Taxon: Peony family (Paeoniaceae)
Other names: martin root, stubble root, martin grass, heart berries, shegna
English: Anomala Peony, Peony
Peony evading - perennial herb 60–100 cm tall, with a short many-headed rhizome. The leaves are alternate, almost naked, 10-30 cm long, dvuzhdytroychatye, segments of the deep triple or pinnately dissected. Stems are single-flowered. Peony flowers are purple-pink with a diameter of 8-13 cm. Petals 5, numerous stamens. Fruit of 2-5 multi-seeded leaflets. Seeds are large, round, black. Peony blooms from late May to mid-June.
The species is common in Russia in Siberia, it is found in Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China. In the European part of Russia, the plant can be found in the Perm Territory, the Komi Republic and on the Turiyam Peninsula. Often found in light mixed forests, meadows and edges, in river valleys. Prefers fertile soils and sunny places.
The plant is rare, and in some regions considered endangered.
Peony is cultivated in the gardens as an ornamental plant.
Collecting and harvesting
For therapeutic purposes, use grass, rhizomes and peony roots. The aerial part is harvested during flowering, in May-June. Roots - usually simultaneously with the aerial part. Rhizomes and roots washed in water. Dried in attics or under sheds. In dryers, the temperature should be no higher than 45-60 ° C. Dried rhizomes and peony roots of the evader are used as a medicinal raw material for the preparation of tinctures.
Peony Chemical Composition
Up to 1.6% of the essential oil, which contains peonol, soluble in alcohol, ether and chloroform, methyl salicylate, benzoic acid and salicylic acid, is found in the roots of the pion evading. The roots also contain starch - up to 78.5%, glycoside salicin, sugar - up to 10%, tannin and traces of alkaloids. The leaves contain ascorbic acid - up to 0.3%, in flowers - up to 1%. In the seeds of peony found up to 27% fatty oil.
Pharmacological properties of peony
Peony has a sedative effect, has an anticonvulsant effect in convulsions caused by camphor and nicotine. Low toxicity, does not have a significant effect on blood pressure, rhythm and amplitude of contractions of the heart, respiration and the peripheral section of the vegetative nervous system, does not affect the tone of the uterus, does not possess antihistamine properties. Peony herb tincture is less active than tincture from its roots.
The use of peony in medicine
The plant is recognized poisonous, finds limited use in traditional medicine.
Tincture from the roots of peony dodging is used as a sedative for neurasthenic conditions with signs of increased excitability
The property is attributed to peony to drive away snakes, therefore some people tie it around the neck.
According to beliefs, for patients with epilepsy, fumigation with peony is useful.
Peony root infusion: brew 2 cups of boiling water I tsp. dry shredded roots, insist 1 hour, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day for 10-15 minutes before a meal with colic in the stomach, liver cancer, stomach, erosion and cancer of the uterus, hemorrhoids, malaria, concussions, headaches. Infusion of roots wash the head to enhance hair growth.
Peony grass infusion: brew 200 ml boiling water 1 tbsp. l herbs, insist 2 hours, strain. Drink 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals for paralysis, epilepsy and other nervous diseases.
Peony tincture is prepared in 40% alcohol in the ratio of 1:10, used inside for 30-40 drops per reception, 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 30 days, after a 10-day break, the treatment can be repeated if necessary.
Description of the species
The well-known Mar'in root or Peony deviating boasts a huge number of names, as it is often called by the people both Shegnya, Zhgun-root, and Peony.
Peony belongs to perennial herbaceous plants and, although many are accustomed to seeing it in garden plots, it can often be found in forests, especially mixed ones, as well as in meadows and forest edges.
The plant is very light-loving and prefers fertile soil.
The appearance of the peony evading is very spectacular, there are several striated stems from its rhizome, and with good care and sufficient nutrition the plant can reach one meter in height.
The root system of the plant is well developed. The root itself is brown in color, with tuberous thickenings resembling a spindle. The tubers themselves are white and have a strong, specific smell and a sweetish taste.
The foliage of the peony evading is very rich, large, the shape is pinnately dissected. Due to the abundance of the resulting greenery, the peony evading is so popular with gardeners.
Peony flowers are quite large, up to ten centimeters in diameter, in the bulk of pink or purple shades, as a rule, single. The flowering period is not too long, only from May to June, but the peony blooms very abundantly.
In addition to the fact that the plant is very beautiful, it also has healing properties, because of which it is now less likely to occur in wild form. Moreover, the evading peony has become so rare that it is listed in the Red Book.
Like the usual garden peonies for us, the evading peony multiplies in a vegetative way, that is, by splitting the rhizome.
The main feature of planting a divided root is that the distance from the top bud to the ground itself must be at least four centimeters.
Another difference of the peony evading from garden relatives is that the ideal time for seating first is from mid-August to mid-September, while the division of rhizomes of peony evading can be practiced both in autumn and spring.
The plant can be classified as unpretentious flowers, because when properly planted, it is easily rooted and perfectly adapts to new conditions. And even if the transplanted root does not give shoots in the first year, then next year it will surely break through.
Peony rooting perfectly tolerates cold, even the harsh Siberian. In adult plants in the fall, very often the buds remain on the surface; for the winter, it is enough to cover them with the leaf from the plant itself, after cutting it. The main thing is not to tear off the tops, namely, cut, as you can damage the flower buds.
Peony can be diluted by growing from seeds, but this process has many nuances and takes a longer period.
For medicinal purposes, only rhizomes of peony are used. In this case, the best option is three or four year old plants.
Harvest rhizomes can be both in spring and autumn.
In order to extract the root, it is not at all necessary to dig the whole bush.
In the autumn, when the foliage will wither, a shallow groove is digged around the plant (approximately on the bayonet of the shovel). Then, using water from the central part of the plant, the earth is washed off, and the rhizomes become bare. About two-thirds of the rhizome can be cut off, and the cut can be powdered with crushed charcoal. Plant then prikopat back, most importantly, do not touch the main root.
After this procedure, the plant may be a little sick, but the growth of new useful tubers is greatly accelerated. If the plant is strong enough, the harvesting procedure can be repeated in a year.
In the spring, harvesting the peony rhizome is best done before the first leaves begin to appear.
Composition and useful properties
Undoubtedly, the most valuable part of the peony is the rhizome, it contains up to thirty percent of sugars, mainly glucose, which explains its sweetish taste, almost eighty percent of starch.
Also in the composition of the pion allocated about one and a half percent of essential oils and various aromatic compounds. Vitamins, flavonoids, tannins and organic acids are also present. It is thanks to such a rich set of various substances that the healing properties of this plant are determined.
Peony evading is a natural regulator of the immune system - an adaptogen. When using adaptogens significantly increases the rate of recovery. When taking tincture from the root of the root even chemotherapy treatment is transferred much easier.
The use of drugs based on peony is recommended for those people who are under pressure from constant stress or physical overload, as they do not allow the body to get sick.
To all other, preparations made on the basis of pion evading have a bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, tonic and anticonvulsant effect. They also have a stimulating effect on the secretion of the stomach and an anti-toxic effect in case of poisoning.
In medicine, various nations of the world there are many recipes based on the evading peony. So, in China, the peony is included in the fees for the treatment of tumors. Mongolian healers use it to treat the kidneys and liver. The pion has found wide application in Tibetan medicine, in particular for the treatment of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous and cold diseases, diseases of the kidneys and lungs, for the normalization of metabolism, fever and malaria.
Today, pharmacies sell ready-made peony tincture, which is produced from rhizomes, herbs, and plant roots. Tincture, as a rule, is assigned to those who suffer from insomnia, neurotic states or other disorders of the nervous system.
At the reception it is recommended to use up to forty drops of tincture three times a day. In general, this tincture perfectly normalizes sleep, improves performance and helps to eliminate headaches.
True, more recently, manufacturers are not using rhizomes, but peony grass. And her tincture is much less effective.
It is possible to make highly effective and really useful and natural peony tincture independently.
About one hundred and twenty grams of root is taken per half liter of alcohol or vodka. Rhizome pre-washed and finely chopped. The mixture must be insisted in a dark place for three weeks, occasionally stirring well.
Dosage when taken as a prophylactic measure: one teaspoon three times a day. For therapeutic purposes, the frequency of administration increases to five times a day.
In folk recipes, tincture is recommended for use when coughing, epilepsy, as a sedative, as well as for gastric diseases.
Finely crumbled peony rhizomes in a volume of one teaspoon are boiled in two glasses of water for five minutes. Filter and take half a glass half an hour before meals, up to three times a day.
The use of such a decoction is excellent in the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, including diarrhea, stomach ulcers, pain in the intestine and stomach, and in the treatment of gastritis with low acidity. The same broth of the same consistency can be taken with the complex treatment of anal fissures.
Marin root also found its use as a seasoning, and in the Far Eastern region and in Korea with the addition of such seasoning they prepare the so-called “groom's dish”, which gives a lot of sexual energy before the wedding night:
To prepare one serving, you need to take one hundred and fifty grams of fresh young veal, a few onions, a little salt and sixty grams of rhizomes of the diving peony. This dish is consumed hot.
Perennial herb with a limited range. In folk and traditional medicine, it is famous for its sedative, sedative, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, mouth-watering, expectorant, analgesic effect. Often used root and rhizome herbs.
The medicinal properties and contraindications of the root marin are well studied in scientific and traditional medicine. Also, the plant is used in cooking, cosmetology, veterinary medicine. The medicinal plant has a rich history. Translated from the Greek name "pion" means "healing", "doctor". In ancient times, the healing properties of this herb were well known. Even then she was treated with wounds, gout, bouts of hypoxia, epilepsy, and nervous disorders. For example, in China, the root is used as an antitumor agent, in Mongolia - they are treated for women's diseases and the liver, in Tibet - bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, inflammation of the kidneys.
Peony features of evading
What are the medicinal properties and contraindications of a pion evading? What diseases are most often prescribed? What is important to know when preparing and applying it?
The plant peony deviating belongs to endemic species, has a limited area of distribution. Most often the grass is found in Western and Eastern Siberia. Less often it can be seen in China, Mongolia, Northern Kazakhstan. In Russia, martin root is also found in the Urals (Perm region and the Komi Republic). Grass likes moist rich soils. Rare, endangered species. It is protected in Kazakhstan and the Komi Republic.
Botanical illustration from the book of I. G. Gmelin "Flora Sibirica".
For medicinal purposes, the entire above-ground part is collected (peony flowers, stems, leaves), as well as a rhizome with a root. It is noteworthy that the peony root, as well as the aboveground part, is harvested during the flowering period. What is important to consider?
- Careful collection. Since the evading peony is an endangered species, the plant requires careful harvesting. You can not pull a flower from the root. With proper harvesting, you need to cut only a part of the rhizome with the stem right in the ground.
- Drying and shelf life. Elevated part and rhizome dried separately. They do it in natural conditions, spreading it out in a thin layer and constantly turning it over. Both roots and grass retain healing properties for 3 years.
Quite often peony martin root is confused with medicinal peony. This species comes from southern Europe and is not found at all in Siberia and the Pre-Urals. Medicinal peony has similar healing properties. Previously, it was widely used in the treatment of epilepsy, seizures, gout, bowel disease. Today, interest in this species has waned, its healing effect is forgotten, and a beautiful flower is often grown for decorative purposes.
Medicinal properties of root marilyn:
- pain reliever
- essential oil,
- organic acids
- aromatic substances
- many trace elements.
The herb contains salicylic acid, which is widely used in dermatology and cosmetology.
In scientific medicine for medicinal purposes, flowering peony grass and its root are used. Alcohol tincture of peony dodging is prescribed as a sedative (sedative) remedy for neurasthenic conditions, insomnia, vegetative-vascular disorders, neurocirculatory dystonia. Peony tincture is often used in addition to the main treatment of various gynecological diseases (cyst and cervical tumors of various origins), as well as during menopause and premenstrual syndrome. In addition, the peony is recommended as a means of increasing appetite and improving digestion, as well as in diseases of the biliary tract, gastrointestinal tract, as an anesthetic for gastritis, colitis, cholangitis, duodenitis and cholecystitis.
Contraindications and side effects
There are almost no definitive contraindications for the use of peony evasion tincture, except for hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, the state of pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding, as well as in children (up to 12 years).
It is recommended to take pion preparations with caution with increased acidity of the stomach, low blood pressure, kidney diseases, alcoholism, brain diseases and brain injury. Peony tincture may cause some inhibition, therefore, doctors do not recommend to get behind the wheel of a car after taking it.
In large doses, the pion is poisonous, so the duration and mode of taking medications based on it should be determined by the attending physician.
In other areas
Peony shying now finds application in various fields. First of all, it serves as a raw material for the manufacture of tinctures. In cooking, used for the preparation of spices and drinks, for example, the peony is part of the tonic drink "Baikal". In Mongolia, the peony is brewed as tea.
Peony deviating in culture since 1788. It is grown in gardens as an ornamental plant, perfectly complementing floral arrangements. The plant is grown for medicinal purposes.
Peony dodging (lat. Paeonia anomala) - a species of the only kind of peony (lat. Paeonia) of the Pionovy family (lat. Paeoniaceae). Род объединяет около 40 видов в большинстве случаев многолетних корневищных трав, распространенных по всему Средиземноморью, а также в умеренных и субтропических районах Азии. На территории России около 15 видов, из которых несколько видов эндемичны для Кавказа, а один вид – для Крыма.
Perennial herbaceous large plant reaching 60-100 cm in height with a short many-headed rhizome, from which brown-brown spindle-shaped fleshy adventitious roots depart. Stems are among several, mostly single-flowered, erect, ribbed, leafy, especially in the upper part, covered at the base with leathery scales. The leaves are alternate, naked, large (15-30 cm long and 2.5 cm wide), petiolate, twice trifoliate. The leaves of the compound leaf are deep pinnately dissected, with lanceolate, integral parts. The flowers are large (8-13 cm in diameter), in most cases terminal. Perianth double. Calyx consists of 5 unequal, remaining with the fruit of green leaves. The corolla is also composed of 5 purple-pink petals. Numerous stamens. Pestikov 2-5. The formula of the peony flower evading - O∞ T∞ P5-2. The fruit is a multi-seeded three- or pyatilistovka, when ripening it opens along the abdominal seam. Seeds are black, shiny, elliptical. It blooms in May-June, in the mountains until mid-July. The fruits ripen in July and August.
The homeland of the wild peony of the evader is Central and Southern Europe (from Portugal to Romania). In Russia, pion grows in the forest zone of the European part and Siberia, from the south-east of the Kola Peninsula to the western regions of Yakutia and Transbaikalia in the east of southern Tuva, Tien Shan and Pamir-Altai in the south. It grows along edges and clearings, openings in light, rather thin coniferous, mixed and small-leaved forests, as well as in subalpine high-grass meadows. Occurs absently, in separate clumps, rarely forms thickets. It is listed in the Red Books of a number of republics, in particular, the Komi Republic (1998 and 2009 editions). Prefers fertile soils and sunny places.
Preparation of raw materials
For medicinal purposes, use grass and rhizome with roots. Harvested raw materials during flowering (May-June). When collecting, consider that it is important to use only plants with purple flowers for medicinal purposes. The elevated part is separated from the underground. Rhizome with roots washed in cold running water, cut into pieces measuring 15 cm. Dry the raw materials separately in attics or under a canopy in the open air, or in dryers at a temperature of 45-60 o C. The roots are dried until they become brittle, dark brown or yellowish brown. In the dried state, the roots have a sweet-burning, slightly astringent taste and a strong peculiar smell, and the grass tastes bitter, has a faint smell. Dried rhizomes with roots and aerial parts are used as a medicinal raw material for the preparation of peony tincture. Raw materials are stored for 3 years, after this period its use is highly undesirable.
The chemical composition of the pion of the evader is still not well understood. Roots contain up to 1.6% of essential oil, which consists of: peonol, methyl salicylate, benzoic and salicylic acids, as well as up to 30% carbohydrates (especially starch, glucose, sucrose), ascorbic acid, glycoside salicin, tannin and a small amount of alkaloids . Ascorbic acid is also found in the leaves (0.3%) and flowers (up to 1%). Seeds contain up to 27% fatty oil.
Tincture based on peony evading has valuable healing properties: anticonvulsant, analgesic, oncoprotective, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial. Especially peony deviating has a strong sedative effect, increases appetite and improves digestion, as well as the acidity of gastric juice. Peony preparations have a beneficial effect on the central nervous system, namely, they soothe, reduce and eliminate the spasms of the smooth muscles of the internal organs and blood vessels, as well as help to eliminate seizures. Pion tincture lowers blood pressure, normalizes the functions of all internal organs, especially the heart and blood vessels. When taking tinctures in patients with diseases of the brain decreases aggressiveness, irritability, improves sleep, reduces headache, increases efficiency. Peony tincture helps reduce the manifestations of menopause and relieves women from climacteric hot flashes, mood swings, insomnia, acting on the body not only as a sedative, but also as an effective analgesic.
Use in traditional medicine
In folk medicine, the evading peony is used quite widely.
Tincture is used to restore impaired metabolism and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Some healers use peony tincture to avoid treating certain forms of cancer. In Tibetan and traditional medicine, the evading peony was used in gastric ulcer, epilepsy and other nervous diseases. The peony roots of the evader are used for diarrhea, bleeding, hypertension, rheumatism, gout, fever, cough, insomnia, skin tuberculosis, purulent ear diseases, erosions, and uterine cancer. In China, peony is popular as an integral part of anticancer drugs. Peony root in folk medicine is used in the treatment of many chronic diseases, diabetes, atherosclerosis, carbuncles. Alcohol tincture of petals is used for nervous disorders, paralysis, and sometimes as a remedy for impotence, with bones in the bones, as a tonic. Infusion of seeds of a peony evading treat cystitis, wash the head for the best growth of hair.
The use of peony drugs in traditional medicine is somewhat limited due to its recognition as a poisonous plant.
Peony evading has long been valued in European medicine as a medicinal plant. The ancient Greeks even named him in honor of the legendary physician, a disciple of the god of healing Asclepius Peon, who cured the plant of the god Pluto. In China, which is also considered the center of origin, the peony has been grown for more than a millennium, for them it is not just a plant, but a symbol of the emperor, nobility, wealth and noble origin. Locals believe that the peony helps to get rid of dark spots on the skin and fight off nightmares. To overcome epilepsy, it was enough to wear this flower around your neck, as well as to smoke patients with smoke.
There were also legends in Armenia that peony - Marin root can expel dark forces from a person. In order to cure gout and choking in Western Europe, a peony flower was applied to the heart. In ancient times, the roots and petals of plants with red flowers were used. In the dictionaries are mentioned several more names of the plant - marina grass, heart berries, shegnya, etc.
1. Andreeva V.N. and others. Paeonia anomala L. - Peony Marin-Root // Biological Flora of the Murmansk Region / Editor-in-chief N. A. Minyaev. Apatity: Kola branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1984. p. 4-32.
2. Atlas of medicinal plants of the USSR / Ch. ed. N.V. Tsitsin. M .: Medgiz, 1962. p. 87-89.
3. Blinov KF and others. Botanico-pharmacognostic dictionary: Ref. manual / Ed. K. F. Blinova, G. P. Yakovlev. M .: Higher. shk., 1990. p. 223.
4. Grinkevich N.I. and other Medicinal plants: Reference book. / Ed. N.I. Grinkevich - M .: Higher School, 1991. - 398 p.
5. Zamyatin N.G. Medicinal plants. Encyclopedia of nature of Russia. M. 1998. 485 p.
6. Chikov P., S., Atlas of Areas and Resources of Medicinal Plants of the USSR. M .: Cartography, 1983. 340 p.
Perennial herbaceous plant with a short many-headed rhizome, from which spindly fleshy roots depart. The stem is erect, simple, ribbed, 60-100 cm tall. The leaves are bare, alternate, petioled, double- or triple-peristolic. The stem is single-flowered. The flowers are regular, bisexual, 8-13 cm in diameter, 5-6-lobed. The petals are intensely red or pale pink, chipped at the apex. The fruit consists of 3-5 multi-seeded leaflets. It blooms in May - June.
Application and healing properties
Used in folk and official medicine. Peony has a sedative, analgesic, expectorant, appetizing property, tones, relieves fatigue, acts as an adaptogen.
In Tibetan medicine, the plant is used for peptic ulcer disease, as an immunostimulant in chronic infectious processes and sepsis, rheumatism, gout, epilepsy, and other neurological diseases.
Peony evasion tincture is known as a sedative for neurasthenic states with increased excitability (menopause, thyrotoxicosis, neurosis, residual effects of traumatic encephalopathy), insomnia, primary and secondary diabetic impotence, hypochondriacal and phobic states, and vascular pathology. Infusion and tincture increase appetite, improve digestion, they are taken with gastritis, especially with high acidity, as an astringent for diarrhea, as an expectorant, as well as for tumor diseases, menstrual disorders, diabetes.
- Infusion of rhizomes of a pion evading: 1 tsp crushed raw materials are poured with 1 cup of boiling water and insist in a warm place for 2 hours. Strain and take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day for 15-20 minutes before meals with gastritis, a cold, after irradiation or with tumors, impotence, diabetes.
- Tincture of rhizomes of peony dodging: 1 tbsp. l 500 ml of vodka is poured into the dry ground raw material and left in a dark place for 1 week. Strain and take, diluted with water, 30-35 drops 3 times a day for 20 minutes before meals for 3-4 weeks with loss of strength, neurosis, fatigue, impotence, menstrual disorders, gastritis. After a 3 week break, repeat the course.
Boiled dry rhizomes of peony
Rhizomes are harvested in the fall, washed, dried and then dried in the oven or dryer. Store in paper bags or boxes. Dried rhizomes are boiled until half cooked, and then added as a garnish to meat stewed until half cooked. Add onions, sprinkle with grated carrots, salt and put spices and stew under the lid. Served on the table, sprinkled with herbs.
- Rhizomes of a pion evading - 100 g,
- meat - 150 g,
- onion - 60 g,
- carrot - 40 g,
- salt and spices to taste.
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