the collection time of the seed.
Seeds, extracted from boxeshidden under the barbed shell and dried for 2 weeks. This preparation, seed, for the next season can be considered complete. It is very important to keep the seeds out of the reach of children, as they are poisonous and in large quantities are very dangerous for human health. Moreover, if you do not neglect the minimum security measures, then when growing flowers they have nothing to fear.
The toxic properties of castor bean seeds
The castorplate, like most other plants belonging to the euphorbia family, contains poison. All parts of the flower, and in particular the seed, which contains ricin proteins and ricinin alkaloids, highly poisonous. This should never be forgotten when growing this exotic flower.
That is why the collection of seed, it is best carried out with gloves. После любого непосредственного контакта с растением, нужно тщательно мыть руки с мылом под проточной водой.
Из посевного материала клещевины, производят касторовое масло лечебные свойства, которого используются в медицине. Производство происходит на специализированных фармакологических предприятиях, способом прессования. In this case, toxic substances do not enter the oil, but remain in the compressed waste. In the next stage, castor oil is processed using a special technology in order to finally get rid of residues of toxic substances.
Each grower must understand that it is possible to remove poison from castor seeds only in industrial conditions. Therefore, under no circumstances should you try to produce castor oil, in an apartment or at home, because its use can be fatal to humans.
If in the garden, often there are small children, then it is better to give up casting, at least until they grow up. If you follow the rules of safety, then growing the castor will bring only aesthetic pleasure to the florist eyes. Grow an exotic flower in your garden throughout the entire season and enjoy the beauty of this gigantic plant with beautiful flowers.
Botanical Castor Bean Description
Botanists consider Eastern and Northern Africa to be the homeland of the castor bean - it is in Africa that castor beetle forms impassable thickets. In fact, for Africans, castor oil is the same weed as horticulture is for us.
In culture, castor oil began to grow from the end of the XVIII century - the British were impressed with the appearance of the plant and brought it to Britain to decorate the gardens. Of course, castor oil does not tolerate frost and prolonged cold, but the British began to grow castor oil as an annual plant.In our country, castor oil is grown as an annual plant, because the plant does not tolerate frost. Photo: Seedman
Kleshcheveina (lat Ricinus English Castor Oil Plant) is a monotypic genus of the family Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae). The only species - Castorplant (Ricinus communis) is an oil-bearing, medicinal and ornamental garden plant. Best of all castor oil is grown on fertile, loose, soil, in a sunny and humid place.
The castor bean variety “Cossack”, is most common in our country, due to its powerful structure and height up to 2 m. If you can get foreign grades, you should buy Gibsonii and Impala varieties with large bronze leaves.
Castor bean flowers from August to autumn frosts.
Castor Bean Varieties
Due to the prevalence of castor beetle transformed into several varieties, which differ in the structure and color of leaves and stem. When mutations castor is not lost its toxicity, so the cultivation of all types of castor requires accuracy.
Meet Castor Bean Types:
- Castor bean has a green stem, which reaches a height of 120 cm, large glossy leaves.
- Bourbon castor core, tree grows up to 3 meters high. The plant has a red trunk and large shiny leaves.
- Zanzibar castor core reaches a height of 2 m. The plant is famous for dark red leaves of gigantic sizes.
- Indian castor oil grows to a height of 120 cm: the leaves are dark green, the trunk is black.
- Gibson castor grow to 150 cm tall, the leaves and stem of the plant are dark red.
Castor oil (castor oil) is used in scientific medicine:
- Castor is prescribed for inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, colitis and fever.
- Outside, castor oil is used to treat ulcers, burns, as well as in the removal of warts.
- In cosmetology, castor oil is used for whitening pigment spots and rapid growth of eyelashes.
- In gynecology, castor oil is used to stimulate labor.
- Infusion of herbs castor bean treats inflammatory diseases of the uterus, and for colds and bronchitis, they rub their breasts.
Castor Oil Leaves Infusion: 10 grams of crushed leaves should be poured into a glass of boiling water and infused for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, then cool and strain the infusion. It is recommended to take the infusion 3 times a day and 1 tablespoon for endometritis.
The castor is a representative of the family of milk plants. She migrated to us from Africa and was cultivated in the form of a variety of ornamental annual varieties. Among flower growers, this plant is valued for its unusual appearance, attractive shape and color of very large leaves, similar to palm leaves. The leaves and stem of the castor can be colored green or red, although there are other equally attractive shades.
At home, some varieties can reach 2 meters in height and about 1 meter in diameter. However, most varieties are still undersized and rarely stretch more than 1.5 meters. Important!The castor is a very poisonous plant. Its seeds contain the substance ricin, which when released into the body can cause severe poisoning. For this reason, children and animals should not be allowed to contact this plant, nor should it be planted near the road and garden plants. When refilling, even strawberries or zucchini berries can be poisoned. Flowers castor gives not very attractive, although the majority of ornamental varieties in the period of flowering over the leaves can be produced several large panicles. The flowers themselves are very small, mostly red, but collected in large inflorescences. They are not suitable for cutting, but after flowering they allow to collect seeds for subsequent planting of the plant.
The castorpane in growing is quite unpretentious, but when planting it is important to remember a number of mandatory rules that will allow you to get a really beautiful and large plant.
Choosing a place to plant castor oil
In the question of how to plant castor oil from seeds, the most important thing is to choose the most comfortable place for this plant. Keep in mind that when group planting castor beetle plants will turn your flower bed into tropical thickets that does not look very attractive. For this reason each plant is better planted at a sufficiently large distance from each other, or used as a center for multi-species plantings.
Lighting, humidity and temperature
As a tropical representative, castor beetle prefers to grow in lighted areas where there are no drafts. Keep in mind that this plant is very high, but it is not very resistant, therefore, due to strong wind it may even break.
For good growth seedlings castor is important to ensure sufficient moisture. Air temperature is no less important, since at low temperatures castor can stop growing and lose its decorative appeal. Therefore, planting it in open ground should be as late as possible, and with the arrival of autumn cold weather, it should immediately be removed from the flower bed, because the plant will start to wither very quickly, and only the brown skeleton will remain from it.
Did you know?Among the large variety of varieties castor bean emit stunted (up to 2 meters) and tall (about 4-6 meters). The first are Zanzipalma varieties with a purple-red leaf color, Gibson with a red metallic color and Cambodian with a dark trunk color. Among the tall, popular varieties are the green Northern Palm, Impala Bronze with bronze leaves and red flowers and the Cossack with a red stem and dark green leaves.
Soil for planting seeds
When casting from seeds at home, castor beans require the availability of a nutrient soil. Most of all, she likes to grow on loose black soil, which is able to provide a large plant with sufficient nutrients. If the soil on your site is not very fertile, then it needs to be corrected manually - since the fall, prepare a large pit for planting castor oil, which must be filled with humus and imported black soil.
How to grow castor oil from seeds
The question of how and when to plant castor oil depends on the climatic region of your residence, as well as on the exact period in which you want to get flowering. It is worth noting that in the middle climate zone, castor bean is recommended to be sown for seedlings, because due to the short summer period, the flower does not always have time to survive the full vegetation period when sown in open ground.
Planting dates: when it is best to plant seeds
When it comes to castor oil and its growing from seed, the main question is when to plant these seeds. When grown for seedlings they are recommended to be sown from March to April. But it is more rational to do this in April, especially if the seeds are properly prepared, thereby ensuring quick germination. The fact is that with too early sowing, castor bean seedlings may begin to be pulled out even in pots, which will ruin the whole decorativeness of the plant.
The process of seed scarification: how to prepare planting material for planting
In order for the castor oil plant to quickly show seedlings, it is not enough to know how to plant the seeds, it is very important to prepare them in advance and subject them to scarification. The fact is that there is a very dense oil shell around each castor bean seed, due to which the germination period can be delayed for 3-4 weeks. In order to speed up this process as much as possible, it is recommended to gently comb this layer using ordinary emery paper (preferably with the smallest grains, in order not to accidentally damage the seed core). After scarification, castor bean seeds will also need to be soaked for one day in warm water, changing it regularly to maintain a stable temperature. Instead of water, you can also use special growth stimulants, which include "Appin" and "Heteroauxin".
Seed planting process
It is time to figure out how to plant castor from seeds. To do this, prepare a large enough pots with a diameter of about 20 cm. The castor is able to grow very quickly even at the stage of a small seedling, so each seed will have to be placed in a separate container.
Take the soil for planting seedlings on seedlings nutrient, preferably black earth. Watering it is not necessary. Place each seed in the middle of the pot and deepen it by about 2-6 cm. After planting, the soil is also not watered, but we tighten the pots with transparent polyethylene and place them on a well-lit window sill. If the temperature in the room stays at +20 ° C, and the seeds before that have undergone the scarification procedure, seedlings should appear within 4 days. As soon as they start to “peck”, it is advisable to water the soil gently.
Important!When sowing seeds, do not fill the pot with soil to the brim. It is better if the land in it will be only half or two thirds. This will allow the period of growth of seedlings to periodically fill the soil, thereby making the plant stronger and its stem thicker. Such a trick will not allow the plant to stretch much.
How to care for castor bean seedlings
Castor bean seedlings will require regular watering, as well as sufficient light. However, it is recommended to limit it in the heat so that the plants do not grow upwards, but gain strength in the stems and leaves. Therefore, as soon as the first true leaflets appear on the seedlings, transfer it to a room where the temperature is at +15 ° C (but not lower).
Pickling seedlings in open ground
When planting castor bean seedlings, it is very important to properly implement picking First, it is necessary to do this only when the temperature is stable (it is important that it does not fall below +12 ° C at night). Secondly, you should not remove the plant from the pot, because it can damage its roots. To prevent this from happening, when picking, it is recommended to transfer the soil from a pot to a hole in a flowerbed. This procedure will ensure the most rapid survival of castor in the open space. Consider also that there must be enough free space between the plants - at least 1 meter. After planting it is very important to water the plant abundantly. The more it becomes, the more water it will need to provide. An adult plant is recommended to be watered once every 4-5 days, pouring 2-3 buckets of water into its bottom circle.
Did you know?Castor bean seeds are one of the sources of castor oil. However, for its manufacture it is necessary to use special equipment and chemicals that will neutralize the life-threatening poison.
Is it possible to plant castor oil immediately in open ground
Despite the fact that in Ukraine castor bean is recommended to grow through seedlings, if you suddenly missed the period for sowing seeds, you should not worry. Castor bean seeds can be planted directly in open ground, but it should be done only after completely avoiding any danger of a repetition of spring frosts, that is, at the very end of May, or even at the beginning of June. In terms of how to seed castor beans in the ground, you can repeat all the recommendations that we gave for planting castor seeds for seedlings.
Important!Castor bean leaves may appear yellow or dry in hot summer. They are a signal that the plant lacks moisture. To save him will help not only abundant watering, but also evening and morning sprinkling of leaves. However, with such planting it is very important to prepare the soil well in the flower bed - loosen it and feed it with humus or urea. Best of all, if fertilizer will be applied in the autumn or early spring. Perhaps due to weather conditions, the first seedlings will need shelter for the night.
Hopefully, after reading this article, you will not have a question regarding the characteristics of castor oil and when to plant it for seedlings. The main thing during growing - do not forget about the toxicity of this plant and do not allow children to contact with it.
Thanks to castor oil, on a small piece of land you can create something like subtropics. This plant is quite powerful in appearance and is able to withstand even the most difficult conditions. Caring for castor beans does not cause any particular difficulties.
Plant name - castor bean. However, it combines many varieties and varieties of this plant, which have certain differences. First of all it concerns color and form.
Such an abundance of varieties indicates that this plant has been grown for a long time in different countries with completely different climatic conditions. At the moment, this plant considered the most popular and is grown in many countries. His homeland is Africa.
At home, this plant is grown as a perennial. In other countries, castor oil is used only to create original landscape design. Here it is an annual plant that can grow up to 5 meters in height.
Externally, this plant has enough powerful stem and large leavesthat resemble maple foliage. To get the original garden plot, it is not necessary to plant a plantation. Just a few plants. It is worth considering that the castor is rapidly and strongly growing.