In nature, there is often a spontaneous cross-pollination of different varieties of the same crop, with the result that a new species appears. The main thing is to notice its quality in time. This happened with the Ashinskaya variety, which appeared due to an unexpected crossing between the steppe cherry and the ordinary. It happened in 1992 on the basis of the South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato. Scientists worked on improving the selected hybrid - A.E. Pankratova, K.K. Mullayanov, V.I. Putyatin and I.G. Zamyatin In the State Register of breeding achievements of the Russian Federation, our hero was in the 2002th year. The admission region is Ural (Republic of Bashkortostan, Chelyabinsk, Kurgan, Orenburg regions).
The tree is fast-growing, but low, as it should be for carriers of steppe cherry genes, it looks beautiful, slender, 2.5 - 3 meters high. Shtamb 25 - 40 cm. Ashona's crown is elongated-conical, preloaded, well leafy, not too thick, but prone to thickening. The shoot is rounded, the bark is ash-brown, with a slight silvery effect, without pubescence, 30–40 cm long. On the surface there are medium-sized lentils in a small amount. The leaves of the cultivar are oblong, narrow-oval, short-pointed, with a sharp base and a bicuspid margin. The leaf plate along the central vein is bent upwards. The surface is smooth, without pubescence, glossy, with well distinguishable venation, dark green color. On the basis of the sheet there are traces of anthocyanin coloration. The glands are small, yellow, rounded. The standard size of Ashinskaya's leaf plate is 7 cm long, 3.5 cm wide. The scape of medium thickness, short, there are no stipules. Buds of normal size, elongated shape, with a smooth surface, bent. Large cherry blossoms consist of 5 flowers on short pedicels. The flowers are fragrant, small, with broad oval loosely spaced petals, forming a saucer-shaped corolla. The top of the petal is forked, not crimped. Calyx of bell-shaped flower with weak serration. The number of staminate filaments is 26, the stigma is located below the stamens, the ovary is without pubescence. Type of flowering and fruiting varieties mixed. The ovary is mainly formed on annual growths - up to 70%, the remaining 30% are bouquets of two to three year old wood.
Evaluation of the appearance of Ashinskaya berries - 4.7 points. The shape is rounded oval, with a rounded apex, narrow funnel, groove around the fetus and a ventral side sloped to the apex. The abdominal suture is weak. Berry weight 4.5 grams. The skin is thin, glossy, dark-brown. The flesh is of medium density, dark red color, juicy. Juice is red. The taste of the cherry is sweet and sour, pleasant. Score tasters - 4.4 points. Long stem - 3.5 cm, straight, thin, set obliquely. Separation from the berries is light, dry. 100 grams of pulp contains: dry substances 16.3%, sugars 11.7%, free acids 1.8%, ascorbic acid 10.3 mg%.
The rounded bone is relatively small - 0.17 - 0.20 grams, which is 8.1 - 10% of the total mass of the fetus. The dorsal suture is medium smooth, the abdominal suture is medium, the ribs are smooth. Length - 0.6 mm, width - 0.5 mm, thickness - 0.4 mm. The color is light cream.
- In the period of fruiting cherry enters quickly enough - for 4 years,
- bloom occurs in average terms - May 23 - 30,
- in terms of ripening, Ashinskaya refers to late-summer varieties - fruits ripen on July 20 - August 3, depending on the climate,
- berries ripen almost simultaneously
- plant lifetime is 30 years,
- standard yield is 75 kg / ha. Fruiting is stable, annual,
- berries are highly marketable, resistant to cracking,
- overall frost resistance is satisfactory, generative buds have an average frost resistance, flowers resistance to spring frosts are above average,
- Cherry has a high ability to recover after frosting,
- drought resistance is high,
- immunity is good - high resistance to coccomycosis is noted. Damage to other diseases and pests have been identified,
- it is easy to propagate a culture by resorting to all possible methods - using a cutting, grafting, seed planting, etc.,
- the application is universal, although the berries are often used as a dessert. Extraordinary tasty are jams, compotes, juices.
Ashinskaya is considered partially self-fertile. Even a single planted tree will be able to produce a crop, but in this case it will not fully reveal its qualities. Therefore, it is still worth a couple to pick up a pollinator that blooms in the same period as the variety being described - Nochka, Ruby or Altai swallow cherries. By the way, it is worth noting that our heroine herself is an excellent pollinator.
Planting and care
In the cultivation region, the variety is best planted in the spring, before the start of sap flow. By the autumn cooling, the plant will have enough time to build up the root system. The only drawback of spring planting is frequent watering, which will have to provide a sapling. But in the future, it is necessary to water only as needed. Since the variety is prone to crown thickening, pruning will be a necessary maintenance item.
To the soil Ashinskaya is absolutely undemanding. With proper care, it can grow even on stony ground, but the site should be sunny. Good development and abundance of fruits will provide top dressing. They may be mineral (cherries like superphosphate fertilizers, but they should be applied in the fall) or organic. In dry weather, be sure to water the tree after flowering and during the growth of the fruit. Prophylactic treatments for diseases and pests carried out as needed.
Ashinskaya is a variety unusually resistant to many common diseases and pests, unpretentious to care for and yielding good yields every year. Excellent taste and commodity qualities of the berries make the variety popular among consumers. And by the combination of characteristics, it is suitable for cultivation in collective and industrial gardens.
The only drawback can be called not quite high frost resistance. Freezing to 3 points causes a decrease in winter temperatures to -48 ° C and below. But this minus is compensated by the high reducing ability of cherries.
Grade: Steppe Cherry, Ashinskaya
Disadvantage varieties: insufficient winter hardiness of the tree in harsh winters with a decrease in temperature below -48 ° C, freezing to 3 points.
The regions in which this variety Cherry steppe, Ashinskaya, reveals to the maximum all its fruit abilities
History of breeding varieties
Brought the presented variety relatively recently. In 2002, Ashinskaya cherry was listed in the State Registry. This variety appeared as a result of crossing steppe (wild) shrub cherries with home garden ones.
Scientists from the South Ural Scientific Research Institute worked on breeding. The authors have ensured that the cherry can be propagated by any method (cuttings, shoots, graft, stone), without losing its varietal qualities. This variety is good for large-scale industrial cultivation, for gardens and suburban areas. It is adapted for growing on the territory of the whole of Russia, except for the extreme North. It is found Ashinskaya cherry in the countries of Asia and Europe.
Description and characteristics
The description of the variety is presented accurately and extensively. As the steppe, Ashinsky cherry is distinguished by its natural firmness, symmetry and unpretentiousness, and the fruits are famous for their wonderful taste. Cherry tree, fast-growing. The trunk of the tree is slim and strong, the connection of crowns is practically absent. The height of the cherry is in the range of 2.5–3 m. The size of the trunk is 30–40 cm. It has a strong dense crown of cylindrical shape. The shoots are slightly rounded with a small amount of fluffs, light brown in color with a silver coating, 35–40 cm long. The leaf plates are rather large, rich green in color, smooth round shape, slightly curved upwards. The bud is medium sized, bent, smooth and even. The taste characteristics of fruits are almost flawless: sweetness combined with a little sourness. The berries are large and heavy, slightly flattened, burgundy. The structure is juicy and soft, despite the dense skin.
The main characteristics of the tree include the following: the variety is extremely frost-resistant and endurance. Resistant to drought. Recovers quickly. Flowering and fruiting later than other varieties. Fruits appear in the third year after planting, the cherry continues to yield even after 30 years. Self-fertilized, partially self-pollinated. The tree bears fruit steadily, annually and abundantly.
Features of growing
As mentioned earlier, planting and caring for cherry are as simple as possible, and any method of planting can be chosen. The most common and effective way is considered a way of reproduction seedlings. You can prepare them yourself or get ready for planting. For this, seedlings are prepared in early summer. The shoot must be firm at the base, light burgundy.
The gardener chooses the optimal length, but more than 35 cm is recommended. Pruned shoots at a time when the sun has not risen high or is already setting, early morning and late evening will fit perfectly. Cool overcast weather is the best fit. After cutting, the shoot is placed in a solution of water with a growth stimulator - for the rapid emergence and development of the root system. Keep the cutting in solution for about a day. Immerse the shoot deeply into the solution should not be enough a couple of centimeters. Then the cuttings are shallowly planted in the prepared soil and covered with foil until it reaches the height necessary for the seedling.
Approximately in a month there will be hard-to-root roots. It is best to grow ashinsky cherries sandy soil with a neutral or slightly alkaline level. Before planting a seedling, they dig up the soil, remove weeds, level and make holes. The hole is dug about 0.5 m deep, and peat and sand fall asleep by 1/5. Next, put a seedling, if the soil is not sandy, fall asleep coarse-grained river sand, leveled and rammed. After planting, the sapling is plentifully watered and fed with mineral fertilizers. Usually use superphosphate.
Although this variety and unpretentious, but regular care will positively affect the level of the crop. Cherries need to be thinned periodically to ensure a comfortable harvest. But do not forget that the basal shoot formations are natural for this variety and do not interfere with the development of the tree. Fertilizers should be used prophylactically without abuse. In case of poor development of the tree, the use of organic and mineral complexes is recommended. Steppe cherry is resistant to droughts, but it is still necessary to water it if insufficient amount of precipitation falls. You will not need to cover or warm the tree for the winter - the cherry calmly tolerates high frosts.
One of the biggest advantages of this variety is also considered the fact that fungal and viral diseases are not afraid of him. It is also extremely rare, only in adverse conditions, the cherry is attacked by pests and pathogens.
Ashinskaya cherry differs mainly only in its merits. It is possible that the disadvantages can be considered only from an industrial point of view, since the fruits ripen too late and do not withstand transportation over long distances. For cultivation in the usual garden, this variety is ideal: a high degree of yield, regular fruiting and excellent taste of berries. And the tree will please you with crops for many years.
Variety description Stepnaya Ashinskaya
Features of steppe shrub cherry
Steppe cherry comes from a kind of plum. It is a forest-steppe plant. Well take root in temperate continental climate.
In rural areas, it has been preserved along the edges of pine forests, meadows, beams, dry slopes and ravines.
Currently, there are various agricultural works on plowing, improvement, construction and breeding of large-horned livestock.
Therefore, steppe cherry has no opportunity to seize new territories.
Remarkably propagated by shoots. It is a low shrub reaching in height to one and a half meters. More often 0,6-1,1 meters. It has thin, slightly raised, shoots with small compressed and dense elliptical leaves.
Cherry shape diverse to taste sour with pronounced tartness. Often eaten by steppe inhabitants. Berries on a shade of various intensity - from bright red to dark burgundy. The bone inside the pulp at both ends is very sharp, small.
Cherry skoroplodnaya. In fruiting may enter the second or third year. Steppe cherry belongs to winter-hardy varieties. Endures fierce winter frosts from 47 to 55 degrees Celsius. It grows where ordinary cherry does not take root. It has a high drought tolerance. Tree can live from 20 to 25 years.
A bush cherry can have several main trunks that extend from a short trunk or from the root system.
Therefore, such a cherry is found in the form of overgrown dense thickets. The tree has bare shoots with small leaves.
In color, they are bright green, lanceolate in shape, brilliant. The flowers are white or beige, gathered in three or four false umbrellas.
Pedicle length does not exceed 25 millimeters. The flowering period is at the end of April.
Cherries do not require mandatory agrotechnical measures. The dying off of a tree can be accompanied by a drop in yields, cessation of gains, shrinking of the crown and skeletal branches.
With a small number of fruiting buds, the death of the tree occurs many times faster. It can be used as an ornamental plant. Today is very rare. Listed in the Red Book.
Differences of steppe shrub cherry from garden ordinary
- Steppe cherry has variegated and various forms of cherries. Berry garden cherry oval with rounded edges.
- Steppe cherry berries sour, with pronounced tartness. Garden cherry tastes softer. Fruit sweet, with a little sourness.
- Shrub cherry fruit has a color of varying intensity - from bright red to dark burgundy. Ordinary cherry has a smooth shade, mostly dark red.
- Shrub bone at both ends pointed, very small. At the garden - rounded with a cream shade, thickness 0.4 cm. The ribs of the bone are smoothed, do not cause cuts in the oral cavity.
- In fruiting steppe cherry comes on second or third year. At garden cherry fruiting occurs on 4 or 5 year after landing cutting.
- Steppe cherry refers to winter hardy varieties. Maintains severe winter frosts from 47 to 55 degrees Celsius. At the garden cherry frost resistance averageup to minus 48 degrees Celsius.
- Steppe cherry preserved on the forest edges, beams and ravines. Gardening is well acclimatized in personal plots, in orchards of amateur gardeners, industrial and collective gardens.
- Steppe cherry tree can live from 20 to 25 years. Garden cherry tree - up to 35 years.
- Bush cherry can have several main trunks which depart from the root system or a small trunk. Garden cherry has one main trunk.
- The flowering period of steppe cherry accounts for at the end of April. Flowering garden cherry occurs in the end of May.
- Steppe tree has small leaves. In garden cherry leaves are even 2-3 times smaller.
Breeding history and breeding region
The variety has been entered into the state international register in early 2002. He is considered successful. a hybrid between steppe (bush) cherries and ordinary (garden).
The originator of the variety is YUNIIPOK (South Ural Research Institute for Horticulture and Potato).
Authors-scientists: Anastasia Efimovna Pankratova, Kabir Kadirovich Mullayanov, Vladimir Ilyich Putiagin, IG Zamyatin
Synonym of the steppe tree: shrub.
Reproduction of the variety occurs in all existing ways: cuttings, shoots, pits and by grafting. It is well acclimatized in personal plots, in orchards of amateur gardeners, industrial and collective gardens. You can meet her in Asia Minor and Central Europe.
It is widely distributed throughout Russia and the CIS countries. The tree is common in Ural region, in the Caucasus, Kuban, in the Volga region, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov, Voronezh, Yaroslavl regions.
Such varieties as Turgenevka, Kharitonovskaya, Fairy and Chernokorka grow well in these regions.
The Institute has 92 copyright patents, papers, certificates for inventions and scientific developments.
Scientists are developing a hybridization scheme for drought resistance, frost resistance, fruiting and productivity.
Defects of flowers and spring buds to frost and increased immunity are eliminated.
The theoretical positions that serve to create elite, high-tech, successful cultures are revealed. Разработки института бесценны для садоводов-любителей всего мира.
Рассмотрим раздельно внешний вид Плодового дерева и самих плодов.
The production rating of Ashinskaya cherry is high. The variety has a slender beautiful tree, mainly in the absence of crowns. Tree has average height reaches 2.6-3.1 meters in height. Boom equals 20-45 centimeters.
Is a tree and fast growing. The crown of cherry is thick, cylindroconic in shape, elongated. It has a good foliage. Prone to large thickening foliage.
The escape is oval-rounded, without fluffs. The color is brown-gray with a silvery shade. In length can reach 30-45 centimeters. Medium lentils with a very small amount. Kidney bent, very long, medium in size. Palpation of the kidney has a smooth flat surface.
The foliage is abundant dark greenish tint. The shape is round, narrow, oblong, with a slight bend upwards.
It has a short pointed shape and a sharp base with a biconcave edge of the leaf. In length, the sheet reaches 8 centimeters wide - 4 centimeters.
Downiness is absent. It has a shiny, smooth leaf plate, on the basis of which anthocyanin is present. Glands amber-yellow, ovate-rounded, small. The leaf has a short scape, reaching an average of 1.8 centimeters. Stipules in this variety are absent.
Ashinskaya fruits cherry juicy, large. Oval in shape with rounded edges. The ventral side of the berries is slightly inclined towards the top. Along the cherry there is a small groove. The line of the scar berries is very weak. The top of the berry is oval with a narrow elongated funnel. Fruit in weight reach 4.1-4.9 grams.
Possess a maroon shade. Pulp burgundy with bright juice. The skin is radiant, dense, but easily eaten. The density is soft. The fruit stem is elongated, reaching 4 centimeters.
The shape of a straight, kosospostavlennaya, thin. The separation of the berries from the base of the stem dry - without damage and cracking. The appearance of the berries was estimated at 4.7 points out of 5 possible.
To taste sweet cherry, with a slight sourness. Pleasant the taste of cherries was rated at 4.5 points out of 5. Is an one of the best varieties to taste and pleasant delicate aroma.
Variety Gardeners called dessert. But he refers to universal.
It is widely used in the manufacture of mousses, preserves, concentrated juices, compotes. Broth berries used in gastralgia and fever. Thanks to a small amount cobalt, nickel, copper and iron, improves state of health and blood formation.
The best varieties of cherries for the middle band
Growing a cherry tree in central Russia is quite difficult. It is necessary to select especially winter-hardy varieties that will endure harsh winters well.
Very often, the tree gives fruit only in the lower parts of the crown, this is due to the poor winter hardiness of cherry buds. As a rule, low-growing varieties of cherries are selected for the garden, which are easier to cover with snow.
1. Vole - a variety of medium ripening time.
This type of bush cherry, whose height does not exceed 2 meters. The average yield per bush reaches 10 kg. Vole fruits are small, sweet-sour taste. For high yield needs pollinator varieties. Excellent fruits in the neighborhood with varieties: "Mayak", "Menzelinsky".
2. Nizhnekamsk - a variety with an average term of maturation.
Good winters in conditions of central Russia. Cherry is a shrub up to 2 meters tall with good yield. The fruits of this variety are dark red of medium size with excellent taste.
3. Ungrainy - an early grade of cherry.
The peculiarity of this variety is a stable yield of up to 20 kg from one bush. Unsinkable - a bush up to 1.5 meters tall with large and juicy fruits. Needs varieties of pollinators. Better fruiting next to the variety "Lighthouse".
4. Menzelinskaya - late variety of winter-hardy cherry.
The shape of the bush in this variety is widely spreading with thin branches. The average yield per bush is 10 kg. Fruits are small, sweet and sour red. The variety is quite resistant to diseases.
5. The lighthouse is a self-pollinating variety of medium ripening time.
A feature of this variety is good winter hardiness and a small tree height up to 1.5 meters. The yield of this variety is good up to 15 kg from one bush. The fruits are quite large, dark red, juicy and sweet to taste. Variety is not subject to diseases.
6. Youth - a variety of late maturity, self-bearing.
Tree with good winter hardiness and low type. The fruits of maroon are rather large, the flesh is sweet. Cherry hangs on the tree for a long time without spoiling.
The best varieties of cherries for the southern regions of Russia
In the southern regions of Russia, the first crop of cherries can be obtained for 2-3 years after planting. Of the new varieties, gardeners prefer large-fruited trees with succulent fruits. For good yields, you need to plant several varieties of cherries in the garden for cross-pollination.
1. Lyubskaya - one of the best varieties of cherries.
Cherry bushy form, low, crown sprawling and rare. Refers to the self-fertile varieties of cherries. The fruits of this variety are formed on the annual branches, have tender and juicy pulp, rather large. Berries do not fall off, have a pleasant taste. Mass ripening begins from the end of July and lasts until the beginning of August. The yield of the variety is quite good, reaching 15 kg from a bush.
2. Shpanka is an unpretentious variety with good frost resistance.
A good variety that can withstand drought and harsh winters. Refers to the self-fertile varieties of cherries that grow well on fertile soils.
Cherry fruits are large, dark brown in color with good taste. Ripening of berries begins from the end of June. The flesh is juicy, light yellow.
3. Sasha - an early variety with a friendly ripening of fruits.
The tree is of medium height and foliage. Fruits are large with juicy red pulp. Fruits the tree on the annual shoots. The first harvest begins to gather five years after planting a tree. Productivity is good, reaching 12 kg from one bush.
Cherry belongs to frost-resistant grades, is rarely damaged by diseases.
4. Garland - medium grade
The peculiarity of this cherry is the formation of inflorescences, which contain up to 5 fruits. The tree reaches a height of 3 meters, well lined. The fruits are very large, juicy, dark in color. The flesh of the berries is a little lighter, with good taste.
Self-fertile variety with early ripening. Mass harvest can be removed from the end of June. Intensive fruiting begins in the third year after planting.
5. Chocolate is a self-fertile variety with high yield.
Low tree up to 2.5 meters height. Flowering occurs in the first half of May. Fruiting chocolate occurs periods. The first harvest begins in the first half of July. The color of the fruit is almost black. The flesh is juicy, rich dark color. The bones are well separated from the berries.
Abundant fruiting begins at 4 years after planting. Winter hardiness is good. The tree tolerates drought and frost, resistant to damage by pests and diseases. Productivity is consistently high.
The best varieties of cherries for the northern regions
For the harsh climate, breeders have brought out early maturing varieties of cherries, which tolerate low temperatures well. The most common in the northern areas of self-fruiting tree varieties.
1. Ashinskaya - the best variety of cherries for the northern regions.
Low shrub up to 1.5 meters tall. The variety is skoroplodny, the beginning of plentiful fructification begins for 4 year after landing. The taste of the fruit is sour with pronounced tartness. The berries are dark in color with small bones.
This sort of cherry brings the most severe frosts to -55 degrees. Normal trees freeze at this temperature. It tolerates drought and can bear fruit up to 20 years. The flowering period begins from the end of April.
2. Ob - bush cherry with good winter hardiness
A low bush with a thick crown reaches only 130 cm in height. Fruiting occurs only on annual growths. Fruits are small, dark red, with good taste. Stone in the berries is small and well separated.
Fruit ripening occurs in late July. The variety is self-fertile, with good winter hardiness and drought-resistant. Prone to pest attack.
3. Novoaltaiskaya - dwarf shrub high yields.
The height of the bush in this class does not exceed 70 cm. The crone is dense globular. Fruits are medium in size, bright red with a distinctive sour taste. Stone is small. Fruit ripening occurs in late July.
Variety of average yield. The maximum number of fruits from one bush is up to 6 kg. It tolerates harsh climate and frost. Prone to disease.
4. The Altai swallow is a medium growth bush, a good pollinator.
Compact bush up to 150 cm in height. Fruits are round dark in color, medium in size. Berries have good taste and juiciness. Ripening comes from the end of July, the average yield is up to 5 kg per bush.
A variety with good winter hardiness, self-fertile and resistant to diseases. It is a good pollinator for other varieties.
5. Blizzard - self-fertile high-yielding variety.
Srednerosly bush up to 150 cm tall with a spreading crown. Fruits of dark color with good taste. The skin is dense, the bone is small and well detached from the berries. Fruit ripening occurs in the last decade of July. The average harvest reaches 6 kg from a bush.
The variety tolerates winters, droughts and belongs to the self-fertile types of cherries.
History and description
The Ashinsky hybrid was bred spontaneously by hybridizing ordinary garden cherry with a wild steppe variety. His authorship belongs to the group of breeders of the South Ural Research Institute for Industrial Development, which gave the cherry a name in honor of the city of Asha, from where the material for breeding work was brought. In the list of the state register of the Ural region the novelty appeared in 2002.
She inherited phenomenal endurance and frost resistance from her “wild” relative, due to which she can be cultivated in any corner of the country. Now the planting of Ashinskaya cherry is made in all regions of Russia, except for the Far North. It can also be found in home and industrial gardens in the CIS and Central Europe. The wild variety of cherry, which served as the basis for breeding, is widespread in Europe and Asia Minor. In nature, it grows in meadows, forest edges, in thickets, and despite such difficult conditions, it normally develops and stably bears fruit. This life-longness was inherited by a hybrid, which is considered one of the most hardy and fruitful among cherry varieties.
In terms of ripening, Ashinskaya cherry belongs to the late summer type. Its flowering begins at the end of May, which excludes damage to flower buds return frosts. Although the resistance of the kidneys to frost and so above average. The berries ripen by early August, in the southern regions, perhaps a week earlier. The ripening is simultaneous, the cherries do not crumble from the branches, they do not crack due to over-ripening.
Fruiting trees begins at 4-5 year. They are characterized by partial self-pollination, but in order to increase productivity, pollinators are recommended to be planted next to - any stone trees with a suitable flowering period. If the rules of agricultural engineering are observed, the yield can be quite high - 8–10 kg per tree, or 10–12 t / ha.
Of the positive characteristics, it should be noted that trees are highly resistant to drought, fungal diseases (in particular, coccomycosis), as well as phenomenal frost resistance (up to -48 ° C). Even when they freeze, they quickly recover and successfully bear fruit. Ashinsky cherries are long-livers - proper planting and competent tree care ensure fruit bearing for 30–35 years.
Characteristics of the tree and fruit
The Ashinsky cherry tree grows quickly, but its height does not exceed 2.6–3 m. The height of the trunk is 25–40 cm, whereas the relative of the steppe has no trunk — it is a bush. Crohn conical, well leafy, prone to thickening. The shoots are round, smooth, ash-brown color, with a slight silver color. They are flexible and not very long (30–40 cm), with a small number of lentils.
The leaves are of medium size, dark green, with yellowish streaks, shiny on the surface, pointed at both ends, curved at the edges. The flowers of the cherry are small, 5-6 pieces are collected in inflorescences. Blooming extended (about 2 weeks). Fruiting mixed type - 70% of the ovaries are formed on last year's growth and 30% - on the bouquet branches of two or three-year-old wood.
The fruits of the Ashinsky variety are rather large (4.1–5 g) and juicy.
The shape of the cherries is rounded oval, rounded at the apex, slightly oblique at the stem. The abdominal suture is weak. The skin is dense, in full maturity maroon, but the color of the cherries can be different - from dark to bright red, which is not a sign of immaturity. The stem is thin, 3.2–3.5 cm long, tilted, and the berries are dry.
The pulp is aromatic, not very dense, with a high content of juice, a pleasant sweet taste, with a slight sourness in the aftertaste. Gardeners call this taste dessert, but by definition it is versatile with a tasting score of 4.7 points out of 5. Cherries make excellent jam, jams, and juices. When fresh, they have healing properties, increase body tone and improve blood formation. In addition, the fruits tolerate transportation and are of high commercial interest.
Advantages and disadvantages
Gardeners appreciate Ashinsky cherry for multiple advantages:
- first of all, for endurance and ability to fructification in any conditions,
- also for excellent frost resistance, immunity to disease,
- for the excellent taste and presentation of the fruit,
- self-pollination ability
- simultaneous ripening of cherries,
- for the high ability to recover after freezing,
- ease of reproduction of trees (multiply in any way: cuttings, grafting, layering, stone),
- compactness and small dimensions of plants.
There are no significant drawbacks, although many gardeners consider the winter hardiness of cherries to be insufficient — when grown in the harsh Siberian climate, freezing of the roots is possible in winter.
Cherry "Ashinskaya" can be considered a young variety, as it appeared in the international registry only in 2002.
She was bred at the South Ural Research Institute, where a team of 4 people worked on her selection. The variety is a hybrid of garden cherry and shrub (steppe).
The variety is suitable for cultivation throughout the CIS, including the Urals and the Volga region.
We begin the description with the constitution of the tree, let's talk about the main differences and parameters. The tree is very slender, symmetrical, reaches a height of 3 m. The distance from the root collar to the first shoots is 30-40 cm. It grows quite quickly.
The crown of the cherry is well leafy and very thick, has an elongated cylinder shape with cone echoes. The sheet plates are painted in dark green, smooth, round, with a slight bend upwards.
The average leaf length is 8 cm, width is 4 cm. Downiness of the leaves is absent. The shoots are colored brown with a gray tint, reaching a length of 45 cm.
Fruits differ in large size and corresponding weight - up to 5 g. They have a flattened rounded shape and are colored in dark red, which is similar to immature cherries.
Pulp burgundy color with an abundance of juice, soft. The skin is rather dense. A distinctive feature is that during the removable ripeness of the berry freely separated from the stem, leaving a dry mark.
Tastes are very high. Cherry has received almost the maximum score for this indicator, as it is distinguished by sweetness and a slight sourness.
This variety is self-starved, that is, it does not need a pollinator. You can plant a single tree, and it will produce an annual crop without artificial pollination or an abundance of insects.
It should be noted that "Ashinskaya" cherry is a good pollinator for such varieties: "Altai swallow", "Night", "Ruby".
A distinctive feature is that all the berries on the tree ripen at the same time, which makes it possible to collect all the products at once.
Cherry is considered late, since the fruits reach removable maturity only at the end of July, and it is better to collect fully ripe cherries in the first decade of August.
Since the fruits are not damaged during harvesting and have a dense skin, their transportability is quite good, however, it is worth considering that the berry has very watery pulp on steppe cherries, therefore it is not recommended to transport it over long distances.
Disease and pest resistance
You may not believe, but this variety is not affected by absolutely any fungal and viral diseases, it is resistant to coccomycosis. Also, the variety is not affected by pests and pathogens, which is a real miracle.
It should be noted that the stability of the tree is maintained in acceptable conditions. If culture is not followed, then defeat is possible, but very rarely.
Application of fruits
The fruits are dessert type, but have a universal purpose. You can make juices from them, make jam or make compotes. Also, decoctions of the fruits are used in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and feverish conditions.
Above, we wrote about the fact that berry has a large amount of sugar, so it can be used to make cherry wines without fixing with alcohol.
Advantages and disadvantages
Дочитав до этого момента, каждый из вас уже может сформировать большой список плюсов и минусов данного сорта, однако стоит систематизировать информацию и выделить главное.
- High yield.
- Устойчивость к очень низким температурам.
- Tolerates prolonged drought.
- Fruits annually, while the yield is always maintained at the same level.
- All berries have the same size and color, which gives an additional attractiveness for sale.
- A tree is not affected by diseases and pests if it is cared for appropriately.
- Can be propagated in all available ways.
- Universal berries are not only tasty, but also useful, have in their composition a large amount of vitamins and trace elements.
- Berry ripens very late. This is especially important for those who supply products for sale, since at the end of summer the market is saturated with fruits and the purchase price is extremely low.
- Cherry begins to bear fruit late, so to cover the costs of a large garden will not work right away.
- Cherries are poorly transported over long distances, because of which it is impossible to export it abroad.
"Ashinskaya" - resistant varieties of cherries, which has excellent yield and fruit taste. It is worth noting that the minuses of this variety are insignificant, and in terms of care, any gardener will win more than lose, since “Ashinskaya” cherry does not ask for “blew dust” from it.
It stably yields a crop that can be consumed fresh even to those who have problems with acidity.