Growing pigeons is not as popular as breeding chickens, turkeys, geese or ducks. However, these birds provide delicious tender meat that is superior in protein content to meat from other poultry.
It has an unusual taste that resembles the taste of game, and is considered a delicacy product.
The breed was formed in the XIX century, its homeland is the province of Mahrisher Strasser, which gave the name to these birds. Exterior features of the Strsers:
- big head with a bulging wide forehead,
- medium length slightly curved neck
- Medium-sized, strong beak with a small stem;
- massive and large body about 40 cm long
- wide straight back
- wide wings of medium length
- strong, widely placed paws of bright scarlet color,
- narrow tail medium size.
One of the features of the breed is a remarkable color: the thighs, the lower part of the body and the neck of the strassers are white, and the other parts are colored.
Coloring can be different - blue, gray, yellow, red, black.
The maximum weight of males of the Strasser breed is 1.2 kg, and of females - 800 g. By the age of 30 days, the chicks of these pigeons reach mass 600-700 g In one season, a pair of Stasters brings up to 12 pigeons, from which you can get up to 7 kg of meat.
This meat breed was bred in the USA by Californian poultry farmers. In the course of breeding, Roman, Maltese and postal pigeons were used. The goal was to get a large pigeon that quickly grows and is highly fertile. The breed was formed at the end of the XIX century, its standard was first drafted in 1921.
Features of the appearance of the representatives of the breed King:
- these pigeons have powerful bodies and big heads,
- the neck is thick, it is almost vertical
- medium-sized beak, strong and powerful,
- these birds have a wide bulky chest that protrudes forward and a flat back,
- the small tail is raised and looking up, the wings are also small, short and straight,
- the color can be white or colored, in the first case the eyes of the birds are black, in the second - yellow.
By temperament, these birds are lively and lively, often aggressive. Kinga can fly, but their ability to rise into the air is poorly developed.
There are two lines in the breed - exhibition and industrial. Exhibition kings reach weight 1.5 kg. The mass of birds that are grown for meat is about 700 g at the age of 45 days. Under favorable conditions of maintenance and a full diet the female brings up to 18 chicks per year.
Kinga are well suited for growing in warm climates. Originally they were bred in states like California. Later they spread in Europe.
Today, they are also grown in Ukraine, in the southern and central parts of Russia - the Krasnodar Territory, the Rostov Region and other regions.
When arranging a poultry house for kingy need to take into account that these birds fly very badly. Therefore, the nests should be located either on the floor or on a small elevation, providing them with ladders through which pigeons can climb. Representatives of the breed are undemanding to the conditions of detention. These pigeons hatch and feed their chicks.
The breed was bred in Texas in the middle of the 20th century. Its most interesting feature is its high fertility. Under favorable conditions of detention one pair brings up to 22 chicks per year.
External features of the breed:
- medium sized head
- the neck is vertical
- powerful body with a small belly,
- wide, fleshy, protruding chest,
- short feathers, tight to the body,
- wings of medium length, tightly pressed to the body,
- short, raised tail.
These birds digest food well, grow quickly and gain weight.
At the age of one month, the teksans weigh about 650 g. Representatives of the breed have a calm temperament.
Also, they are not demanding to the conditions of detention, therefore, fit poultry farmers who want to give their livestock a minimum of attention, while receiving a large yield of meat.
One of the oldest meat breeds, which, as you might guess from its name, was bred in Italy. Outwardly, these birds look like ordinary blue-eyed pigeons, but very large sizes:
- they have large elongated heads with a high forehead,
- long and powerful beaks with a slight bend,
- short and thick neck with protruding throat,
- large oblong bodies
- long, well-fitting wings with sharp ends,
- long tails.
Maximum male weight - 1.4 kg, and females - 1.2 kg. These birds are inferior to the representatives of most other meat breeds in fertility - in a year the pair brings no more than 12 chicks. They hatch and feed their offspring, they are pretty bad.
Roman pigeons fly better than other meat breeds, this feature must be considered when equipping poultry houses. Today they are grown for meat is quite rare. More often, Roman pigeons are crossed with representatives of other breeds to improve the productivity of the latter - for this they are well suited.
This breed of pigeon meat was bred in france. It was brought to the USSR in the 60s of the 20th century from the USA. External features of Carnot:
- small head,
- long, curved down pink beak,
- thick neck
- thick and wide feathers.
There is a wide variety of color options for these pigeons.
Carnot is relatively small meat birds, their weight is about 600-650 g. At the same time, it is the most precocious of the meat breeds of pigeons. Carnot were bred at the time when the captive content of meat pigeons began to spread with the maximum mechanization of the processes. The goal of the breeders was to reduce the cost of meat. It is for the captive content of these birds fit very well.
Features of feeding and maintenance
In general, meat breeds of pigeons They are not very demanding in conditions of detention. They are also very disease resistant. But it is important to choose the right feed so that the birds grow quickly and gain weight. The basis of their diet are:
Also in their diet should include potatoes - this product is rich in nutrients and vitamins, essential pigeons of meat breeds.
Such birds should be constantly provided with food, in which case their productivity will be maximum.
Another important point is the provision of vitamin E, which prevents the development of obesity, to which meat pigeons are prone. A kilogram of feed should be at least 10 mg.
If the conditions of maintenance are favorable, and the food quality, pigeons of meat breeds will quickly gain weight and bring a lot of valuable dietary product. These are disease resistant and undemanding in bird care, which all farmers should pay attention to.
It should be noted that the pigeons of this breed are more suitable for growing in a warm climate. So, they are actively divorced in Europe, the southern and central regions of Russia, including in the Krasnodar Territory and the Rostov Region.
The breed also has American origin - bred in the last century in Texas. The main difference Teksana is high fertility. Under favorable conditions, one pair per year can bring up to 22 chicks. On average, this indicator is kept in the range of 16-20 chicks.
The external characteristics of Texan are:
- medium head,
- the neck is short, upright,
- powerful body with a small belly,
- chest fleshy, wide and falling forward
- the wings are of medium length and tightly pressed to the body,
- the tail is short (up to 15 cm) and raised up,
- legs are short, strong and widely spaced, which is a common distinguishing feature of all pigeons of meat breed.
It should be noted that it is possible to distinguish the sex of chicks of this breed at a very early age. The fact is that after the hatching, the chicks of the males are bare, and the females are covered with a long yellowish down, and after a few days a brown speck appears on their beak. Adult males have a color of light tones, and females - more dark, and their wings are brown or cream with corbels, and the chest - blue, gray-smoky or brown.
Texan well digest food, grow quickly and gain weight. On average, their weight is 700-900 g, and at a monthly age they already weigh about 600-750 g. They can fly well, but more often they prefer to move on the ground.
Teksany differ calm temperament and unpretentiousness to the conditions of detention, so they are often chosen by poultry farmers who want to give their livestock a minimum of attention, but wish to get a good yield of meat.
Czech ancient breed of pigeons, which can also be found in the Crimea. It was bred by crossing several types of individuals - the Czech Chibis and chicken pigeons (Home, Florentine and Vienna). Externally, it resembles the blue Kanika, therefore it is also called the buzzard. The characteristics of the Prachensky canika are:
- small head
- orange eyes,
- the beak is strong and orange-red,
- neck is medium in size
- torso small, elegant,
- chest convex and wide,
- the wings are well developed,
- paws of medium size, without feathers,
- tail upward and continuing the line of the back.
Representatives of this breed grow rapidly, gain weight and are resistant to many diseases. Unlike other pigeons, they fly well. The live weight of the male is on average 550-750 g, and the females up to 600 g. During the year, quite a lot of chicks of this breed can be bred, and they will be plump and fleshy.
The breed is of Polish origin and is often grown on a production scale to produce meat of excellent quality. It can not be crossed with other species, because in this case the risk of loss of meat quality is high.
Unlike many of its fellows, such a pigeon has a large head and a long beak. His legs are not short, but of medium length and traditionally widely spaced. As a rule, such individuals are monochromatic — black, white, gray, brown, or blue, but there are also individuals that have stripes or specks of a different color on their neck, wings, and tail.
Polish lynx is unpretentious in care and grows fast. The average adult weight is 800 g. The fertility of the bird is relatively low - about 8 chicks hatch per year. They have a calm character and can fly.
Modena or Modena Dove
The breed was bred in Italy in early 1327 and named after the city of Modena. It is considered practically the only true European breed. Its external characteristics are:
- small head
- the neck is large and barely stands out
- chest convex, wide and fleshy,
- the back is short and wide
- wings are short and slightly raised,
- the tail is short, narrow and raised up (located at the level of the neck).
The plumage of the Modena pigeon may have a different color, with more than 200 variations established by the poultry farmers. The most popular is blue, bronze, black, silver, red, cream or yellow color. In addition, there are hiking options and combinations of these colors. The pigeon can be both one-colored and multi-colored, scaly and with belts.
Modena has an average size: height - up to 23 cm, length - about 18 cm. The weight of individuals is relatively small - about 350-500 g.
Peculiarities of keeping pigeons
Many poultry farmers keep pigeons in the attics of country houses or build separate poultry houses for them. In any case, the room should be under a canopy, protected from temperature changes, suitable for summer and winter maintenance. It is equally important to have good air ventilation and heating.
To ensure acceptable conditions for the maintenance of birds, it is worth equipping the dovecot as follows:
- run windows that should face south,
- place nests on the floor or on a small elevation, since most meat breeds fly very poorly,
- provide nests with paths that individuals can climb,
- spread the floor and constantly monitor its cleanliness (at least 2 times a year you need to disinfect the litter),
- install drinkers and feeders that need to be refilled on time.
In the loft, it is necessary to maintain the air temperature always above 0 ° C.
Tested at the vet pigeons can run in a prepared house. Basically, they need to be fed with cereals, but rye, oats and lupins should be completely excluded from the diet. Feed mixture can be prepared from such ingredients:
Be sure to in the diet should contain vitamin and mineral supplements (5%), as which you can add to the feed:
- river sand,
- a crumb of red brick,
- shell from eggs.
Meat breeds should consume about 50-55 grams of grain mixture per day. Of course, they should not be given spoiled or moldy food, because it will be difficult to digest.
It is equally important to ensure that the house always has fresh water at room temperature, because birds will not be able to live a day without the life-giving moisture. If feathers, bird droppings or small debris get into the water, it should be immediately poured out, and new water should be poured into the troughs.
In order for pigeons to be completely healthy and have strong immunity, it is necessary to vaccinate them 2 times a year, using the services of a certified veterinarian.
The birds, whose age is 29-37 days, are slaughtered. As a rule, their weight already reaches 600-750 g. Over the last 3 days of fattening, it is worth mixing in fragrant pigeon food fragrant seeds of various crops, spices or berries in small quantities. With the help of such tricks you can add a piquant taste to pigeon.
In addition, one day prior to slaughter, it is worthwhile to give the bird warm milk and salt to make the meat juicier and whiter. On the same day it is necessary to interrupt feeding, so that after it was easier to gut the carcass.
With respect to all aspects of the care and maintenance of pigeons poultry farmers can grow an excellent meat breed. As a result, birds can be started up for meat, from which the most delicate dishes and delicacies are prepared. There are various breeds of meat pigeons, so when choosing a particular individual, it is worthwhile to get acquainted with their basic parameters and features.