Gypsophila, or gypsum, tumbleweed, swing - flowering plant belonging to the family Carnation. It is surprising that the majority of plant varieties grow on limestone and in translation into Russian culture is called “fond lime”. Flowers gypsum for today has more than 100 varieties: shrubs, perennial and annual herbaceous plants. In the wild, grow in Eurasia, New Zealand and Northeast Africa. Domestic growers grow both annual and perennial tumbleweed. What should be the care and cultivation of gypsophila, how to multiply it - the topic of today's article.
Perennial gypsophila is a semi-shrub herb that consists of many miniature inflorescences of white and pink-purple color. Flowers can be formed simple and terry, it all depends on the variety. Plant height can reach from 15 to 120 cm, and this must be considered when choosing a variety.
Note! The most common species is gypsophila creeping and paniculate.
Features of landing and preparation for it
An important stage in planting - the right place and the preparation of the soil. Kachim prefers a light earth and does not tolerate clay. The most favorable soil for growth is lime or any neutral ground. The soil should be drained and loose. The plant is light-loving, so the area for growing must be sunny.
Note! Even perennial baby's breath is most often planted out of seeds. Plants do not have very good cold tolerance, so planting material should be sown in open ground when the soil and air are warm enough.
Algorithm landing works:
- Before sowing a plant, it is worth preparing a plot and wetting the soil abundantly.
- Further, seed beds are evenly distributed seed, after which it is carefully covered with a small layer of earth. The interval between seeds should be no more than 10 cm.
- After planting, place should be covered with agrofiber or plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect.
On the eve of winter, a seating method is also possible. If the soil is infertile, then it is better to plant in separate tanks. Planting material is sown under cover, and special organic and mineral fertilizers are applied to the soil. As the sprouts grow, they thin out and leave between them an interval of approximately 15 cm. After forming several leaves, the plant can be planted in a flower garden outside.
Gypsophila care in the country
It is not difficult to care for fluffy perennial varieties of gypsophila, this is due to the good resistance of the crop to adverse environmental conditions. For lush flowering, it is enough to water regularly and do not forget to make organic and mineral fertilizers.
At consistently high temperatures, the flower is recommended to be watered moderately. The plant is not drought-resistant and does not tolerate the drying of the soil. Particularly acute moisture deficit young bushes. But an overabundance of moisture entails trouble. Stagnation of water leads to the development of fungal diseases of the root system, as well as their rotting. In order to get rid of excess moisture, it will be necessary to pay attention to the construction of a good soil dehydrator, for example, drainage, branch pipe or trench.
Important! In the care of a flowering plant, it is recommended to use mullein infusion as a fertilizer. But to harm the plant is capable of fresh manure, use it is strictly prohibited.
Gypsophilus should be fertilized twice during the growing season. But, if the plant grows on fertile soils and in a sunny place, you can do without additional dressings. Excess nutrients have a very detrimental effect on the plant.
In preparation for the upcoming winter cold, the near-stemming earth should be mulched using rotted humus or peat. In addition, if the plant is still quite young, then during the cold weather it should be taken care of extra. It should be covered with dry leaves or fir branches (preferably).
Note! Observing the simple, above-described rules of agricultural engineering, it will be possible to ensure rapid growth and lush flowering of gypsophila.
Stems have a small foliage, often thin, strongly branched. Usually the stem and its branches form a bush with a spherical crown.
Separate flowers are small, but at the same time they form quite weighty inflorescences: friable and luxuriant. Often during the flowering period gypsophila is so covered with buds that under them all the foliage with shoots hides.
As for the color of the buds, it is usually either white or pink, less often red, purple and violet. Buds can be both simple and terry: the last varieties are artificially derived, in nature are not found.
The gypsophila root is powerful, but not long, has a core shape. The foliage is bright, green is usually either oval or lanceolate. Due to the fact that the leaves are very small, and the shoots are gray, there is a visual illusion that the plant has a bluish tint. This property is widely used by florists in composing bouquets and dried flowers.
Perennial gypsophila due to its versatility fits perfectly into any garden landscape. The beauty of the plant is delicate, low-key, so the shrub looks particularly advantageous near bright, large plants. Many gardeners for neighbors gypsophila choose the following flowers:
With a classic combination of roses, allowing not only to decorate the garden, but also visually expand it
This is one of the largest varieties of the gypsophilic family. In height, the shrub reaches 1.2 meters, besides branching quite strongly. In adulthood, panicled gypsophila takes almost the correct shape of a ball, spreading on all sides a meter in diameter.
The flowers of the plant can be different colors: white, pinkish, simple and terry in structure. In the diameter of one bud, usually about 5-6 cm. The flowering period is long and lush, takes about a month and a half in the middle of summer.
This perennial gypsophila is not high: the bush reaches only 15-25 cm in length. The plant is prostrate, groundcover (see photo). In gardening, two varieties of creeping gypsophila are especially popular - further on more about them.
The plant blooms from June for one and a half months. Butonchiki very small, pleasant pink tint. Pink creeping gypsophila loves light, frost resistant. Young plant in the first winter is recommended to cover. Does not require transplantation and can live on one site for a quarter of a century.
The shrub looks very picturesque during the flowering period: it is all covered with small buds. At this time the plant looks like it is a lush, fragrant cloud.
Also creeping variety, blooming from June to August. The buds in this case are brighter, but also pink. During the flowering period, the buds bloom so much that almost no green is visible under them.
This gypsophila has an airy, light structure, is a highly branched shrub, studded with many white tender buds during the flowering period. The plant is very popular with florists and landscape designers: gypsophila Mirabella looks good both in the garden and as part of luxurious bouquets.
Strong branch branch: especially many shoots are formed on the top of the plant. Flowering stormy, abundant The buds, though small, but multiple, cover a bush like an air cloud.
Reference: of the perennial varieties, an elegant gypsophila is often used - a very ornamental plant.
Temperature and humidity
In principle, to the level of temperature gypsophila does not impose special requirements. There are species that grow well even in the northern regions. The humidity level is suitable moderate, without much kinks in one direction or another. It is desirable to protect the plant from drafts.
Pick up for a gypsophila plot with loose soil, light, not clay. It is important that the soil contains a lot of lime - the plant is very fond of this substance. Acidity should be neutral or even closer to alkaline.
Take care of good drainage qualities of the substrate: the ground should not be dense, impenetrable. In conditions of waterlogging and stagnation of water, gypsophils often rot the roots. Planting shrubs in the valley is strictly prohibited.
Seeds are either bought or collected in the garden in September. In the winter they are stored, dried. Disembarking takes place in spring: the procedure can be carried out from the end of March to the beginning of May. This is when it comes to seedling cultivation.
In the case when the crop is made directly on the garden, be guided by the climate of your region. It should be noted that the planting of seeds should be made only after the threat of recurrent frosts is completely over, and the soil warms up well. In most regions, the period from mid-April to mid-May is optimal.
- The soil loosens and shallow grooves are made on it.
- Seeds are placed in the furrows at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, sprinkled with a layer of 2-3 cm above the ground.
- Crops on top covered with film, leave the garden bed in this form for several days. Periodically, the film must be lifted for airing and watering the soil.
- If you are lucky with the weather, and there will be a lot of sun, shoots will appear pretty quickly - in a week or two.
- When the sprouts acquire a pair of true leaves, thin them, leaving a distance of 25 to 40 cm between the bushes. Usually, when growing a short-growing variety, they leave 20-25 cm, tall - 40-50 cm.
How to care
Find out what care is required growing in the garden of a perennial baby's breath.
If the summer is hot, watering the plant requires regular and fairly abundant. Drought in the garden can not be allowed - in such conditions, greatly reduced ornamental shrubs. Particularly significantly can suffer from drying young plants.
However, waterlogging is unacceptable even more. Stagnant moisture in the soil often leads to gypsophilic diseases, rotting of its roots, even death.
Fertilizer for this plant relies twice during the growing season. However, if the land in the garden is fertile, and the gypsophila grows under the abundant sun and is provided with sufficient heat, you can do without any additional feeding. But, of course, first of all it is necessary to focus on the appearance and level of plant health.
If it is decided to apply fertilizers, be aware that gypsophilia need both minerals and organic matter. However, minerals should be used complex, and from organics suitable, basically, only a weak solution of mullein. Fresh manure can not be made categorically.
If the plant is not periodically cut, it will grow too much and will look neglected. This perennial can grow to such an extent that it suffocates the nearby weaker flowers and herbs. Therefore, in cultural gardening, the growth of gypsophila is artificially limited.
Pruning is usually carried out after flowering, when the stems are already thoroughly withered. Bushes are shortened with shears, leaving only a few shoots in the central part of each. Thus, the plant and leaves for the winter. In the spring gypsophila will begin growing season and grow quickly again.
Since the article is about perennial, it is clear that he will periodically need a transplant. By the way, there are varieties of gypsophila that can grow in one place over the years, but most varieties still need to be transplanted.
The procedure is rarely carried out: usually only once or twice during the life of a bush: if a young two-year-old gypsophila transfers the procedure successfully and without consequences, then a more adult one can get sick.
Many varieties of gypsophilia are frost resistant and do not require shelter. However, if we are talking about young first-year plants and growing in the northern, Siberian climate, it is better to take care of the protection in advance.
Before the onset of cold weather in the fall, chaff the bed with the cut gypsophila or humus or peat. Young plants, it is desirable to cover the top with fir spruce branches or dry foliage for reliability.
Diseases and pests
The plant is highly resistant to diseases and damage by parasitic insects. However, in conditions of excessive moisture, it often suffers from fungal and putrefactive pathologies.
In order to carry out preventive treatment of the fungus, it is recommended to spray the plants with copper-containing preparations in the spring:
- copper sulphate,
- Bordeaux mixture.
Such processing will save the flower from gray rot, rust, smut.
If the disease does happen, remove all affected shoots, and then process them with the following drugs:
Of the pests, the main danger is nematodes: gall and cyst-forming. Although insects are miniature, they can cause significant damage to the health of the shrub. Nematodes settle in the tissues of the roots, damage them, deplete. The whole plant suffers because of the roots: it fades, dries, loses its decorative effect, dies in severe cases. To get rid of nematodes will help the drug Bi-58, as well as Tiazon and Rogor.
If spraying on top did not produce results, more capital measures would have to be taken. You need to dig a plant, and place its roots for 20 minutes in hot (40-50 degrees) water. Thus, all nematodes will die, and then the bush must be transplanted to another place. Treat the area where the gypsophila has grown before transplantation with a strong insecticide and antiseptic: nematode larvae may be in the ground.
We told about seed reproduction, now let's talk about grafting. The vegetative method is especially good if you need to multiply varieties of hybrid, terry.
Gypsophilus is usually grafted in late spring. It is necessary to have time to cut off the young shoots, on which the inflorescences have not yet begun to form. Rooting is performed directly in open ground, but at first under the protection of the film. Cutting the cuttings should be a couple of centimeters into the ground.
Soil on the bed should be loose and nutritious, contain chalk or lime. Provide the plants with a 12-hour light day and a temperature of about + 20-22 degrees. Until the fall, the gypsophila successfully takes root and then can be transplanted to a permanent place.
We got acquainted with the peculiarities of growing perennial gypsophila - an air cloud that adorns the garden. The plant is unpretentious and does not require special conditions for itself, even a novice will cope with its planting and care. And gypsophila will thank for the care with excellent health and magnificent decoration.
Perennial Gypsophila - Unpretentious stars: landing and care
Air and weightless in appearance, resembling a snow-white cloud in a blooming garden - this is how gardeners describe a gypsophila. About what varieties are, how to grow and properly propagate a gypsophila, as well as care and feed, with what to combine in landscape design - you can learn about this and many other things from this article and numerous photos!
Gypsophila perennial: varieties and varieties
Gypsophila is a very pretty and extraordinary garden plant, quite unpretentious and does not require any special, specific care.
Snow-white gypsophila bush on the plot
The snow-white cover of hundreds and thousands of texture flowers gypsophila:
- creeps nicely on the ground and attracts butterflies
- beautifully decorates the garden and flower garden,
- pleases gardeners with their pomp and incredible ease.
For this, he is loved by many gardeners, professional breeders and simply owners of country houses and cottages.
In nature, there are many varieties and varieties of perennial gypsophila. Among the most convenient and preferred for breeding species are the following:
- Paniculate gypsophila. This species is considered the most famous, because in our country it is widespread, and in the wild, the gypsophila grows from the Volga region to China. The plant with gray-green leaves attracts lovers of the most delicate white and pink flowers of large size (0.8 cm). The flowering period of paniculate gypsophila captures the entire summer season, until the end of September. Plant height can vary from 30 cm to 120 cm, depending on the care and feeding used.
- Creeping gypsophila. This dwarf garden plant is not in vain considered to be the most unpretentious, because it grows beautifully on rocky terrain and in the mountains. The plant of the mountains - so called by its famous breeders. Stunted gypsophila completely covered with small white and pink flowers in the frame of emerald green leaves.
- Yaskolkova gypsophila perennial, the cultivation of which is a pleasure. Это необыкновенно красивое растение (кстати, тоже горное) с роскошной текстурой для эффектного моделирования ландшафта. Неприхотливость к уходу, нечувствительность к морозам и засухам в сочетании с внешней красотой – особенности этой культуры.Gypsophila blooms with the smallest white flowers, and its height reaches only 10-20 cm. An ideal choice for decorating a rocky surface, beautifying lawns and creating a landscape edging.
Among other representatives of perennial gypsophila can be found Pacific, Ural and Arecia.
Planting baby's breath
Despite its simplicity, special attention is paid to the soil and its content when choosing a place to plant. The ground should be loose and drained, as sandy as possible, sufficiently dry, since the plant can die from groundwater sources. The rocky surface will also be perfect. The earth should be of normal acidity, and the plot should be well lit by the sun.
Attention! The main recommendation to gardeners is that before planting it is better to loosen the soil, mix it with sand and small pebbles.
Do not miss a great opportunity to get acquainted with such a pleasantly decorative plant, like a gypsophila. This perennial managed to be appreciated not only by experts, but also by many gardeners who like this plant to see how unusual it looks on the site. Inspired by such beauty, many people do not deny themselves the desire to grow a baby's breath in their own area. And many succeed, because due to its unpretentiousness, the plant survives on various soils. Although when growing this flower you need take into account a number of rulesotherwise the gardener will not receive the joy he anticipated, waiting for the beginning of flowering of gypsophila.
How to grow perennial baby's breath, planting and caring for a plant
Creeping and yaskolkovidnaya - ideal for rockeries, adorn alpine hills, rocky surfaces and rocky slopes. Small species are able to accentuate the landscape boundaries of the garden, and can also line the surface like a lawn grass.
Gypsophila is unpretentious, but like well-drained, porous soil. Before planting, the soil should be well dig, add stones, sand, loosen. The plant prefers calcareous rocks - you can add a little lime (chalk) to the soil.
Julia Petrichenko, expert
How to grow gypsophila seedlings
Seeds are planted in March ground. You can take the usual land from the garden or buy ready-made soil in the store. Given that the plant will have to grow in the garden, some amount of natural land must be present in the soil for planting in any case. Sand and pebbles will not be superfluous. Add chalk to the soil. Do not ram the earth - gypsophila does not like dense surfaces.
Moisturize the ground before planting. Seeds are placed directly on the ground, you can symbolically sprinkle the seeds with a very thin layer of earth. To avoid further diving, seeds should be distributed at a distance of 7-10 cm from each other. Next, the capacity in which the planting takes place is covered with a film and left at room temperature.
The first shoots appear 2-3 days after planting. The first sheet is in 2-3 weeks. The film should be removed when the seedlings are strong. Gypsophilous need the sun - the seedlings should be located on the sunny windowsill. Water as necessary. Rooted shoots, like adult plants, do not tolerate excess damp. A month after planting the seeds, the number of sheets can reach 6 pieces. At the end of April or in May, the grown seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place in the garden.
Planting seeds in open ground
In general, the cultivation of seedlings of gypsophila in protected ground does not matter. If there are a lot of seeds and there is no desire to plant seedlings, you can plant seeds directly in the garden.
With the established warm weather in the second half of April or in May, we prepare the soil in the manner described above, moisturize, mineralize, sprinkle the seeds with earth, water. Within 10 days sprouts will appear. After 3 weeks, the seedlings dive, keeping the distance between shoots of 10-15 cm.
In the fall, young plants are transplanted to a permanent place, keeping the distance between the plants in accordance with their expected size.
How to make supports for an adult plant
If we breed a panicle or another high species of this plant, then under the weight of the stems they have a habit of leaning on one or several sides. This significantly reduces the visual effect, breaking the general proportions of the “blooming cloud”, forming voids in it. To prevent this, additional care is required in the form of wooden supports. It can be supports in the form of a slingshot or U-shaped supports - depending on the size of the plant, the degree and direction of its “collapse”.
Supports will disappear as a result of further growth and flowering plants.
How to transplant a perennial gypsophilus
Gypsophilus transplantation is required, because over time creeping shoots form dense bushes, which is why the plant looks neglected.
If not transplanted, it can destroy nearby growing weak plants. Therefore, it is extremely important to timely restrict the place of the tumbleweed in the flower bed.
For the first time you need to replant the culture 2 years after planting. Young bushes painlessly tolerate this process, unlike adult bushes. In addition to transplantation compulsory agrotechnical procedure - pruning.
Note! All varieties of perennial gypsophilia are prone to rapid growth.
How to trim a bush in autumn
Gypsophila is not a shrub, but a grassy plant. After the end of the growing season, i.e. after it has flowered and the stems wither, it is required to be cut. This usually happens in mid-October. Circumcision of the stems is done in such a way that the remaining dry stems are not more than 5-7 cm tall.
Preparing for the winter
Gypsophila is a frost-resistant plant, deep-rooted and therefore, as a rule, does not require special preparation for winter.
It is believed that some rare varieties need to be specially sheltered for the winter period: burlap, rags, tree bark.
This can be done with the purpose of insurance, in particular, if it comes to young plants that have not yet managed to take root, as well as those that are not frost-resistant.
The best shelter for gypsophila is snow cover. If the snow is not enough, it is necessary to fill up.
Top dressing, watering and fight against diseases of gypsophila
With enough sunlight, the gypsophila can grow well without additional fertilizer. She loves limestone surfaces.
In order for it to feel in its natural environment, lime should be added to the soil.
Many gardeners add to the land humus, ready-made organic and mineral fertilizers that do not increase the acidity of the soil. However, the plant is not demanding on this.
Watering should be given attention. Despite the fact that the plant does not like excessive moisture and mildew and tolerates drought well, it needs sufficient hydration for effective flowering.
Young bushes require more frequent watering: in hot weather - every day, with moderate dryness - every 2-3 days. Adult bushes should be brought to the state of dry land and then watered.
Watering is carried out directly under the root.
Gypsophila loves a dry climate - many of its representatives grow high in the mountains, where rains are rare.
Excessive moisture, including as a result of wetting of flowers, leaves and stems, can lead to the appearance of various fungi, causing gray mold, rust, smut, jaundice and other diseases.
Disposal of fungal diseases is performed using a solution of household soap (2%) and copper sulphate (0.2%), or a solution of basezol (0.2%). Processing should be repeated at least once a month. If the disease has not passed, it should be processed several times.
The gypsophila is also affected by the gallic and cyst nematode. In these cases, disinfection is carried out using a tiazone.
Perennial gypsophila is a pleasant ornamental plant, it will be appropriate in any flower garden and garden, applicable in landscape design. It is easy to maintain and unpretentious.
Gypsophila - planting and caring for the blooming cloud
It is necessary to strictly observe the recommended terms of grafting and carefully care for the plants during their rooting, otherwise they may not settle down. The cuttings are planted under the film, previously, for faster rooting, by treating them with a heteroax-containing solution or powder. Planted in such a way the plants lightly shading and provide them with high humidity of the surrounding air by frequent spraying. Watering should be moderate, not allowing waterlogging.
Due to the fact that perennial gypsophila It has long taproot roots that go down to 70 cm, it doesn’t like transplant very much, therefore it is necessary to transfer adult plants to a new place with care. When planting, the distance between individual specimens of 50 - 80 cm is observed. This plant can successfully grow in the same area up to 25 years. Terry gypsophila cuttings can be successfully grafted onto non-terry plant forms. This operation is carried out in the spring, inoculating the cut branches in the cleft of the roots of the main plant.
Gypsophila loves well-lit places, resistant to dry periods and winter frosts. In hot weather, the plant needs regular watering, which will contribute to longer flowering. In temperate climates, watering may be minimal. During the season it is recommended to introduce full mineral fertilizer once into the soil. In order for young plants to successfully overwinter, they should preferably be covered for warming with dry leaves or spruce leaves.
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