- How to get rid of mold in flower pots
- How to steam the ground
- Mold and how to deal with it
- - good land,
- - smaller pot,
- - separated filtered water,
- - lemon juice or oxalic acid,
- - pan,
- - colander.
- why the earth grows moldy in flower pots
- Gone away, mold!
Factors contributing to the formation of mold
The main cause of white blotch on the soil is a fungal infection. There are several conditions necessary for its development. Mold in a flower pot is formed due to both low temperature and high humidity in the room, and improper watering (excessive or frequent). The development of the fungus also contributes to clogged drainage holes in the bottom of the plant container that does not match the substrate type of plantings.
Mold in a flower pot often appears when autumn cloudy days come. During this period, less water is absorbed by plants, and that which remains in the ground due to a decrease in air temperature evaporates slowly. Accumulating moisture creates favorable conditions for the development of infection.
Prevention measures and ways to get rid of mold
To stop the formation of fungal plaque in the pot, it is recommended to reduce the amount of water for watering the plant and the frequency of the procedure. For the speedy evaporation of excess moisture, you can gently, not to damage the roots of the flower, loosen the substrate around it. It should be remembered that improper care can lead to the development of infection in both anthurium, which requires a lot of moisture, and a cactus, which is unpretentious. Having found out why there is mold in a flower pot, it can be concluded that its appearance does not depend on the state of the plant, but on external factors.
To overcome the fungus, you should clean the bottom openings of the vessel for the plant, ensure good drainage and reduce the frequency of watering. Perhaps the flower does not have time to absorb the entire amount of moisture, as a result of which it evaporates and forms a saline coating on the surface of the earth. It is better to water the plant less often and more abundantly than poorly, but often. This contributes to the complete washing of the soil layer.
Changing the situation as a way to save the plant
If a change in irrigation mode does not bring an effective result, the mold in the flower pot can be defeated in another way. The first plant should be transplanted into a smaller vessel. If the root system does not allow this, then you can only replace the top layer of soil. Before transplanting the pot is recommended to thoroughly wash and scald with boiling water. The ideal option is to boil it completely in a saucepan or bucket for a while. Then you need to dry the vessel, pour drainage material on its bottom. In order to get rid of microorganisms that form mold in a flower pot, before planting a plant, it is required to ignite a plant on a stove or steam it over boiling water. This rule applies to the soil purchased in a specialty store, because it can also be contaminated, and therefore requires processing. For steaming the ground can be placed in a colander above boiling water.
White bloom most often occurs due to excessive watering. The soil is regularly overmoistened, the water actively evaporates: as a result, salts are deposited on the surface of the substrate. Especially often this phenomenon occurs when watering is hard, from the tap.
If waterlogging is significant, long-lasting, in addition to white plaque, more serious consequences are possible: rotting of roots, the appearance of black soil bugs. The plant in this case is not something that does not bloom, it ceases to develop, it may even die.
It is likely plaque and watering scarce, insufficient.
Potted flowers, regardless of their type and variety, preferably watered with water soft, settled, without hard impurities salts and bleach. Often it is the presence of impurities in the irrigation water leads to the formation of white plaque on the soil, consisting of salts and lime.
Externally, saline-limescale like whitish small granules, which can be easily removed from the pot. Immediately under the bloom - clean land. Usually flower growers do this: they remove the bloom along with the top layer of the earth, then pour fresh soil.
In the shops you can buy special formulations that soften the water.
In this case, the moisture from the flowerpot evaporates too quickly, salts begin to accumulate on the surface of the substrate. Dryness leads to the fact that the soil becomes excessively salty: this fact adversely affects the development of the plant.
Invalid substrate selection
When purchasing a ready-made substrate in the store, you should be careful. If for the cultivation of indoor flower to buy soil for seedlings, the appearance of white bloom subsequently is not surprising. The fact is that in the soil intended for seedlings, a large number of stimulants and fertilizers are added during its production so that the seeds hatch faster.
It is known that a pot is suitable for indoor plants, which only slightly exceeds the volume of their root system. If you choose a container too large, the roots of the plant will not be able to cope with the volume of the substrate, process the moisture and nutrients entering the pot. As a result, white deposit on the surface of the soil appears.
How to treat
It is necessary to get rid of the problem, based on the reason that caused it. That is, you first need to find out why the raid was formed, and then eliminate this reason: water less, make more modest feeding, transplant the plant into a suitable pot size, etc. There are also universal tips that will help in any case.
To prevent the formation of plaque, it is recommended to sprinkle the earth in a pot on top with fine expanded clay. This powder will play the role of mulch and protect the soil from too fast evaporation of moisture.
It is necessary from time to time the claydite to check whether a suspicious bloom is on it. If this happens, remove the powder from the pot and rinse it with water. Then put it back in the old place.
Sometimes a bloom in the pot occurs because of the fungus that has settled in the soil. The raid in this case is more like a whitish down or mold, and the smell of rot will emanate from the ground. Most often, the appearance of the fungus leads to excessive soil moisture, maintenance of the flower in inappropriate conditions.
Suitable conditions for the reproduction of the fungus are the humidity of the air, reaching 85-90% and a warm temperature of + 20-25 degrees. Molds with fungus in flower pots also contribute to stagnant, unventilated air, with a minimum amount of sunlight. Note that the fungus is harmful for the plant: if the measures are not taken on time, the flower may die.
Measures need to be taken urgent and radical: a simple replacement of the upper layer of the earth does not get rid of here. It is necessary to take a flower out of the pot, wash its roots, treat it with a disinfectant, then transplant it into a new container with fresh soil. Old earth is thrown away, and the pot in which the plant was located must be thoroughly rinsed and sanitized.
But if the fungus or mold is bred in a plastic pot, it is better to throw it away: it is very difficult to remove the spores of the fungus in this case. Ceramics and clay can be disinfected.
Tip: Treat the soil with antifungal fungicide to prevent the development of fungus.
We will find out what measures will help to avoid the appearance in the flowerpot with the whitish bloom.
- First, you should be careful about watering. No need to moisten the flower, if you have not dried the top layer of the earth. Such unlimited watering of plants leads to overwetting of the soil, stagnation and various negative consequences.
- If hard water is used, it is possible to soften it by adding a small amount of lemon acid (half a teaspoon per liter). If no acid, water from the tap before watering must defend for about a day.
- The pot must choose the most suitable size plants. Too large vases and pots to use is undesirable, however, as too close.
- Provide a good drainage flower. It is desirable to lay a small layer of expanded clay under the ground below. Choose a pot only with drainage holes - otherwise stagnation in the soil is very likely. Consequently, mold, fungus and other negative signs of waterlogging will appear.
- Loosen the soil regularly to make the soil more permeable.
- In order to prevent the formation of plaque, it is recommended to do decontamination, watering potassium permanganate once a month.
- Do not forget to regularly air the room where the plant is located.
- Use quality soil, preferably finished, from the store. Carefully look at the composition and purpose of the soil when buying.
- Use expanded clay, sand or charcoal as a mulch layer.
We found out why a white bloom appears in the flowerpot. There are several reasons and most of them are somehow connected with the wrong agricultural technology. By starting to care for the plant properly and providing it with the necessary conditions, you can avoid the appearance of white bloom and grow a healthy, beautiful flower.
What kinds of mold appear on the ground?
Mold in a flower pot can be different, but mainly on the surface of the earth there are the following two types:
1) Mucor (lat. Mucor) or white mold
Mushrooms in a flower pot are quite common, especially when it comes to the Mucor variety. A mold of this type forms in the upper layers of the soil and looks like a white fluff that is easily pounded in the hands.
2) Vysola (efflorescence) or white bloom of soluble salts
Despite the fact that this species is not at all like the usual mold, the harm from it can be no less. Salt or alkaline plaque, unlike white mold in the form of a gun (Mukora), affects the soil surface, as well as internal areas.
Vysol (Vytsvet) looks like a crystalline bloom of white or gray (but can sometimes have a greenish tint).
Another fairly common ailment indoor plants - root rot or, as it is called, "blackleg". She lives in the depths of the ground and does not show itself on the surface, like Mukor or Vysolam. Despite this, its presence can still be determined. The leaves of plants affected by root rot, curl, blacken, rot.
It is desirable to get rid of root rot as soon as possible, because in this case there will be much more chances to save your favorite flowers.
I recommend to read - Mold on seedlings.
Why is the earth in a flower pot covered with white bloom?
If a bloom of white color appeared in a pot with a favorite flower, it means that the plant was most likely incorrectly cared for.
Before removing white bloom on the ground in flower pots, it is necessary to find out why he appeared there. Only after that it will be possible to start creating conditions in which the fungus does not even think about reappearing.
So, the most common causes of mold:
1) Excessive soil moisture
How often beginner gardeners are afraid to dry their flowers, and therefore too often and, more importantly, they do not water them properly.
Water, a large amount of which goes to the plant, actively evaporates, leaving behind itself salts on the ground surface.
Remarkably, salt can accumulate during poor irrigation. In this situation, the liquid enters only the top layer of soil.
You can fix this as follows:
Flowers must be watered so that the water passes through the substrate, but does not linger in it. To do this, you need to create a high-quality drainage layer, due to which excess liquid after each watering will go down and not evaporate on the surface.
Dry indoor air, as well as excessive humidity, does not have the best effect on houseplants. It leads to intensive evaporation of moisture, as a result of which salts are quickly carried to the surface of the soil. Gradually, the land becomes saline, and the flowers begin to hurt because of this. To prevent such a development of events, watch the level of humidity - it must be optimal.
2) Large amount of fertilizer
White bloom appears on the soil of indoor plants in the case when the flower is “overfed” with various useful additives. For indoor plants it is necessary to choose a special soil that is suitable specifically for them.
IMPORTANT! Some believe that flowers can be planted in any soil, even intended for vegetables. Such a judgment is erroneous, because the soil for vegetables is supplied in advance with a large amount of fertilizer.
Indoor plants need so many additives!
It is also important to monitor not only what substances feed the flower, but also when and how you do it. For example, during the period of growth, it is necessary to accurately calculate the dosage, and during dormancy it is better to completely put fertilizers in the far corner and not to disturb the plant in vain.
Another reason why mold appears in a flower pot on the surface of the earth is too much soil. A miniature plant does not have so many needs, therefore, the excess amount of land will only harm it. Small roots of the flower will not be able to completely absorb moisture, and excess liquid, coming to the surface, will lead to the deposition of salts.
That is why it is so important for each plant to select the appropriate pot for it in which it will sit perfectly.
Oh, still need to monitor the hardness of the water!
For plants recommended "medium" is not very hard, but not very soft. Water from the tap is not recommended to be watered - let them first settle. Do not forget about the water temperature - it should be at room temperature.
3) Biological processes
In addition to physical processes, there are biological factors that influence the formation of white plaque. One of these factors is the fungal microflora, which manifests itself in all its glory, again, from too much watering.
It also happens that for some reason the purchased land is already moldy. It may not hurt adult plants, but the development of young seedlings in such conditions is under threat. If the mold grows over the entire depth of the pot, it is necessary to dispose of the substrate immediately.
Just do not throw it in your garden! It is better to carry it somewhere far away under the fence.
Mold in a flower pot, how to get rid?
If the land in the pot smells of rot and is covered with bloom, change the schedule for watering the plant, reducing the volume of liquid and reducing the frequency of watering. Some flowers do not need frequent watering, and feel great in a slightly moistened soil. Frequent watering of such plants will cause their roots to rot due to a fungal infection.
If you water the flowers rarely, but plentifully, you will have to loosen the soil further. This should be done deep enough, but carefully, so as not to damage the roots.
To get rid of the fungus, without damaging the flower, as follows:
1) Remove the top layer of soil (if this is not done, the infection will penetrate deeper, the roots will rot, and the plant will die).
2) Dilute citric acid in a glass of water. Moisten the lower layers of the soil with the prepared liquid (the acidic environment does not allow the fungus to multiply).
3) Replace the removed layer of soil with a new one. Add in it bactericidal agents. Their added feature is to filter components for incoming moisture. It is recommended to add crushed sphagnum to the soil (a genus of moss growing in the swamps from which peat is formed) and pieces of charcoal.
4) Dilute 2 g in a liter of water. "Fundazole"(A fungicide that effectively fights against diseases of indoor and garden plants). Pour the land ready composition.
If the infection has spread to the plant, carefully treat it with the same solution.
5) To consolidate the result of processing, from time to time, loosen the top layer of soil (so the liquid will not stagnate, being distributed evenly).
If the soil in the pot again becomes covered with white mold, dissolve half a tsp in a glass of water. citric acid and water the flower ready-made composition at least 2 times a month.
If the mold in the flower pot appeared, and you think how to get rid of it as quickly and efficiently as possible, you will be helped by a comprehensive transplant. When moving a flower to a new pot, completely remove the old earth and fill in fresh soil. The latter must be chosen, taking into account all the nuances (rules of transplantation, type of plant and much more). Before you start transplanting plants, find out in advance what level of humidity will be optimal for each of them.
To rid the land of contamination and moldy odor, disinfect it completely using the following instructions:
- Separate the contaminated soil from the roots of the plant.
- Переместите землю из цветочного горшка в другую емкость.
- Обдайте грунт кипяченой водой.
- Выложите землю на противень и прокалите ее в духовке.
- Подождите, пока субстрат остынет.
- Обработайте горшок дезинфицирующими средствами (можете дополнительно сделать обжиг открытым огнем, если имеете дело с кашпо, например).
- Pour the soil back into the pot and plant the plant in it.
It is possible to eliminate the mold with the help of “chemical” products that are sold in flower shops. Before you go to the store for shopping, you should find out:
- ground view
- features of the plant,
- the degree of spread of the fungus,
- what fertilizers were used for tillage.
The use of improper means may have the opposite effect. In some cases, it is not at all possible to use chemical reagents to eliminate mold.
Preference should be given to organic drugs that affect the soil in such a way that it becomes not the best place for the reproduction of the fungus.
What to do if a white bloom appears on the leaves of the plant?
Mealy dew (pepelitsa, bel) - rapidly spreading fungal disease.
The first "symptom" is a white bloom on the leaves, which at first glance may seem like ordinary dust. When the leaves are covered with them, the plant loses its nutrients, and the process of photosynthesis stops.
At first, white bloom appears only on the lower leaves of the violet and other plants, but over time the disease progresses, moving to the rest of the plant. The leaves turn yellow, wither, and the new leaves have an unhealthy appearance, grow twisted.
If time does not take up the treatment of the plant, it will soon die.
I recommend to read - White mold in orchids.
Irrigation mode not observed
For example, white bloom on the leaves of begonia and other flowers appears if the plant is watered too often when the top layer of the earth has not dried yet.
Or, on the contrary, they dry out the soil, and then pour it abundantly.
Spores can get to the plant in other ways:
- by air (for example, if the wind blew, and the air flow brought spores from other plants and trees),
- with water (for example, if water for irrigation was settled in a bucket in the open, and spores landed in it),
- through your hands (for example, if you touch another infected person before working with a healthy plant).
How to cure a plant from mealy dew?
Several recommendations before treatment:
- Water the flowers only after the topsoil is completely dry.
- Do not spray the plant until you get rid of the powdery mildew.
- Place the pots of flowers in a brighter, more sunny place and let them stay there until they are completely cured of the disease.
- Thin thickened plantings, tear off old leaves (especially those that are close to the ground).
- During remission, use less nitrogen fertilizer and more phosphate-potassium.
Discard any fertilizer while the flower is sick!
Mistakes made in the care of a plant must be corrected, otherwise a white patina on houseplants will appear again and again.
And now for the treatment itself.
To get rid of the disease, do the following:
- Tear off the yellow, affected leaves.
- If white bloom appears on the leaves of roses and other handicraft-like plants, it is desirable to cut off all infected branches - so the chance of a cure will increase.
- Replace the top layer of earth in a pot, container or under flowers on a flowerbed - there are “mushroom” colonies or mycelium (mycelium) in it.
- Spray and pour the plant with a medicinal preparation. During the procedures, make sure that the leaves and shoots are properly moistened.
- You can use another way: Pour the medicine into a basin of water and place a bush there.
- The soil and pots / containers also need to be treated with the drug.
Funds from this category will act effectively if a white bloom has recently appeared on cactus or other plants (early stages of the disease) or as a preventive measure.
- 25 g soda ash and 5 g liquid soap Dissolve in 5 L of hot water. Allow the prepared liquid to cool. Spray the cooled soil and the plant 2-3 times with the cooled solution. The interval between sprays is a week.
- 1 tbsp. l baking soda and half tsp. liquid soap Dissolve in 4 L of water. Spray the plant and soil 2-3 times. The gap is 6-7 days.
- 2.5 g potassium permanganate Dissolve in 10 L of water. Use 2-3 times. The gap is 5 days.
- 100 g fresh horsetail Pour 1 liter of water. Sustain the day. Put on the fire and boil for 1-2 hours. Strain, cool, dilute with water (1: 5) and process the bushes. Store the solution for no more than a week in a dark, cool place. Spraying as a preventive measure can be done regularly in spring and summer. During the disease (in the early stages) plants are treated 3-4 times. Frequency - once every 5 days.
- 5 g copper sulphate dilute in 250 ml of hot water. 50 g of soap, dissolve separately in 5 liters of warm water. In a soapy liquid in a thin stream pour the solution with vitriol, stirring constantly. Spray the plant 2-3 times with the finished product. The gap is 6-7 days.
- 1-2 tbsp. l dry mustard add 10 liters of hot water. Water or spray the plants with the cooled solution.
- 1 kg ashes Stir in 10 L of heated water. Let the solution stand (3-7 days), mix it regularly. Drain water in a clean container, add a small amount. liquid soap and pour into spray bottle. Process plants 3 times every day or every other day. The remaining liquid in a separate container, which is drained from the finished product, can be further diluted with water and then used for irrigation.
- Rotten manure (better cow) pour water (1: 3). Let it brew (3 days). Dilute with water and spray the bushes.
- 25 g of minced garlic Pour 1 liter of water. After a day, when the tool infuses, strain and spray the plants.
It is recommended to eliminate white bloom (in a neglected state) on leaves of petunia and other similar plants with the help of special agents against fungus.
Spraying is carried out 2-4 times. The gap between them is 7-10 days (depending on the selected drug).
The most effective drugs:
- Amistar Extra,
- Previkur Energy,
- Acrobat MC.
Problems with land in a flower pot
If the land in a flowerpot or garden was flooded, then emergency measures must be taken to save the flower. How to save a flooded flower in the country? The first step is to remove the flower from the pot and leave it to dry for several hours. It is advisable to plant a flower in a new ground, but if necessary, you can save the old land with repeated use. To do this, it must be treated with antibacterial solutions and steamed in a microwave for 15 minutes. After that, the soil is well dried and used for planting.
If the ground in a flower pot has not yet become covered with green mold, then the overmoistening symptoms are eliminated quite easily. A little clay, sand, or wood ash is poured over the ground to absorb excess moisture. You can also make loosening the soil with a wooden stick and make deep punctures in it, which eliminate excess moisture. The easiest way to dry the soil is to cover the potted soil with ordinary paper napkins. It is very important in case of problems with the ground to check the drainage holes of the landing tank. After all, they can be clogged, which is why the ground in a flower pot is constantly wet and does not dry out. How to make pots for flowers with their own hands, you can find here.
Raid on the surface
If the ground in a flower pot gets an excess of water, then a white or yellow bloom appears on the surface of the ground. The main reason for this is watering with very hard water. Because of this, a calcareous sediment forms on the surface of the soil, and it turns white. Eliminate this problem in several ways. The first thing they start with is eliminating watering flowers with water right from the tap. It should stand for one day. Even in the water, you can add citric acid. One liter of water contains half a teaspoon of substance, thanks to which it is possible to neutralize calcareous compounds.
In addition, to prevent the formation of white bloom, the soil is covered with claydite, which absorbs excess moisture. And you can sprinkle the soil in a pot of large river sand, which is loosened along with the ground. Such activities have a positive effect on the health of the roots of the flower. The next way to eliminate excess moisture is to remove the top layer of earth and add dry, leafy soil to the pot. The surest and easiest way to eliminate plaque on the ground is to install a water filter in the house that will soften hard water. To soften the water, rag bags with peat are placed in it.
Mold in flowerpots
When the ground in a flowerpot is very wet, it becomes a breeding ground for mold propagation, therefore the plant needs to ensure proper watering and good drainage holes that will prevent water from stagnating. If the soil is already moldy and soil black bugs have started, the watering will stop immediately and the plant’s root system will be dried. The outer layer of soil should be removed at a height of at least 2 cm and replaced with a fresh substrate.
If these measures did not give a positive result and the ground in the flower pot remained wet, then you will have to replace the entire soil. Before planting, the flower, together with the earth lump, is removed from the pot and left to dry for at least one day. Old land should be thrown out, and the new one should be steamed at a high temperature. If a ceramic pot is used for planting, it should be washed with boiling water. Ceramic pot should be boiled in water for several minutes.
When the earth grows moldy in a plastic pot, it is better to throw it out, because on its walls there are spores of mushrooms that will multiply in the new soil. At the bottom of the pot should be a drainage layer of expanded clay. The top layer of soil is sprinkled with sand, which will help to avoid increased humidity.
Midges in the ground
Sometimes the ground in a flower pot is covered with small flies that feed on rot. The first thing that begins the fight against midges in orchids is the removal of all the faded and badly rotting parts of the flower that feed on harmful microorganisms and insects. It is very difficult to fight with them, so it is easier to get rid of the old soil, wash the roots of the flower and plant it in a new, steamed substrate. It is also necessary to process the roots before transplanting.
Overmoistened land in a flower pot willingly attracts small pests that lay their eggs on the ground. In order to prevent such trouble, the top layer of the flower soil should always be dry, and sufficient drainage holes should be provided in the pot. For the prevention of the reproduction of midges, the room in the house should be regularly aired and treated with special preparations against insects.
It is advisable to hang flycatchers near house plants, as these insects are carriers of various plant diseases. Even to combat the midges can use folk remedies. For example, take 20 grams of laundry soap and grate it. Next, dissolve it in a liter of water and spray the flowers with this composition once a week. Another potted soil is watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, which also gives a good effect.
Unpleasant smell from the soil in a flower pot
So that the earth does not smell, you need to remove the upper part of the soil. The remaining soil is treated with a disinfectant solution of foundationol or water with manganese. The missing part of the soil is replaced with fresh soil, which is pre-steamed in a microwave for 15 minutes. Then it is well dried and placed in a flower pot. It is also important to monitor the drainage holes that can be clogged.
Why do animals eat and dig the ground?
Usually they dig or eat the ground, grass, coal, young alabay puppies and kittens that are just learning a new world and trying to taste everything. How to wean a puppy or child if he climbs and rakes the soil? The usual curiosity drives the animals, so after several attempts to eat the earth, everything stops. That terrier puppy will understand that the land is not tasty and will not try it anymore. However, this feature is not curiosity, but the cause of the psychological state of a dog or cat. This happens due to the fact that the animal does not feel comfortable in the house or feels dislike for the new family member.
Perhaps the owner of a bad attitude to the cat or dog, punishes him, and he takes revenge in this way. Sometimes animals gnaw and tear furniture, walls or shoes of their owner. Therefore, in order to understand why an animal licks clay and sand, digs or eats ground from a flowerpot, it is necessary to examine its health, for example, for cat's anemia. If the reasons lie in the personal dislike of the animal or in psychological discomfort, the owner and his household should give the pet more petting. It is very important to communicate with the pet more, give him time, praise him, play with the animal.
Signs about a flower pot in a dream
When dreaming of flowers in pots, this is one of the most auspicious scenes, which foretells good luck and success in the future. Perhaps in front of a person waiting for a big financial reward, or he will buy expensive property. However, this interpretation is true in the case when the flower did not fall and had a dream about blooming, green and fresh. If in a dream a person sees sluggish, dried flowers, then this may indicate unpleasantness in the future. For example, there will be troubles at work, financial losses or quarrels in the family. When in a dream the flower is showered, it speaks of illnesses.
If in a dream a person dropped and broke an empty pot on the floor in the room, poured the earth out of the pot or broke it, then this may portend a future discord in the family, right up to divorce. Also scattered land at night speaks of illnesses, loss of loved ones or difficulties in financial terms. It is worth considering that the prediction of dreams may depend on who dreamed of a flower pot. For example, if a beautiful flower was dreamed of a young girl, then a wedding is waiting for her. For older women, a blooming flower speaks of a possible pregnancy, and for older ladies such a dream promises the presence of diseases of the reproductive system.
Decorating the land in a pot
When the land is decorated in a flower pot, in most cases fine gravel is used, which is painted with multi-colored dyes.
Painted pebbles are washed with water and piled up into a flower pot with a layer of up to 2 cm. If desired, patterns, drawings or ornaments are made of colored stones. The main thing is to show imagination and use stones of various sizes for mulching, ranging from 2-3 mm to large specimens up to 1 cm.
Also for decorating the top layer of soil used small orange gravel or coarse, colored sand, which can be bought at a flower shop.
Typically, the soil is decorated for cacti of different sizes in landscape design. Group plantings of succulents of different varieties that are decorated with multi-colored pebbles look very impressive. Even for decorating, you can use sea, small pebbles, pebbles. For plants that require high humidity, sphagnum moss is used, which makes the surface of the soil a saturated green color. If the moss has lost its beneficial properties, then its top layer becomes brown. In this case, it is replaced with new moss. A lot of useful information in the article: Garden and room stand for flowers do it yourself from various materials.
Black mold can occur due to an overabundance of moisture in the pots. May vary in different shades. It is considered the most dangerous species, so when it appears, you should take immediate steps to get rid of it. Spores of this mold cause allergies and disrupt the normal functioning of the lungs.
This is the most common form of mold that most often appears on the ground in flower pots. Appearing in a pot, mold stains resemble salt stains, but differ in their structure. If the salt spots are different crystal structure, the mold has a soft texture, which is easily rubbed with your fingers.
As a result of chemical reactions, spots of various shades can form on the surface of the soil, which have nothing to do with mold and they are called efflorescence. Vysola have a negative impact on all layers of the soil, if they penetrate deep into the soil.
Negative impact on seedlings
Mold can appear in your home with spores of mold. When it enters the active phase of growth, it begins to harm the plants. For young seedlings, the formation of mold on the surface is very dangerous. After a while, it begins to rot. This pathogenic microflora is able to absorb a lot of moisture, depriving the colors of juices. Fungal infection reduces plant nutrition with oxygen, impairs regeneration.
As a result, the plants may die.
Effective methods of struggle
If the owners have noticed that the earth is in a mold, then you need to know what to do in such a situation. There are many different ways and methods for the destruction of pathogenic microflora, but various factors will influence their effectiveness.
For a start, it is necessary to replace the contaminated soil with new greenhouse land. After that, you need to thoroughly loosen it, so that air can easily penetrate into the lower layers of the soil. Частота полива снижается, а на поверхность земли насыпается небольшой слой кварцевого песка.
Удаленный грибок и старую землю нужно вынести за пределы квартиры или огорода (теплицы).
Хозяева должны помнить, что просушивание земли не гарантирует абсолютного результата избавления от грибка. If mold has appeared, then it is not easy to destroy. Drying may give a little time, since during this period the colony of microflora will cease to spread.
Carbon fertilizers - charcoal can have a positive effect. If you grind this coal into dust and sprinkle the plant, it will be able to absorb excess moisture, stopping the growth of mold.
Activated charcoal is used to combat yellow mold in flower pots. To do this, in the process of planting the plant in the ground, add pieces of sphagnum moss and a few tablets of ground activated or charcoal. They can be added to the ground, which you will replace the top layer. When together with the appearance of mold on the ground, indoor flowers begin to fade, you should use "Fundazol".
How to remove mold in a flower pot or garden, so that it no longer appears on the seedlings? The appeared fungus must be treated with special chemicals of directional antiseptic and antibacterial action.
Effectively get rid of fungal infection with the help of such drugs: "HOM", "Oksihom", "Fitosporin-M", "Fundazol". These funds are dissolved in water, adhering to the dosage specified by the manufacturer. The solution spills the beds in which the development of mold is observed. After watering with medicinal preparations, the soil must be loosened, allowing it to dry out faster.
When preparing seedlings in greenhouses, care must be taken that good, clean soil is taken for growing. The room must be periodically ventilated. It is desirable to provide solar coverage of seedlings, as this measure prevents the formation of colonies of the fungus of any kind. So that the ground in the flower does not become covered with mold, it is recommended once in two weeks instead of plain water to use a solution of lemon juice or acid for watering. In a glass of water diluted with a pinch of citric acid, or a teaspoon of juice.
If the mold appeared in the garden on the bark of trees or shrubs, then you can cover it with a solution of limestone. Covered not only the center of spread of the fungus, but also the surrounding area, so that it does not undergo the disease after treatment.