Onions are known to be one of the most useful vegetables. And this is not surprising. It’s not for nothing that with its help, many centuries ago our ancestors were cured of many diseases. Moreover, even now, the bulbs are used for medicinal purposes, with its help they prepare delicious dressings for soups, add to salads and various dishes. Given these facts, onions are grown with pleasure absolutely on every summer cottage. In this article you will find information about what is onion setton, as well as read the description of the variety and see reviews from gardeners. In addition, here you can also find some very interesting and useful facts about this variety.
Description of the variety onion Setton
Onion varieties Setton refers to the mid-late varieties in relation to the ripening period, from the very first shoots to the end of the harvest, it usually takes about 110 days. Setton was bred due to a selection method from another, but already popular onion variety - “Sturon”. This crop is suitable both for cultivation in the industrial sphere, and for cultivation in small private gardens among the summer residents of farmers. What has become so remarkable this variety of onions? A huge advantage is, first of all, high yields (approximately 6 kilograms per square meter), moreover, the bulbs ripen quickly and harmoniously. Onion remarkably tolerates a variety of diseases, almost defies them, and is not susceptible to the formation of arrows, which undoubtedly will please many gardeners.
Description of the appearance of the onion setton.
Onion grade setton occupies a worthy place on every ode. Get acquainted with the description of this variety. Fruits of onions of the rounded form, yellow color with easy with a brown shade. The bulbs are quite large, weighing about 120 grams. According to the descriptions and reviews of gardeners themselves, the onton setton impresses with its very interesting taste characteristics: it is spicy in itself, but at the same time it has a faint sweetish taste. The onion of this variety is different and its abundantly good keeping quality, and since the skin is dense enough, the moisture remains inside, for this reason the onton Setton is always fresh and juicy in taste.
How to plant a bow
You have already learned a lot of what is the bow of the setton. However, it is important to consider some of the rules of landing. Planting onions as follows:
- The planting of the vegetable itself is carried out mainly in open and fairly sunny areas.
- The soil must be with sufficiently good drainage and very fertile, according to gardeners setton, moderate moisture is necessary, so try not to let the soil dry, but do not pour it on, otherwise the bulbs will rot from excessive moisture.
- The landing pattern is extremely simple: in one row the distance between at least 10 centimeters, and the distance between the rows about 25 centimeters.
Let's sum up
Most likely, you have discovered a new interesting bow with the unusual name Setton. It only remains to add that this species literally around the world successfully grows a large number of gardeners and everyone is satisfied with the result. We advise you to try and you stand in their number, we think that the result will be no worse. It’s good to say goodbye to this, we wish that there would be no worries or various troubles in your garden either! See you soon!
How to grow
For planting culture suitable open, sunlit area. Soil requirements:
- well drained
- moderately moist,
- without occurrence of groundwater.
For setton, it is preferable to loam or sandstone, so that loose soil provides air circulation to the roots. The level of soil acidity ranges from 6.5-7 pH.
Onions are planted after:
Bad precursors for the plant: carrots or garlic.
How to plant
Soil preparation is carried out in the autumn: digging, weeding, organic matter (5 kg of manure, 500 g of ash per 1 m2). Just before disembarking, the bed is leveled with a rake. Follow the planting scheme:
- distance between onions - 10 cm,
- spacing between rows - 25 cm.
If seeds are planted
Be sure to conduct heat treatment. Seeds are immersed for 3 hours in a warm liquid: unsuitable for planting specimens will appear at the top. Disinfect the seed for 30 minutes by soaking in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then they are washed and put into the water heated to 50 ° C for 40 minutes. Do not miss the hardening. After heat treatment, the seeds are placed in the refrigerator for half an hour. Material can be planted.
Seeds are planted in peat tablets or individual cassettes. Expose on the sunny side of the window sill.
On a note. In order to speed up the process of harvesting, the seeds are germinated for a week in a cloth moistened with water. Then the seedlings are transplanted into peat cups or specially designed containers with nutrient and fertilized soil.
Take care of the seedlings, periodically watering the seedlings abundantly. Feed in 2 weeks with liquid organic.
Transplantation in the open ground is combined with the hardening of plants: they are taken out into the courtyard in the sun for a short time. Staying outdoors is gradually increasing. The procedure lasts 7 days. Transplanting plants to the beds is carried out in early May at an air temperature of +12 ° C. Powder earth onions - by 2–3 cm. They prefer elevated beds.
Most gardeners positively respond to the winter planting of onions, which provides a crop at least 2 months earlier than usual. Closely monitor weather conditions for the timely landing of sevka. The time is suitable if the air temperature for several days is + 5 ° С, and frosts are expected in 2-3 weeks. This is usually November, sometimes October. Sevok deepened to 6 cm to prevent freezing.
Planting onions before winter
Rows sprinkle with peat, fertile soil. As a mulch use improvised means: foliage, spruce branches, straw. Protective shelter clean when the onset of heat.
Note the advantages of planting vegetables before winter:
- early harvest
- high yielding
- improved vegetable resistance to bolting and the negative impact of the environment,
- the use of small onions, up to 1 cm in diameter, the preservation of which until spring is problematic.
Grade onions are planted in open ground when the air is heated to +12 ° C, otherwise the vegetable must be covered. The spring sowing depth ranges from 3 to 5 cm. When using agrofibre sevok planted when the snow melts. Without cover, onions are planted later, if there is no cold.
For the northern regions, the last decade of April or the beginning of May is suitable. Mulching of beds with hay, rotted sawdust, straw promotes the speed of germination. When greens appear, the covering material is removed.
It is important to prepare bulbous plants for planting correctly. It will take drying and warming sevka. If the landing is planned in a few weeks, the seed is kept at +20 ° C. The day before the planned works or directly in front of them, the onions are heated at 35–40 ° C.
Sevok placed in hot water and incubated for 20 minutes. This agrotechnical technique activates germination and reduces the formation of arrows. It is useful to disinfect onions with copper sulphate or potassium permanganate. Growth stimulator is suitable for this purpose.
Copper sulphate solution
How to take care
To get a good harvest, it is useful to follow the rules of caring for onions.
Water the plants once a week. Consume water in a volume of 10 liters per 1 m2 of onions. Do not allow the land to dry out and water stagnation. In the middle of the summer season, watering of plantations is reduced due to the ripening of the bulbs. This does not apply to the dry period, when frequent moistening of the set is required. Before harvesting for 2-3 weeks, watering is suspended.
Important! Irrigation is appreciated in the first half of the growing season, before the onion development phase.
Soil loosening and weed removal
To increase the air permeability of the soil and the access of oxygen to the root system, loosening is required. Periodically loosen the land between the rows. When the onions are medium in size, the soil is scooped up from the vegetable. When weeds appear, weeding is carried out, avoiding blockage of landings.
What should be fed
During the growing season, carry out 3 dressings:
- 2 weeks after disembarkation. Feed the organics in liquid form at the rate of 10-liter bucket per 1 m2 area,
- After 1 month. Mineral fertilizers are applied: potassium sulphate and ammonium nitrate, consuming 15 m2 per 1 m2,
- 2 months after applying the feed for the first time. Fertilize with products that contain calcium.
How to deal with pests and diseases
Preventive special treatment against fungal infections will not hurt. When the pen reaches 15 cm in length, the onion setton is prepared with copper sulfate. The solution is prepared from 10 liters of water with the addition of 1 tsp. substances. For better adhesion, liquid soap (1 tbsp.) Is introduced into the mixture. Only feathers are sprayed, consuming 500 ml of liquid per 1 square meter. m.
Experienced vegetable growers are advised to disinfect the seed line with a Quadris or Bordeaux mixture so that the plants do not suffer:
- rust and neck rot,
- peronosporosis and onion fly,
- black mold and fusarium.
The ideal solution to withstand harmful insects - the neighborhood with onions of carrots. Thus, plants protect one another. Copper oxychloride is used as a prophylactic drug.
Incorrect care of a vegetable is fraught with problems:
- The white color of the feather with a gray bloom - lack of moisture,
- Faded green feathers - waterlogging,
- Short and slow-developing feathers in small quantities - lack of nitrogen fertilizers,
- Corrugated leaves of gray color - lack of potash,
- Drying vegetables before term - phosphorus starvation.
How to collect and store
Harvesting for winter storage is in August. By the nature of the ripening of onion peel and lodging of feathers, the beginning of the harvest is judged.
Feathers should fall
Plants pull out of the soil in dry weather. For drying lay out in the garden, attic or under a canopy. Dried feathers are cut, leaving the tip length of 4 cm. Also cut the roots. Leave for a week and a half for final drying. Storage suitable cellar, basement, warmed storage room. Storage time is about 7 months with ventilation, humidity is 75%, temperature is 0 ... + 4 ° C or + 18 ... + 22 ˚C.
Pros and cons of culture
Advantages of Setton:
- immunity to disease
- resistance to bolting,
- fruit ripening
- long storage without rotting and germination,
- the possibility of growing plants for sale because of the yield and marketability,
- almost 100% cure.
Sevok different frost. If there is no snow cover, the culture is not afraid of -15 ° C. Maintains lower temperatures in the presence of snow. As the maximum carries and survives at -23 ° C.
- exact observance of technological process
- high price of seed.
Russian gardeners are not yet accustomed to this type of onion. Its cultivation at the dacha promises a lot of advantages. It is used in cooking, cosmetology, traditional medicine. Description of the Setton variety of onions will help beginners to get acquainted with the techniques of agricultural engineering and to please themselves with an excellent harvest.
Onion Setton variety description reviews, you could read about it in our article. It remains to add that many gardeners are successfully growing it all over the world, and are happy with the results, so try it and you will join their ranks, we think that the result will not disappoint you. At this we say goodbye to you, we wish that your garden was not a hassle, no worries, until we meet again!
Characteristics and description of the variety
Onion Setton was bred by the Dutch firm SYNGENTA SEEDS B.V. for the Nordic countries. This variety is an improved version of Sturon. It is more viable, its heads are more uniform, have a strong aroma and last longer. In the State Register variety was included in 2015 in the Central region of Russia.
It is recommended to grow it from sevka both in LPH, and on farmer sites. Mid-season variety, heads ripen for approximately 105 days from the germination of planting material.
According to the description of the originator bow Seeton has the following characteristics:
- green feathers up to 45 cm,
- bulbs rounded, single-seed,
- cover scales in the amount of 4 pcs. brown-yellow, juicy - white,
- necks of medium thickness
- the taste of the bulbs is semi-sharp.
The yield of onion stitching Setton - 1.8-2.8 (maximum 6.4) kg / m 2 with a mass of heads of 70-90 g. The maturation of the bulbs before harvesting - 96%, after passing the ripening - 100%.
The ripened heads of this onion are suitable for use in salads, for adding to thermally uncooked dishes, as well as for canning. Crop can be stored in a dry and cold place. In it it can lie for 8 months, while the bow of Setton is practically not subject to rotting, drying out, germination, deterioration.
Advantages and disadvantages
A new variety of onion Setton has a number of advantages, because of which it is chosen by an increasing number of gardeners to grow on their beds. Among them are:
- cold resistance
- resistance to bolting and bad weather
- low soil requirements
- joint head aging
- abundant yield,
- excellent keeping quality of mature bulbs,
- opportunity to plant sevok before winter to get earlier heads,
- it makes sense to grow onions for sale, as it is harvested and has a good presentation,
- Sevok (over 1 cm in diameter) is well stored, does not dry.
Deficiencies in the bow of Setton are not revealed, except for the high cost of sevka.
Agrotechnics of cultivation and care
The Setton onion variety is cultivated in a two-year culture. In the first year, small onions are obtained from seeds - sets, in the second - a commodity turnip. They practice subwinter and classic spring plantings. In the first case, the harvest is carried out 2 months earlier. Sevok get a simple sowing of seeds, followed by cultivation in the garden. Ready planting material is purchased in stores, with a turnip being obtained in one season.
The beds for the bow, regardless of the timing of its landing, begin to cook in the fall. They choose smooth, well-illuminated areas that warm up well in spring and are not flooded by groundwater. Onions prefer loose, fertile soils, optimally light, breathable loams with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. Often it is grown on raised ridges.
Up to 5 kg of organic matter (humus or compost, but not fresh manure), wood ash (up to 0.5 kg) or mineral phosphorus-potassium preparations are introduced under the soil digging per 1 m 2. Liming is not used. If necessary, the procedure is carried out earlier, according to its predecessors.
By the podzimney planting, sevka begin in October, November, focusing on the weather conditions in the region. Work will begin when the temperature drops to 5 ° C and 2-3 weeks remain until the frost is stable. For embedding into the ground, small onion fibers with a diameter of up to 1 cm are selected. They are pickled in potassium permanganate or fungicides, then dried. Growth stimulants do not use.
Planted in the fall onion Setton sevok to a depth of 4-6 cm from the neck. Between the rows, 20-30 cm are left, in a row the bulbs are placed with an interval of 8-10 cm. Furrows are covered with fertile soil, peat. For the winter, the beds are mulched with any material at hand. Leaves, straw, spruce branches, sawdust, etc. are used. In the spring, with the onset of heat, the protective layer is removed.
In the spring when using a film or agrofibre bulbs planted shortly after the snow melted. If additional shelter is not used, wait until the temperature rises to 12 ° C. Depending on the region, it will be April or May. At lower temperatures, onions germinate slowly and for a long time.
For spring planting, sevok diameters up to 2 cm are used. With cold storage in winter (at home, in a warehouse or in a store), it is preheated, which improves feather germination and reduces the number of copies that went to the arrow. If sevok kept warm, do not warm up.
In addition, in the preparation using dressing, as well as soaking in solutions of growth regulators. Onions are planted according to the same scheme, but they are buried by 2-3 cm. The beds are watered abundantly. In order not to form a crust, pour a thin layer of mulch.
Care for planting onton Setton is watering, loosening between the rows, weeding, fertilization. Irrigation is carried out according to the weather. Onions do not like excessive moisture at the roots, in too wet soil just rot. The maximum need for water is observed during the period of emergence of shoots and turnip formation. On average, watering the onions 1 time in 7-10 days, in hot weather - 1 time in 4-5 days in evening time. Soil loosening is carried out before and after irrigation. 3-4 weeks before the upcoming turnip harvesting is stopped.
In order to get large heads in autumn, they make 3 dressings for the season. Чередуют органические и минеральные удобрения. Первую подкормку производят через 2-3 недели после момента появления всходов преимущественно азотом. Он необходим растениям на данном этапе для усиленного роста пера. В качестве подкормок используют коровяк, настой птичьего помета, мочевину, селитру.
The second feeding of onions is carried out with the same interval, but with complex preparations. Nitroammofosku, fertilizers Effekton-O, Agricola, herbal infusions with the addition of ash, etc.
For the third time, onion varieties Setton are fed with phosphorus-potassium compounds. This allows not only to get a large turnip, but also accelerates aging and increases the shelf life of the crop. Ashes are used from organic matter, from chemistry - superphosphate, potassium sulfate, potassium monophosphate. Time feeding - the beginning of the formation of turnips.
Dig the crop for winter storage in dry weather after the formation of the characteristic brown-yellow husk and lodging feather. The bulbs are dried in the beds, under sheds, in attics. After the neck is cut and the roots are shortened. After maturation and sorting, they are kept in basements, cellars, on the balcony, in residential and warmed outbuildings. The normal conditions for storing Setton onions are: good ventilation, temperature 0 ... + 3 or + 18 ... + 22 ˚C, humidity 60-80%.