Ornamental plants have long become part of the dacha landscape. They not only decorate the site, but often serve as a cover for any unsightly places. But, unfortunately, not all plants are suitable for colder climates. Today we will find out what are the ornamental shrubs that are not afraid of the climate near Moscow.
Features of the choice of ornamental shrubs for the Moscow region
What characteristics should have ornamental shrubs for the Moscow region - let's understand.
The Moscow region and the Moscow region are characterized by a long winter period, on average, the winter here lasts five months. Frost starts in November and lasts until April inclusive. Not every plant can take root and survive in such conditions.
For normal growth and development, the shrub must have the following characteristics:
- frost resistance
- adaptability to extreme temperatures,
- unpretentiousness in the conditions of growth and care,
- decorative look throughout the year or at least two seasons
- It is desirable to be adapted to gas pollution.
Detion Red, pink and white flowers.
Chinese hibiscus. Shades of flowers: yellow-orange, pink, carmine and red.
Did you know?Hibiscus is considered a symbol of love and passion. In India, the bride's wreath is decorated with these flowers, and according to the ancient teachings of Feng Shui, the plant strengthens family relationships, and also helps strengthen the ties between business partners.
Lilac. All shades of pink, lilac and white.
Jasmine (Chubushnik). White inflorescences with a very delicate aroma.
Clematis. Large flowers of different colors and shades.
Spirea. Blossoms in white, cream, pink and lilac, red buds.
Hydrangea. Spherical inflorescences of different colors.
Heather. Gathered all shades of pink, white, red and purple.
Derain. White inflorescences, white or blue fruits.
Euonymus bush. Bright pink flowers with a yellow center, red fruits.
Japonica. Orange flowers, fruits-apples of a yellowish shade.
Cotoneaster. White flowers, red-colored berries.
Barberry. Yellow flowers and red berries.
Did you know?Barberry is very popular in cooking. The berries of the plant are used as seasoning in fresh, dried, salted and pickled form, they squeeze the juice out of them, make desserts and alcoholic beverages. The leaves are used in salads, in the second and in the first courses.
Magnolia. Inflorescences are white and pale pink, inky berries.
Features of growing plantsDeytion
The plant feels best on sandy and loamy soils with a weak alkaline reaction. Shrubs need diffused light, moderate humidity and protection from drafts. Dheication responds well to organic fertilizing and pruning, it is advisable to carry out sanitary twice a year. For the winter, you need to cover it: cover the tree trunk with mulch, spruce branches are put on top. This shrub is long-lived and, with proper care, will live in one place for up to 25 years. In order for the soil to meet the basic requirements of growing deuterium, it is necessary to fertilize it with organic dressings: slurry, onion peel, biohumus, nettle fertilizer, charcoal, yeast dressing, potash salt, peat, manure and HB-101. Hibiscus or chinese rose
Plant the plant better in windless places lit by the sun. Caring for a Chinese rose is simple, it is easy to grow it. There are some subtleties to consider. Watering hibiscus in the dry period is carried out daily. To protect the plant from chlorosis, when feeding, often use mineral compounds with a nitrogen content, and when watering, you should sometimes add iron chelate.
Important!When pruning a plant do not be afraid to overdo it- the more shoots are shortened, the more they grow for the next season and the more abundant flowering will be.Lilac
This is one of the most frequent residents of Moscow suburban cottages. The plant is not capricious, it tolerates drought and frost well. The bush likes good drainage, the soil prefers with a neutral reaction, but in general it is not exacting to the soil. An important caveat: in full shade, lilac develops poorly, poorly blooms, in the sun tender inflorescences and foliage get burned, as a result the brush inflorescences also shrink. Optimal for shrubs place with diffused sunlight. If you want the twigs of lilac to remain in the vase a little longer, learn how to keep the cut lilacs. Jasmine
The bush is demanding of several conditions: good lighting (it blooms poorly in the shade), moderate watering (it does not tolerate dryness and excessive humidity), drainage and good “nourishment”. Jasmine needs annual pruning, sanitary procedures are carried out three times a year.Clematis
This ornamental shrub with a beautiful name is often planted near gazebos, arches and other supports for vertical decoration. Clematis has long roots, so groundwater in the area should be as far as possible from the surface. The plant needs lighting and protection from drafts, you should not plant it in the northern part of the garden.Spirea
Both penumbra and bright lighting are suitable for this plant. Shrub likes well-drained, loose, nutritious soil. After planting, the trunk circle covers peat mulch. Spirea root system is shallow, so it needs regular watering. The plant reacts equally well to mineral and organic fertilizers. Spirea grows heavily and needs a thorough pruning.Hydrangea
The bush is planted in the shade of the trees, but not very close to them, so that the plant is not deprived of moisture. It is best to plant a bush near the fence, it will serve as protection from the wind. Alkaline soil is unacceptable for hydrangea, the soil should be slightly acidic or neutral. Hortensia likes abundant watering and spraying, it is better to use commercially available hydrangea kits as fertilizers. Pruning is carried out no earlier than three to four years after planting.
Heather adapts to any soils: sour, salty, scanty, but the condition of looseness is necessary. In its natural environment, the shrub likes mountain slopes, so it is advisable to plant it on a small hill. When watering it is recommended to acidify the water, it is necessary to carry out the procedure about two times a week, after which the soil should be mulched.
Important!Fertilizing heath during the season is not necessary: he has enough fertilizer made during or before planting.Derain
One of the most unpretentious plants. It grows on almost any soil and in any conditions, although the lighted area is desirable. Shrub is not afraid of excess moisture, so it is often used for planting raw and flooded areas. Derain is growing fast, loves a haircut. Watering is desirable only during periods of heat and drought, and top dressing is best done in the spring during the growth period and in summer during the flowering and fruit formation.Euonymus
The composition of the soil requirements for flowering shrubs there is no, but it should be loose and nutritious. Groundwater is extremely undesirable. Euonymus does not like dry soil, so after watering the soil is covered with mulch. For haircut favorably. In dressing better responds to organic. As the plant develops rapidly, it needs frequent transplants. In winter, young bushes are best covered, and adult plants tolerate low temperatures well.
Quince does not like drought and needs regular hydration. Does not tolerate stagnant moisture, so when planting it is necessary to ensure good drainage. The tree needs regular sanitary pruning. In winter, young trees shelter from frost.
Important!Japanese quinces are fed only in the second or third year after planting.Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster grows on any soil, develops equally well in the shade and in the sun, and tolerates the conditions of a polluted environment. Due to its rapid growth, it needs frequent formative pruning. Watering is needed only in the absence of precipitation, but in the conditions of the city (dust, exhaust gases) it is advisable to spray or wash the bush with a hose. For the winter, the trunk circle is covered; after snowfall, it is advisable to pile it around the trunk of the bush.Barberry
Loves the drained, nutritious soils with neutral reaction. Plant better in lighted areas. Barberry responds well to all dressings, watering likes regular, but moderate. The bush is frost-resistant, it is not necessary to cover it for the winter. The barberry can serve as a fine hedge, besides easily gives in to a hairstyle.Magnolia
Magnolia loves moisture, heat and light. Plant it preferably in the open sunny, but closed from the drafts place. Watering, especially during the growing season, often. Pruning per se is not needed; only old and damaged or diseased branches are removed as they appear. Covering for the winter is not necessary. A feature for giving in the Moscow region and the climate in the region is the choice of a place for landing: the best option is the south-western side of the site.
Ornamental shrubs give a well-groomed look to any site. If you pick up varieties with different periods of growth, flowering or fruiting that do not lose their decorative appearance during the year, then a small summer cottage will look like a colorful magic corner all year round.
On this shrub in early spring flowers first appear brightly sunny and only after they fall off leaves grow. The time of his yellow "domination" - March, April. It grows up to 2 meters in height and 3 meters in diameter, has the shape of a hemisphere.
Benefits: early color, feels good in partial shade, relatively resistant to drought. Able to live up to 70 years, early and abundantly blooms, flowers along the entire length of the branches - from bottom to top.
Where to land: separately on the lawn or surrounded by bulbous early flowering, also combines with other bushes and is suitable for use as a fence. Soils are suitable light, the site is better to choose sunny without cold winds. Poor tolerated moisture.
Care: endures wintering better if you carry out the mulching and bend the branches to the ground so that they winter through under the snow cover. In the spring, it is necessary to free from old mulch, make mineral fertilizers and pour a layer of manure or humus. Then trim the tops and dry stalks.
Almond three-bladed - Luiseania three-bladed
Twice a year of luiseania, it pleases the eye - in May, when pink buds bloom and bloom and in autumn, when the foliage gets a bright fiery hue. Nearly 3 weeks branches, covered with double flowers, like sakura, decorate country areas.
It usually grows up to 2-3 m. It tolerates frost resistance, it can be defenseless before a sharp temperature drop in early spring, if the shoots wake up ahead of time.
Benefits: delicate flowers, similar to sakura, in the fall also attracts attention with an orange-red foliage, resistant to frost, cut twigs are suitable for making bouquets and stand in water without peeling for up to 1.5 weeks. Can be grown in urban environments.
Where to land: in a group of shrubs, next to perennial flowering plants, spirea or daylilies. Shadow and excessive moisture - the enemies of luizeanii, it is better for her to pick up a place in a sunny, windless space.
Care: for the winter she takes shelter so that the ends of the shoots and buds do not freeze over and the root collar does not heave out. Watering needs moderate, should be plentifully watered only during flowering. Be sure to cut off the thick branches to maintain shape and to avoid thickening, after the flowers fall, the branches are cut to 2/3.
Chaenomeles - Japanese Quince
Exotic fruit and berry shrubs with prickles and flowers 3-5 cm. White, pink or red-orange. Blooms profusely up to 20 days in May-June. By October, orange or yellow-green fruits weighing about 45 grams ripen on the shrub, resembling an apple or a pear (depending on the variety). From each bush going from 2 kg. Genomelis begins to bear fruit for 3-4 year. They are not consumed fresh, but they make excellent jams, preserves, and marshmallows.
Benefits: unpretentious to the soil, even wet clay or sandy, fine honey plant suitable, strengthens loose soil to prevent erosion. The content of vitamin C in fruits is higher than that of lemon! They also contain many vitamins, trace elements, carotene and pectins.
Where to land: in single landings, as a hedge or border, also looks great in Alpine hills and rockeries, Rubra variety is used as bonsai. If you want to get a harvest of fruits, you should choose lighted places and plant several seedlings for successful cross-pollination.
Care: shoots older than 5 years are removed, no more than 20 branches are left to prevent thickening, spring must be fed with nitrogen fertilizers, after fruit formation complex solutions of potassium and phosphorus are added, for winter it is important to protect from the wind by covering with a lapnik or installing a snow-retaining shield.
A bush with many trunks, sometimes growing up to 8 m. There are about 30 species and 500 varieties! A rich palette of shades and fragrant fragrance have attracted fans for many years, while remaining a favorite, despite the new and exotic. Flowers appear for 3 year and bloom by the end of May, the beginning of June. It tolerates drought and frost.
In addition to beauty, flowers, buds and leaves can be used to treat a variety of ailments - as a febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, diuretic, anticonvulsant, analgesic. It is used as tea, make tinctures, ointments, compresses and lotions.
Benefits: does not require complex care, tolerates frost and heat, has beneficial healing properties, has a wide variety of shapes and colors
Where to land: tall and sprawling bushes best grow separately, blooms even in partial shade, but then less flowers, capable of growing on the slopes of the mountains and any soils except marshy and clay.
Care: it is important to cut the inflorescences after flowering, so that the next year the bush will be more luxurious, watering from mid-July is not required, otherwise awakening of the buds is possible, the first 3 years can be dispensed with top dressing, provided that before planting fertilizers were made in the pit, you can not cover for the winter .
Spirea Van - Gutta
A fast-growing culture from the family of pink flowers, not growing above 2 m. The lush sprawling, with hanging branches of the crown, on which by June or even the beginning of July (if the spring was cool) bloomed white-shaped inflorescences. Under favorable conditions, it blooms twice a year. In the fall, the foliage becomes purple and decorative fruits grow. It blooms after 2 years.
Benefits: grows on dry sandy soil, feels good in the shade, endures air pollution (ideal for urban and suburban conditions), does not require frequent watering, tolerates low temperatures, is an excellent honey plant.
Where to land: versatile - a bright representative of soliter plants, and at the same time suitable for use in hedges, borders, near water bodies, cut-off inflorescences are used for making bouquets and compositions, can grow even in wet soils.
Care: flowering inflorescences are cut off after flowering and to give shape, covered with leaves and peat for the winter, when freezing, dead shoots are cut off and quickly restored.
Deytion rough or stellate
The plant, brought from China and Japan, with rough leaves with small hairs. Flowers of pink, crimson, lilac, white or carmine shade appear in July-August, and fruits ripen in October.
Benefits: resistant to disease, lush flowering, successfully combined with coniferous trees and bushes, versatility of use.
Where to land: can grow both alone and in combination with lilac, hydrangea, weigela, mulberry, henomeles and other shrubs and flowers, used in hedges, borders and landscape compositions. Demanding on the soil - you need a light soil rich in minerals and organic matter.
Care: Mulching is not necessary, watering 1-3 times a month, pruning - thinning and after flowering, in the winter it is necessary to cover with spruce or non-woven material, bending the branches to the ground.
Brought from the Far East and valued for a variety of shades of foliage, shape and protective properties, thanks to the long spines. Unpretentious but very spectacular plant with foliage from yellow to reddish-purple and small oval ornamental fruits. It blooms in May, 5-6 years after planting buds, gathered in bunches or short brush. Decorative value is fully manifested in the autumn, when the foliage begins to play in the seven colors of autumn.
Benefits: you can not cut at all, very effective throughout the warm season, does not require watering and abundant dressings, resistant to diseases and hard frosts
Where to land: в японских садиках, возле водоемов, для создания бордюров, изгородей, в пейзажных композициях а также в одиночной посадке. Могут расти в полутени, но тогда меняется цвет листвы.
Уход: pruning is required if during the winter the ends are frozen slightly or you want to give a certain shape to the hedge, it is useful to loosen, mulch and apply organic fertilizers, this variety is not necessary to cover for the winter.
In the people this bush is called jasmine. Large white flowers appear in late spring, early summer and almost a month delight their appearance and fragrance. Delicate aroma and undemanding care make it a favorite among garden and park cultures.
Benefits: tolerates cold, can grow near groundwater and in the shade, does not suffer from smoke and exhaust gases.
Where to land: in a single planting and in the composition of other shrubs. He loves the sun, but in the shade, too, will bloom, while the bush will stretch upwards and the flowers will become larger.
Care: pruning is required after flowering, so that by the fall new shoots will form, watering is minimal - after planting and during the collection of flower power. For the winter does not require hiding, easily tolerates temperatures up to -30 ºС.
Potentilla shrubbery - (Pyatistochnik) - Kuril tea
A low bush up to 1 m high and up to 1,2 m wide with very plentiful and long flowering - from June to October. An amazing feature - yellow flowers and leaves are used as tea, which helps with colds and also normalizes metabolism and calms during stress. Tincture is used for burns and wounds.
Benefits: blooms for 3-4 months, in addition to beauty is very useful and is used in food, can be planted in any combination.
Where to land: on fertile soils, but it takes root on clayey, stony and slightly alkaline soils, in the penumbra it feels more confident. A universal view that can be combined with almost everything - coniferous and deciduous trees, tall shrubs, in compositions and rose gardens, to create curbs and hedges.
Care: for the winter does not require shelter, watering is moderate, perfectly tolerates pruning to give shape and rejuvenation in the fall after flowering or in the spring before leaving the leaves.
“Butterfly Tree” or “Magnet for Butterflies” is also called this shrub with honey aroma and flowers a bit like lilac. The color is usually lilac, there are also crimson, burgundy, purple or white. It grows up to 2-3 m., Sometimes even up to 5 m. It likes tropical humid climate.
Benefits: blooms for 6 weeks, since the end of summer, growing rapidly.
Where to land: It is good both in single and in group landing, it is better to combine with more stunted species. You can land in large tubs to decorate the terraces or patios, to be able to clean them for the winter in the room.
Care: pruning is very important for shaping and preserving from frost. In the winter it is better to cover the top with a film on the arcs, but be sure to leave an air gap so that the roots do not sprout. Top dressing from nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers is done in spring and summer.
Air, light, fluffy spherical inflorescences of the most bizarre oyenkov - pink, lilac, purple, blue, white, blue will decorate any area. Depending on the variety, it grows up to 3 or even 10 m. The stalked hydrangea is used for weaving arbors and reaches 25 m. Flowering occurs in the spring and only with the onset of frosts it falls. Hydrangea root is used to treat urogenital diseases, reduce edema and heal wounds.
Benefits: it blooms for more than 4 months, it can be in the shade and grow on sour soil, it has medicinal properties, it looks very nice in fresh and dried bouquets.
Where to land: ideal for flower beds and flower beds, in combination with the host, fern and other shade-tolerant bushes on the north side.
Care: moisture-loving, poorly tolerant to drought, pruning is needed during the swelling of the kidneys and for wintering. Older bushes are best cut at the root before winter, and on young shoots, cut flowers after falling. Requires horizontal shelter in the cold.
Shrubs about 1 m high, less often growing to 1.5-2m. with large inflorescences of orange, red, pink or yellow. Blooms in late June-July and the color lasts about 3 weeks. Feels better in warm regions.
Benefits: grow well near water bodies, resistant immunity to diseases and pests, long-lived plant, can live up to 200 years.
Where to land: in the shade of tall plants on sour sandy soils, near rivers, lakes, ponds. Planted singly, in compositions, hedges, borders, alleys, looks spectacular when disembarking arrays of bushes of different colors.
Care: for the winter requires shelter non-woven material on the frame, it is important to monitor the maintenance of acid soil, so when watering water must be defended or acidified.
Evergreen hardy plant not growing above 1 m. And more reminiscent of tapestry during flowering. Cherry, purple, white, crimson and pink inflorescences appear in July and remain on the twigs even in a dried form until October.
Benefits: able to grow in the most adverse conditions, excellent melliferous plant, used for making juice from sore throat, tinctures, decoctions, tea, soothing baths.
Where to land: will settle down on peaty, sandy marshy soils, slopes, wastelands. Can be planted near stones, rockeries, in open areas and in combination with other plants. They are also grown in pots on the balcony and in the terrace.
Care: avoid soils rich in calcium, pruning should be done in the spring before active growth and cut only along the green part of the trunk, without affecting the wood. In winter, you can cover with spruce leaves and put peat around the shoots.
A lover of tropics and subtropics with buds in the form of "gramophones" of white, yellow, orange and light green shades that bloom in August-September and then from October to November.
Benefits: lush color in several runs, medicinal use, a rather exotic and unusual look.
Where to land: in our latitudes it is not adapted for open ground, grown on balconies, tubs and pots, with a summertime patio, terraces and gardens.
Care: light-loving plant, for which the temperature of -5 º C is a mortal danger. Loves ventilated places and light. It should monitor growth and transplant on time as it grows into a large container.
Before breeding it is better to calculate in advance what will grow where and where. The size of the territory and the combination of different cultures is very important if you want to create comfort and beauty and not just plant the first thing you like.
If the site is small, then instead of tall trees blocking the sunlight, many choose exactly the bushes so as not to get into thick more often, where the sun's rays do not penetrate.
How to pick up shrubs to give Moscow region?
In order for the shrub to fit into the already existing landscape organically, then for the summer cottages of the Moscow region of the plant You need to choose according to the following criteria:
- Decorative culture. The most important feature when choosing a plant is its attractiveness. The horticultural market today represents a wide selection of ornamental plants with an unusual color of foliage, shape, elegant flowers of various shades that deplete pleasant aromas. For flowering shrubs an important criterion is the period of its flowering, so when choosing you need to choose varieties that will alternate with their flowering along with the change of seasons of the year,
- Plant height Planting bushes, you need to monitor compliance with the compositional structure of the entire site. If its area is small, then compact plant varieties with a non-prolific dense crown (for example, columnar junipers) are perfect for it. When shrubs are planted to create a hedge, then for this you should buy fast-growing varieties, taking into account the crown shape and attractive appearance at any time of the year,
- Features of growing. When choosing plant varieties, it is imperative to take into account the climatic characteristics of the place where the planting is planned. Some shrubs are more suitable for half-shaded places, while others howl show decorativeness only in illuminated areas.
Shrubs, flowering in the spring
As soon as the snow melts in early spring begins to bloom Forsythia or Forsythia. The branches of the bush are covered with lots of bright yellow bells. When other plants on the site still stand naked, the bush with flowers reminds of the arrival of spring. After the flowering period of the bush ends, its branches are covered with green leaves.
Toward the end of spring, Weigela is blooming. Small purple-red or pink bells create an incredibly beautiful look and appeal.
The bush of Magonia looks no less attractive. It blooms twice during the season. It is winter hardy and unpretentious evergreen shrubThe original decoration of which are red flowers. It grows well and blooms in sunny places and in shaded areas. Mahonia can perfectly tolerate even too dry summer, without requiring special feeding.
Lilac adorns many areas near Moscow at the beginning of spring. Frost resistance, unpretentiousness to the soil - these are the main features of the plant. Fragrant large inflorescences turn the area into fragrant and festive.
The evergreen Magnolia bush with golden yellow flowers is perfect for forming borders. He does not lose its attractiveness even in winter due to the fruits of dark purple color.
Rhododendron is very popular. Depending on the variety of pink flowers differ in various shades.
The owners of the site are pleased with beautiful pink and bright red flowers. Japonica, which looks great in combination with spirea bushes and barberry.
Irga, mountain ash, viburnum will perfectly embellish a summer cottage not only in spring, but also in winter.
Shrubs blooming in summer
At the end of May, Deutzia is covered with abundant flowers. The flowering period of this plant lasts several months. Flowers of medium size are collected in the original inflorescences of red, pink or white. The true long-liver is this unpretentious frost-resistant bushwhich up to 25 years can decorate the site.
Varieties of bush rose are rightfully attributed to the royal among different types of flowering shrubs. Restrictions in the color palette of this shrub practically does not exist.
The Chinese rose or Hibiscus at the end of summer pleases the eye with its unusually delicate buds, whose life is extended one day. A huge number of buds bush gives during its flowering, turning into a real floral carpet of vertical shape. This bush prefers a windless sunny place. Delicate buds can damage the rain, but then the bush is covered with even more new flowers.
Jasmine (Chubushnik) is famous fragrant white flowers. Shrub varieties can be selected with different flowering periods.
Derain originally looks on the site with its white flowers. Closer to autumn, the shrub is covered with red, blue or white fruits, and in winter, the bush-like shoots of the bush are painted in red shades.
Clematis, decorated with multicolored large flowers, is considered the king of vertical gardening. This shrub very original braids different supports or arbors.
Spirea is a fast-growing shrub with a variety of colors and shapes. There are different varieties of plants that differ in the flowering period. The plot can be continuously flowering when planting various varieties.
Shrubs blooming in the fall
- Hortensia bushes covered with bright buds in the shape of a ball in early autumn. Flowers cover the bush so intensely that the leaves behind them are practically invisible. Hortensia is perfectly adapted to shade and frost, but for brightness and rapid growth of inflorescences, abundant watering and soil with high acidity is necessary.
- Until late autumn, the site is filled with purple, red, white and pink shades of Heather. The bush prefers acidified and moist soil. For the winter, the surface root system must be covered.
- The bush of the Euonymus gives an extraordinary beauty to the dacha in the autumn period. The first flowers on the shrub appear since spring, but only in the fall does the plant acquire decorative appeal. Poisonous bright leaves and fruits with their intense color please in October and decorate the site before the arrival of strong seas.
Shrubs decorating the site in winter
Coniferous, evergreen shrubs will give an intriguing and beautiful view of the site in winter. Especially beautiful are those plants that even in the cold are decorated with fruits of bright colors: rosehip, yew berry, holly. Almost all winter, the fruits are decorated with branches of plants, and stand out brightly among the white snow sheets.
At the site of the shrubs act not only as decoration. If you successfully arrange different plants, you can perfectly decorate unsightly places and divide the whole area into specific zones. Shrubs with different flowering periods throughout the year fill the dacha with its excellent aromas. Flowers of some plants with the change of the pores of the year are replaced by others, harmoniously complementing each other, giving the site individuality and completeness.
These plants easy to maintain and unpretentious. They are resistant to severe frosts. Attracts views with bright colored leaves. They can grow well on any fertile soil in partial shade or in an open area. The height can grow from 60 cm to 2 meters, depending on the variety.
Barberries are widely used for decorating personal plots. Shrub blooms at the very beginning of summer. It is not only decorative, but also fruit. In autumn, fruits ripen in taste, sourish to the taste of juicy red color and oblong shape. This bush will look spectacular throughout the summer season.