The article tells about the onion batun, the cultivation and care of which is easily mastered even by the beginning gardener. Recall the exceptional benefits of onion greens and simple ways to add it to the diet. You will learn all about the process of growing onions, preparing the soil and combating pests and diseases of this plant.
What is onion batun
Onions a batun or Tatar - a perennial plant of the Onion family. In Asia, where he came from, there is still a wild variety of this onion. Due to its unpretentiousness and frost resistance, the batun became widespread throughout the world.
If you look at the photo of onion batun, it will become apparent its similarity with the young onions, only the leaves of the batun are more powerful and tubular.Appearance (photo) onion batun
Onion batun contains:
- vitamins A, groups B, C, D, E, K,
- mineral salts of potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, iron, manganese, copper, selenium and zinc,
- essential amino acids for the body: valine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, threonine, tryptophan and phenylalanine.
Like other types of onions, batun is used for health promotion. Its unique chemical composition and availability almost all year round make it possible to cope with many illnesses without pharmaceutical preparations.
The use of batun helps reduce blood pressure, the vegetable increases the elasticity of blood vessels. This onion has tonic and disinfectant properties.
Vegetable is indispensable for spring avitaminosis, only 150 grams of onion sticks contain a daily rate of vitamin C. The use of batun will help to normalize the metabolism of gout, dysentery, liver and kidney diseases. Regular addition to the diet of onion batun has a positive effect on the skin and mucous membranes.
Boiled potatoes, vinaigrette, marinated mushrooms, salted herring and other dishes are hard to imagine without green onions. Batun is ideal as a vitamin supplement and mouth-watering decoration.
How to use onion batun in cooking:
- add to the finished vegetable salad, sauerkraut, vinaigrette,
- add to the dough for vegetable pancakes, meatballs, meatballs, meat casseroles,
- use as a seasoning for snacks and sauces, so they will become spicier,
- prepare the batun for future use, it can be dried, pickled and sour.
Planting onion batun in open groundOnions batun can be planted with seeds or seedlings
The care and cultivation of onion batun does not require special skill and hassle. The most common and reliable method of planting - the use of seedlings. For this, seeds are sown in boxes, sprouted shoots are transplanted into open ground.
If you do not want to engage in seedlings, you can sow the batun on the beds after soaking the seeds in water or a solution of micronutrients.
Soil preparation and planting dates
Onion batun prefers fertile, moist and neutral (at least slightly acidic) soil. Categorically for its landing will not fit the place with the accumulation of water, peat or sandy soil. It is possible to reduce the acidity of the soil by adding wood ash, but this should be done six months before planting.
Onions a batun - a perennial plant, and can grow on one place till five years, therefore soil before landing needs to be prepared carefully. Dig the bed and clean the weed roots and insect larvae. A few weeks before planting, add 5 kg of humus, 20 g of potassium chloride, 40 g of superphosphate and 30 g of ammonium nitrate to every square meter of soil. Then dig the ground and level.
It is possible to sow onion batun in April, June - July and October - November. It can be sown in late autumn at an air temperature of 3-4 ºC, then in April your garden will be covered with green shoots.
If you prefer the seedling method of planting, the seeds should be placed in a container for germination in mid-April, and the seedlings should be planted in the ground in mid-June.
Harvesting and storage
Onions batun grown for green feathers. The bulb in this variety is small, and is not suitable for use as food. In the first year after landing, the batun takes roots. When the greens reach 20 centimeters, you can cut it. Cut onion feathers grow back.
In the year of planting a batun, greens are harvested from the middle of summer, from the second year of growth this can be done from early spring - a month after the emergence of shoots. Finish the collection of onions a month before frost, otherwise the root system will not be able to prepare for winter. During the season you can collect from two to four harvests of fragrant greens.
Store the cut bunches of onions tightly wrapped in plastic wrap on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, if desired, the greens can be chopped and placed in the freezer.
Contraindications and possible harm
People suffering from gastritis, pancreatitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer should refrain from eating onion batun. Overeating batun can cause nervous overexcitement.
Serious harm to the body can cause chemicals that accumulate in the green onions when the plants are treated with pesticides. Own bed will be your ideal source of healthy and safe for the health of green onions.
More information about planting onion batun see in the video:
Batun bow: properties
Calories: 34 kcal.
The energy value of the product Bat onion:
Proteins: 1.3 g.
Fat: 0.1 g
Carbohydrates: 3.2 g.
Onion batun - perennial garden plant of the Onion family. This type of onion has a long stem and leaves, which are shaped like a pipe (see photo). Asia is considered the birthplace of the plant; still, the batun grows wild in China and Mongolia.
When buying onions, you need to consider that the greens of the batun can be treated with pesticides. In order to protect your body from nitrates, the onion-batun must first be prepared for consumption. To do this, soak the greens in clean water: this way the body will not get 15% -20% of nitrates. The disadvantage of this method is that water-soluble vitamins, such as B1, folic acid, biotin, nicotinic acid, are washed out of the plant along with nitrates. It is not recommended to use the petioles of the plant, as they accumulate the most nitrates.
Cultivation and care
Growing a bat onion is easy, because it is undemanding to care and soil. This type of onion is a perennial plant; in one area it can grow for 2-3 years. If you want to get good harvest of onions, plant a bat onion on the spot where there used to be potatoes, tomatoes or cabbage. Onions are frost resistant, it will winter over open ground, and will begin to grow in early spring.
Caring for a batun consists of regular watering. With insufficient moisture, the plant will quickly discard flower stems, and its leaves will become hard and bitter. The peculiarity of growing onion batun is its wintering in the garden. In this regard, it is impossible to cut the green onion feathers in the first year: this will weaken the bulb, and the plant may die in winter. For one season, the onion-batun gives about 3 harvests. Onions come in several varieties: the winter Russian, known as the Siberian, as well as the April spring onions.
Onions can also be grown in a greenhouse. In the greenhouse, the batun is grown on greens, it grows evenly, and onion feathers are tender and rich. Onion-batun grows well on the windowsill at home. For the home garden, onions are planted with seeds or bulbs. Pots with onions should be put on the windowsill, but in the coolest place. Perfect for growing onions glazed balcony.
The benefits of onion-batun and treatment
The benefits of onion-batun was also known Chinese medicine. Here it is used as a tonic. Onions are known for their diaphoretic, disinfectant and analgesic effects.
Traditional medicine recommends using a batun in case of spring avitaminosis, after serious illnesses. Onions are made on the basis of drugs that reduce blood pressure, increase the elasticity of blood vessels. Fresh juice plants take atherosclerosis, viral diseases, gout.
On the basis of onion batun cook diuretic, which also helps with bronchitis, dysentery, enterocolitis. At home, this tool is prepared as follows: 0.5 liters of vodka is poured over 40 grams of crushed onion bulbs. The mixture is left in a dark place for 14 days. After two weeks, the infusion is taken in a teaspoon 3 times a day, the concentrated mixture should be diluted with 3 tablespoons of water.
Nutritionists advise people who have obesity, kidney and liver problems to use a bat onion. Onions help to establish metabolic processes in the body. Onion is known as an effective painkiller.
Harm of onion batun and contraindications
The body can be harmed not by the onion-batun itself, but by chemicals that are used when it is grown in greenhouse conditions. Greens are treated with pesticides, so it contains a high dose of nitrates. Nitrates themselves are not afraid of the body, nitrites will bring more harm. Nitrites are formed in the digestive tract from nitrates and are recovered toxic compounds. Nitrite when entering the blood causes oxygen starvation. They can also be carcinogenic.
Do not use the onion-batun people with peptic ulcer or duodenal ulcer. It is better to refuse onions to patients with gastritis and inflammation of the pancreas. The use of large amounts of onion batun can cause increased nervous excitability.
Recipes from these onions
Pate with Chives
700 g chicken hearts boil until cooked in salted water with a small amount of black ground pepper. I grind with a blender, add 100 g of butter and 200 g of chopped chives. Keep in the refrigerator for 3-4 days. Smears on bread or add to cereal.
Onion Pancakes with Garlic Sauce
I mix 200 g of wheat flour with 200 ml of cold water, add a beaten egg, 300 g of chopped onion, salt to taste. Thin pancakes are fried in vegetable oil from both sides. Served with sauce (in 50 ml of soy sauce add 0.5 tsp of vinegar, 1 tsp of sugar and 1 crushed clove of garlic).
Chives drove the ants
A few years ago began to grow chives. The first time she sowed seeds, further propagated by division. Before sowing the seeds soaked for a day, changed the water every 8 hours. Ensured that the water level during soaking was two times higher than the level of seeds. All the seeds popped thrown. At the beginning of April I introduced humus (approximately a bucket per 1 square meter) and complex mineral fertilizer according to the instructions. Sowed seeds. After cutting greens, I feed the chives with infusion of fermented grass or bread crumbs (1:10).
Over time, the chives grew strongly, so part of it was transplanted under apples and pears, where the light is diffused and the sun does not burn. And later I noticed that the ants disappeared there and the aphids along with them. This year I will try to plant a couple of rows of chives in the greenhouse with peppers - maybe from there the annoying insects will escape.
Olga GRIBKO, city of Bobruisk
The observations of the author are quite interesting. Unfortunately, in the literature there is no information that chives frightens off harmful insects, but this does not mean that this can not be. If you do not thicken the planting, the culture will not harm each other, so I recommend conducting the described experiment, and later sharing the result.
Alexander MOUNTAIN, cand. agricultural sciences
Spring: divide and spread
At one place perennial onions (slizun, shnitt, batun) are grown no more than 4-5 years. After the yield decreases, and planting is better to upgrade. In the spring or at the end of the summer, divide the bushes into several independent parts, each of them should have a sufficiently developed root system, and transplant to a new place.
Early harvest under the film
To get the harvest of chives as early as possible, in the spring before thawing the soil, cover the garden bed with a film. Harvest will be 12-15 days earlier than in the open field without such shelter. The leaves will be 1.5 times longer and much more tender. By the way, young greens shnitta can be dried and stored in jars with screw caps. In tightly closed plastic bags, cut leaves are stored in a refrigerator for 10-15 days.