The need for vegetative renewal of geyher is due to the significant growth of the aerial part and the age rejuvenation of the plant. Under favorable conditions, the cultivation of rhizome can be divided into the 3-4th year of life.
Color reproduction geyher division
Rhizome need to dig, rinse and divide into parts so that each delkey was one or more outlets. Sections should be sprinkled with ash or charcoal, it is possible with an admixture of drugs to stimulate root formation. During the division inspect and cut stitching roots. Remove dried shoots, leaves, flower stalks, partially reduce the number of functional leaves.
Delenki planted in the soil or in containers with the substrate so that the middle of the outlets was free from the soil.
In the first few weeks, the planted plants need to be watered and dusted When it will be seen that the plant is rooted and started to grow, the sun protection is removed. It is advisable to do this in cloudy weather, in order to avoid leaf burns.
When dividing the rhizomes of geyhery, cuttings without roots are often isolated. Such cuttings can also be separated from a growing plant without digging it out of the soil. In this case, the outlet is cut with a fragment of rhizome or adventitious roots. Sections on cuttings geyher treated with ash or coal. The leaves are removed, leaving 2-3 pieces on one outlet.
Cuttings are planted in cold greenhouses, greenhouses, or simply in the cool shade. If it is a greenhouse, it is better to cover the plants with a film, and under it you can put light material on the arches so that condensate is absorbed and the microclimate with optimum humidity is maintained. Planted cuttings so that the center of the outlet was above the level of the substrate.
When grafting, stimulants can be used to enhance the regenerative capacity of plants. Depending on the conditions, rooting takes place in 3-5 weeks.
Rooted plants are planted as they develop, but taking into account the calendar time.
Sometimes entrenched geyher in the fall is better not to touch, but leave until spring in the cuttings, covered with dry foliage, moss or spruce branches.
Geicher color reproduction - ways
- Dig up the plant, shake off the roots thoroughly and rinse them.
- Manually or with a knife, divide the plant into separate delenki.
- Remove dry shoots, rotten roots and part of the leaves.
- Select a few of the most high-quality delenok for disembarking.
- Lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the container, and then pour the substrate.
- Land delenki in a container and pour them well.
Cutting geyhery photo
- Remove dry shoots, rotten roots and part of the leaves on the delens.
- Cut the plant rosette with a rhizome fragment.
- Powder cuts of the rosette and rhizome with ash or coal.
- Now prepare the wells for planting cuttings.
- Plant the divided rhizomes of geyher in the substrate.
- Plant the cuttings so that the socket is above the soil level.
In preparing the article, the recommendations of N. Andrukh were used.
Description of geykhera for open ground
All types of geyher in nature are natives of the Americas. Here, plants from the Kamenelomkovy family, justifying their origin, settled in the rocky wastelands of the center and south of the United States and some parts of Mexico. Most of the plants tamed by man are perennial decorative leafy crops. According to the description, in open ground geykhera, forming a lush rosette of split palmate leaves, changes their color depending on the season, miraculously changing the corner of the garden allotted to it.
The appearance of foliage depends not only on the season, but also on the variety of geyher. Thanks to two- or three-colored leaves with jagged, smooth or corrugated edges, the most inconspicuous area can be transformed.
The decorative effect complements the bloom that lasts all summer. The brightest inflorescences on erect peduncles of blood geahera are red with small coral-colored corollas. In other species, flowers are predominantly white or pinkish, collected in sparse paniculate inflorescences.
When to plant geykheru in open ground? What you need to know about the nature of the plant and its preferences?
Conditions for growing geyhery in open ground
Usually for decorative foliage plants choose well-lit places where bright colors on the leaves will look most advantageous. However, geykhera can be easily settled under the canopy of trees, and in the open area it can wilt and will require frequent abundant watering. Therefore, it is better for her to find a site with light protection from the scorching midday sun, but not in the thick shadow, which will “wash out” unusual patterns from the leaves, leaving only the green background.
The requirement of sufficient illumination is especially important to fulfill when planting in open ground and caring for the geyher variegated forms.
Despite its bright appearance, this perennial is unpretentious and, with proper care, grows well in summer cottages. In plantings, geyhera often coexists with hosts, coniferous crops, grassy ground cover plants and shrubs, as well as tall flowering species.
When planting and caring in the open field, perennial geyher do not pretend to the composition and nutritional value of the soil, but do not tolerate:
On a loose substrate that holds a moderate amount of moisture well, plants are especially lush.
Geyher planting time in open ground
In nature, geyhery propagate by seed and vegetatively due to the proliferation of leaf rosettes. In the garden is better to use the second method.
Unfortunately, the seeds collected from garden varieties do not preserve the varietal characteristics of the plants, and from them grow plants close to wild-growing.
It is much easier to get a geyher of the desired variety — using seedlings grown from seeds of a proven manufacturer or dividing an adult outlet.
Seeds are sown in early spring in containers. In greenhouse conditions, the first shoots appear after 4-6 weeks. When the true leaves unfold on the sprouts, the seedlings are transferred to the open ground. Given the future growth of the outlet is planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
In May or in early autumn, large, often 3–4-year-old geyher sockets are seated, which lose compactness and fall apart. This means that daughter plants have appeared near the main plant, and it is time to separate them.
Planting a perennial geyher in open ground and caring for plants
In order for new plants to be more “fluffy”, 2-3 rosettes with their own rhizomes are left on each delenka. If the planting material for some reason has no roots, you should not throw it away. Cuttings with several leaves and a piece of the stem can be rooted by treating with a stimulant and having landed in a sand-peat mixture. In a shaded greenhouse, roots are formed in 3-4 weeks.
If cuttings are received in May or June, the time for planting the geyher in open ground falls on the middle or second half of summer. The soil under such plants must be mulched, and the seedlings themselves provide protection from the bright sun.
On cuttings and large delenki places of cuts are powdered with crushed charcoal. Landing holes for geyher should have a depth of at least 30 cm and the same diameter. When this culture is used as a border, the distance between the bushes is usually 25–35 cm.
After planting, the plants are watered, and the soil under them is sprinkled with peat, rotted sawdust or chopped grass.
Care for geykhera after planting in open ground
These plants are moisture-loving. Therefore, the main care for geykhera after planting in open ground includes:
- regular watering, preventing the soil from drying out,
- loosening the soil surface under bushes and near them,
- top dressing, which start from the second year of life and is carried out with the help of complex means for decorative leafy crops.
In the warm season, geyher watering 3-5 times a week. In the heat and in the absence of rain, it is better to moisten the soil daily in the morning or after sunset.
So that there are no discolored burn marks on the leaves of the geykher, the watering can should be kept as close to the ground as possible.
All plants of this genus bloom, but not always the geyher flowers are too attractive. If they interfere with the perception of the flower garden, or after withering, the flower stalks are removed by cutting off the base. In the winter the bushes go with leaves. So that by the spring of the base of the sockets are not affected by the rotted, it is better to cover them with loose spruce branches, oak branches, non-woven material and mulch.
Adding an article to a new collection
Geicherra decorates the garden from early spring to late autumn. And even for the winter she leaves with decorative leaves. How to grow such a beautiful woman in a flower garden?
Geicher is widely used in landscape design. Most often it is planted in rockeries, rock gardens, rabatkah and central flower beds near the entrance to the house. This plant is unpretentious, but with improper planting and poor care does not look very presentable.
Choosing a landing site for geyhery
The saturation of the color of the leaves of the geyher and the duration of the flowering of the plant largely depend on the place of growth. Most species prefer semi-shaded areas where the sun shines only in the morning or in the evening - the east or west side will do. However, young bushes develop better with more sunlight. It is important that they are protected from the wind.
Geichers with brightly colored leaves, especially red, look richer in the sun. But in such conditions, plants need abundant and frequent watering.
Red-leaved Geyhera Peach Crisp in the shadows loses its bright color
Geihra is unpretentious in the choice of soil, but grows best on light, fertile and well-drained slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5-6. The plant does not tolerate stagnant water: with excessive moisture its roots rot.
The most suitable time for planting - early spring. Geicher can be grown from seeds, but this is an unreliable method of reproduction, since a young plant often does not receive varietal signs of maternal and as a result grows with unremarkable green leaves. Therefore, geykheru most often grown from a sapling - a bush bought in a specialty store, or a bush delenka.
In a selected area, a hole is dug in a width and depth of 30 cm, ash and rotted compost are added to it, and mixed well with loose fertile soil.
In the bush, geyheris remove dry shoots, shorten long stems to young tissue, cut and damage damaged areas and sprinkle with pounded charcoal. After that, geyher is planted in the prepared hole, watered and pritenyayut.
When planting between plants maintain a distance of about 25 cm
After 4-6 weeks in young plants, the root system becomes strong and well developed - then they can be transplanted to a new place. In regions with an unstable climate in March-April, geyher is first planted in a greenhouse, and after stable, warm weather has been established, it is transplanted into open ground. Or planted young bushes no earlier than May.
When spring planting after irrigation, it is recommended to geulch with peat. This will help get rid of weeds and retain moisture in the soil.
Similarly, delenki with 2-3 sockets can be planted in September, but it should be noted that they take root for 1-1.5 months, and during this time it is important to protect the plants from a sudden decrease in air temperature.
Care for geyhery
The plant needs regular watering as the soil dries - usually every 2 days. But during a drought, more frequent watering may be necessary. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that moisture does not stagnate in the soil, and drops do not fall on the leaves. Otherwise, a bright sun may cause a burn.
If geykhery leaves become dull, small or sluggish, and the flowers do not bloom for a long time, then before and after flowering the plants are fed with complex mineral fertilizer. In this case, the dose recommended in the instructions for the drug, reduced by 2 times. After all, it is better to feed geyher than to overfeed.
Geicherra usually blooms throughout the summer. Immediately after the end of this process, faded flower stalks are cut off so that the plant does not multiply into self-seeding.
At one place, the geyher grows well for no more than 5 years, then its bush begins to fall apart and in winter it can freeze, therefore, every 3-4 years, the plant is dug out, divided and planted.
Geicher tolerates transplant well and quickly takes root in a new place.
In the autumn with the onset of cold weather, some geyher yellow, but often snow covers bushes with bright foliage. The shoots are not cut: they winter well in this form and at the same time protect the root system from frost. In regions with a cold climate, geyher is additionally covered with dry leaves (preferably oak) or fir spruce.
In the spring, the shelter is removed and, with the help of a secateur, last-year geyher leaves are cut as close as possible to the soil surface.
Diseases and pests geyhery
As a rule, geyhery rarely get sick and practically do not suffer from pests. But with improper care, they can become infected with powdery mildew (from which they are disposed of by spraying with fungicides - Topaz, Fundazole, Byleton), rust and leaf spots (against these ills effective 1% solution Bordeaux fluid).
With excessive moisture, geyheru can eat snails and slugs. To avoid this, carefully monitor the watering, periodically collect pests manually and, if necessary, arrange traps in the flower garden.
Plant spectacular geyhery on your site - and they will paint with bright colors even the most boring flower garden. And if you want these flowers to decorate your home, grow them in containers. Geyhery grow well at home.
Propagated geykheru seeds
One of the easiest ways of reproduction, is considered seed. The seeds of the plant are black in color, something similar in appearance to poppy, only smaller. With this kind of breeding, the flowers do not retain their varietal characteristics, so they are not so often used. Seedlings may differ from the "mother", as the color palette, and the size, shape of the leaves. Therefore, it is recommended to propagate geyher vegetatively, then all qualities will be preserved. However, seeds are commercially available.
If the preservation of varietal qualities does not matter, and you still decide to propagate the plants with the help of seeds, but you should know that they are viable only 6 months after harvest. Seeds that go on sale on store shelves are packed in special bags. In them the shelf life increases.
The advantage of seeds of this particular plant is that they do not require special treatment or stratification.
The ideal time for sowing is mid-March - the first week of April.
Rules to follow when sowing:
- The soil is chosen with neutral acidity.
- Provide a good drainage layer.
- It is recommended to add about 30% perlite. It can be replaced with pure calcined sand, it is poured on top, a layer of 2-3 centimeters.
- If necessary, disinfection of the soil is carried out (at home, this can be done quite simply, you should steam the soil in the oven for about an hour, or treat it with a solution of 0.2% of foundationol for a few days before planting the seeds).
- Special attention should be paid to the tank, it must have drainage holes, and sides with a height of at least 4 centimeters.
- Moisten the soil before planting so that it was not completely filled with water, and had a crumbly texture.
- Seeds are sown chaotically. For convenience, you can use a folded piece of paper. It is evenly moved across the width of the seed tray.
- If the seeds are not enough, they are mixed with sand, and only then sown. Thus, sowing will be carried out evenly.
- After sowing, moisten the soil gently with a spray bottle and cover it with a transparent film (glass can be used).
- Containers are exposed to a lighted place, but direct sunlight should not fall on them.
- If you put the containers on the windowsill, their bottom will be cold, and this should not be allowed. Be sure to enclose a warming material.
- At a temperature of 20-22 ° C, the seeds germinate quickly enough, in 2-3 weeks.
- As soon as the first shoots appear, the film (glass) must be periodically lifted for ventilation. Next, clean at all.
- It should not be allowed to dry out the soil, but an excessive amount of moisture also hurts.
- Water carefully, it is advisable to do it through the pan.
- When 3-4 leaflets appear on the seedlings, it means that you can start a picking.
- Before planting in open ground plants need to be hardened.
- The landing is carried out in the first month of summer. Flowers adapt quickly enough, and in August it will be possible to see the sockets.
- If geyhery started well, and did not get sick, you do not need to cover them for the winter.
- You can put on young plants a pair of spruce branches, so you can hold the snow.
We propagate geyher by dividing the bush
Each year, basal rosettes of plants grow high, the lower obsolete leaves dry. Thus the internodes on the stem become bare. Они становятся очень высокими, похожими на стволы пальмы. Такое явления даже имеет свое название – «пальмовость». Кусты в возрасте 3-4 лет с явными признаками «пальмовости» настоятельно рекомендуется делить.If the division procedure is not performed, bare shoots with rosettes will begin to dry due to a lack of nutrients. Without having carried out a timely division, outdated flowers face such problems:
- Will be bad to endure the winter.
- The heat and dry summer will be a test for them.
- In the spring will be more exposed to various diseases than young.
- Bare stems will break in strong wind, frost, snow.
Because of such effects, geyhera is severely damaged and dies.
Rules for dividing a plant bush:
- Completely dig up a bush.
- Roots thoroughly washed under running water (you can use a hose).
- Carefully cut with a sharp object, so that each part had several outlets (at least one).
- That the procedure was the most successful, it is better to use a wooden board.
- Very long roots shorten.
- All decaying parts are cut, or cut to white fabric.
- It is recommended to sprinkle fresh sections with a mixture of growth powder and powdered coal (you can purchase ready-made mixture - “Kornevin” or “Roots”).
- All dry shoots on the excavated flower must be removed.
- Divided bushes ready for planting are planted neatly, without sprinkling leaves and sockets with earth.
- Above the soil level leaves a significant part of the stem, about 1-3 centimeters. The procedure is simplified if you make a small hole around the bush. As the plant grows, it will be necessary to add soil or organic mulch. Over time, the terrain around the bush will even out completely.
- Initially, when the plant is in a state of growth, it should be pritenyat.
- Watering regular.
- When geyhery fully take root in the new place, gain strength and get stronger, shading should be removed. Such changes are desirable to carry out in cloudy weather.
We propagate geicher by cutting
At the time of division of the rhizome, the plant often remains cuttings without roots. Also, cuttings can be obtained from a growing plant, and there is no need to dig it out. The outlet should be cut with parts of the roots or the main root. The rules for geykhery cuttings:
- Cut cuttings clean and sterile sharp object.
- Sections are recommended to sprinkle with ash (can be coal).
- The leaves of the cutting are removed, leaving only a few pieces on the outlet.
- Planting cuttings carried out in a cool place. This may be a shaded area, a greenhouse, or a greenhouse (necessarily cold).
- In the greenhouse, the flowers are covered with a film under which the light fabric is fixed. Thus, the condensate will be absorbed, and the humidity will be kept as comfortable as possible.
- Planted cuttings need to carefully so that the outlet remained above the ground level. They can not be deepened.
- The method of grafting is good because you can use growth stimulants.
- The first roots can be observed in 3-5 weeks. It all depends on the conditions in which the plant grows.
- It is possible to plant cuttings when the root system is sufficiently formed. In this case, if geyhery took root in the fall, the landing is better to transfer to the spring. They can spend the winter in cuttings, well covered with spruce branches, needles, dry foliage or moss.
Where to plant a young plant
With any method of reproduction, it is very important to plant the plant correctly so that it grows strong and immune to various diseases. Also, the color palette of the leaves, the intensity and brightness of flowering, the duration of growth will depend on the place of planting. What rules should be followed when landing in open ground:
- Many varieties of geyher prefer places protected from the direct rays of the sun. In this case, young plants are planted in the sun, where there will be no drafts, wind and cold.
- The soil must "breathe", good to pass moisture and air. It is great if it is rich in minerals, if not, then mineral fertilizers are recommended.
- Planted geyhera in pre-moistened soil. When excessive moisture can begin the putrefying processes of the root system. In this case, the plant will die.
- To avoid rotting of the roots, a little bit of expanded clay or crushed red bricks are poured into the moistened well. In this way, a drainage layer is created. In such conditions, the flowers will be comfortable, the drainage will absorb excess moisture, especially during the rainy season.
Caring for the geyher in the garden
So that a young plant grows well, it should provide proper care. It is not at all difficult to care for the geyher, it is not necessary to make special efforts. Everything is very simple:
- Periodically should be made in the soil mineral fertilizer. Concentration is made somewhat weaker than for other colors.
- It is impossible to remove leaves for the winter period. With the help of nits the plant retains heat. So that the winter went well, without loss, you need to pour dry oak leaves under the bushes.
- Watering provide moderate. The lack of moisture plant transfers much easier than excess. This rule is followed with feedings.
- Every month the bushes loosen and pile up so that the root system does not dry out.
- To bloom was long and persistent, it is recommended to replant geyhery from the usual place to another.
- When a large number of branches have been formed, and they are superimposed one by one, this means that it is time to transplant the plant by dividing the shrub. The procedure is carried out in the spring.
- For geyher with light leaves, winter care is more individual, bushes need to be covered with humus. If the winter is snowy, the bushes can be covered with a layer of snow.
You should not rush in the spring to release the flowers from the shelter, thus moisture will remain, and will not allow the leaves to dry out. If necessary, moisten the roots with slightly warmed water. As soon as it gets warmer outside, the leaves of geyher are removed, and the soil is fertilized with mineral supplements.
Possible pests and diseases
A young plant, recently planted, is most susceptible to various diseases and pests. There are chances to encounter such common problems:
- Snails and slugs. Damage to the leaves and young shoots, the leaves are covered with spotted rotten. Dew whitish shade appears. These leaves curl and showered.
- Excessive moisture will lead to putrid processes in the root system. The bushes are beginning to fade. If you notice the problem in time, the plant can be saved. It is necessary to cut all the twigs, choose a young stem, and root it using grafting.
Observing all the rules for care, the plant is almost not subject to disease. Gorgeous, lush flowering bushes will delight for many years.
Geykhery very harmoniously fit into a blooming garden, diluting the paint with its lush and green leaves. This plant is very fond of landscape designers, often use it as a basis for the desired composition. Therefore, be sure to plant on your site such beauty, because caring for her is simple, and the methods of reproduction are elementary.
Application geykhery in design
The popularity and prevalence of the geyher's decorative perennial garden plant in landscape design are determined by a number of its features, in particular:
- beauty, compactness and unpretentiousness,
- low demands on growing conditions,
- shade with high tolerance of direct sunlight,
- easy reproduction and disease resistance
- preservation of decorative qualities throughout the season,
- possibility of growing on stones or near water
- no conflict with other plants,
- growing both in open ground and in containers,
- variety of varieties and species
- frost resistance.
Geicherra maintains decorative qualities throughout the season.
These properties and features of geykher make it almost indispensable in landscape design for both beginners and experienced gardeners. The variety of geyher varieties, the number of which is close to half a thousand, allows you to choose a single plant for every taste or use several varieties to create original compositions.
Geichera disease resistant
It should be noted that one of the most common methods of using geyher in decorating a site is to decorate a flower garden with low density of vegetation. Geyher bushes allow you to disguise the bald spots or empty areas formed during the seasonal rotation of plants, thereby forming a smooth transition from one group of plants to another. Due to the fact that geykhera does not lose its attractiveness almost throughout the growing season, it is an important decorative element of the design of a flower garden or a separate flower bed.
Geicher is often used for decoration of borders, flower beds or flower beds.
One of the natural properties of the geyhera bush is the ability to maintain a constant form for a sufficiently long period. In this regard, geyheru is often used to design borders, flower beds or flower beds that have a certain clear geometric shape. What is required, for example, for the zoning of the garden plot or the formation of beds of complex shape. Quite often, geyher is used in combination with lily, primrose or bruner. You can also find a very beautiful combination of garden or flower garden design - planted together hosts, geyhery and other plants with decorative leaves.
Geicher refers to perennial plants
A variety of geyhery subspecies are perennial plants resistant to extreme seasonal temperature differences. However, when making a border, a flower bed or flower beds, it should be remembered that the root of a young plant may freeze and damage at low temperatures. In this regard, when planting plants should leave the possibility of warming the lower part of the bush foliage or sawdust.
Geykher transplantation can be done in early spring or late autumn
In cases where a grown-up plant has a decrease in size or thinning of the leaves, it is necessary to transplant or plant the geyher shrub into areas with unexploded soil. Transplantation can be done in early spring or late fall. At the same time large bushes should be divided into several daughter bushes.
Geicher in landscape design (see photo) in combination with other plants can be the basis of original garden compositions, pleasing the gardener's eye almost all year round.
Geyher leaves during flowering acquire a very bright and saturated color
Different types of geykhery
The types of geyher (see photo) are extremely diverse and differ from each other both in shape and color of flowers and leaves. Geyher leaves are different in that during the flowering period they acquire a very bright and saturated color, determined by a particular variety or type of plant, and darken with time, which increases the decorative qualities of the plant.
Geykher blooms almost from early summer to late autumn
The garden flowering plant geykher, whose species and varieties are subdivided according to the shape and color of the leaves and flowers, is a small-sized shrub with dense shiny leaves of the most bizarre shape. Leaves can be smooth, wavy, corrugated. The color of the leaves can vary from almost white to dark green both in uniform color and with chaotic spots or specks. Some varieties of geyher differ by the yellowish or brown color of the leaf base, which gradually turns into green or dark green.
Species geyhery divided by descent into mountain and forest
Geyhera blooms almost from the beginning of summer to late autumn. Geykher flower is not large, has the shape of a bell. Individual flowers are collected in inflorescences, located on straight long stems. The color of the inflorescences can range from bright white to deep red, depending on the particular plant species. After the end of flowering, hollow fruits in the form of seed boxes are formed on the stems. The number of seeds in one box can reach 10-20 thousand.
Exterior diversity attracts gardeners to the plant geyhera. Varieties and photos with the name of each variety or species of plants are presented in the photo gallery.
Common types include the hairy and geyhera cylindrical
Species geyhery divided by descent into mountain and forest. In particular, the mountain geykher is red, from which very many decorative garden species of geyher originate, differs from other types by dense green toothed leaves with small marble veins and bright red or pink flowers. American geicherus belongs to forest species and is a shrub with rounded heart-shaped yellowish leaves and yellow-green flowers.
A common species also includes the hairy geyher and the cylindrical geyher. The latter received its name for the cylindrical shape of the inflorescence, which has different colors and shades, depending on the variety. The original appearance is different and geyhera garden.
Geicher hybrid is the result of crossing several plant species.
Geichera hybrid is the result of the crossing of several plant species. As a result of hybridization of several subspecies of mountain and forest varieties of geyher, hybrid geykher began to differ in a large variety of shapes and colors of leaves and flowers compared to the original plants.
For a long time, the most popular among gardeners in Russia remains geykhera varieties Palace Purple. Plants of this variety have large leaves with a tinge of maroon to brown and cream flowers. Flowering continues from June to late August. Peduncles reach a height of half a meter.