Breeding domestic animals is a complex process that requires preliminary preparation, including the study of theoretical foundations. So, the pairing of rabbits should be carried out at a certain moment and special rules should be observed. This allows fertilization to occur the first time. In addition, knowledge of some important details helps to get healthy offspring on time.
When are animals ready to mate?
Usually, rabbit breeding can begin at the age of 6 months. By this time, the formation of the body in females is over. In males, the period of sexual activity begins at the age of 7 months. The case of large breeds can be carried out earlier. However, it is not recommended to start doing this before the animals are 5 months old. The California craw is considered to be an early maturing breed, but even its representatives are not ready to breed for 4 months.
Getting strong and healthy offspring is possible only under the condition that his parents are large and well-fed rabbits.
When the animals have reached puberty, the best representatives on the farm are selected.
A rabbit case occurs as soon as the rabbit has a period of sexual activity, which is determined by the following features:
- frequent urination,
- restless behavior, great mobility,
- saturated red sexual loop.
In order for the insemination process to be successful, it must coincide with the ovulation period of the rabbit, which in turn falls at the time of the sexual hunt.
The case can be carried out for 4-6 days daily. Thus, in the end, it is possible to achieve insemination.
How is the pairing of rabbits?
When individuals are selected for breeding, you can proceed directly to mating. It is held in the usual for the male environment, so the female sits in his cage. In summer, this process should occur in the early morning, and in the cold season - at any time during the day, up to 16 hours, while it is light. The cage should be free; drinkers and feeders should be removed from it.
The process of mating rabbits is completed when the male fell on its side, making a rumbling sound, after which the female can be sifted back. In case of failure after a few hours mating is carried out again. If this attempt is unsuccessful, the female is brought to another male. After 5-6 days it is necessary to carry out the control mating. If the female, being together with the male, does not allow him to approach, it means that she is fertilized.
How to determine the pregnancy rabbit?
12 days after mating, its effectiveness is checked. To do this, feel the female's belly in the pelvic region, sitting her on a flat surface and holding her withers. If the rabbit is fertilized, the back of her belly will be dense. In the uterus, which has increased after mating, small rabbits are already palpable. Determine their presence and allows palpation of the abdomen.
How long a pregnancy lasts in rabbits often depends on the number of rabbits in the litter. The more of them, the less time. If the rabbits in the litter a little, the pregnancy will last longer. As a rule, it lasts about a month.
Knowing how much a pregnant rabbit walks, it is easier to plan the next mating. Theoretically, the female is able to bring rabbits about 10 times a year. Moreover, in each litter their number can reach 10. In order for the female to feed the pups, often only a part of the rabbit is left from the litter.
When can a rabbit happen after a moment?
The rabbit's body is physiologically ready for new fertilization a day after the birth of the rabbits into the world. However, he needs to be given time to recover, so usually mating is carried out after a month. At this time, the rabbit is already being weaned from the mother, and a couple of days after it the rabbits mate again. If you pick up babies from their mother earlier, they will develop worse and gain weight more slowly. It is possible to start mating when the female has signs of a sexual hunt.
There is also a technique of compacted okrolov. It lies in the fact that the female is covered again 2-3 days after the birth of the rabbits. During the feeding period of the first litter, the embryonic development of the second passes. Rabbits are taken away on the 28th day after birth. Soon a new rabbit appears in the rabbit. However, the use of such a technique adversely affects the body of the animal, it does not have time to recover. Therefore, the use of compacted okrol is possible for a short period of time, usually in the summer. If you resort to it all year, the animal can not stand and die. In summer, compacted okrol is easier to carry out due to the fact that a large amount of cheap and juicy food is available.
There is also a simplified version of this method. It involves fertilization 2 weeks after the birth of the rabbits, which in this case are deposited at the age of 35 days. Such a circle is called semi-condensed. After jigging of baby rabbits, it is necessary to clean the cage in which the rabbit will make a nest for the new offspring. By compacted technology is difficult to obtain high-quality offspring for further breeding. This method allows only significantly and in a short time to increase livestock.
Therefore, in some farms, two rabbits are fertilized simultaneously, one of which is pedigree. After giving birth, her rabbits are given to another female, whose detour is destroyed. The breeding female can be fertilized immediately again. Her offspring after suitable for further breeding.
In order to facilitate the recovery process after pregnancy and nursing nursing, the farmers leave the rabbits, the number of which is one less than the nipples of the rabbit. It is important to know how to determine the sex of the rabbit. In females, the genital opening is like an oblong gap, while in males it resembles an elongated tube. However, if it was not possible to accurately determine the sex of the little rabbits, it is recommended to re-do it after 3 months. By this time, the genitals will already be well distinguished in females and males.
When do you need to mate rabbits?
Mature age occurs in each breed of rabbits at different times. Early ripening animals are ready for mating as early as 4-4.5 months, the rest are not earlier than 6-7 months. Early matings lead to abortions, the birth of a small number of babies and the low milk content of the female. Therefore, veterinarians advise to cross any breed not earlier than 7-8 months to get strong rabbits physically and genetically.
Another point is the choice of the season for okrol. Rabbits can breed throughout the year, if you create optimal conditions for this. However, most breeders prefer mating in the cold season, from November to March. Indisputable plus in winter okrolakh - the best health litter. Such babies develop faster, they have a strong constitution and excellent immunity. Winter rabbits are less likely to get sick in adulthood and have the best breeding qualities.
In the warm season, mating is carried out in the morning or in the evening, in the winter - in the middle of the day.
The rabbit is put in a crawl cage. Young females are reduced to experienced adult rabbits, and females with experience are brought to the “beginner” producers. The rabbit in the hunt calmly admits to him a male. Mating occurs in a few seconds, the male after ejaculation falls on the flank and beeps. Re-mating is carried out to control on day 5.
What to do if the rabbit does not allow the crawl
If the female does not allow the crawl to come closer and shows aggression, it should be immediately deposited. A second attempt is made some time later in the morning or in the evening.
Perhaps these animals will not show reciprocity, then they pick up other partners. One of the reasons why rabbits do not mate may be noise.
How to check the result
The sukolnost females can be determined at 10-12 day after the "date". The animal has its head to itself, hold it with one hand on its withers, and with the other, gently probe the lower part of the abdomen. The fertilized uterus during this period is palpated as a seal of the oval shape in the pelvic region. Behavior changes: the female in the cage behaves more calmly, the appetite improves, and at the same time it can be wary of the owner and not be given in the hands. In the control replanting, the female do not admit to her partner.
How long a pregnancy lasts in rabbits depends on the number of embryos. It usually lasts about 30 days, the more numerous the litter, the shorter the pregnancy. During this period, the rabbit needs peace, comfort, lack of high humidity and drafts, good food, mostly juicy food, and a sufficient amount of water.
For a successful mating of rabbits, it is necessary to take care of animals, create comfortable conditions for them, watch their behavior in order to choose the optimal moment. If you follow these principles, you will definitely achieve your goal.