Rational use of the drug Kalimagneziya in horticulture, vegetable growing, agriculture has established itself on the positive side. Such supplements help to significantly increase the yield of many crops, as well as improve the quality of the harvest. The drug belongs to the combined concentrated dressings, which are used as chlorine-free fertilizers even for chlorophobic cultures (tomatoes, potatoes, etc.).
Features of this type of fertilizer are as follows:
- It is well dissolved in water, leaves a small deposit
- Has no caking properties.
- Long stored
- Highly effective on sandy, light sandy, peaty, red, floodplain soils
- Has a gray-pink color, is available in the form of powder or small granules.
It is the combination of potassium and magnesium that makes fertilizer so productive, because the separate use of these elements makes little sense because of the uneven distribution in the soil. But with the joint introduction and addition of sulfur, the decomposition of the active components occurs harmoniously, and the resulting compounds are easily consumed by plants.
How does fertilizing affect plants?
After its application, the following effects are provided:
- Improving the quality and usefulness of fruits (the growth of starch in potatoes, ascorbic acid - in grapes and berries, vitamins - in vegetables, sugar in sugar beets, etc.)
- General increase in yield and acceleration of fruit ripening
- Prolongation of fruiting
- Growth of plant immunity, their resistance to various diseases
- Easier frost tolerance (for winter crops)
- Resistance to frost if it occurs in the middle and late spring
Some plants (potatoes and others) during the growing season pull a lot of potassium out of the ground, so it will be difficult to get a good harvest without potash fertilizers. Gardeners and gardeners should take into account that even the timely introduction of organic matter (manure, compost) will not provide all the needs of such plants, so inorganic dressing will come in handy.
The composition of the drug 28-30% potassium, as well as 10% magnesium and 17% sulfur, that is, in the complex fertilizer has all the basic substances needed by plants. The form of the main active ingredient is very convenient for absorption by cultures (double potassium sulphate and magnesium, or K2SO4 * MgSO4). The decay products of this substance - positively charged potassium ions and negatively charged sulfur ions - provide high availability for absorption by the root system of plants. Absorption takes place in two ways - exchangeable and non-exchangeable, that is, efficiency increases.
Instructions for use
Fertilizer is recommended to be made in spring or autumn, when plowing or digging up the entire plot for garden crops is carried out. If the earth is clay, it is better to use the drug in the fall, on lighter soils, its use is more productive with a vein. It is not necessary to close up Calimagnese deeply; it is better to immediately place the granules at the right level for access by the root system of plants.
When planting shrubs, trees, some vegetables need to make a tool under the roots. Also excellent effect is given by watering with a solution of fertilizing plants during the vegetative period. At dachas, many people practice foliar fertilizing with this fertilizer. It is shown to apply Kalimagneziya for open ground and for greenhouses.
The application rates in the fall or spring are as follows (the rates are indicated for spreading fertilizer over the entire area, and when entering the hole or furrow, they are reduced by 2 times):
- When plowing or digging the soil - 300-600 g / 10 sq.m. (specific rate depends on soil type)
- With early feeding - 80-100 g / 10 sq.m.
- With late feeding - 150-200 g / 10 sq. M.
- For greenhouses, greenhouses during soil digging - 40-45 g / sq.m.
- For fruit bushes and trees - 20-30 g / sq.m.
- For vegetables and root crops - 15-25 g / sq.m.
When spring application of the drug is carried out, it is useful to simultaneously fertilize the soil with wood ash, in which up to 35% of potassium compounds are present, as well as essential trace elements for plants. The rate of making ash - up to 15 kg / weave a vegetable garden. Extra root top dressings do by dilution of 20 g of Kalimagneziya in 10 liters of water. Consumption of the solution - about 5 liters per hundred.
Packaging drug 0.9 kg. costs from 63 to 100 rubles.
Potassium Fertilizer Description"Kalimagneziya" is a three-component mixture of potassium, magnesium and sulfur in the ratio of 30:17:10 percent. During chemical analysis, up to 3% chlorine was found in the composition of the agent. Such small amounts of the element allow to classify this fertilizer to chlorine-free. In the sale of the drug can be found under the brand name "Kalimag" in the form of granules or powder pink-gray shades. It is unusual for the substance to sedate, it dissolves well in water. In the working solution a slight precipitate of insoluble impurities is allowed. In scientific literature, “Kalimagnesia” is referred to as “double magnesium and potassium sulfate” or as “double salt”, which is due to the potassium and magnesium prevailing in the fertilizer. All components are evenly distributed in the substrate, simultaneously affecting its physical properties and fruit and vegetable crops.
Producers note the effective influence of dressing on potatoes, berry plants, legumes, tomatoes, rutabagas, cucumbers, buckwheat, cabbage. Moreover, the effect of the drug does not depend on the composition of the land in the garden.
Action on garden crops
In the complex, all components of “Kalimagneziya” have an effective impact on the quantity and quality of the crop, and also have a beneficial effect on the soil. What happens after you water the bed with this fertilizer, let's look at the details on the example of each component.
Potassium is responsible for enhancing the protective functions of plant organisms. Having received this element, the plants acquire immunity to pathogenic bacteria and viruses, resist the defeats of fungal spores, it is easier to survive the winter cold. Manicured ovaries initiate rapid maturation. Fruits are characterized by high taste and commodity qualities.Magnesium takes over the release of energy from plants. In cases of deficiency of this microelement, a certain lifeless state of the stems and foliage is observed. This is due to a suffering root system.
Botanists explain that under the influence of sunlight and sufficient soil moisture in the fibers of the plant, the synthesis of sugars occurs, which further affects the amount of carbohydrates, fructose, cellulose, and starch. Therefore, the element is of particular importance for cereals, beans and potatoes.
Sulfur as an auxiliary component is responsible for the recovery of cells and fibers, as well as for the absorption of nutrients and the formation of proteins. It is of particular importance for cruciferous vegetable crops. With its shortage, growth is observed, the shoots are weakened, the leaves are small and not developed, the cuttings are woody. Many lovers of gardening affairs mistakenly think that these are signs of nitrogen starvation, since there are many similarities between them. Significant and perhaps the only difference is that with sulfur deficiency, the foliage does not fall off, as with a lack of nitrogen.
Light sand and sandy substrates, in which, as a rule, there are not enough nutrients, especially in need of double salt. Also, its impact is more obvious on sod-podzolic lands, which are often deficient in potassium.
The remedy will also have a beneficial effect in swampy areas, peatlands, and depleted red soils. When applying fertilizer on emaciated soils, abundant moisture is important. Despite the versatility of the drug, on chernozem its use is inappropriate. According to agronomists, these soils already contain sufficient amounts of the necessary trace elements. The shortage of magnesium and sulfur is better compensated by magnesium sulfate.Fertilization of southern serozem and chestnut substrates will be ineffective, with the exception of plants that need higher dosages of potassium. (sugar beet, sunflowers). And also not worth experimenting on solontsah. Experts explain that in their composition an increased amount of potassium-magnesium mixtures, therefore, "Kalimagneziya" will only contribute to an increase in alkalinity.
Methods of application and consumption standards "Kalimagnezii"
"Kalimagneziya" as a mineral fertilizer is used on almost most soils, plants especially sensitive to chlorine are in need of its application.
Leading agronomists share the experience of preparing the solution "by eye" - when there are no weights, then the required amount of fertilizer can be calculated on the basis that 1 gram of "Calimagnese" is equal to 1 centimeter cubic. It turns out that in 1 teaspoon - 5 grams of the drug, in 1 tablespoon - 15 grams, and in a matchbox - 20 grams. According to the instructions for use of ten square meters in the fall of the mixture should be up to 200 grams. In the spring, the dose should be halved. And for greenhouse production recommended about 50 grams. In cases of root feeding, an aqueous solution is prepared in a proportion of 20 g: 10 l.
Some lovers of vineyards resort to spraying vine three times with a classic solution. This is done at a monthly interval in cases where the culture suffers from a lack of nutrients and the main feeding is not carried out.
The same top dressing scheme is recommended when growing tomatoes. On good soils, about 15 - 20 g of mixture per square meter will suffice. Be prepared that such impurities do not affect the tomato flavor, and contribute to the immunization of nightshade to a number of diseases.
Flower cultures need potassium-magnesium fertilizers with premature falling of foliage, small inflorescences, slow development and withering. At the beginning of autumn it is recommended to add up to 20 g of powder per square meter of powder, and it will not interfere with watering with fertilizers during flowering.
Benefits of using fertilizer
The main advantages of "Kalimagnezii" are as follows:
- universality of the drug,
- good digestibility by plants
- impact on any soil,
- simultaneous beneficial effects on crops and soils,
- the ability to increase the yield, taste and commodity characteristics of fruits,
- prolonged storage, which is due to the properties do not absorb moisture.
Kalimagneziya refers to concentrated mineral fertilizers. It consists of the necessary elements for all vegetable and garden plants: potassium - 30%, sulfur - 17%, magnesium - 10%.
The inevitable chlorine content is minimal - 1%, some variants contain up to 3%, which makes it possible to treat this nutrient mixture as non-chlorine. Fertilizer is made in the form of a light powder or granules of irregular shape with a grayish, sometimes pinkish hue. It dissolves easily in water, leaving a little sediment. Its characteristic feature is the simultaneous introduction of two necessary elements - potassium with magnesium, their use separately is not so effective, because they are unevenly distributed in the soil. During the decomposition of the main active ingredient of calimagnese, two types of ions are formed: positively charged potassium ions and negatively charged sulfur ions (sulfate ions). Sulfur-containing compounds are easily absorbed by the soil.
Potassium ions make it an exchangeable or non-exchangeable way. Potassium absorbed by the non-exchange method cannot easily penetrate the plant root system, but on clay soils it is helped by minerals of hydromica and montmorillonite by accumulating chemical elements. The mineral, which has penetrated the soil by the exchange method, lingers there for a long time, it is easily consumed by the roots of the plants. Powder and fine-crystalline fertilizer contains more potassium absorbed by the non-exchange method, and therefore, it is advisable to use it on loamy soils. On soils devoid of clay minerals, the use of large granules is more profitable.
Potassium magnesia is applied to the soil throughout the cultivated area, and dissolved with water as often as dry. It is poured (or poured) directly under the roots during planting or watering. Her aqueous solution even sprayed green mass of plants during the growth period. The use of this fertilizer is universal - which is very convenient. Its application is indicated for open ground, as well as for greenhouses.
The introduction is calculated like this: 5 kg per 1 hundred. For fruit trees, shrubs enough 20-30 g / m2. For vegetables - 15 - 20 g / m2, root vegetables - 20 - 25 g / m2. Moreover, turnip, radish, carrots, potatoes, beets need it most, they are recommended to make from 30 to 40 g / m2.
What is the impact on culture
Potassium, magnesium, sulfur - is the perfect combination of trace elements necessary to improve the quality and usefulness of fruits. So the use of Kalimagnezia causes an increase in the amount of starch in potatoes, sugar in beets, vitamin C - in citrus fruits, grapes, increases the concentration of vitamins in green vegetables. There will be more sugars in the fruits of garden trees. In addition, fertilizer contributes to higher yields, prolongs the period of fruiting, makes plants stronger in confrontations with diseases, helps to transfer harsh winter frosts easier.
How does it affect the soil
Kalimagneziya enriches the soil with microelements necessary for crops. Root crops (potatoes, sugar beets, and others) absorb a lot of potassium from the soil during their growing season, so potatoes can “take out” up to 2.5 kg of this element from a hundred of earth. So the cultivated land is in dire need of replenishment with potassium, magnesium, sulfur, and organic fertilizers like manure or compost do not provide the required amount. Therefore, it is so important for the soil to introduce complex organic and inorganic supplements.
Sod-podzolic soils lack potassium and magnesium, peaty, floodplain and red soils experience a clear lack of potassium and sulfur, so on such types of soil the use of this particular fertilizer will have the greatest effect. For gray forest and loamy sod-podzolic soils, as well as depleted leached chernozem, kalimagneziya is recommended only in case of a lack of potassium and magnesium - and this may not be the case. It is important what cultures have grown in one place for several years. On chernozem, gray and chestnut soils, its application can be effective only for some crops, for example, for sunflower, sugar beet, green vegetables, the same potato.
Terms of fertilizer application
Fertilizer is applied in spring or autumn during the total digging of the site. On clay soils, it is better to do this in the fall, and on the lighter ones - it is possible in the spring, and not to be buried deeply, because potassium is not very mobile, it is placed immediately in the desired soil horizon. This is what concerns the general fertilizer of the earth. And during planting trees, bushes, vegetable seedlings, many practice applying feedings to the roots. Good results are obtained by watering with dissolved fertilizer throughout the summer. Many gardeners practice spraying a solution of green mass of plants.
Chemical composition and characterization
The formula of the substance is K2SO4 • MgSO4. Composed of:
- Magnesium sulfate MgSO4.
- Potassium sulphate K2SO4.
The use of chlorine salts in the production determines the presence of 1-3% chlorine in its composition. Chlorine is present in the Cainite – Langbeinite rock, which is processed in production. This amount does not pose a threat to the environment. Insignificant presence of insoluble impurities is allowed. Kalimagneziya is not used on a large industrial scale. These are mainly household gardens, country farms, small farmer organizations.
Mineral fertilizer is a granule of different crushing or powder fine dispersion. The color of the composition is affected by the percentage of substances. For example, in pink granules it is more than potassium, and in red - magnesium. Such deviations do not affect the quality indicators.
Potassium magnesia is packaged in bags of various sizes. On sale has the name: Kalimag, Potassium Mag. During long-term storage, it does not cake, does not lose its chemical properties.
Advantages of application, soil and soil
Kalimagneziya hygroscopic, granules dissolve quickly in water. Fertilizer is not washed and does not migrate in the soil. Benefits of use:
- all elements of the composition (K, Mg, S) reach the goal, working in a balanced way,
- enhances the immunity and resistance of crops to external negative environmental influences,
- in fruits and berries taste is improved,
- yield increase
- control over the amount of nitrates.
Attention! Calimagnese is not mixed with urea. This leads to increased soil acidification. Do not make the drug with substances that greatly deoxidize the soil (chalk, dolomite flour).
Used on depleted soil types:
- торфяниках и суглинках,
- кислых грунтах, песчаниках и супесях,
- выщелоченных лесных почвах, красноземах с нехваткой K и S.
На плодородных черноземах и карбонатных почвах калимагнезия не используется. An exception is the sodic areas with excessive presence of potassium. Kalimagneziya suitable for closed and open ground.
Impact on culture
Potassium magnesia is introduced for different types of garden, vegetable, and fruit crops. Respond well to the Potassium Mage plant – chlorophobes: Solanaceae, cucumbers, currants, gooseberries, grapes. The combination of three substances (K, Mg, S) is completely absorbed by plants in the proposed form.
Potassium is an indispensable element for root crops (carrots, cabbage, beets). Potassium is actively consumed during the flowering of garden roses; potassium magnesia will help the bushes to winter well. Potassium sulphate is not dangerous during flowering and fruiting. Tomatoes it is necessary for the formation and uniform ripening of fruits.
Magnesium deficiency delays the absorption of nutrients by the plant and their promotion to the roots. Growth slows down, twisting and yellowing of the lower leaves is observed. Reduced ability to absorb moisture, as a result, burns appear. Additional magnesium intake is needed for potatoes, all legumes and cereals.
The lack of sulfur is more difficult to identify, the symptoms are similar to nitrogen deficiency. Thinning and stiffening of the shoots, chopping leaves, short stature. Cruciferous plants react sharply to sulfur deficiency.
Rules and regulations for the application of Kalimagnese
Kalimagnesia is applied to light substrates in spring, and to heavy clay and acidic substrates in autumn. Pellets close up under the digging, not placing them too deep:
In the late autumn digging consumed 200 g of the substance per 10 square meters. In spring, it is useful to supplement the composition with wood ash (not more than 15 kg per 100 sq. m). The event is held no later than a week before sowing the field. Approximate consumption: 100 g per 10 square meters. m square. When planting plants with a solution (20 g per 10 l), the wells are shed or dry applied.
Council Cultures can be maintained with Kalimagnese feedings throughout the season.
For greenhouses and greenhouses consumption rate of 10 square meters. m not more than 45 g of dry matter. Some dosages:
- garden trees, berry and ornamental shrubs of 20–30 g in a stem,
- vegetable crops 15–20 g per 1 sq. m. m square,
- roots 20-25 g per 1 square. m
In all cases, the drug is made immediately before irrigation or precipitation. An aqueous solution of potassium magnesium is assimilated faster and better than dry granules. The complex has no analogues. When working with fertilizer necessarily use protective equipment. The results of proper use of calimagnese will delight any host.